Divorce Act (R.S.C., 1985, c. 3 (2nd Supp.))

Act current to 2014-04-02 and last amended on 2014-04-01. Previous Versions

Marginal note:Exercise of jurisdiction by judge

 The jurisdiction conferred on a court by this Act to grant a divorce shall be exercised only by a judge of the court without a jury.

DIVORCE

Marginal note:Divorce
  •  (1) A court of competent jurisdiction may, on application by either or both spouses, grant a divorce to the spouse or spouses on the ground that there has been a breakdown of their marriage.

  • Marginal note:Breakdown of marriage

    (2) Breakdown of a marriage is established only if

    • (a) the spouses have lived separate and apart for at least one year immediately preceding the determination of the divorce proceeding and were living separate and apart at the commencement of the proceeding; or

    • (b) the spouse against whom the divorce proceeding is brought has, since celebration of the marriage,

      • (i) committed adultery, or

      • (ii) treated the other spouse with physical or mental cruelty of such a kind as to render intolerable the continued cohabitation of the spouses.

  • Marginal note:Calculation of period of separation

    (3) For the purposes of paragraph (2)(a),

    • (a) spouses shall be deemed to have lived separate and apart for any period during which they lived apart and either of them had the intention to live separate and apart from the other; and

    • (b) a period during which spouses have lived separate and apart shall not be considered to have been interrupted or terminated

      • (i) by reason only that either spouse has become incapable of forming or having an intention to continue to live separate and apart or of continuing to live separate and apart of the spouse’s own volition, if it appears to the court that the separation would probably have continued if the spouse had not become so incapable, or

      • (ii) by reason only that the spouses have resumed cohabitation during a period of, or periods totalling, not more than ninety days with reconciliation as its primary purpose.

Marginal note:Duty of legal adviser
  •  (1) It is the duty of every barrister, solicitor, lawyer or advocate who undertakes to act on behalf of a spouse in a divorce proceeding

    • (a) to draw to the attention of the spouse the provisions of this Act that have as their object the reconciliation of spouses, and

    • (b) to discuss with the spouse the possibility of the reconciliation of the spouses and to inform the spouse of the marriage counselling or guidance facilities known to him or her that might be able to assist the spouses to achieve a reconciliation,

    unless the circumstances of the case are of such a nature that it would clearly not be appropriate to do so.

  • Marginal note:Idem

    (2) It is the duty of every barrister, solicitor, lawyer or advocate who undertakes to act on behalf of a spouse in a divorce proceeding to discuss with the spouse the advisability of negotiating the matters that may be the subject of a support order or a custody order and to inform the spouse of the mediation facilities known to him or her that might be able to assist the spouses in negotiating those matters.

  • Marginal note:Certification

    (3) Every document presented to a court by a barrister, solicitor, lawyer or advocate that formally commences a divorce proceeding shall contain a statement by him or her certifying that he or she has complied with this section.