Employment Equity Act (S.C. 1995, c. 44)

Act current to 2016-06-06 and last amended on 2014-11-01. Previous Versions

Employment Equity Act

S.C. 1995, c. 44

Assented to 1995-12-15

An Act respecting employment equity

Her Majesty, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate and House of Commons of Canada, enacts as follows:

Short Title

Marginal note:Short title

 This Act may be cited as the Employment Equity Act.

Purpose of Act

Marginal note:Purpose of Act

 The purpose of this Act is to achieve equality in the workplace so that no person shall be denied employment opportunities or benefits for reasons unrelated to ability and, in the fulfilment of that goal, to correct the conditions of disadvantage in employment experienced by women, aboriginal peoples, persons with disabilities and members of visible minorities by giving effect to the principle that employment equity means more than treating persons in the same way but also requires special measures and the accommodation of differences.

Interpretation

Marginal note:Definitions

 In this Act,

aboriginal peoples

autochtones

aboriginal peoples means persons who are Indians, Inuit or Métis; (autochtones)

Canadian workforce

population apte au travail

Canadian workforce means all persons in Canada of working age who are willing and able to work; (population apte au travail)

Chairperson

président

Chairperson means the chairperson of the Canadian Human Rights Tribunal; (président)

Commission

Commission

Commission means the Canadian Human Rights Commission established under section 26 of the Canadian Human Rights Act; (Commission)

compliance officer

agent d’application

compliance officer means a person designated as an employment equity compliance review officer pursuant to subsection 22(3); (agent d’application)

designated groups

groupes désignés

designated groups means women, aboriginal peoples, persons with disabilities and members of visible minorities; (groupes désignés)

members of visible minorities

minorités visibles

members of visible minorities means persons, other than aboriginal peoples, who are non-Caucasian in race or non-white in colour; (minorités visibles)

Minister

ministre

Minister means such member of the Queen’s Privy Council for Canada as is designated by the Governor in Council as the Minister for the purposes of this Act; (ministre)

Panel

Panel[Repealed, 1998, c. 9, s. 37]

persons with disabilities

personnes handicapées

persons with disabilities means persons who have a long-term or recurring physical, mental, sensory, psychiatric or learning impairment and who

  • (a) consider themselves to be disadvantaged in employment by reason of that impairment, or

  • (b) believe that a employer or potential employer is likely to consider them to be disadvantaged in employment by reason of that impairment,

and includes persons whose functional limitations owing to their impairment have been accommodated in their current job or workplace; (personnes handicapées)

prescribed

Version anglaise seulement

prescribed means prescribed by the regulations; (Version anglaise seulement)

private sector employer

employeur du secteur privé

private sector employer means any person who employs one hundred or more employees on or in connection with a federal work, undertaking or business as defined in section 2 of the Canada Labour Code and includes any corporation established to perform any function or duty on behalf of the Government of Canada that employs one hundred or more employees, but does not include

  • (a) a person who employs employees on or in connection with a work, undertaking or business of a local or private nature in Yukon, the Northwest Territories or Nunavut, or

  • (b) a departmental corporation as defined in section 2 of the Financial Administration Act; (employeur du secteur privé)

representatives

représentants

representatives means

  • (a) those persons who have been designated by employees to act as their representatives, or

  • (b) bargaining agents, where bargaining agents represent the employees; (représentants)

Tribunal

tribunal

Tribunal means an Employment Equity Review Tribunal established by subsection 28(1). (tribunal)

  • 1993, c. 28, s. 78;
  • 1995, c. 44, s. 3;
  • 1998, c. 9, s. 37, c. 15, s. 25;
  • 2002, c. 7, s. 162(E).

Application

Marginal note:Application
  •  (1) This Act applies to

    • (a) private sector employers;

    • (b) the portions of the federal public administration set out in Schedule I or IV to the Financial Administration Act;

    • (c) the portions of the federal public administration set out in of Schedule V to the Financial Administration Act that employ one hundred or more employees; and

    • (d) such other portion of the public sector employing one hundred or more employees, including the Canadian Forces and the Royal Canadian Mounted Police, as may be specified by order of the Governor in Council on the recommendation of the Treasury Board, in consultation with the minister responsible for the specified portion.

  • Marginal note:Royal Canadian Mounted Police

    (2) For the purposes of this Act,

  • Marginal note:Canadian Forces and Royal Canadian Mounted Police

    (3) Members of the Canadian Forces and the Royal Canadian Mounted Police are deemed to be employees for the purposes of this Act.

  • Marginal note:Responsibilities of Treasury Board and Public Service Commission

    (4) The Treasury Board and the Public Service Commission, each acting within the scope of its powers, duties and functions under the Financial Administration Act and the Public Service Employment Act, are responsible for carrying out the obligations of an employer under this Act in relation to employees employed in those portions of the federal public administration referred to in paragraph (1)(b).

  • Marginal note:Deemed employer

    (5) Every portion of the public sector referred to in paragraphs (1)(c) and (d) is deemed to be an employer for the purposes of this Act in relation to employees employed in that portion except that, with respect to any of those portions for which the Public Service Commission exercises any power or performs any function under the Public Service Employment Act, the Public Service Commission and that portion are responsible for carrying out the obligations of an employer under this Act.

  • Marginal note:References to employer

    (6) In this Act, a reference to an employer is deemed, in relation to those portions of the public sector referred to in

    • (a) paragraph (1)(b), to be a reference to the Treasury Board and the Public Service Commission, each acting within the scope of its powers and functions under the Financial Administration Act and the Public Service Employment Act; and

    • (b) paragraphs (1)(c) and (d) for which the Public Service Commission exercises any power or performs any function under the Public Service Employment Act, to be a reference to the employer and the Public Service Commission.

  • Marginal note:Delegation by Treasury Board and Public Service Commission

    (7) The Treasury Board and the Public Service Commission may, for the purpose of carrying out their obligations under this Act in relation to a portion of the federal public administration or other portion of the public sector referred to in subsection (1), authorize the chief executive officer or deputy head concerned to exercise, in relation to that portion, any of the powers and perform any of the functions of the Treasury Board or the Public Service Commission, as the case may be, referred to in this section.

  • Marginal note:Delegation by chief executive officer or deputy head

    (8) Any chief executive officer or deputy head authorized under subsection (7) to exercise any of the powers and perform any of the duties and functions of the Treasury Board or Public Service Commission may, subject to and in accordance with the authorization given to that officer or deputy head, authorize one or more persons to exercise any of those powers and perform any of those duties and functions.

  • 1995, c. 44, s. 4;
  • 2001, c. 34, s. 40(F);
  • 2003, c. 22, ss. 163, 236(E).
 
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