Foreign Missions and International Organizations Act (S.C. 1991, c. 41)

Act current to 2017-09-27 and last amended on 2005-04-04. Previous Versions

Foreign Missions and International Organizations Act

S.C. 1991, c. 41

Assented to 1991-12-05

An Act respecting the privileges and immunities of foreign missions and international organizations

Her Majesty, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate and House of Commons of Canada, enacts as follows:

Short Title

Marginal note:Short title

 This Act may be cited as the Foreign Missions and International Organizations Act.

Interpretation

Marginal note:Definitions
  •  (1) In this Act,

    accredited mission

    mission accréditée

    accredited mission means a permanent mission of a foreign state that is accredited to an international organization headquartered in Canada; (mission accréditée)

    international organization

    organisation internationale

    international organization means an intergovernmental organization, whether or not established by treaty, of which two or more states are members, and includes an intergovernmental conference in which two or more states participate; (organisation internationale)

    political subdivision

    subdivision politique

    political subdivision means any province, state, territory, dependency or any other similar subdivision of a state. (subdivision politique)

  • Meaning of reasonable period and reasonable time

    (2) The expression

    • (a) reasonable period in paragraph 2 of Article 9 of the Vienna Convention on Diplomatic Relations, set out in Schedule I, and

    • (b) reasonable time in paragraph 2 of Article 23 of the Vienna Convention on Consular Relations, set out in Schedule II,

    shall be read as a reference to a period, not exceeding ten days, commencing on the day on which notice is given that a person is persona non grata or not acceptable.

  • Meaning of reasonable period

    (3) The expression reasonable period in paragraphs 2 and 3 of Article 39 of the Vienna Convention on Diplomatic Relations and paragraphs 3 and 5 of Article 53 of the Vienna Convention on Consular Relations shall be read as a reference to a period, not exceeding ten days, commencing

    • (a) in the cases of paragraph 2 of Article 39 and paragraph 3 of Article 53, on the day on which the functions of a person enjoying privileges and immunities have come to an end, which day shall be set out in a notice given to the Minister of Foreign Affairs by the foreign diplomatic mission or consular post with which the person was connected; and

    • (b) in the cases of paragraph 3 of Article 39 and paragraph 5 of Article 53, on the day determined by the Minister of Foreign Affairs.

  • Meaning of grave crime

    (4) The reference in paragraph 1 of Article 41 of the Vienna Convention on Consular Relations to a grave crime shall be construed as a reference to any offence created by an Act of Parliament for which an offender may be sentenced to imprisonment for five years or more.

  • 1991, c. 41, s. 2;
  • 1995, c. 5, s. 25;
  • 2002, c. 12, s. 1.

PART IForeign Diplomatic Missions and Consular Posts

Marginal note:Conventions on diplomatic relations and consular relations
  •  (1) Articles 1, 22 to 24 and 27 to 40 of the Vienna Convention on Diplomatic Relations, and Articles 1, 5, 15, 17, 31 to 33, 35, 39 and 40, paragraphs 1 and 2 of Article 41, Articles 43 to 45 and 48 to 54, paragraphs 2 and 3 of Article 55, paragraph 2 of Article 57, paragraphs 1 to 3 of Article 58, Articles 59 to 62, 64, 66 and 67, paragraphs 1, 2 and 4 of Article 70 and Article 71 of the Vienna Convention on Consular Relations, have the force of law in Canada in respect of all foreign states, regardless of whether those states are parties to those Conventions.

  • Marginal note:Limitation

    (2) Article 58 of the Vienna Convention on Consular Relations has effect as if it contained references to only those provisions of that Convention that are given the force of law by subsection (1).

Marginal note:Privileges, immunities and benefits
  •  (1) For the purpose of according to the diplomatic mission and consular posts of any foreign state, and persons connected therewith, treatment that is comparable to the treatment accorded to the Canadian diplomatic mission and Canadian consular posts in that foreign state, and persons connected therewith, the Minister of Foreign Affairs may, by order, with respect to that state’s diplomatic mission and any of its consular posts, and any person connected therewith,

    • (a) extend any of the privileges and immunities accorded thereto under section 3, other than duty and tax relief privileges;

    • (b) grant thereto any of the benefits set out in the regulations;

    • (c) withdraw any of the privileges, immunities and benefits accorded or granted thereto; and

    • (d) restore any privilege, immunity or benefit withdrawn pursuant to paragraph (c).

  • Marginal note:Duty and tax relief privileges

    (2) For the purpose of according to the diplomatic mission and consular posts of any state, and persons connected therewith, duty and tax relief privileges that are comparable to the duty and tax relief privileges accorded to the Canadian diplomatic mission and Canadian consular posts in that state, and persons connected therewith, the Governor in Council, on the joint recommendation of the Minister of Foreign Affairs and the Minister of Finance, may, by order, with respect to that state’s diplomatic mission and any of its consular posts, and any person connected therewith,

    • (a) extend any of the duty and tax relief privileges accorded thereto under section 3; and

    • (b) grant thereto any duty or tax relief privilege not provided for in the Vienna Convention on Diplomatic Relations or in the Vienna Convention on Consular Relations.

  • Marginal note:Idem

    (3) For the purpose of according to the diplomatic mission and consular posts of any foreign state, and persons connected therewith, duty and tax relief privileges that are comparable to the duty and tax relief privileges accorded to the Canadian diplomatic mission and Canadian consular posts in that foreign state, and persons connected therewith, the Minister of Foreign Affairs may, by order, with respect to that foreign state’s diplomatic mission and any of its consular posts, and any person connected therewith,

    • (a) withdraw any duty or tax relief privilege accorded thereto under section 3 or by an order made under subsection (2); and

    • (b) restore any duty or tax relief privilege withdrawn pursuant to paragraph (a).

  • Marginal note:Detention of goods

    (4) The Minister of Foreign Affairs may, by order, authorize the detention by officers under the Customs Act of goods imported by a diplomatic mission or consular post of a foreign state for any period during which, in the opinion of the Minister, the foreign state applies any of the provisions of the Vienna Convention on Diplomatic Relations or the Vienna Convention on Consular Relations restrictively with the result that the privileges and immunities accorded to that state’s diplomatic mission and consular posts in Canada exceed those accorded to a Canadian diplomatic mission and Canadian consular posts in that foreign state.

  • 1991, c. 41, s. 4;
  • 1995, c. 5, s. 25;
  • 2002, c. 12, s. 2.

PART IIInternational Organizations

Marginal note:Privileges and immunities
  •  (1) The Governor in Council may, by order, provide that

    • (a) an international organization shall have the legal capacities of a body corporate;

    • (b) an international organization shall, to the extent specified in the order, have the privileges and immunities set out in Articles II and III of the Convention on the Privileges and Immunities of the United Nations, set out in Schedule III;

    • (b.1) subject to subsection (1.2), accredited missions shall, to the extent specified in the order, have privileges and immunities comparable to the privileges and immunities accorded to diplomatic missions of foreign states in Canada under the Vienna Convention on Diplomatic Relations;

    • (c) representatives of a foreign state that is a member of or participates in an international organization shall, to the extent specified in the order, have the privileges and immunities set out in Article IV of the Convention on the Privileges and Immunities of the United Nations;

    • (d) representatives of a foreign state that is a member of an international organization headquartered in Canada, and members of their families forming part of their households, shall, to the extent specified in the order, have privileges and immunities comparable to the privileges and immunities accorded to diplomatic representatives, and members of their families forming part of their households, in Canada under the Vienna Convention on Diplomatic Relations;

    • (e) members of the administrative and technical staff, and members of their families forming part of their households, and the service staff of the mission of a foreign state that is a member of an international organization headquartered in Canada, other than persons who are Canadian citizens or permanent residents of Canada, shall, to the extent specified in the order, have privileges and immunities comparable to the privileges and immunities accorded to such persons under the Vienna Convention on Diplomatic Relations;

    • (f) such senior officials of an international organization as may be designated by the Governor in Council, and, in the case of an international organization headquartered in Canada, members of their families forming part of their households, shall, to the extent specified in the order, have privileges and immunities comparable to the privileges and immunities accorded to diplomatic agents, and members of their families forming part of their households, under the Vienna Convention on Diplomatic Relations;

    • (g) such other officials of an international organization as may be designated by the Governor in Council shall, to the extent specified in the order, have the privileges and immunities set out in Section 18 of Article V of the Convention on the Privileges and Immunities of the United Nations;

    • (h) such experts as may be designated by the Governor in Council who perform missions for an international organization shall, to the extent specified in the order, have the privileges and immunities set out in Article VI of the Convention on the Privileges and Immunities of the United Nations;

    • (h.1) such other classes of persons as may be designated by the Governor in Council who, in accordance with a treaty, convention or agreement set out in Schedule IV, are entitled to privileges and immunities, and members of their families forming part of their households, shall, to the extent specified in the order, have privileges and immunities comparable to the privileges and immunities accorded to diplomatic agents, and members of their families forming part of their households, under the Vienna Convention on Diplomatic Relations; and

    • (i) the judges, officials and staff of the International Criminal Court, as defined in subsection 2(1) of the Crimes Against Humanity and War Crimes Act, and counsel, experts, witnesses and other persons required to be present at the seat of that Court shall have the privileges and immunities set out in article 48 of the Rome Statute, as defined in that subsection, and the agreement on privileges and immunities contemplated in that article.

  • Marginal note:Retroactive order

    (1.1) An order made under paragraph (1)(b) or subsection 6(2) that has the effect of granting to an international organization or to an office of a political subdivision of a foreign state, as the case may be, any duty or tax relief privileges may, in relation to those privileges, if it so provides, be made retroactive.

  • Marginal note:Duty and tax relief privileges — accredited missions

    (1.2) An order made under paragraph (1)(b.1) may restrict or withdraw any duty or tax relief privileges in relation to a particular accredited mission for the purpose of according to that accredited mission treatment that is comparable to the treatment accorded by the foreign state in question to a Canadian permanent mission that is accredited to an international organization in that foreign state.

  • Marginal note:Retroactive order

    (1.3) An order made under paragraph (1)(b.1) that has the effect of granting to an accredited mission of the International Civil Aviation Organization any tax relief privileges in relation to Part IX of the Excise Tax Act may, in relation to those privileges, if it so provides, be made retroactive and have effect with respect to any period beginning on January 1, 1991 at the earliest and ending on December 31, 2000 at the latest.

  • Marginal note:Recommendation

    (2) Every order under subsection (1) that has the effect of granting duty or tax relief privileges shall be made on the joint recommendation of the Minister of Foreign Affairs and the Minister of Finance.

  • Marginal note:No tax exemption to Canadians residing in Canada

    (3) Nothing in any order made under subsection (1) exempts a Canadian citizen, residing or ordinarily resident in Canada, from liability for any taxes or duties imposed by any law in Canada.

  • Marginal note:Immigration restrictions

    (4) In the event of an inconsistency or conflict between an order made under subsection (1) and any of sections 33 to 43 of the Immigration and Refugee Protection Act, the order prevails to the extent of the inconsistency or conflict.

  • 1991, c. 41, s. 5;
  • 1995, c. 5, s. 25;
  • 2000, c. 24, s. 54;
  • 2002, c. 12, ss. 3, 10.
 
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