Investment Canada Act (R.S.C., 1985, c. 28 (1st Supp.))

Act current to 2017-11-06 and last amended on 2017-09-21. Previous Versions

Marginal note:Extension
  •  (1) If none of subsections 21(2) to (8) apply and the Minister is unable to complete the consideration of an investment within the 45-day period referred to in subsection 21(1), the Minister shall, within that period, send a notice to that effect to the applicant and the Minister shall, subject to subsection (3) within 30 days from the date of the sending of the notice or within any further period that may be agreed on by the applicant and the Minister, complete the consideration of the investment.

  • Marginal note:Notice

    (2) Subject to subsection (3), if, within the 30-day period referred to in subsection (1) or any further period that is agreed on under that subsection, the Minister is satisfied that the investment is likely to be of net benefit to Canada, the Minister shall, within that period, send a notice to that effect to the applicant.

  • Marginal note:Extension

    (3) Subsections 21(2) to (8) apply to this section as though the 45-day period referred to in those subsections were the 30-day period referred to in subsection (1) or the further period as is agreed on under that subsection.

  • Marginal note:Minister deemed to be satisfied

    (4) Subject to section 23, if the Minister does not send a notice under subsection (2) within the period referred to in that subsection or, if subsection (3) applies, within the 30-day period or agreed further period referred to in whichever of subsections 21(2) to (8) applies to this section by reason of subsection (3), then the Minister is deemed to be satisfied that the investment is likely to be of net benefit to Canada and shall send a notice to that effect to the applicant.

  • R.S., 1985, c. 28 (1st Supp.), s. 22;
  • 2009, c. 2, s. 452;
  • 2013, c. 33, s. 139.
Marginal note:Notice of right to make representations and submit undertakings
  •  (1) If the Minister is not satisfied, within the period provided for in section 21 or 22 to send the notice referred to in subsection 21(1), that an investment is likely to be of net benefit to Canada, the Minister shall send a notice to that effect to the applicant, advising the applicant of their right to make representations and submit undertakings within 30 days from the date of the notice or within any further period that may be agreed on by the applicant and the Minister.

  • Marginal note:Representations and undertakings

    (2) If, after receipt of the notice referred to in subsection (1), the applicant advises the Minister that the applicant wishes to make representations or submit undertakings, the Minister shall afford the applicant a reasonable opportunity, within the 30-day period referred to in subsection (1), or within any agreed to further period, to make representations, in person or by a representative, and to give undertakings to Her Majesty in right of Canada, as the applicant sees fit.

  • Marginal note:Net benefit

    (3) Within a reasonable time after the expiry of the period for making representations and submitting undertakings, the Minister shall, in the light of any such representations and undertakings and having regard to the matters to be taken into account under subsection 21(1), send a notice to the applicant

    • (a) that the Minister is satisfied that the investment is likely to be of net benefit to Canada; or

    • (b) confirming that the Minister is not satisfied that the investment is likely to be of net benefit to Canada.

  • R.S., 1985, c. 28 (1st Supp.), s. 23;
  • 2009, c. 2, s. 452.
Marginal note:Reasons

 The Minister shall provide reasons for any decision made under paragraph 23(3)(b) and the Minister may provide reasons for any decision made under subsection 21(1) or 22(2) or paragraph 23(3)(a).

  • 2009, c. 2, s. 452.
Marginal note:Divestiture
  •  (1) On receipt of a notice under paragraph 23(3)(b), the applicant shall not implement the investment to which the notice relates or, if the investment has been implemented, shall divest himself of control of the Canadian business that is the subject of the investment.

  • (1.1) to (1.3) [Repealed, 1994, c. 47, s. 134]

  • Marginal note:Authority to purchase cultural business

    (2) Notwithstanding section 90 of the Financial Administration Act, where a NAFTA investor is, pursuant to a review under this Part, required to divest control of a cultural business, as defined in subsection 14.1(6), that has been acquired in the manner described in subparagraph 28(1)(d)(ii), where the circumstances described in subsection 14(2) do not apply, Her Majesty in right of Canada may acquire all or part of the cultural business and dispose of all or any part of the cultural business so acquired.

  • Marginal note:Designation of agent

    (3) For the purposes of subsection (2), the Governor in Council may, on the recommendation of the Minister and the Treasury Board, by order, designate any Minister of the Crown in right of Canada, or any Crown corporation within the meaning of the Financial Administration Act, to act as agent on behalf of Her Majesty with full authority to do all things necessary, subject to such terms and conditions not inconsistent with the obligations of the parties to the NAFTA Agreement under Article 2106 of the Agreement, as the Governor in Council considers appropriate.

  • Marginal note:Definitions

    (4) In this section,

    controlled by a NAFTA investor

    sous le contrôle d’un investisseur ALÉNA

    controlled by a NAFTA investor, with respect to a Canadian business, means, notwithstanding subsection 28(2),

    • (a) the ultimate direct or indirect control in fact of the Canadian business by a NAFTA investor through the ownership of voting interests, or

    • (b) the ownership by a NAFTA investor of all or substantially all of the assets used in carrying on the Canadian business; (sous le contrôle d’un investisseur ALÉNA)

    NAFTA Agreement

    Accord ALÉNA

    NAFTA Agreement has the meaning given to the word “Agreement” by the North American Free Trade Agreement Implementation Act; (Accord ALÉNA)

    NAFTA country

    pays ALÉNA

    NAFTA country means a country that is a party to the NAFTA Agreement; (pays ALÉNA)

    NAFTA investor

    investisseur ALÉNA

    NAFTA investor means

    • (a) an individual, other than a Canadian, who is a national as defined in Article 201 of the NAFTA Agreement,

    • (b) a government of a NAFTA country, whether federal, state or local, or an agency thereof,

    • (c) an entity that is not a Canadian-controlled entity, as determined pursuant to subsection 26(1) or (2), and that is a NAFTA investor-controlled entity, as determined in accordance with subsection (5),

    • (d) a corporation or limited partnership

      • (i) that is not a Canadian-controlled entity, as determined pursuant to subsection 26(1),

      • (ii) that is not a NAFTA investor within the meaning of paragraph (c),

      • (iii) of which less than a majority of its voting interests are owned by NAFTA investors,

      • (iv) that is not controlled in fact through the ownership of its voting interests, and

      • (v) of which two thirds of the members of its board of directors, or of which two thirds of its general partners, as the case may be, are any combination of Canadians and NAFTA investors,

    • (e) a trust

      • (i) that is not a Canadian-controlled entity, as determined pursuant to subsection 26(1) or (2),

      • (ii) that is not a NAFTA investor within the meaning of paragraph (c),

      • (iii) that is not controlled in fact through the ownership of its voting interests, and

      • (iv) of which two thirds of its trustees are any combination of Canadians and NAFTA investors, or

    • (f) any other form of business organization specified by the regulations that is controlled by a NAFTA investor. (investisseur ALÉNA)

  • Marginal note:Interpretation

    (5) For the purposes only of determining whether an entity is a NAFTA investor-controlled entity under paragraph (c) of the definition NAFTA investor in subsection (4),

    • (a) subsections 26(1) and (2) and section 27 apply and, for that purpose,

      • (i) every reference in those provisions to “Canadian” or “Canadians” shall be read and construed as a reference to “NAFTA investor” or “NAFTA investors”, respectively,

      • (ii) every reference in those provisions to “non-Canadian” or “non-Canadians” shall be read and construed as a reference to “non-Canadian, other than a NAFTA investor,” or “non-Canadians, other than NAFTA investors,” respectively, except for the reference to “non-Canadians” in subparagraph 27(d)(ii), which shall be read and construed as a reference to “not NAFTA investors”,

      • (iii) every reference in those provisions to “Canadian-controlled” shall be read and construed as a reference to “NAFTA investor-controlled”, and

      • (iv) the reference in subparagraph 27(d)(i) to “Canada” shall be read and construed as a reference to “a NAFTA country”; and

    • (b) where two persons, one being a Canadian and the other being a NAFTA investor, own equally all of the voting shares of a corporation, the corporation is deemed to be NAFTA investor-controlled.

  • R.S., 1985, c. 28 (1st Supp.), s. 24;
  • 1988, c. 65, s. 136;
  • 1993, c. 44, s. 179;
  • 1994, c. 47, s. 134.
 
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