Pension Benefits Standards Act, 1985 (R.S.C., 1985, c. 32 (2nd Supp.))

Act current to 2018-07-05 and last amended on 2017-12-12. Previous Versions

Marginal note:Pension plans may exceed minimum requirements

 The requirements of this Act and the regulations shall not be construed as preventing the registration or operation of a pension plan containing provisions that are more advantageous to members of the plan, former members or potential members or their spouses, common-law partners, designated beneficiaries, estates or successions.

  • R.S., 1985, c. 32 (2nd Supp.), s. 3;
  • 2000, c. 12, s. 255;
  • 2010, c. 12, s. 1787.

Application of Act

Marginal note:Application of Act
  •  (1) This Act applies in respect of pension plans.

  • Definition of pension plan

    (2) In this Act, pension plan means a superannuation or other plan organized and administered to provide pension benefits to employees employed in included employment (and former employees) and to which the employer is required under or in accordance with the plan to contribute, whether or not provision is also made for other benefits or for benefits to other persons, and includes a supplemental pension plan, whether or not the employer is required to make contributions under or in accordance with the supplemental pension plan, but does not include

    • (a) an employees’ profit sharing plan or a deferred profit sharing plan as defined in sections 144 and 147, respectively, of the Income Tax Act;

    • (b) an arrangement to provide a retiring allowance as defined in subsection 248(1) of the Income Tax Act;

    • (b.1) a pooled registered pension plan, as defined in subsection 2(1) of the Pooled Registered Pension Plans Act; or

    • (c) any other prescribed arrangement.

  • Definition of supplemental pension plan

    (3) In subsection (2), supplemental pension plan means a pension plan for employees whose membership in another pension plan is a condition precedent to membership in the supplemental pension plan and that is an integral part of that other plan.

  • Definition of included employment

    (4) In this Act, included employment means employment, other than excepted employment, on or in connection with the operation of any work, undertaking or business that is within the legislative authority of the Parliament of Canada, including, without restricting the generality of the foregoing,

    • (a) any work, undertaking or business operated or carried on for or in connection with navigation and shipping, whether inland or maritime, including the operation of a ship and transportation by ship anywhere in Canada;

    • (b) any railway, canal, telegraph or other work or undertaking connecting a province with another province or extending beyond the limits of a province;

    • (c) any line of steam or other ships connecting a province with another province or extending beyond the limits of a province;

    • (d) any ferry between a province and another province or between a province and a country other than Canada;

    • (e) any aerodrome, aircraft or line of air transportation;

    • (f) any radio broadcasting station;

    • (g) any bank or authorized foreign bank within the meaning of section 2 of the Bank Act;

    • (h) any work, undertaking or business that, although wholly situated within a province, is before or after its execution declared by the Parliament of Canada to be for the general advantage of Canada or for the advantage of two or more provinces; and

    • (i) any work, undertaking or business outside the exclusive legislative authority of provincial legislatures, and any work, undertaking or business of a local or private nature in Yukon, the Northwest Territories or Nunavut.

  • Definition of excepted employment

    (5) In this Act, excepted employment means

    • (a) employment by Her Majesty in right of Canada; and

    • (b) any employment that is excepted from included employment by any regulation made under subsection (6).

  • Marginal note:Idem

    (6) The Governor in Council may make regulations excepting from included employment

    • (a) employment by an agent of Her Majesty in right of Canada; and

    • (b) any other employment if the Governor in Council, on a report of the Minister, is satisfied that

      • (i) provision has been made for the coverage of employees employed in that employment under the terms of a pension plan that is organized and administered for the benefit primarily of employees employed in other than included employment and that is required to be registered under the law of a designated province, or

      • (ii) in any other case, the exception of that employment is warranted having regard to the existence of other arrangements for the safeguarding of any benefits that are or may become available to employees or other persons in respect of that employment, or having regard to such other circumstances as the Governor in Council deems relevant.

  • R.S., 1985, c. 32 (2nd Supp.), s. 4;
  • 1993, c. 28, s. 78;
  • 1999, c. 28, s. 172, c. 31, s. 244(F);
  • 2002, c. 7, s. 226;
  • 2012, c. 16, s. 84.

Powers of Superintendent

Marginal note:Powers of Superintendent
  •  (1) The Superintendent, under the direction of the Minister, has the control and supervision of the administration of this Act and has the powers conferred by this Act.

  • Marginal note:Information and studies

    (2) The Superintendent may

    • (a) collect information to determine the extent to which inflation adjustments and other adjustments to pension benefits are provided;

    • (b) conduct studies, surveys and research programs and compile statistical and other information relating to pension plans and their operation;

    • (c) disclose information gathered under paragraph (a) or (b) or subsection 9.01(6) or filed under subsection 9.01(5) or section 10, 10.1 or 12 to any government agency or regulatory body; and

    • (d) collect information from a pension supervisory authority of a designated province and disclose information to that authority for the purposes of implementing a federal-provincial agreement.

  • Marginal note:Terms and conditions

    (3) Any approval, authorization, consent or permission of the Superintendent given under this Act may be subject to terms and conditions.

  • R.S., 1985, c. 32 (2nd Supp.), s. 5;
  • 1998, c. 12, s. 3;
  • 2010, c. 12, s. 1788, c. 25, s. 180;
  • 2016, c. 7, s. 202.

Agreements

 [Repealed, 2016, c. 7, s. 203]

Marginal note:One or more designated provinces
  •  (1) The Minister may, with the approval of the Governor in Council, enter into an agreement with one or more designated provinces respecting any matter relating to pension plans that are subject to the pension legislation of at least one designated province that is a party to the agreement.

  • Marginal note:Content of agreement

    (2) A federal-provincial agreement may, among other things,

    • (a) limit the application of the pension legislation of a designated province that is a party to the agreement to a pension plan and adapt that legislation to that pension plan;

    • (b) limit the application of this Act and the regulations to a pension plan and adapt them to that pension plan;

    • (c) exempt a pension plan from the application of this Act and the regulations or the pension legislation of a designated province that is a party to the agreement;

    • (c.1) make applicable, with respect to a pension plan, the pension legislation of a designated province that is a party to the agreement;

    • (d) provide for the administration and enforcement of this Act, the regulations and the pension legislation of a designated province that is a party to the agreement;

    • (e) authorize a pension supervisory authority of a designated province that is a party to the agreement or the association referred to in section 6.4 to exercise any of the Superintendent’s powers under this Act;

    • (f) authorize the Superintendent to exercise any powers of a pension supervisory authority of a designated province that is a party to the agreement or the association referred to in section 6.4;

    • (g) establish requirements — in addition to any other requirements under this Act, the regulations and the pension legislation of a designated province that is a party to the agreement — with respect to a pension plan, administrator or employer; and

    • (h) confer powers on the Superintendent.

  • Marginal note:Tabling in Parliament

    (3) The Minister must cause every federal-provincial agreement to be tabled in each House of Parliament.

  • Marginal note:Publication — Canada Gazette

    (4) The Minister must cause to be published in the Canada Gazette

    • (a) every federal-provincial agreement and a notice of the date on which the agreement comes into effect with respect to pension plans;

    • (b) every amendment to a federal-provincial agreement and a notice of the date on which the amendment comes into effect with respect to pension plans; and

    • (c) a notice of the effective date of the Government of Canada’s withdrawal from the federal-provincial agreement or of the effective date of termination of that agreement, whichever comes first.

  • Marginal note:Publication — other

    (5) In addition to the publishing requirements under subsection (4), the Minister must ensure that every federal-provincial agreement and every amendment to a federal-provincial agreement is accessible to the public through the Internet or by any other means that the Minister considers appropriate.

  • 2010, c. 25, s. 181;
  • 2016, c. 7, s. 204.
 
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