Species at Risk Act (S.C. 2002, c. 29)

Act current to 2014-04-02 and last amended on 2013-03-08. Previous Versions

Species at Risk Act

S.C. 2002, c. 29

Assented to 2002-12-12

An Act respecting the protection of wildlife species at risk in Canada

Preamble

Recognizing that

Canada’s natural heritage is an integral part of our national identity and history,

wildlife, in all its forms, has value in and of itself and is valued by Canadians for aesthetic, cultural, spiritual, recreational, educational, historical, economic, medical, ecological and scientific reasons,

Canadian wildlife species and ecosystems are also part of the world’s heritage and the Government of Canada has ratified the United Nations Convention on the Conservation of Biological Diversity,

providing legal protection for species at risk will complement existing legislation and will, in part, meet Canada’s commitments under that Convention,

the Government of Canada is committed to conserving biological diversity and to the principle that, if there are threats of serious or irreversible damage to a wildlife species, cost-effective measures to prevent the reduction or loss of the species should not be postponed for a lack of full scientific certainty,

responsibility for the conservation of wildlife in Canada is shared among the governments in this country and that it is important for them to work cooperatively to pursue the establishment of complementary legislation and programs for the protection and recovery of species at risk in Canada,

it is important that there be cooperation between the governments in this country to maintain and strengthen national standards of environmental conservation and that the Government of Canada is committed to the principles set out in intergovernmental agreements respecting environmental conservation,

the Canadian Endangered Species Conservation Council is to provide national leadership for the protection of species at risk, including the provision of general direction to the Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada in respect of that Committee’s activities and general directions in respect of the development, coordination and implementation of recovery efforts,

the roles of the aboriginal peoples of Canada and of wildlife management boards established under land claims agreements in the conservation of wildlife in this country are essential,

all Canadians have a role to play in the conservation of wildlife in this country, including the prevention of wildlife species from becoming extirpated or extinct,

there will be circumstances under which the cost of conserving species at risk should be shared,

the conservation efforts of individual Canadians and communities should be encouraged and supported,

stewardship activities contributing to the conservation of wildlife species and their habitat should be supported to prevent species from becoming at risk,

community knowledge and interests, including socio-economic interests, should be considered in developing and implementing recovery measures,

the traditional knowledge of the aboriginal peoples of Canada should be considered in the assessment of which species may be at risk and in developing and implementing recovery measures,

knowledge of wildlife species and ecosystems is critical to their conservation,

the habitat of species at risk is key to their conservation, and

Canada’s protected areas, especially national parks, are vital to the protection and recovery of species at risk,

NOW, THEREFORE, Her Majesty, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate and House of Commons of Canada, enacts as follows:

SHORT TITLE

Marginal note:Short title

 This Act may be cited as the Species at Risk Act.

INTERPRETATION

Marginal note:Definitions
  •  (1) The definitions in this subsection apply in this Act.

    “action plan”

    « plan d’action »

    “action plan” means an action plan included in the public registry under subsection 50(3) and includes any amendment to it included in the public registry under section 52.

    “alternative measures”

    « mesures de rechange »

    “alternative measures” means measures, other than judicial proceedings, that are used to deal with a person who is alleged to have committed an offence.

    “aquatic species”

    « espèce aquatique »

    “aquatic species” means a wildlife species that is a fish, as defined in section 2 of the Fisheries Act, or a marine plant, as defined in section 47 of that Act.

    “Attorney General”

    « procureur général »

    “Attorney General” means the Attorney General of Canada or, for the purposes of sections 108 to 113, an agent of the Attorney General of Canada.

    “Canadian Endangered Species Conservation Council”

    « Conseil canadien pour la conservation des espèces en péril »

    “Canadian Endangered Species Conservation Council” means the Council referred to in subsection 7(1).

    “competent minister”

    « ministre compétent »

    “competent minister” means

    • (a) the Minister responsible for the Parks Canada Agency with respect to individuals in or on federal lands administered by that Agency;

    • (b) the Minister of Fisheries and Oceans with respect to aquatic species, other than individuals mentioned in paragraph (a); and

    • (c) the Minister of the Environment with respect to all other individuals.

    “conveyance”

    « moyen de transport »

    “conveyance” means a vehicle, aircraft or water-borne craft or any other contrivance that is used to move persons or goods.

    “COSEWIC”

    « COSEPAC »

    “COSEWIC” means the Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada established by section 14.

    “critical habitat”

    « habitat essentiel »

    “critical habitat” means the habitat that is necessary for the survival or recovery of a listed wildlife species and that is identified as the species’ critical habitat in the recovery strategy or in an action plan for the species.

    “emergency order”

    « décret d’urgence »

    “emergency order” means an order made under section 80.

    “endangered species”

    « espèce en voie de disparition »

    “endangered species” means a wildlife species that is facing imminent extirpation or extinction.

    “extirpated species”

    « espèce disparue du pays »

    “extirpated species” means a wildlife species that no longer exists in the wild in Canada, but exists elsewhere in the wild.

    “federal land”

    « territoire domanial »

    “federal land” means

    • (a) land that belongs to Her Majesty in right of Canada, or that Her Majesty in right of Canada has the power to dispose of, and all waters on and airspace above that land;

    • (b) the internal waters of Canada and the territorial sea of Canada; and

    • (c) reserves and any other lands that are set apart for the use and benefit of a band under the Indian Act, and all waters on and airspace above those reserves and lands.

    “habitat”

    « habitat »

    “habitat” means

    • (a) in respect of aquatic species, spawning grounds and nursery, rearing, food supply, migration and any other areas on which aquatic species depend directly or indirectly in order to carry out their life processes, or areas where aquatic species formerly occurred and have the potential to be reintroduced; and

    • (b) in respect of other wildlife species, the area or type of site where an individual or wildlife species naturally occurs or depends on directly or indirectly in order to carry out its life processes or formerly occurred and has the potential to be reintroduced.

    “individual”

    « individu »

    “individual” means an individual of a wildlife species, whether living or dead, at any developmental stage and includes larvae, embryos, eggs, sperm, seeds, pollen, spores and asexual propagules.

    “land claims agreement”

    « accord sur des revendications territoriales »

    “land claims agreement” means a land claims agreement within the meaning of section 35 of the Constitution Act, 1982.

    “List”

    « liste »

    “List” means the List of Wildlife Species at Risk set out in Schedule 1.

    “listed”

    « inscrite »

    “listed” means listed on the List.

    “Minister”

    « ministre »

    “Minister” means the Minister of the Environment.

    “offence”

    « infraction »

    “offence” means an offence under this Act.

    “provincial minister”

    « ministre provincial »

    “provincial minister” means any minister of the government of a province who is responsible for the conservation and management of a wildlife species in that province.

    “public registry”

    « registre »

    “public registry” means the registry established under section 120.

    “recovery strategy”

    « programme de rétablissement »

    “recovery strategy” means a recovery strategy included in the public registry under subsection 43(2), and includes any amendment to it included in the public registry under section 45.

    “residence”

    « résidence »

    “residence” means a dwelling-place, such as a den, nest or other similar area or place, that is occupied or habitually occupied by one or more individuals during all or part of their life cycles, including breeding, rearing, staging, wintering, feeding or hibernating.

    “sell”

    « vente »

    “sell” includes to offer for sale or lease, have in possession for sale or lease or deliver for sale or lease.

    “species at risk”

    « espèce en péril »

    “species at risk” means an extirpated, endangered or threatened species or a species of special concern.

    “species of special concern”

    « espèce préoccupante »

    “species of special concern” means a wildlife species that may become a threatened or an endangered species because of a combination of biological characteristics and identified threats.

    “status report”

    « rapport de situation »

    “status report” means a report, prepared in accordance with the requirements of regulations made under subsection 21(2), that contains a summary of the best available information on the status of a wildlife species, including scientific knowledge, community knowledge and aboriginal traditional knowledge.

    “territorial minister”

    « ministre territorial »

    “territorial minister” means any minister of the government of a territory who is responsible for the conservation and management of a wildlife species in that territory.

    “threatened species”

    « espèce menacée »

    “threatened species” means a wildlife species that is likely to become an endangered species if nothing is done to reverse the factors leading to its extirpation or extinction.

    “treaty”

    « traité »

    “treaty” means a treaty within the meaning of section 35 of the Constitution Act, 1982.

    “wildlife management board”

    « conseil de gestion des ressources fauniques »

    “wildlife management board” means any board or other body established under a land claims agreement that is authorized by the agreement to perform functions in respect of wildlife species.

    “wildlife species”

    « espèce sauvage »

    “wildlife species” means a species, subspecies, variety or geographically or genetically distinct population of animal, plant or other organism, other than a bacterium or virus, that is wild by nature and

    • (a) is native to Canada; or

    • (b) has extended its range into Canada without human intervention and has been present in Canada for at least 50 years.

  • Marginal note:Deeming

    (2) For the purposes of the definition “wildlife species” in subsection (1), a species, subspecies, variety or geographically or genetically distinct population is, in the absence of evidence to the contrary, presumed to have been present in Canada for at least 50 years.

  • Marginal note:Competent minister

    (3) A reference to a competent minister in any provision of this Act is to be read as a reference to the competent minister in respect of the wildlife species, or the individuals of the wildlife species, to which the provision relates.

  • 2002, c. 29, ss. 2, 141.1;
  • 2005, c. 2, s. 14.
Marginal note:Aboriginal and treaty rights

 For greater certainty, nothing in this Act shall be construed so as to abrogate or derogate from the protection provided for existing aboriginal or treaty rights of the aboriginal peoples of Canada by the recognition and affirmation of those rights in section 35 of the Constitution Act, 1982.

Marginal note:Sedentary living organisms
  •  (1) This Act also applies to sedentary living organisms on or under the continental shelf of Canada outside the exclusive economic zone.

  • Meaning of “sedentary”

    (2) For the purpose of subsection (1), a living organism is sedentary if it is, at the harvestable stage, either immobile on or under the seabed or is unable to move except in constant physical contact with the seabed or subsoil.

HER MAJESTY

Marginal note:Binding on Her Majesty

 This Act is binding on Her Majesty in right of Canada or a province.

PURPOSES

Marginal note:Purposes

 The purposes of this Act are to prevent wildlife species from being extirpated or becoming extinct, to provide for the recovery of wildlife species that are extirpated, endangered or threatened as a result of human activity and to manage species of special concern to prevent them from becoming endangered or threatened.

CANADIAN ENDANGERED SPECIES CONSERVATION COUNCIL

Marginal note:Composition
  •  (1) The Canadian Endangered Species Conservation Council consists of the Minister of the Environment, the Minister of Fisheries and Oceans, the Minister responsible for the Parks Canada Agency and ministers of the government of a province or a territory who are responsible for the conservation and management of a wildlife species in that province or territory.

  • Marginal note:Role

    (2) The role of the Canadian Endangered Species Conservation Council is to

    • (a) provide general direction on the activities of COSEWIC, the preparation of recovery strategies and the preparation and implementation of action plans; and

    • (b) coordinate the activities of the various governments represented on the Council relating to the protection of species at risk.

  • 2002, c. 29, s. 7;
  • 2005, c. 2, s. 15.

ADMINISTRATION OF ACT

Marginal note:Responsibility of Minister
  •  (1) The Minister is responsible for the administration of this Act, except in so far as this Act gives responsibility to another minister.

  • Marginal note:Delegation

    (2) The Minister, the Minister responsible for the Parks Canada Agency or the Minister of Fisheries and Oceans may, after consultation with the other two ministers, delegate to any minister of the Crown in right of Canada or of a province or to any person who is employed by the Government of Canada, the government of a province or any other government in Canada any of that Minister’s powers or functions under this Act, relating to its enforcement.

  • Marginal note:Agreement and reporting obligation

    (3) The delegation must be the subject of an agreement between the delegating minister and the delegate and the agreement must provide that the delegate is to prepare an annual report for the delegating minister on the activities undertaken under the agreement. A copy of the agreement must be included in the public registry within 45 days after it is entered into, and a copy of every annual report must be included in the public registry within 45 days after it is received by the delegating minister.

  • 2002, c. 29, s. 8;
  • 2005, c. 2, s. 16.
Marginal note:National Aboriginal Council on Species at Risk

 The Minister shall establish a Council, to be known as the National Aboriginal Council on Species at Risk, consisting of six representatives of the aboriginal peoples of Canada selected by the Minister based upon recommendations from aboriginal organizations that the Minister considers appropriate. The role of the Council is to

  • (a) advise the Minister on the administration of this Act; and

  • (b) provide advice and recommendations to the Canadian Endangered Species Conservation Council.

Marginal note:Advisory committees to assist Minister
  •  (1) The Minister may, after consultation with the Minister responsible for the Parks Canada Agency and the Minister of Fisheries and Oceans, establish one or more committees to advise the Minister on the administration of this Act.

  • Marginal note:Advisory committees to assist Council

    (2) The Minister may, after consultation with the Minister responsible for the Parks Canada Agency, the Minister of Fisheries and Oceans and the Canadian Endangered Species Conservation Council, establish one or more committees to advise the Council on matters related to the Council’s role.

  • 2002, c. 29, s. 9;
  • 2005, c. 2, s. 17.
Marginal note:Administrative agreements

 A competent minister may, after consultation with every other competent minister, enter into an agreement with any government in Canada, organization or wildlife management board with respect to the administration of any provision of this Act for which that competent minister has responsibility, including the preparation and implementation of recovery strategies, action plans and management plans.

STEWARDSHIP ACTION PLAN

Marginal note:Stewardship action plan

 The Minister, after consultation with the Canadian Endangered Species Conservation Council, may establish a stewardship action plan that creates incentives and other measures to support voluntary stewardship actions taken by any government in Canada, organization or person. A copy of the stewardship action plan must be included in the public registry.

Marginal note:Contents

 The stewardship action plan must include, but is not limited to, commitments to

  • (a) regularly examine incentives and programs that support actions taken by persons to protect species at risk;

  • (b) provide information and increase public awareness about species at risk;

  • (c) methods for sharing information about species at risk, including community and aboriginal traditional knowledge, that respect, preserve and maintain knowledge and promote their wider application with the approval of the holders of such knowledge, with other governments and persons;

  • (d) create awards and recognition programs;

  • (e) provide information respecting programs related to stewardship agreements, land conservation easements and other such agreements; and

  • (f) provide information relating to the technical and scientific support available to persons engaged in stewardship activities.

STEWARDSHIP

Marginal note:Conservation agreements — species at risk
  •  (1) A competent minister may, after consultation with every other competent minister, and with the Canadian Endangered Species Conservation Council or any of its members if he or she considers it appropriate to do so, enter into a conservation agreement with any government in Canada, organization or person to benefit a species at risk or enhance its survival in the wild.

  • Marginal note:Contents

    (2) The agreement must provide for the taking of conservation measures and any other measures consistent with the purposes of this Act, and may include measures with respect to

    • (a) monitoring the status of the species;

    • (b) developing and implementing education and public awareness programs;

    • (c) developing and implementing recovery strategies, action plans and management plans;

    • (d) protecting the species’ habitat, including its critical habitat; or

    • (e) undertaking research projects in support of recovery efforts for the species.

Marginal note:Conservation agreements — other species
  •  (1) A competent minister may, after consultation with every other competent minister, and with the Canadian Endangered Species Conservation Council or any of its members if he or she considers it appropriate to do so, enter into an agreement with any government in Canada, organization or person to provide for the conservation of a wildlife species that is not a species at risk.

  • Marginal note:Contents

    (2) The agreement may provide for the taking of conservation measures and any other measures consistent with the purposes of this Act, including measures with respect to

    • (a) monitoring the status of the species;

    • (b) developing and implementing education and public awareness programs;

    • (c) protecting the species’ habitat; and

    • (d) preventing the species from becoming a species at risk.

Marginal note:Funding agreements
  •  (1) A competent minister may enter into an agreement with any government in Canada, organization or person to provide for the payment of contributions towards the costs of programs and measures for the conservation of wildlife species, including programs and measures under an agreement entered into under subsection 11(1) or 12(1).

  • Marginal note:Provisions to be included

    (2) The agreement must specify

    • (a) the contribution towards the cost of the program or measure that is payable by any party and the time or times at which any amounts under the agreement will be paid;

    • (b) the authority or person who will be responsible for operating and maintaining the program or measure or any part of it;

    • (c) the proportions of any revenue from the program or measure that is payable to the parties; and

    • (d) the terms and conditions governing the operation and maintenance of the program or measure.

WILDLIFE SPECIES LISTING PROCESS

Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada

Marginal note:Establishment

 The Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada is hereby established.

Marginal note:Functions
  •  (1) The functions of COSEWIC are to

    • (a) assess the status of each wildlife species considered by COSEWIC to be at risk and, as part of the assessment, identify existing and potential threats to the species and

      • (i) classify the species as extinct, extirpated, endangered, threatened or of special concern,

      • (ii) indicate that COSEWIC does not have sufficient information to classify the species, or

      • (iii) indicate that the species is not currently at risk;

    • (b) determine when wildlife species are to be assessed, with priority given to those more likely to become extinct;

    • (c) conduct a new assessment of the status of species at risk and, if appropriate, reclassify or declassify them;

    • (c.1) indicate in the assessment whether the wildlife species migrates across Canada’s boundary or has a range extending across Canada’s boundary;

    • (d) develop and periodically review criteria for assessing the status of wildlife species and for classifying them and recommend the criteria to the Minister and the Canadian Endangered Species Conservation Council; and

    • (e) provide advice to the Minister and the Canadian Endangered Species Conservation Council and perform any other functions that the Minister, after consultation with that Council, may assign.

  • Marginal note:Best information and knowledge

    (2) COSEWIC must carry out its functions on the basis of the best available information on the biological status of a species, including scientific knowledge, community knowledge and aboriginal traditional knowledge.

  • Marginal note:Treaties and land claims agreements

    (3) COSEWIC must take into account any applicable provisions of treaty and land claims agreements when carrying out its functions.

Marginal note:Composition
  •  (1) COSEWIC is to be composed of members appointed by the Minister after consultation with the Canadian Endangered Species Conservation Council and with any experts and expert bodies, such as the Royal Society of Canada, that the Minister considers to have relevant expertise.

  • Marginal note:Qualifications of members

    (2) Each member must have expertise drawn from a discipline such as conservation biology, population dynamics, taxonomy, systematics or genetics or from community knowledge or aboriginal traditional knowledge of the conservation of wildlife species.

  • Marginal note:Term of appointment

    (3) The members are to be appointed to hold office for renewable terms of not more than four years.

  • Marginal note:Not part of the public service of Canada

    (4) The members are not, because of being a member, part of the public service of Canada.

  • Marginal note:Remuneration and expenses

    (5) The members may be paid remuneration and expenses for their services in amounts that the Minister may set.

  • Marginal note:Discretion

    (6) Each member of COSEWIC shall exercise his or her discretion in an independent manner.

Marginal note:Regulations and guidelines

 The Minister may, after consultation with the Canadian Endangered Species Conservation Council and COSEWIC, establish regulations or guidelines respecting the appointment of members and the carrying out of COSEWIC’s functions.

Marginal note:Subcommittees
  •  (1) COSEWIC must establish subcommittees of specialists to assist in the preparation and review of status reports on wildlife species considered to be at risk, including subcommittees specializing in groups of wildlife species and a subcommittee specializing in aboriginal traditional knowledge, and it may establish other subcommittees to advise it or to exercise or perform any of its functions.

  • Marginal note:Membership

    (2) Each subcommittee must be presided over by a member of COSEWIC, but the subcommittee may include persons who are not members of COSEWIC.

  • Marginal note:Aboriginal traditional knowledge subcommittee

    (3) Subject to subsection (2), the chairperson and members of the aboriginal traditional knowledge subcommittee must be appointed by the Minister after consultation with any aboriginal organization he or she considers appropriate.

Marginal note:Rules

 COSEWIC may make rules respecting the holding of meetings and the general conduct of its activities, including rules respecting

  • (a) the selection of persons to chair its meetings; and

  • (b) the meetings and activities of any of its subcommittees.

Marginal note:Staff and facilities

 The Minister must provide COSEWIC with any professional, technical, secretarial, clerical and other assistance, and any facilities and supplies, that, in his or her opinion, are necessary to carry out its functions.

Marginal note:Status reports
  •  (1) COSEWIC’s assessment of the status of a wildlife species must be based on a status report on the species that COSEWIC either has had prepared or has received with an application.

  • Marginal note:Content

    (2) The Minister may, after consultation with COSEWIC, the Minister responsible for the Parks Canada Agency and the Minister of Fisheries and Oceans, make regulations establishing the content of status reports.

  • 2002, c. 29, s. 21;
  • 2005, c. 2, s. 18.
Marginal note:Applications
  •  (1) Any person may apply to COSEWIC for an assessment of the status of a wildlife species.

  • Marginal note:Regulations

    (2) The Minister may, after consultation with the Minister responsible for the Parks Canada Agency, the Minister of Fisheries and Oceans and the Canadian Endangered Species Conservation Council, make regulations respecting the making of applications to COSEWIC under subsection (1) and the dealing with of those applications by COSEWIC.

  • 2002, c. 29, s. 22;
  • 2005, c. 2, s. 19.
Marginal note:Time for assessment
  •  (1) COSEWIC must assess the status of a wildlife species within one year after it receives a status report on the species, and it must provide reasons for its assessment.

  • Marginal note:Notification of applicant

    (2) If the assessment results from an application, COSEWIC must notify the applicant of the assessment and the reasons.

Reviews and Reports

Marginal note:Review of classifications

 COSEWIC must review the classification of each species at risk at least once every 10 years, or at any time if it has reason to believe that the status of the species has changed significantly.

Marginal note:Copies to Minister and Council
  •  (1) When COSEWIC completes an assessment of the status of a wildlife species, it must provide the Minister and the Canadian Endangered Species Conservation Council with a copy of the assessment and the reasons for it. A copy of the assessment and the reasons must also be included in the public registry.

  • Marginal note:COSEWIC list

    (2) COSEWIC must annually prepare a complete list of every wildlife species it has assessed since the coming into force of this section and a copy of that list must be included in the public registry.

  • Marginal note:Report on response

    (3) On receiving a copy of an assessment of the status of a wildlife species from COSEWIC under subsection (1), the Minister must, within 90 days, include in the public registry a report on how the Minister intends to respond to the assessment and, to the extent possible, provide time lines for action.

Marginal note:Annual reports

 COSEWIC must annually provide a report on its activities to the Canadian Endangered Species Conservation Council and a copy of that report must be included in the public registry.

List of Wildlife Species at Risk

Marginal note:Power to amend List
  •  (1) The Governor in Council may, on the recommendation of the Minister, by order amend the List in accordance with subsections (1.1) and (1.2) by adding a wildlife species, by reclassifying a listed wildlife species or by removing a listed wildlife species, and the Minister may, by order, amend the List in a similar fashion in accordance with subsection (3).

  • Marginal note:Decision in respect of assessment

    (1.1) Subject to subsection (3), the Governor in Council, within nine months after receiving an assessment of the status of a species by COSEWIC, may review that assessment and may, on the recommendation of the Minister,

    • (a) accept the assessment and add the species to the List;

    • (b) decide not to add the species to the List; or

    • (c) refer the matter back to COSEWIC for further information or consideration.

  • Marginal note:Statement of reasons

    (1.2) Where the Governor in Council takes a course of action under paragraph (1.1)(b) or (c), the Minister shall, after the approval of the Governor in Council, include a statement in the public registry setting out the reasons.

  • Marginal note:Pre-conditions for recommendation

    (2) Before making a recommendation in respect of a wildlife species or a species at risk, the Minister must

    • (a) take into account the assessment of COSEWIC in respect of the species;

    • (b) consult the competent minister or ministers; and

    • (c) if the species is found in an area in respect of which a wildlife management board is authorized by a land claims agreement to perform functions in respect of a wildlife species, consult the wildlife management board.

  • Marginal note:Amendment of List by Minister

    (3) Where the Governor in Council has not taken a course of action under subsection (1.1) within nine months after receiving an assessment of the status of a species by COSEWIC, the Minister shall, by order, amend the List in accordance with COSEWIC’s assessment.

Marginal note:Applications for assessment of imminent threat
  •  (1) Any person who considers that there is an imminent threat to the survival of a wildlife species may apply to COSEWIC for an assessment of the threat for the purpose of having the species listed on an emergency basis under subsection 29(1) as an endangered species.

  • Marginal note:Information to be included in application

    (2) The application must include relevant information indicating that there is an imminent threat to the survival of the species.

  • Marginal note:Regulations

    (3) The Minister may, after consultation with the Minister responsible for the Parks Canada Agency, the Minister of Fisheries and Oceans and the Canadian Endangered Species Conservation Council, make regulations respecting the making of applications to COSEWIC under subsection (1) and the dealing with of those applications by COSEWIC.

  • Marginal note:Notice

    (4) COSEWIC must provide the applicant, the Minister and the Canadian Endangered Species Conservation Council with a copy of its assessment. A copy of the assessment must be included in the public registry.

  • 2002, c. 29, s. 28;
  • 2005, c. 2, s. 20.
Marginal note:Emergency listing
  •  (1) If the Minister is of the opinion that there is an imminent threat to the survival of a wildlife species, the Minister must, on an emergency basis, after consultation with every other competent minister, make a recommendation to the Governor in Council that the List be amended to list the species as an endangered species.

  • Marginal note:Formation of opinion

    (2) The Minister may arrive at that opinion on the basis of his or her own information or on the basis of COSEWIC’s assessment.

  • Marginal note:Exemption

    (3) If a recommendation is made under subsection (1), subsection 27(2) does not apply to any order that is made under subsection 27(1) on the basis of that recommendation, and the order is exempt from the application of section 3 of the Statutory Instruments Act.

Marginal note:Review
  •  (1) As soon as possible after an order is made on the basis of a recommendation referred to in subsection 29(1), COSEWIC must have a status report on the wildlife species prepared and, within one year after the making of the order, COSEWIC must, in a report in writing to the Minister,

    • (a) confirm the classification of the species;

    • (b) recommend to the Minister that the species be reclassified; or

    • (c) recommend to the Minister that the species be removed from the List.

  • Marginal note:Copy of report

    (2) Within 30 days after the report is received by the Minister, a copy of the report must be included in the public registry.

Marginal note:Recommendation to amend List

 If COSEWIC makes a recommendation under paragraph 30(1)(b) or (c), the Minister may make a recommendation to the Governor in Council with respect to amending the List.

MEASURES TO PROTECT LISTED WILDLIFE SPECIES

General Prohibitions

Marginal note:Killing, harming, etc., listed wildlife species
  •  (1) No person shall kill, harm, harass, capture or take an individual of a wildlife species that is listed as an extirpated species, an endangered species or a threatened species.

  • Marginal note:Possession, collection, etc.

    (2) No person shall possess, collect, buy, sell or trade an individual of a wildlife species that is listed as an extirpated species, an endangered species or a threatened species, or any part or derivative of such an individual.

  • Marginal note:Deeming

    (3) For the purposes of subsection (2), any animal, plant or thing that is represented to be an individual, or a part or derivative of an individual, of a wildlife species that is listed as an extirpated species, an endangered species or a threatened species is deemed, in the absence of evidence to the contrary, to be such an individual or a part or derivative of such an individual.

Marginal note:Damage or destruction of residence

 No person shall damage or destroy the residence of one or more individuals of a wildlife species that is listed as an endangered species or a threatened species, or that is listed as an extirpated species if a recovery strategy has recommended the reintroduction of the species into the wild in Canada.

Marginal note:Application — certain species in provinces
  •  (1) With respect to individuals of a listed wildlife species that is not an aquatic species or a species of birds that are migratory birds protected by the Migratory Birds Convention Act, 1994, sections 32 and 33 do not apply in lands in a province that are not federal lands unless an order is made under subsection (2) to provide that they apply.

  • Marginal note:Order

    (2) The Governor in Council may, on the recommendation of the Minister, by order, provide that sections 32 and 33, or either of them, apply in lands in a province that are not federal lands with respect to individuals of a listed wildlife species that is not an aquatic species or a species of birds that are migratory birds protected by the Migratory Birds Convention Act, 1994.

  • Marginal note:Obligation to make recommendation

    (3) The Minister must recommend that the order be made if the Minister is of the opinion that the laws of the province do not effectively protect the species or the residences of its individuals.

  • Marginal note:Consultation

    (4) Before recommending that the Governor in Council make an order under subsection (2), the Minister must consult

    • (a) the appropriate provincial minister; and

    • (b) if the species is found in an area in respect of which a wildlife management board is authorized by a land claims agreement to perform functions in respect of wildlife species, the wildlife management board.

Marginal note:Application — certain species in territories
  •  (1) Sections 32 and 33 apply in each of the territories in respect of a listed wildlife species only to the extent that the Governor in Council, on the recommendation of the Minister, makes an order providing that they, or any of them, apply.

  • Marginal note:Exception

    (2) Subsection (1) does not apply

    • (a) in respect of individuals of aquatic species and their habitat or species of birds that are migratory birds protected by the Migratory Birds Convention Act, 1994; or

    • (b) on land under the authority of the Minister or the Parks Canada Agency.

  • Marginal note:Obligation to make recommendation

    (3) The Minister must recommend that the order be made if the Minister is of the opinion that the laws of the territory do not effectively protect the species or the residences of its individuals.

  • Marginal note:Pre-conditions for recommendation

    (4) Before recommending that an order be made under subsection (1), the Minister must

    • (a) consult the appropriate territorial minister; and

    • (b) if the species is found in an area in respect of which a wildlife management board is authorized by a land claims agreement to perform functions in respect of wildlife species, consult the wildlife management board.

Marginal note:Prohibitions re provincial and territorial classifications
  •  (1) If a wildlife species that is not listed has been classified as an endangered species or a threatened species by a provincial or territorial minister, no person shall

    • (a) kill, harm, harass, capture or take an individual of that species that is on federal lands in the province or territory;

    • (b) possess, collect, buy, sell or trade an individual of that species that is on federal lands in the province or territory, or any part or derivative of such an individual; or

    • (c) damage or destroy the residence of one or more individuals of that species that is on federal lands in the province or territory.

  • Marginal note:Application

    (2) Subsection (1) applies only in respect of the portions of the federal lands that the Governor in Council may, on the recommendation of the competent minister, by order, specify.

Recovery of Endangered, Threatened and Extirpated Species

Recovery Strategy

Marginal note:Preparation — endangered or threatened species
  •  (1) If a wildlife species is listed as an extirpated species, an endangered species or a threatened species, the competent minister must prepare a strategy for its recovery.

  • Marginal note:More than one competent minister

    (2) If there is more than one competent minister with respect to the wildlife species, they must prepare the strategy together and every reference to competent minister in sections 38 to 46 is to be read as a reference to the competent ministers.

Marginal note:Commitments to be considered

 In preparing a recovery strategy, action plan or management plan, the competent minister must consider the commitment of the Government of Canada to conserving biological diversity and to the principle that, if there are threats of serious or irreversible damage to the listed wildlife species, cost-effective measures to prevent the reduction or loss of the species should not be postponed for a lack of full scientific certainty.

Marginal note:Cooperation with others
  •  (1) To the extent possible, the recovery strategy must be prepared in cooperation with

    • (a) the appropriate provincial and territorial minister for each province and territory in which the listed wildlife species is found;

    • (b) every minister of the Government of Canada who has authority over federal land or other areas on which the species is found;

    • (c) if the species is found in an area in respect of which a wildlife management board is authorized by a land claims agreement to perform functions in respect of wildlife species, the wildlife management board;

    • (d) every aboriginal organization that the competent minister considers will be directly affected by the recovery strategy; and

    • (e) any other person or organization that the competent minister considers appropriate.

  • Marginal note:Land claims agreement

    (2) If the listed wildlife species is found in an area in respect of which a wildlife management board is authorized by a land claims agreement to perform functions in respect of wildlife species, the recovery strategy must be prepared, to the extent that it will apply to that area, in accordance with the provisions of the agreement.

  • Marginal note:Consultation

    (3) To the extent possible, the recovery strategy must be prepared in consultation with any landowners and other persons whom the competent minister considers to be directly affected by the strategy, including the government of any other country in which the species is found.

Marginal note:Determination of feasibility

 In preparing the recovery strategy, the competent minister must determine whether the recovery of the listed wildlife species is technically and biologically feasible. The determination must be based on the best available information, including information provided by COSEWIC.

Marginal note:Contents if recovery feasible
  •  (1) If the competent minister determines that the recovery of the listed wildlife species is feasible, the recovery strategy must address the threats to the survival of the species identified by COSEWIC, including any loss of habitat, and must include

    • (a) a description of the species and its needs that is consistent with information provided by COSEWIC;

    • (b) an identification of the threats to the survival of the species and threats to its habitat that is consistent with information provided by COSEWIC and a description of the broad strategy to be taken to address those threats;

    • (c) an identification of the species’ critical habitat, to the extent possible, based on the best available information, including the information provided by COSEWIC, and examples of activities that are likely to result in its destruction;

    • (c.1) a schedule of studies to identify critical habitat, where available information is inadequate;

    • (d) a statement of the population and distribution objectives that will assist the recovery and survival of the species, and a general description of the research and management activities needed to meet those objectives;

    • (e) any other matters that are prescribed by the regulations;

    • (f) a statement about whether additional information is required about the species; and

    • (g) a statement of when one or more action plans in relation to the recovery strategy will be completed.

  • Marginal note:Contents if recovery not feasible

    (2) If the competent minister determines that the recovery of the listed wildlife species is not feasible, the recovery strategy must include a description of the species and its needs, an identification of the species’ critical habitat to the extent possible, and the reasons why its recovery is not feasible.

  • Marginal note:Multi-species or ecosystem approach permissible

    (3) The competent minister may adopt a multi-species or an ecosystem approach when preparing the recovery strategy if he or she considers it appropriate to do so.

  • Marginal note:Regulations

    (4) The Governor in Council may, on the recommendation of the Minister after consultation with the Minister responsible for the Parks Canada Agency and the Minister of Fisheries and Oceans, make regulations for the purpose of paragraph (1)(e) prescribing matters to be included in a recovery strategy.

  • 2002, c. 29, s. 41;
  • 2005, c. 2, s. 21.
Marginal note:Proposed recovery strategy
  •  (1) Subject to subsection (2), the competent minister must include a proposed recovery strategy in the public registry within one year after the wildlife species is listed, in the case of a wildlife species listed as an endangered species, and within two years after the species is listed, in the case of a wildlife species listed as a threatened species or an extirpated species.

  • Marginal note:First listed wildlife species

    (2) With respect to wildlife species that are set out in Schedule 1 on the day section 27 comes into force, the competent minister must include a proposed recovery strategy in the public registry within three years after that day, in the case of a wildlife species listed as an endangered species, and within four years after that day, in the case of a wildlife species listed as a threatened species or an extirpated species.

Marginal note:Comments
  •  (1) Within 60 days after the proposed recovery strategy is included in the public registry, any person may file written comments with the competent minister.

  • Marginal note:Finalization of recovery strategy

    (2) Within 30 days after the expiry of the period referred to in subsection (1), the competent minister must consider any comments received, make any changes to the proposed recovery strategy that he or she considers appropriate and finalize the recovery strategy by including a copy of it in the public registry.

Marginal note:Existing plans
  •  (1) If the competent minister is of the opinion that an existing plan relating to a wildlife species meets the requirements of subsection 41(1) or (2), and the plan is adopted by the competent minister as the proposed recovery strategy, he or she must include it in the public registry as the proposed recovery strategy in relation to the species.

  • Marginal note:Incorporation of existing plans

    (2) The competent minister may incorporate any part of an existing plan relating to a wildlife species into a proposed recovery strategy for the species.

Marginal note:Amendments
  •  (1) The competent minister may at any time amend the recovery strategy. A copy of the amendment must be included in the public registry.

  • Marginal note:Amendments relating to time for completing action plan

    (2) If the amendment relates to the time for completing an action plan, the competent minister must provide reasons for the amendment and include a copy of the reasons in the public registry.

  • Marginal note:Amendment procedure

    (3) Sections 39 and 43 apply to amendments to a recovery strategy, with any modifications that the circumstances require.

  • Marginal note:Exception

    (4) Subsection (3) does not apply if the competent minister considers the amendment to be minor.

Marginal note:Reporting

 The competent minister must report on the implementation of the recovery strategy, and the progress towards meeting its objectives, within five years after it is included in the public registry and in every subsequent five-year period, until its objectives have been achieved or the species’ recovery is no longer feasible. The report must be included in the public registry.

Action Plan

Marginal note:Preparation

 The competent minister in respect of a recovery strategy must prepare one or more action plans based on the recovery strategy. If there is more than one competent minister with respect to the recovery strategy, they may prepare the action plan or plans together.

Marginal note:Cooperation with other ministers and governments
  •  (1) To the extent possible, an action plan must be prepared in cooperation with

    • (a) the appropriate provincial and territorial minister of each province and territory in which the listed wildlife species is found;

    • (b) every minister of the Government of Canada who has authority over federal land or other areas on which the species is found;

    • (c) if the species is found in an area in respect of which a wildlife management board is authorized by a land claims agreement to perform functions in respect of wildlife species, the wildlife management board;

    • (d) every aboriginal organization that the competent minister considers will be directly affected by the action plan; and

    • (e) any other person or organization that the competent minister considers appropriate.

  • Marginal note:Land claims agreement

    (2) If the listed wildlife species is found in an area in respect of which a wildlife management board is authorized by a land claims agreement to perform functions in respect of wildlife species, an action plan must be prepared, to the extent that it will apply to that area, in accordance with the provisions of the agreement.

  • Marginal note:Consultation

    (3) To the extent possible, an action plan must be prepared in consultation with any landowners, lessees and other persons whom the competent minister considers to be directly affected by, or interested in, the action plan, including the government of any other country in which the species is found.

Marginal note:Contents
  •  (1) An action plan must include, with respect to the area to which the action plan relates,

    • (a) an identification of the species’ critical habitat, to the extent possible, based on the best available information and consistent with the recovery strategy, and examples of activities that are likely to result in its destruction;

    • (b) a statement of the measures that are proposed to be taken to protect the species’ critical habitat, including the entering into of agreements under section 11;

    • (c) an identification of any portions of the species’ critical habitat that have not been protected;

    • (d) a statement of the measures that are to be taken to implement the recovery strategy, including those that address the threats to the species and those that help to achieve the population and distribution objectives, as well as an indication as to when these measures are to take place;

    • (d.1) the methods to be used to monitor the recovery of the species and its long-term viability;

    • (e) an evaluation of the socio-economic costs of the action plan and the benefits to be derived from its implementation; and

    • (f) any other matters that are prescribed by the regulations.

  • Marginal note:Regulations

    (2) The Governor in Council may, on the recommendation of the Minister after consultation with the Minister responsible for the Parks Canada Agency and the Minister of Fisheries and Oceans, make regulations for the purpose of paragraph (1)(f) prescribing matters to be included in an action plan.

  • 2002, c. 29, s. 49;
  • 2005, c. 2, s. 22.
Marginal note:Proposed action plan
  •  (1) The competent minister must include a proposed action plan in the public registry.

  • Marginal note:Comments

    (2) Within 60 days after the proposed action plan is included in the public registry, any person may file written comments with the competent minister.

  • Marginal note:Finalization of action plan

    (3) Within 30 days after the expiry of the period referred to in subsection (2), the competent minister must consider any comments received, make any changes to the proposed action plan that he or she considers appropriate and finalize the action plan by including a copy of it in the public registry.

  • Marginal note:Summary if action plan not completed in time

    (4) If an action plan is not finalized in the time set out in the recovery strategy, the competent minister must include in the public registry a summary of what has been prepared with respect to the plan.

Marginal note:Existing plans
  •  (1) If the competent minister is of the opinion that an existing plan relating to a wildlife species meets the requirements of section 49, and the plan is adopted by the competent minister as a proposed action plan, he or she must include it in the public registry as a proposed action plan in relation to the species.

  • Marginal note:Incorporation of existing plans

    (2) The competent minister may incorporate any part of an existing plan relating to a wildlife species into a proposed action plan for the species.

Marginal note:Amendments
  •  (1) The competent minister may at any time amend an action plan. A copy of the amendment must be included in the public registry.

  • Marginal note:Amendment procedure

    (2) Section 48 applies to amendments to an action plan, with any modifications that the circumstances require.

  • Marginal note:Exception

    (3) Subsection (2) does not apply if the competent minister considers the amendment to be minor.

Marginal note:Regulations
  •  (1) The competent minister must, with respect to aquatic species, species of birds that are migratory birds protected by the Migratory Birds Convention Act, 1994, regardless of where they are located, or with respect to any other wildlife species on federal lands, make any regulations that are necessary in the opinion of the competent minister for the purpose of implementing the measures included in an action plan, but, if the measures relate to the protection of critical habitat on federal lands, the regulations must be made under section 59.

  • Marginal note:Consultation

    (2) If the competent minister is of the opinion that a regulation would affect a reserve or any other lands that are set apart for the use and benefit of a band under the Indian Act, he or she must consult the Minister of Indian Affairs and Northern Development and the band before making the regulation.

  • Marginal note:Consultation

    (3) If the competent minister is of the opinion that a regulation would affect an area in respect of which a wildlife management board is authorized by a land claims agreement to perform functions in respect of wildlife species, he or she must consult the wildlife management board before making the regulation.

  • Marginal note:Incorporation by reference

    (4) The regulations may incorporate by reference any legislation of a province or territory, as amended from time to time, insofar as the regulations apply in that province or territory.

  • Marginal note:Consultation

    (5) If the competent minister is of the opinion that a regulation would affect land in a territory, he or she must consult the territorial minister before making the regulation.

  • Marginal note:Exception

    (6) Subsection (5) does not apply

    • (a) in respect of individuals of aquatic species and their habitat or species of birds that are migratory birds protected by the Migratory Birds Convention Act, 1994 and their habitat; or

    • (b) in respect of land under the authority of the Minister or the Parks Canada Agency.

Marginal note:Use of powers under other Acts

 For the purpose of implementing the measures included in an action plan, the competent minister may use any powers that he or she has under any other Act of Parliament.

Marginal note:Monitoring and reporting

 The competent minister must monitor the implementation of an action plan and the progress towards meeting its objectives and assess and report on its implementation and its ecological and socio-economic impacts five years after the plan comes into effect. A copy of the report must be included in the public registry.

Protection of Critical Habitat

Marginal note:Codes of practice, national standards or guidelines

 The competent minister may, after consultation with the Canadian Endangered Species Conservation Council and any person whom he or she considers appropriate, establish codes of practice, national standards or guidelines with respect to the protection of critical habitat.

Marginal note:Purpose

 The purpose of section 58 is to ensure that, within 180 days after the recovery strategy or action plan that identified the critical habitat referred to in subsection 58(1) is included in the public registry, all of the critical habitat is protected by

  • (a) provisions in, or measures under, this or any other Act of Parliament, including agreements under section 11; or

  • (b) the application of subsection 58(1).

Marginal note:Destruction of critical habitat
  •  (1) Subject to this section, no person shall destroy any part of the critical habitat of any listed endangered species or of any listed threatened species — or of any listed extirpated species if a recovery strategy has recommended the reintroduction of the species into the wild in Canada — if

    • (a) the critical habitat is on federal land, in the exclusive economic zone of Canada or on the continental shelf of Canada;

    • (b) the listed species is an aquatic species; or

    • (c) the listed species is a species of migratory birds protected by the Migratory Birds Convention Act, 1994.

  • Marginal note:Protected areas

    (2) If the critical habitat or a portion of the critical habitat is in a national park of Canada named and described in Schedule 1 to the Canada National Parks Act, a marine protected area under the Oceans Act, a migratory bird sanctuary under the Migratory Birds Convention Act, 1994 or a national wildlife area under the Canada Wildlife Act, the competent Minister must, within 90 days after the recovery strategy or action plan that identified the critical habitat is included in the public registry, publish in the Canada Gazette a description of the critical habitat or portion that is in that park, area or sanctuary.

  • Marginal note:Application

    (3) If subsection (2) applies, subsection (1) applies to the critical habitat or the portion of the critical habitat described in the Canada Gazette under subsection (2) 90 days after the description is published in the Canada Gazette.

  • Marginal note:Application

    (4) If all of the critical habitat or any portion of the critical habitat is not in a place referred to in subsection (2), subsection (1) applies in respect of the critical habitat or portion of the critical habitat, as the case may be, specified in an order made by the competent minister.

  • Marginal note:Obligation to make order or statement

    (5) Within 180 days after the recovery strategy or action plan that identified the critical habitat is included in the public registry, the competent minister must, after consultation with every other competent minister, with respect to all of the critical habitat or any portion of the critical habitat that is not in a place referred to in subsection (2),

    • (a) make the order referred to in subsection (4) if the critical habitat or any portion of the critical habitat is not legally protected by provisions in, or measures under, this or any other Act of Parliament, including agreements under section 11; or

    • (b) if the competent minister does not make the order, he or she must include in the public registry a statement setting out how the critical habitat or portions of it, as the case may be, are legally protected.

  • Marginal note:Habitat of migratory birds

    (5.1) Despite subsection (4), with respect to the critical habitat of a species of bird that is a migratory bird protected by the Migratory Birds Convention Act, 1994 that is not on federal land, in the exclusive economic zone of Canada, on the continental shelf of Canada or in a migratory bird sanctuary referred to in subsection (2), subsection (1) applies only to those portions of the critical habitat that are habitat to which that Act applies and that the Governor in Council may, by order, specify on the recommendation of the competent minister.

  • Marginal note:Obligation to make recommendation

    (5.2) The competent minister must, within 180 days after the recovery strategy or action plan that identified the critical habitat that includes habitat to which the Migratory Birds Convention Act, 1994 applies is included in the public registry, and after consultation with every other competent minister,

    • (a) make the recommendation if he or she is of the opinion there are no provisions in, or other measures under, this or any other Act of Parliament, including agreements under section 11, that legally protect any portion or portions of the habitat to which that Act applies; or

    • (b) if the competent minister does not make the recommendation, he or she must include in the public registry a statement setting out how the critical habitat that is habitat to which that Act applies, or portions of it, as the case may be, are legally protected.

  • Marginal note:Consultation

    (6) If the competent minister is of the opinion that an order under subsection (4) or (5.1) would affect land in a territory that is not under the authority of the Minister or the Parks Canada Agency, he or she must consult the territorial minister before making the order under subsection (4) or the recommendation under subsection (5.2).

  • Marginal note:Consultation

    (7) If the competent minister is of the opinion that an order under subsection (4) or (5.1) would affect a reserve or any other lands that are set apart for the use and benefit of a band under the Indian Act, he or she must consult the Minister of Indian Affairs and Northern Development and the band before making the order under subsection (4) or the recommendation under subsection (5.2).

  • Marginal note:Consultation

    (8) If the competent minister is of the opinion that an order under subsection (4) or (5.1) would affect an area in respect of which a wildlife management board is authorized by a land claims agreement to perform functions in respect of wildlife species, he or she must consult the wildlife management board before making the order under subsection (4) or the recommendation under subsection (5.2).

  • Marginal note:Consultation

    (9) If the competent minister is of the opinion that an order under subsection (4) or (5.1) would affect land that is under the authority of another federal minister, other than a competent minister, he or she must consult the other federal minister before making the order under subsection (4) or the recommendation under subsection (5.2).

Marginal note:Regulations re federal lands
  •  (1) The Governor in Council may, on the recommendation of the competent minister after consultation with every other competent minister, make regulations to protect critical habitat on federal lands.

  • Marginal note:Obligation to make recommendation

    (2) The competent minister must make the recommendation if the recovery strategy or an action plan identifies a portion of the critical habitat as being unprotected and the competent minister is of the opinion that the portion requires protection.

  • Marginal note:Contents

    (3) The regulations may include provisions requiring the doing of things that protect the critical habitat and provisions prohibiting activities that may adversely affect the critical habitat.

  • Marginal note:Consultation

    (4) If the competent minister is of the opinion that a regulation would affect land in a territory that is not under the authority of the Minister or the Parks Canada Agency, he or she must consult the territorial minister before recommending the making of the regulation.

  • Marginal note:Consultation

    (5) If the competent minister is of the opinion that a regulation would affect a reserve or any other lands that are set apart for the use and benefit of a band under the Indian Act, he or she must consult the Minister of Indian Affairs and Northern Development and the band before recommending the making of the regulation.

  • Marginal note:Consultation

    (6) If the competent minister is of the opinion that a regulation would affect an area in respect of which a wildlife management board is authorized by a land claims agreement to perform functions in respect of wildlife species, he or she must consult the wildlife management board before recommending the making of the regulation.

Marginal note:Provincial and territorial classifications
  •  (1) If a wildlife species has been classified as an endangered species or a threatened species by a provincial or territorial minister, no person shall destroy any part of the habitat of that species that the provincial or territorial minister has identified as essential to the survival or recovery of the species and that is on federal lands in the province or territory.

  • Marginal note:Application

    (2) Subsection (1) applies only to the portions of the habitat that the Governor in Council may, on the recommendation of the competent minister, by order, specify.

Marginal note:Destruction of critical habitat
  •  (1) No person shall destroy any part of the critical habitat of a listed endangered species or a listed threatened species that is in a province or territory and that is not part of federal lands.

  • Marginal note:Exception

    (1.1) Subsection (1) does not apply in respect of

    • (a) an aquatic species; or

    • (b) the critical habitat of a species of bird that is a migratory bird protected by the Migratory Birds Convention Act, 1994 that is habitat referred to in subsection 58(5.1).

  • Marginal note:Application

    (2) Subsection (1) applies only to the portions of the critical habitat that the Governor in Council may, on the recommendation of the Minister, by order, specify.

  • Marginal note:Power to make recommendation

    (3) The Minister may make a recommendation if

    • (a) a provincial minister or territorial minister has requested that the recommendation be made; or

    • (b) the Canadian Endangered Species Conservation Council has recommended that the recommendation be made.

  • Marginal note:Obligation to make recommendation

    (4) The Minister must make a recommendation if he or she is of the opinion, after consultation with the appropriate provincial or territorial minister, that

    • (a) there are no provisions in, or other measures under, this or any other Act of Parliament that protect the particular portion of the critical habitat, including agreements under section 11; and

    • (b) the laws of the province or territory do not effectively protect the critical habitat.

  • Marginal note:Expiry and renewal of order

    (5) An order made under subsection (2) expires five years after the day on which it is made or renewed, unless the Governor in Council, by order, renews it.

  • Marginal note:Recommendation to repeal order

    (6) If the Minister is of the opinion that an order made under subsection (2) is no longer necessary to protect the portion of the critical habitat to which the order relates or that the province or territory has brought into force laws that protect the portion, the Minister must recommend that the order be repealed.

Marginal note:Acquisition of lands

 A competent minister may enter into an agreement with any government in Canada, organization or person to acquire any lands or interests in land for the purpose of protecting the critical habitat of any species at risk.

Marginal note:Progress reports on unprotected portions of critical habitat

 If in the opinion of the Minister any portion of the critical habitat of a listed wildlife species remains unprotected 180 days after the recovery strategy or action plan that identified the critical habitat was included in the public registry, the Minister must include in that registry a report on the steps taken to protect the critical habitat. The Minister must continue to report with respect to every subsequent period of 180 days until the portion is protected or is no longer identified as critical habitat.

Marginal note:Compensation
  •  (1) The Minister may, in accordance with the regulations, provide fair and reasonable compensation to any person for losses suffered as a result of any extraordinary impact of the application of

    • (a) section 58, 60 or 61; or

    • (b) an emergency order in respect of habitat identified in the emergency order that is necessary for the survival or recovery of a wildlife species.

  • Marginal note:Regulations

    (2) The Governor in Council shall make regulations that the Governor in Council considers necessary for carrying out the purposes and provisions of subsection (1), including regulations prescribing

    • (a) the procedures to be followed in claiming compensation;

    • (b) the methods to be used in determining the eligibility of a person for compensation, the amount of loss suffered by a person and the amount of compensation in respect of any loss; and

    • (c) the terms and conditions for the provision of compensation.

Management of Species of Special Concern

Marginal note:Preparation of management plan

 If a wildlife species is listed as a species of special concern, the competent minister must prepare a management plan for the species and its habitat. The plan must include measures for the conservation of the species that the competent minister considers appropriate and it may apply with respect to more than one wildlife species.

Marginal note:Cooperation with other ministers and governments
  •  (1) To the extent possible, the management plan must be prepared in cooperation with

    • (a) the appropriate provincial and territorial minister of each province and territory in which the listed wildlife species is found;

    • (b) every minister of the Government of Canada who has authority over federal land or other areas on which the species is found;

    • (c) if the species is found in an area in respect of which a wildlife management board is authorized by a land claims agreement to perform functions in respect of wildlife species, the wildlife management board;

    • (d) every aboriginal organization that the competent minister considers will be directly affected by the management plan; and

    • (e) any other person or organization that the competent minister considers appropriate.

  • Marginal note:Land claims agreement

    (2) If the listed wildlife species is found in an area in respect of which a wildlife management board is authorized by a land claims agreement to perform functions in respect of wildlife species, the management plan must be prepared, to the extent that it will apply to that area, in accordance with the provisions of the agreement.

  • Marginal note:Consultation

    (3) To the extent possible, the management plan must be prepared in consultation with any landowners, lessees and other persons whom the competent minister considers to be directly affected by, or interested in, the management plan, including the government of any other country in which the species is found.

Marginal note:Multi-species or ecosystem approach permissible

 The competent minister may adopt a multi-species or an ecosystem approach when preparing the management plan if he or she considers it appropriate to do so.

Marginal note:Proposed management plan
  •  (1) Subject to subsection (2), the competent minister must include a proposed management plan in the public registry within three years after the wildlife species is listed as a species of special concern.

  • Marginal note:First listed species

    (2) With respect to a wildlife species that is set out in Schedule 1 as a species of special concern on the day section 27 comes into force, the competent minister must include a proposed management plan in the public registry within five years after that day.

  • Marginal note:Comments

    (3) Within 60 days after the proposed management plan is included in the public registry, any person may file written comments with the competent minister.

  • Marginal note:Finalization of management plan

    (4) Within 30 days after the expiry of the period referred to in subsection (3), the competent minister must consider any comments received, make any changes to the proposed management plan that he or she considers appropriate and finalize the management plan by including a copy of it in the public registry.

Marginal note:Existing plans
  •  (1) If the competent minister is of the opinion that an existing plan relating to a wildlife species includes adequate measures for the conservation of the species and the competent minister adopts the existing plan as the proposed management plan, he or she must include a copy of it in the public registry as the proposed management plan in relation to the species.

  • Marginal note:Incorporation of existing plans

    (2) The competent minister may incorporate any part of an existing plan relating to a wildlife species into a proposed management plan for the species.

Marginal note:Amendments
  •  (1) The competent minister may at any time amend a management plan. A copy of the amendment must be included in the public registry.

  • Marginal note:Amendment procedure

    (2) Section 66 applies to amendments to the management plan, with any modifications that the circumstances require.

  • Marginal note:Exception

    (3) Subsection (2) does not apply if the competent minister considers the amendment to be minor.

Marginal note:Regulations
  •  (1) The Governor in Council may, on the recommendation of the competent minister, make any regulations with respect to aquatic species or species of birds that are migratory birds protected by the Migratory Birds Convention Act, 1994, regardless of where they are located, or with respect to any other wildlife species on federal lands, that the Governor in Council considers appropriate for the purpose of implementing the measures included in the management plan.

  • Marginal note:Consultation

    (2) If the competent minister is of the opinion that a regulation would affect a reserve or any other lands that are set apart for the use and benefit of a band under the Indian Act, he or she must consult the Minister of Indian Affairs and Northern Development and the band before recommending the making of the regulation.

  • Marginal note:Consultation

    (3) If the competent minister is of the opinion that a regulation would affect an area in respect of which a wildlife management board is authorized by a land claims agreement to perform functions in respect of wildlife species, he or she must consult the wildlife management board before recommending the making of the regulation.

  • Marginal note:Incorporation by reference

    (4) The regulations may incorporate by reference any legislation of a province or territory, as amended from time to time, insofar as the regulations apply in that province or territory.

  • Marginal note:Consultation

    (5) If the competent minister is of the opinion that a regulation would affect land in a territory, he or she must consult the territorial minister before recommending the making of the regulation.

  • Marginal note:Exception

    (6) Subsection (5) does not apply

    • (a) in respect of individuals of aquatic species and their habitat or species of birds that are migratory birds protected by the Migratory Birds Convention Act, 1994 and their habitat; or

    • (b) in respect of land under the authority of the Minister or the Parks Canada Agency.

Marginal note:Monitoring

 The competent minister must monitor the implementation of the management plan and must assess its implementation five years after the plan is included in the public registry, and in every subsequent five-year period, until its objectives have been achieved. The report must be included in the public registry.

Agreements and Permits

Marginal note:Powers of competent minister
  •  (1) The competent minister may enter into an agreement with a person, or issue a permit to a person, authorizing the person to engage in an activity affecting a listed wildlife species, any part of its critical habitat or the residences of its individuals.

  • Marginal note:Purpose

    (2) The agreement may be entered into, or the permit issued, only if the competent minister is of the opinion that

    • (a) the activity is scientific research relating to the conservation of the species and conducted by qualified persons;

    • (b) the activity benefits the species or is required to enhance its chance of survival in the wild; or

    • (c) affecting the species is incidental to the carrying out of the activity.

  • Marginal note:Pre-conditions

    (3) The agreement may be entered into, or the permit issued, only if the competent minister is of the opinion that

    • (a) all reasonable alternatives to the activity that would reduce the impact on the species have been considered and the best solution has been adopted;

    • (b) all feasible measures will be taken to minimize the impact of the activity on the species or its critical habitat or the residences of its individuals; and

    • (c) the activity will not jeopardize the survival or recovery of the species.

  • Marginal note:Explanation in public registry

    (3.1) If an agreement is entered into or a permit is issued, the competent minister must include in the public registry an explanation of why it was entered into or issued, taking into account the matters referred to in paragraphs (3)(a), (b) and (c).

  • Marginal note:Consultation

    (4) If the species is found in an area in respect of which a wildlife management board is authorized by a land claims agreement to perform functions in respect of wildlife species, the competent minister must consult the wildlife management board before entering into an agreement or issuing a permit concerning that species in that area.

  • Marginal note:Consultation

    (5) If the species is found in a reserve or any other lands that are set apart for the use and benefit of a band under the Indian Act, the competent minister must consult the band before entering into an agreement or issuing a permit concerning that species in that reserve or those other lands.

  • Marginal note:Terms and conditions

    (6) The agreement or permit must contain any terms and conditions governing the activity that the competent minister considers necessary for protecting the species, minimizing the impact of the authorized activity on the species or providing for its recovery.

  • Marginal note:Date of expiry

    (6.1) The agreement or permit must set out the date of its expiry.

  • Marginal note:Review of agreements and permits

    (7) The competent minister must review the agreement or permit if an emergency order is made with respect to the species.

  • Marginal note:Amendment of agreements and permits

    (8) The competent minister may revoke or amend an agreement or a permit to ensure the survival or recovery of a species.

  • (9) [Repealed, 2012, c. 19, s. 163]

  • Marginal note:Regulations

    (10) The Minister may, after consultation with the Minister responsible for the Parks Canada Agency and the Minister of Fisheries and Oceans, make regulations respecting the entering into of agreements, the issuance of permits and the renewal, revocation, amendment and suspension of agreements and permits.

  • Marginal note:Time limits

    (11) The regulations may include provisions

    • (a) respecting time limits for issuing or renewing permits, or for refusing to do so;

    • (b) specifying the circumstances under which any of those time limits does not apply; and

    • (c) authorizing the competent minister to extend any of those time limits or to decide that a time limit does not apply, when the competent minister considers that it is appropriate to do so.

  • 2002, c. 29, s. 73;
  • 2005, c. 2, s. 23;
  • 2012, c. 19, s. 163.
Marginal note:Competent minister acting under other Acts

 An agreement, permit, licence, order or other similar document authorizing a person or organization to engage in an activity affecting a listed wildlife species, any part of its critical habitat or the residences of its individuals that is entered into, issued or made by the competent minister under another Act of Parliament has the same effect as an agreement or permit under subsection 73(1) if

  • (a) before it is entered into, issued or made, the competent minister is of the opinion that the requirements of subsections 73(2) to (6.1) are met; and

  • (b) after it is entered into, issued or made, the competent minister complies with the requirements of subsection 73(7).

  • 2002, c. 29, s. 74;
  • 2012, c. 19, s. 164.
Marginal note:Adding terms and conditions
  •  (1) A competent minister may add terms and conditions to protect a listed wildlife species, any part of its critical habitat or the residences of its individuals to any agreement, permit, licence, order or other similar document authorizing a person to engage in an activity affecting the species, any part of its critical habitat or the residences of its individuals that is entered into, issued or made by the competent minister under another Act of Parliament.

  • Marginal note:Amending terms and conditions

    (2) A competent minister may also revoke or amend any term or condition in any of those documents to protect a listed wildlife species, any part of its critical habitat or the residences of its individuals.

  • Marginal note:Treaties and land claims agreements

    (3) The competent minister must take into account any applicable provisions of treaty and land claims agreements when carrying out his or her powers under this section.

Marginal note:Exemption for existing agreements, permits, etc.

 The Governor in Council may, on the recommendation of a competent minister, by order, provide that section 32, 33, 36, 58, 60 or 61, or any regulation made under section 53, 59 or 71, does not apply, for a period of up to one year from the date of listing of a wildlife species, to agreements, permits, licences, orders or other similar documents authorizing persons to engage in an activity affecting the listed wildlife species, any part of its critical habitat or the residences of its individuals that were entered into, issued or made under another Act of Parliament before the species was listed.

Marginal note:Licences, permits, etc., under other Acts of Parliament
  •  (1) Despite any other Act of Parliament, any person or body, other than a competent minister, authorized under any Act of Parliament, other than this Act, to issue or approve a licence, a permit or any other authorization that authorizes an activity that may result in the destruction of any part of the critical habitat of a listed wildlife species may enter into, issue, approve or make the authorization only if the person or body has consulted with the competent minister, has considered the impact on the species’ critical habitat and is of the opinion that

    • (a) all reasonable alternatives to the activity that would reduce the impact on the species’ critical habitat have been considered and the best solution has been adopted; and

    • (b) all feasible measures will be taken to minimize the impact of the activity on the species’ critical habitat.

  • Marginal note:Non-application

    (1.1) Subsection (1) does not apply to the National Energy Board when it issues a certificate under an order made under subsection 54(1) of the National Energy Board Act.

  • Marginal note:Application of section 58

    (2) For greater certainty, section 58 applies even though a licence, a permit or any other authorization has been issued in accordance with subsection (1).

  • 2002, c. 29, s. 77;
  • 2012, c. 19, s. 165.
Marginal note:Agreements and permits under other provincial and territorial Acts
  •  (1) An agreement, permit, licence, order or other similar document authorizing a person to engage in an activity affecting a listed wildlife species, any part of its critical habitat or the residences of its individuals that is entered into, issued or made under an Act of the legislature of a province or a territory by a provincial or territorial minister with whom a competent minister has entered into an agreement under section 10 has the same effect as an agreement or permit under subsection 73(1) if

    • (a) before it is entered into, issued or made, the provincial or territorial minister determines that the requirements of subsections 73(2), (3), (6) and (6.1) are met;

    • (b) after it is entered into, issued or made, the provincial or territorial minister complies with the requirements of subsection 73(7).

  • Marginal note:Interpretation

    (2) For the purpose of subsection (1), the references to “competent minister” in subsections 73(2), (3), (6) and (7) are to be read as references to “provincial minister” or “territorial minister”, as the case may be.

  • 2002, c. 29, s. 78;
  • 2012, c. 19, s. 166.
Marginal note:Clarification — renewals

 For greater certainty, a reference in any of sections 73 to 78 to the entering into, issuing, making or approving of any agreement, permit, licence, order or other similar document or authorization, includes renewing it, and a reference in any of those sections or in paragraph 97(1)(c) to any such document or authorization includes one that has been renewed.

  • 2012, c. 19, s. 167.

Project Review

Marginal note:Notification of Minister
  •  (1) Every person who is required by or under an Act of Parliament to ensure that an assessment of the environmental effects of a project is conducted, and every authority who makes a determination under paragraph 67(a) or (b) of the Canadian Environmental Assessment Act, 2012 in relation to a project, must, without delay, notify the competent minister or ministers in writing of the project if it is likely to affect a listed wildlife species or its critical habitat.

  • Marginal note:Required action

    (2) The person must identify the adverse effects of the project on the listed wildlife species and its critical habitat and, if the project is carried out, must ensure that measures are taken to avoid or lessen those effects and to monitor them. The measures must be taken in a way that is consistent with any applicable recovery strategy and action plans.

  • Marginal note:Definitions

    (3) The following definitions apply in this section.

    “person”

    « personne »

    “person” includes an association, an organization, a federal authority as defined in subsection 2(1) of the Canadian Environmental Assessment Act, 2012, and any body that is set out in Schedule 3 to that Act.

    “project”

    « projet »

    “project” means

  • 2002, c. 29, s. 79;
  • 2012, c. 19, s. 59.

Emergency Orders

Marginal note:Emergency order
  •  (1) The Governor in Council may, on the recommendation of the competent minister, make an emergency order to provide for the protection of a listed wildlife species.

  • Marginal note:Obligation to make recommendation

    (2) The competent minister must make the recommendation if he or she is of the opinion that the species faces imminent threats to its survival or recovery.

  • Marginal note:Consultation

    (3) Before making a recommendation, the competent minister must consult every other competent minister.

  • Marginal note:Contents

    (4) The emergency order may

    • (a) in the case of an aquatic species,

      • (i) identify habitat that is necessary for the survival or recovery of the species in the area to which the emergency order relates, and

      • (ii) include provisions requiring the doing of things that protect the species and that habitat and provisions prohibiting activities that may adversely affect the species and that habitat;

    • (b) in the case of a species that is a species of migratory birds protected by the Migratory Birds Convention Act, 1994,

      • (i) on federal land or in the exclusive economic zone of Canada,

        • (A) identify habitat that is necessary for the survival or recovery of the species in the area to which the emergency order relates, and

        • (B) include provisions requiring the doing of things that protect the species and that habitat and provisions prohibiting activities that may adversely affect the species and that habitat, and

      • (ii) on land other than land referred to in subparagraph (i),

        • (A) identify habitat that is necessary for the survival or recovery of the species in the area to which the emergency order relates, and

        • (B) include provisions requiring the doing of things that protect the species and provisions prohibiting activities that may adversely affect the species and that habitat; and

    • (c) with respect to any other species,

      • (i) on federal land, in the exclusive economic zone of Canada or on the continental shelf of Canada,

        • (A) identify habitat that is necessary for the survival or recovery of the species in the area to which the emergency order relates, and

        • (B) include provisions requiring the doing of things that protect the species and that habitat and provisions prohibiting activities that may adversely affect the species and that habitat, and

      • (ii) on land other than land referred to in subparagraph (i),

        • (A) identify habitat that is necessary for the survival or recovery of the species in the area to which the emergency order relates, and

        • (B) include provisions prohibiting activities that may adversely affect the species and that habitat.

  • Marginal note:Exemption

    (5) An emergency order is exempt from the application of section 3 of the Statutory Instruments Act.

Marginal note:Equivalent measures

 Despite subsection 80(2), the competent minister is not required to make a recommendation for an emergency order if he or she is of the opinion that equivalent measures have been taken under another Act of Parliament to protect the wildlife species.

Marginal note:Recommendation to repeal

 If the competent minister is of the opinion that the species to which the emergency order relates would no longer face imminent threats to its survival or recovery even if the order were repealed, he or she must make a recommendation to the Governor in Council that the emergency order be repealed.

Exceptions

Marginal note:General exceptions
  •  (1) Subsections 32(1) and (2), section 33, subsections 36(1), 58(1), 60(1) and 61(1), regulations made under section 53, 59 or 71 and emergency orders do not apply to a person who is engaging in

    • (a) activities related to public safety, health or national security, that are authorized by or under any other Act of Parliament or activities under the Health of Animals Act and the Plant Protection Act for the health of animals and plants; or

    • (b) activities authorized under section 73, 74 or 78 by an agreement, permit, licence, order or similar document.

  • Marginal note:Authorization of activities under other Acts

    (2) A power under an Act described in paragraph (1)(a) may be used to authorize an activity prohibited by subsection 32(1) or (2), section 33, subsection 36(1), 58(1), 60(1) or 61(1), a regulation made under section 53, 59 or 71 or an emergency order only if the person exercising the power

    • (a) determines that the activity is necessary for the protection of public safety, health, including animal and plant health, or national security; and

    • (b) respects the purposes of this Act to the greatest extent possible.

  • Marginal note:Exceptions — land claims agreements

    (3) Subsections 32(1) and (2), section 33, subsections 36(1), 58(1), 60(1) and 61(1) and regulations made under section 53, 59 or 71 do not apply to a person who is engaging in activities in accordance with conservation measures for wildlife species under a land claims agreement.

  • Marginal note:Exemptions for permitted activities

    (4) Subsections 32(1) and (2), section 33 and subsections 36(1), 58(1), 60(1) and 61(1) do not apply to a person who is engaging in activities that are permitted by a recovery strategy, an action plan or a management plan and who is also authorized under an Act of Parliament to engage in that activity, including a regulation made under section 53, 59 or 71.

  • Marginal note:Additional possession exceptions

    (5) Subsection 32(2) and paragraph 36(1)(b) do not apply to a person who possesses an individual of a listed extirpated, endangered or threatened species, or any part or derivative of such an individual, if

    • (a) it was in the person’s possession when the species was listed;

    • (b) it is used by an aboriginal person for ceremonial or medicinal purposes, or it is part of ceremonial dress used for ceremonial or cultural purposes by an aboriginal person;

    • (c) the person acquired it legally in another country and imported it legally into Canada;

    • (d) the person acquired it by succession from someone who was entitled to possess it under this Act;

    • (e) the person acquired it under circumstances that would afford them a defence under section 100 and the person possesses it only for as long as is necessary to donate it to a museum, a zoo, an educational institution, a scientific society or a government;

    • (f) the person is, or is acting on behalf of, a museum, zoo, educational institution, scientific society or government and the person acquired it from someone who was entitled to possess it under this Act; or

    • (g) it or the person is otherwise exempt by the regulations.

Marginal note:Regulations

 The Governor in Council may, on the recommendation of the Minister after consultation with the Minister responsible for the Parks Canada Agency and the Minister of Fisheries and Oceans, make regulations for the purpose of paragraph 83(5)(g).

  • 2002, c. 29, s. 84;
  • 2005, c. 2, s. 24.

ENFORCEMENT MEASURES

Enforcement Officers

Marginal note:Enforcement officers
  •  (1) A competent minister may designate any person or person of a class of persons to act as enforcement officers for the purposes of this Act.

  • Marginal note:Designation of provincial or territorial government employees

    (2) The competent minister may not designate any person or person of a class of persons employed by the government of a province or a territory unless that government agrees.

  • Marginal note:Certificate of designation

    (3) An enforcement officer must be provided with a certificate of designation as an enforcement officer in a form approved by the competent minister and, on entering any place under this Act, the officer must, if so requested, show the certificate to the occupant or person in charge of the place.

  • Marginal note:Powers

    (4) For the purposes of this Act, enforcement officers have all the powers of a peace officer, but the competent minister may specify limits on those powers when designating any person or person of a class of persons to act as enforcement officers.

  • Marginal note:Exemptions for law enforcement activities

    (5) For the purpose of investigations and other law enforcement activities under this Act, a competent minister may, on any terms and conditions that he or she considers necessary, exempt from the application of any provision of this Act, the regulations or an emergency order enforcement officers whom the competent minister has designated and who are carrying out duties or functions under this Act and persons acting under the direction and control of such enforcement officers.

Inspections

Marginal note:Inspections
  •  (1) For the purpose of ensuring compliance with any provision of this Act, the regulations or an emergency order, an enforcement officer may, subject to subsection (3), at any reasonable time enter and inspect any place in which the enforcement officer believes, on reasonable grounds, there is any thing to which the provision applies or any document relating to its administration, and the enforcement officer may

    • (a) open or cause to be opened any container that the enforcement officer believes, on reasonable grounds, contains that thing or document;

    • (b) inspect the thing and take samples free of charge;

    • (c) require any person to produce the document for inspection or copying, in whole or in part; and

    • (d) seize any thing by means of or in relation to which the enforcement officer believes, on reasonable grounds, the provision has been contravened or that the enforcement officer believes, on reasonable grounds, will provide evidence of a contravention.

  • Marginal note:Conveyance

    (2) For the purposes of carrying out the inspection, the enforcement officer may stop a conveyance or direct that it be moved to a place where the inspection can be carried out.

  • Marginal note:Dwelling-place

    (3) The enforcement officer may not enter a dwelling-place except with the consent of the occupant or person in charge of the dwelling-place or under the authority of a warrant.

  • Marginal note:Authority to issue warrant for inspection of dwelling-place

    (4) On an ex parte application, a justice, as defined in section 2 of the Criminal Code, may issue a warrant, subject to any conditions specified in it, authorizing an enforcement officer to enter a dwelling-place, if the justice is satisfied by information on oath that

    • (a) the conditions for entry described in subsection (1) exist in relation to the dwelling-place;

    • (b) entry to the dwelling-place is necessary for the purposes of the administration of this Act, the regulations or an emergency order; and

    • (c) entry to the dwelling-place has been refused or there are reasonable grounds for believing that entry will be refused.

  • Marginal note:Authority to issue warrant for inspection of non-dwellings

    (5) On an ex parte application, a justice, as defined in section 2 of the Criminal Code, may issue a warrant, subject to any conditions specified in it, authorizing an enforcement officer to enter a place other than a dwelling-place, if the justice is satisfied by information on oath that

    • (a) the conditions for entry described in subsection (1) exist in relation to that place;

    • (b) entry to that place is necessary for the purposes of the administration of this Act, the regulations or an emergency order;

    • (c) entry to that place has been refused, the enforcement officer is not able to enter without the use of force or the place was abandoned; and

    • (d) subject to subsection (6), all reasonable attempts were made to notify the owner, operator or person in charge of the place.

  • Marginal note:Waiving notice

    (6) The justice may waive the requirement to give notice referred to in subsection (5) if the justice is satisfied that attempts to give the notice would be unsuccessful because the owner, operator or person in charge is absent from the jurisdiction of the justice or that it is not in the public interest to give the notice.

  • Marginal note:Use of force

    (7) In executing a warrant issued under subsection (4) or (5), an enforcement officer may not use force unless the use of force has been specifically authorized in the warrant.

  • Marginal note:Operation of computer system and copying equipment

    (8) In carrying out an inspection of a place under this section, an enforcement officer may

    • (a) use or cause to be used any computer system at the place to examine any data contained in or available to the computer system;

    • (b) reproduce any record or cause it to be reproduced from the data in the form of a printout or other intelligible output;

    • (c) take a printout or other output for examination or copying; and

    • (d) use or cause to be used any copying equipment at the place to make copies of the record.

  • Marginal note:Duty of person in possession or control

    (9) Every person who is in possession or control of a place being inspected under this section must permit the enforcement officer to do anything referred to in subsection (8).

Disposition of Things Seized

Marginal note:Custody of things seized
  •  (1) Subject to subsections (2) to (4), if an enforcement officer seizes a thing under this Act or under a warrant issued under the Criminal Code,

    • (a) sections 489.1 and 490 of the Criminal Code apply; and

    • (b) the enforcement officer, or any person that the officer may designate, must retain custody of the thing subject to any order made under section 490 of the Criminal Code.

  • Marginal note:Forfeiture if ownership not ascertainable

    (2) If the lawful ownership of or entitlement to the seized thing cannot be ascertained within 30 days after its seizure, the thing or any proceeds of its disposition are forfeited to Her Majesty in right of Canada, if the thing was seized by an enforcement officer employed in the public service of Canada or by the government of a territory, or to Her Majesty in right of a province, if the thing was seized by an enforcement officer employed by the government of that province.

  • Marginal note:Perishable things

    (3) If the seized thing is perishable, the enforcement officer may dispose of it or destroy it, and any proceeds of its disposition must be paid to the lawful owner or person lawfully entitled to possession of the thing, unless proceedings under this Act are commenced within 90 days after its seizure, in which case the proceeds must be retained by the enforcement officer pending the outcome of the proceedings.

  • Marginal note:Release of individual

    (4) An enforcement officer who seizes an individual of a species at risk may, at the time of the seizure, return the individual to the wild if the enforcement officer believes the individual to be alive.

  • Marginal note:Abandonment

    (5) The owner of the seized thing may abandon it to Her Majesty in right of Canada or a province.

Marginal note:Disposition by competent minister

 Any thing that has been forfeited or abandoned under this Act is to be dealt with and disposed of as the competent minister may direct.

Marginal note:Liability for costs

 The lawful owner and any person lawfully entitled to possession of any thing seized, forfeited or abandoned under this Act and who has been convicted of an offence under this Act in relation to that thing, are jointly and severally, or solidarily, liable for all the costs of inspection, seizure, abandonment, forfeiture or disposition incurred by Her Majesty in excess of any proceeds of disposition of the thing that have been forfeited to Her Majesty under this Act.

Assistance to Enforcement Officers

Marginal note:Right of passage

 An enforcement officer may, while carrying out powers, duties or functions under this Act, enter on and pass through or over private property without being liable for trespass or without the owner of the property having the right to object to that use of the property.

Marginal note:Assistance

 The owner or the person in charge of a place entered by an enforcement officer under section 86, and every person found in the place, must

  • (a) give the enforcement officer all reasonable assistance to enable the enforcement officer to carry out duties and functions under this Act; and

  • (b) provide the enforcement officer with any information in relation to the administration of this Act, the regulations or an emergency order that the enforcement officer may reasonably require.

Marginal note:Obstruction

 While an enforcement officer is exercising powers or carrying out duties or functions under this Act, no person shall

  • (a) knowingly make any false or misleading statement, either orally or in writing, to the enforcement officer; or

  • (b) otherwise obstruct or hinder the enforcement officer.

Investigations

Marginal note:Application for investigation
  •  (1) A person who is a resident of Canada and at least 18 years of age may apply to the competent minister for an investigation of whether an alleged offence has been committed or whether anything directed towards its commission has been done.

  • Marginal note:Statement to accompany application

    (2) The application must be in a form approved by the competent minister and must include a solemn affirmation or declaration containing

    • (a) the name and address of the applicant;

    • (b) a statement that the applicant is at least 18 years old and a resident of Canada;

    • (c) a statement of the nature of the alleged offence and the name of each person alleged to be involved;

    • (d) a summary of the evidence supporting the allegations;

    • (e) the name and address of each person who might be able to give evidence about the alleged offence, together with a summary of the evidence that the person might give, to the extent that information is available to the applicant;

    • (f) a description of any document or other material that the applicant believes should be considered in the investigation and, if possible, a copy of the document; and

    • (g) details of any previous contact between the applicant and the competent minister about the alleged offence.

Marginal note:Investigation
  •  (1) The competent minister must acknowledge receipt of the application within 20 days after receiving it and, subject to subsections (2) and (3), investigate all matters that he or she considers necessary to determine the facts relating to the alleged offence.

  • Marginal note:Frivolous or vexatious applications

    (2) No investigation is required if the competent minister decides that the application is frivolous or vexatious.

  • Marginal note:Notice of decision

    (3) If the competent minister decides not to conduct an investigation, he or she must, within 60 days after the application for investigation is received, give notice of the decision, with reasons, to the applicant.

  • Marginal note:When notice need not be given

    (4) The competent minister need not give the notice if an investigation in relation to the alleged offence is ongoing apart from the application.

Marginal note:Competent minister may send evidence to Attorney General

 At any stage of the investigation, the competent minister may send any documents or other evidence to the Attorney General for a consideration of whether an offence has been or is about to be committed, and for any action that the Attorney General may wish to take.

Marginal note:Suspension or conclusion of investigation
  •  (1) The competent minister may suspend or conclude the investigation if he or she is of the opinion that the alleged offence does not require further investigation or the investigation does not substantiate the alleged offence or any other offence.

  • Marginal note:Report if investigation suspended

    (2) If the investigation is suspended, the competent minister must prepare a written report describing the information obtained during the investigation and stating the reasons for its suspension and the action, if any, that the competent minister has taken or proposes to take and send a copy of the report to the applicant. The competent minister must notify the applicant if the investigation is subsequently resumed.

  • Marginal note:Report when investigation concluded

    (3) When the investigation is concluded, the competent minister must prepare a written report describing the information obtained during the investigation and stating the reasons for its conclusion and the action, if any, that the competent minister has taken or proposes to take and send a copy of the report to the applicant and to each person whose conduct was investigated.

  • Marginal note:Personal information not to be disclosed

    (4) A copy of the report sent to a person whose conduct was investigated must not disclose the name or address of the applicant or any other personal information about him or her.

  • Marginal note:When report need not be sent

    (5) If another investigation in relation to the alleged offence is ongoing apart from the application, the competent minister need not send copies of a report described in subsection (2) or (3) until the other investigation is suspended or concluded.

OFFENCES AND PUNISHMENT

Marginal note:Offences
  •  (1) Every person commits an offence who

    • (a) contravenes subsection 32(1) or (2), section 33, subsection 36(1), 58(1), 60(1) or 61(1) or section 91 or 92;

    • (b) contravenes a prescribed provision of a regulation or an emergency order;

    • (c) fails to comply with a term or condition of a permit issued under subsection 73(1); or

    • (d) fails to comply with an alternative measures agreement that the person has entered into under this Act.

  • Marginal note:Penalty

    (1.1) Every person who commits an offence under subsection (1) is liable

    • (a) on conviction on indictment,

      • (i) in the case of a corporation, other than a non-profit corporation, to a fine of not more than $1,000,000,

      • (ii) in the case of a non-profit corporation, to a fine of not more than $250,000, and

      • (iii) in the case of any other person, to a fine of not more than $250,000 or to imprisonment for a term of not more than five years, or to both; or

    • (b) on summary conviction,

      • (i) in the case of a corporation, other than a non-profit corporation, to a fine of not more than $300,000,

      • (ii) in the case of a non-profit corporation, to a fine of not more than $50,000, and

      • (iii) in the case of any other person, to a fine of not more than $50,000 or to imprisonment for a term of not more than one year, or to both.

  • Marginal note:Exception

    (1.2) Paragraph (1)(c) does not apply in respect of the failure to comply with any term or condition of any agreement, permit, licence, order or other similar document referred to in section 74 or subsection 78(1).

  • Marginal note:Prescription of provisions

    (2) A regulation or emergency order may prescribe which of its provisions may give rise to an offence.

  • Marginal note:Subsequent offence

    (3) For a second or subsequent conviction, the amount of the fine may, despite subsection (1.1), be double the amount set out in that subsection.

  • Marginal note:Continuing offence

    (4) A person who commits or continues an offence on more than one day is liable to be convicted for a separate offence for each day on which the offence is committed or continued.

  • Marginal note:Fines cumulative

    (5) A fine imposed for an offence involving more than one animal, plant or other organism may be calculated in respect of each one as though it had been the subject of a separate information and the fine then imposed is the total of that calculation.

  • Marginal note:Additional fine

    (6) If a person is convicted of an offence and the court is satisfied that monetary benefits accrued to the person as a result of the commission of the offence, the court may order the person to pay an additional fine in an amount equal to the court’s estimation of the amount of the monetary benefits, which additional fine may exceed the maximum amount of any fine that may otherwise be imposed under this Act.

  • Definition of “non-profit corporation”

    (7) For the purposes of subsection (1.1), “non-profit corporation” means a corporation, no part of the income of which is payable to, or is otherwise available for, the personal benefit of any proprietor, member or shareholder of the corporation.

  • 2002, c. 29, s. 97;
  • 2012, c. 19, s. 168.
Marginal note:Officers, etc., of corporations

 If a corporation commits an offence, any officer, director, agent or mandatory of the corporation who directed, authorized, assented to, or acquiesced or participated in, the commission of the offence is a party to and guilty of the offence and is liable on conviction to the punishment provided for the offence, whether or not the corporation has been prosecuted or convicted.

Marginal note:Offences by employees or agents

 In any prosecution for an offence, the accused may be convicted of the offence if it is established that it was committed by an employee, agent or mandatory of the accused, whether or not the employee, agent or mandatory has been prosecuted for the offence.

Marginal note:Due diligence

 Due diligence is a defence in a prosecution for an offence.

Marginal note:Venue

 A prosecution for an offence may be instituted, heard and determined in the place where the offence was committed, the subject-matter of the prosecution arose, the accused was apprehended or the accused happens to be or is carrying on business.

Marginal note:Sentencing considerations

 A court that imposes a sentence shall take into account, in addition to any other principles that it is required to consider, the following factors:

  • (a) the harm or risk of harm caused by the commission of the offence;

  • (b) whether the offender was found to have committed the offence intentionally, recklessly or inadvertently;

  • (c) whether the offender was found by the court to have been negligent or incompetent or to have shown a lack of concern with respect to the commission of the offence;

  • (d) any property, benefit or advantage received or receivable by the offender to which, but for the commission of the offence, the offender would not have been entitled;

  • (e) any evidence from which the court may reasonably conclude that the offender has a history of non-compliance with legislation designed to protect wildlife species; and

  • (f) all available sanctions that are reasonable in the circumstances, with particular attention to the circumstances of aboriginal offenders.

Marginal note:Forfeiture
  •  (1) If a person is convicted of an offence, the convicting court may, in addition to any punishment imposed, order that any seized thing by means of or in relation to which the offence was committed, or any proceeds of its disposition, be forfeited to Her Majesty.

  • Marginal note:Return if no forfeiture ordered

    (2) If the convicting court does not order the forfeiture, the seized thing, or the proceeds of its disposition, must be returned to its lawful owner or the person lawfully entitled to it.

Marginal note:Retention or sale

 If a fine is imposed on a person convicted of an offence, any seized thing, or any proceeds of its disposition, may be retained until the fine is paid or the thing may be sold in satisfaction of the fine and the proceeds applied, in whole or in part, in payment of the fine.

Marginal note:Orders of court

 If a person is convicted of an offence, the court may, in addition to any punishment imposed and having regard to the nature of the offence and the circumstances surrounding its commission, make an order having any or all of the following effects:

  • (a) prohibiting the person from doing any act or engaging in any activity that could, in the opinion of the court, result in the continuation or repetition of the offence;

  • (b) directing the person to take any action that the court considers appropriate to remedy or avoid any harm to any wildlife species that resulted or may result from the commission of the offence;

  • (c) directing the person to have an environmental audit conducted by a person of a class and at the times specified by the court and directing the person to remedy any deficiencies revealed during the audit;

  • (d) directing the person to publish, in any manner that the court considers appropriate, the facts relating to the commission of the offence;

  • (e) directing the person to perform community service in accordance with any conditions that the court considers reasonable;

  • (f) directing the person to submit to the competent minister, on application to the court by the competent minister within three years after the conviction, any information about the activities of the person that the court considers appropriate;

  • (g) directing the person to pay a competent minister or the government of a province or a territory an amount for all or any of the cost of remedial or preventive action taken, or to be taken, by or on behalf of the competent minister or that government as a result of the commission of the offence;

  • (h) directing the person to pay, in the manner prescribed by the court, an amount for the purpose of conducting research into the protection of the wildlife species in respect of which the offence was committed;

  • (i) directing the person to pay, in the manner prescribed by the court, an amount to an educational institution for scholarships for students enrolled in environmental studies;

  • (j) directing the person to post a bond or pay to the court an amount that the court considers appropriate for the purpose of ensuring compliance with any prohibition, direction or requirement under this section; and

  • (k) requiring the person to comply with any other conditions that the court considers appropriate for securing the person’s good conduct and for preventing the person from repeating the offence or committing other offences.

Marginal note:Suspended sentence
  •  (1) If a person is convicted of an offence and the court suspends the passing of sentence under paragraph 731(1)(a) of the Criminal Code, the court may, in addition to any probation order made under that Act, make an order containing one or more of the prohibitions, directions or requirements mentioned in section 105.

  • Marginal note:Imposition of sentence

    (2) If the person does not comply with the order or is convicted of another offence, within three years after the order is made, the court may, on the application of the prosecution, impose any sentence that could have been imposed if the passing of sentence had not been suspended.

Marginal note:Limitation period
  •  (1) Proceedings by way of summary conviction in respect of an offence may be commenced at any time within, but not later than, two years after the day on which the subject-matter of the proceedings became known to the competent minister.

  • Marginal note:Competent minister’s certificate

    (2) A document appearing to have been issued by the competent minister, certifying the day on which the subject-matter of any proceedings became known to the competent minister, is admissible in evidence without proof of the signature or official character of the person appearing to have signed the document and is proof of the matter asserted in it.

  • Marginal note:References to the competent minister

    (3) A reference to the competent minister in this section includes a provincial or territorial minister if the competent minister has delegated responsibility for the enforcement of this Act, the regulations or an emergency order in the province or territory to the provincial or territorial minister and the offence is alleged to have been committed in the province or territory.

ALTERNATIVE MEASURES

Marginal note:When alternative measures may be used
  •  (1) Alternative measures may be used to deal with a person who is alleged to have committed an offence, but only if it is not inconsistent with the purposes of this Act to do so and the following conditions are met:

    • (a) the measures are part of a program of alternative measures authorized by the Attorney General, after consultation with the competent minister;

    • (b) an information has been laid in respect of the offence;

    • (c) the Attorney General, after consultation with the competent minister, is satisfied that the alternative measures would be appropriate, having regard to the nature of the offence, the circumstances surrounding its commission and the following factors, namely,

      • (i) the protection of species at risk,

      • (ii) the person’s history of compliance with this Act,

      • (iii) whether the offence is a repeated occurrence,

      • (iv) any allegation that information is being or was concealed or other attempts to subvert the purposes and requirements of this Act are being or have been made, and

      • (v) whether any remedial or preventive action has been taken by or on behalf of the person in relation to the offence;

    • (d) the person applies, in accordance with regulations made under paragraph 119(a), to participate in the alternative measures after having been informed of them;

    • (e) the person and the Attorney General have concluded an agreement respecting the alternative measures within 180 days after the person has, with respect to the offence, been served with a summons, been issued an appearance notice or entered into a promise to appear or a recognizance;

    • (f) before consenting to participate in the alternative measures, the person has been advised of the right to be represented by counsel;

    • (g) the person accepts responsibility for the act or omission that forms the basis of the offence;

    • (h) there is, in the opinion of the Attorney General, sufficient evidence to proceed with the prosecution of the offence; and

    • (i) the prosecution of the offence is not barred at law.

  • Marginal note:Restriction on use

    (2) Alternative measures may not be used to deal with a person who

    • (a) denies participation or involvement in the commission of the alleged offence; or

    • (b) expresses the wish to have any charge against them dealt with by the court.

  • Marginal note:Admissions not admissible in evidence

    (3) No admission, confession or statement accepting responsibility for a given act or omission made by a person as a condition of being dealt with by alternative measures is admissible in evidence against the person in any civil or criminal proceedings.

  • Marginal note:Dismissal of charge

    (4) A court must dismiss a charge laid against a person in respect of an offence if alternative measures have been used to deal with the person in respect of the alleged offence and

    • (a) the court is satisfied on a balance of probabilities that the person has totally complied with the agreement; or

    • (b) the court is satisfied on a balance of probabilities that the person has partially complied with the agreement and, in the opinion of the court, the prosecution of the charge would be unfair, having regard to the circumstances and the person’s performance with respect to the agreement.

  • Marginal note:No bar to proceedings

    (5) The use of alternative measures in respect of a person who is alleged to have committed an offence is not a bar to any proceedings against the person under this Act.

  • Marginal note:Laying of information, etc.

    (6) This section does not prevent any person from laying an information, obtaining the issue or confirmation of any process, or proceeding with the prosecution of any offence, in accordance with law.

Marginal note:Terms and conditions in agreement
  •  (1) An alternative measures agreement may contain any terms and conditions, including

    • (a) terms and conditions having any or all of the effects set out in section 105 or any other terms and conditions having any of the effects prescribed by regulations that the Attorney General, after consultation with the competent minister, considers appropriate; and

    • (b) terms and conditions relating to the costs associated with ensuring compliance with the agreement.

  • Marginal note:Supervision of compliance

    (2) Any governmental organization may supervise compliance with the agreement.

Marginal note:Duration of agreement

 An alternative measures agreement comes into effect on the day on which it is concluded or on any later day that is specified in the agreement and continues in effect for a period of not more than three years.

Marginal note:Filing in court for purpose of public access
  •  (1) The Attorney General must consult the competent minister before concluding an alternative measures agreement and, subject to subsection (5), must have the agreement filed with the court in which the information was laid within 30 days after the agreement is concluded. The agreement is to be filed as part of the court record of the proceedings to which the public has access.

  • Marginal note:Reports

    (2) A report relating to the administration of, and compliance with, the agreement must be filed with the same court by the Attorney General immediately after all the terms and conditions of the agreement have been complied with or the charges in respect of which the agreement was entered into have been dismissed.

  • Marginal note:Third party information

    (3) Subject to subsection (4), if any of the following information is to be part of the agreement or the report, it must be set out in a schedule to the agreement or to the report:

    • (a) trade secrets of any person;

    • (b) financial, commercial, scientific or technical information that is confidential information and is treated consistently in a confidential manner by any person;

    • (c) information the disclosure of which could reasonably be expected to result in material financial loss or gain to any person, or could reasonably be expected to prejudice the competitive position of any person; or

    • (d) information the disclosure of which could reasonably be expected to interfere with contractual or other negotiations of any person.

  • Marginal note:Agreement on information to be in schedule

    (4) The parties to the agreement must agree on which information that is to be part of the agreement or the report is information that meets the requirements of paragraphs (3)(a) to (d).

  • Marginal note:How schedule is to be kept secret

    (5) The schedule is confidential and must not be filed with the court.

  • Marginal note:Prohibition of disclosure

    (6) The competent minister must not disclose any information set out in a schedule to the agreement or to the report, except as authorized by section 117 or the Access to Information Act.

Marginal note:Stay of proceedings
  •  (1) Despite section 579 of the Criminal Code, the Attorney General must, on filing an alternative measures agreement, stay the proceedings in respect of the alleged offence, or apply to the court for an adjournment of the proceedings, for a period of not more than one year after the expiry of the agreement.

  • Marginal note:Recommencement of proceedings

    (2) Proceedings stayed under subsection (1) may be recommenced without laying a new information or preferring a new indictment, as the case may be, by the Attorney General giving notice of the recommencement to the clerk of the court in which the stay of the proceedings was entered. If no such notice is given within one year after the expiry of the agreement, the proceedings are deemed to have never been commenced.

Marginal note:Application to vary agreement
  •  (1) Subject to subsections 111(2) and (3), the Attorney General may vary the terms and conditions of an alternative measures agreement on application by the person bound by the agreement and after consultation with the competent minister. The Attorney General must be of the opinion that the variation is desirable because of a material change in the circumstances since the agreement was concluded or last varied. The variation may include

    • (a) decreasing the period for which the agreement is to remain in force; and

    • (b) relieving the person of compliance with any condition that is specified in the agreement, either absolutely or partially or for any period that the Attorney General considers desirable.

  • Marginal note:Filing varied agreement

    (2) An agreement that has been varied must be filed in accordance with section 111 with the court in which the original agreement was filed.

Marginal note:Application of provisions dealing with records

 Sections 115 to 117 apply only in respect of persons who have entered into an alternative measures agreement, regardless of the degree of their compliance with the terms and conditions of the agreement.

Marginal note:Disclosure of information by peace officer or enforcement officer

 Where it is necessary in the conduct of an investigation of an offence, a peace officer or enforcement officer may disclose to a department or agency of a government in Canada any information in a record relating to an offence alleged to have been committed by a person, including the original or a copy of any fingerprints or photographs of the person.

Marginal note:Government records
  •  (1) The competent minister, any enforcement officer and any department or agency of a government in Canada with which the competent minister has entered into an agreement under section 10 may keep records and use information obtained as a result of the use of alternative measures to deal with a person

    • (a) for the purposes of an inspection under this Act or an investigation of an offence alleged to have been committed by a person;

    • (b) in proceedings against a person under this Act;

    • (c) for the purpose of the administration of alternative measures programs; or

    • (d) otherwise for the administration of this Act.

  • Marginal note:Private records

    (2) Any person or organization may keep records of information obtained by them as a result of supervising compliance with an alternative measures agreement and use the information for the purpose of supervising such compliance.

Marginal note:Disclosure of records
  •  (1) A record or information referred to in section 115 or 116 may be made available to

    • (a) any judge or court for any purpose with respect to proceedings relating to offences under this or any other Act committed or alleged to have been committed by the person to whom the record relates;

    • (b) any peace officer, enforcement officer or prosecutor

      • (i) for the purpose of investigating an offence under this or any other Act that the person is suspected on reasonable grounds of having committed, or in respect of which the person has been arrested or charged, or

      • (ii) for any purpose related to the administration of the case to which the record relates;

    • (c) any member of a department or agency of a government in Canada, or any agent of such a government, that is

      • (i) engaged in the administration of alternative measures in respect of the person, or

      • (ii) preparing a report in respect of the person under this Act; or

    • (d) any other person who is deemed, or any person within a class of persons that is deemed, by a judge of a court to have a valid interest in the record, to the extent directed by the judge, if

      • (i) the judge is satisfied that the disclosure is desirable in the public interest for research or statistical purposes or in the interest of the proper administration of justice, and

      • (ii) the person gives a written undertaking not to subsequently disclose the information except in accordance with subsection (2).

  • Marginal note:Subsequent disclosure for research or statistical purposes

    (2) If a record is made available for inspection to any person under paragraph (1)(d) for research or statistical purposes, that person may subsequently disclose information contained in the record, but may not disclose the information in any form that would reasonably be expected to identify the person to whom it relates.

  • Marginal note:Information, copies

    (3) A person to whom a record is authorized to be made available under this section may be given any information contained in the record and may be given a copy of any part of the record.

  • Marginal note:Evidence

    (4) This section does not authorize the introduction into evidence of any part of a record that would not otherwise be admissible in evidence.

  • Marginal note:Exception for public access to court record

    (5) For greater certainty, this section does not apply in respect of an alternative measures agreement, a varied alternative measures agreement or a report that is filed with the court in accordance with section 111.

Marginal note:Information exchange agreements

 The competent minister may enter into an agreement with a department or agency of a government in Canada respecting the exchange of information for the purpose of administering alternative measures or preparing a report in respect of a person’s compliance with an alternative measures agreement.

Marginal note:Regulations

 The competent minister may make regulations respecting the alternative measures that may be used for the purposes of this Act including regulations respecting

  • (a) the form and manner in which and the period within which an application to participate in the alternative measures is to be made, and the information that must be contained in or accompany the application;

  • (b) the manner of preparing and filing reports relating to the administration of and compliance with alternative measures agreements;

  • (c) the types of costs, and the manner of paying the costs, associated with ensuring compliance with alternative measures agreements; and

  • (d) the terms and conditions that may be included in an alternative measures agreement and the effects of those terms and conditions.

PUBLIC REGISTRY

Marginal note:Public registry

 The Minister must establish a public registry for the purpose of facilitating access to documents relating to matters under this Act.

Marginal note:Regulations

 The Governor in Council may, on the recommendation of the Minister after consultation with the Minister responsible for the Parks Canada Agency and the Minister of Fisheries and Oceans, make regulations respecting the form of the public registry, the keeping of the public registry and access to it.

  • 2002, c. 29, s. 121;
  • 2005, c. 2, s. 25.
Marginal note:Protection from proceedings

 Despite any other Act of Parliament, no civil or criminal proceedings may be brought against Her Majesty in right of Canada, the Minister, the Minister responsible for the Parks Canada Agency, the Minister of Fisheries and Oceans or any person acting on behalf of or under the direction of any of them for the full or partial disclosure in good faith of any notice or other document through the public registry or any consequences of its disclosure.

  • 2002, c. 29, s. 122;
  • 2005, c. 2, s. 25.
Marginal note:Documents to be in public registry

 The public registry shall contain every document required to be included in the public registry by this Act and the following documents, or a copy of the following documents:

  • (a) regulations and orders made under this Act;

  • (b) agreements entered into under section 10;

  • (c) COSEWIC’s criteria for the classification of wildlife species;

  • (d) status reports on wildlife species that COSEWIC has had prepared or has received with an application;

  • (e) the List of Wildlife Species at Risk;

  • (f) codes of practice, national standards or guidelines established under this Act;

  • (g) agreements and reports filed under section 111 or subsection 113(2) or notices that those agreements or reports have been filed in court and are available to the public; and

  • (h) every report made under sections 126 and 128.

Marginal note:Restriction

 The Minister, on the advice of COSEWIC, may restrict the release of any information required to be included in the public registry if that information relates to the location of a wildlife species or its habitat and restricting its release would be in the best interests of the species.

FEES AND CHARGES

Marginal note:Regulations
  •  (1) The Governor in Council may, on the recommendation of the Minister and the President of the Treasury Board, after the Minister has consulted the Minister responsible for the Parks Canada Agency and the Minister of Fisheries and Oceans, make regulations

    • (a) prescribing the fees and charges, or the manner of determining them, that may be charged for agreements or permits under section 73, for amendments to or for the renewal of such agreements or permits, for copies of documents in the public registry and for the inclusion of a document in the public registry;

    • (b) exempting any person or class of persons from the requirement to pay any of those fees or charges; and

    • (c) generally, in respect of any condition or any other matter in relation to the payment of those fees or charges.

  • Marginal note:Recovery of fees

    (2) A fee or charge required by the regulations to be paid constitutes a debt due to Her Majesty in right of Canada and may be recovered in any court of competent jurisdiction.

  • 2002, c. 29, s. 125;
  • 2005, c. 2, s. 26.

REPORTS AND REVIEW OF ACT

Marginal note:Annual report to Parliament

 The Minister must annually prepare a report on the administration of this Act during the preceding calendar year and must have a copy of the report tabled in each House of Parliament within the first 15 days that it is sitting after the completion of the report. The report must include a summary addressing the following matters:

  • (a) COSEWIC’s assessments and the Minister’s response to each of them;

  • (b) the preparation and implementation of recovery strategies, action plans and management plans;

  • (c) all agreements made under sections 10 to 13;

  • (d) all agreements entered into or renewed under section 73, all permits issued or renewed under that section and all agreements and permits amended under section 75 or exempted under section 76;

  • (e) enforcement and compliance actions taken, including the response to any requests for investigation;

  • (f) regulations and emergency orders made under this Act; and

  • (g) any other matters that the Minister considers relevant.

  • 2002, c. 29, s. 126;
  • 2012, c. 19, s. 169.
Marginal note:Convening round table
  •  (1) The Minister must, at least once every two years, convene a round table of persons interested in matters respecting the protection of wildlife species at risk in Canada to advise the Minister on those matters.

  • Marginal note:Recommendations to be in public registry

    (2) Any written recommendations from the round table must be included in the public registry.

  • Marginal note:Response of Minister

    (3) The Minister must respond to any written recommendations from the round table within 180 days after receiving them and a copy of the Minister’s response must be included in the public registry.

Marginal note:Reports on status of wildlife species

 Five years after this section comes into force and at the end of each subsequent period of five years, the Minister must prepare a general report on the status of wildlife species. The Minister must have the report tabled in each House of Parliament within the first 15 days that it is sitting after the completion of the report.

Marginal note:Parliamentary review of Act

 Five years after this section comes into force, a committee of the House of Commons, of the Senate or of both Houses of Parliament is to be designated or established for the purpose of reviewing this Act.

ASSESSMENT OF WILDLIFE SPECIES MENTIONED IN THE SCHEDULES

Marginal note:Assessment of status
  •  (1) COSEWIC must assess the status of each wildlife species set out in Schedule 2 or 3, and, as part of the assessment, identify existing and potential threats to the species and

    • (a) classify the species as extinct, extirpated, endangered, threatened or of special concern;

    • (b) indicate that COSEWIC does not have sufficient information to classify the species; or

    • (c) indicate that the species is not currently at risk.

  • Marginal note:Time for assessment — Schedule 2

    (2) In the case of a species set out in Schedule 2, the assessment must be completed within 30 days after section 14 comes into force.

  • Marginal note:Deemed classification

    (3) If an assessment of a wildlife species set out in Schedule 2 is not completed within the required time or, if there has been an extension, within the extended time, COSEWIC is deemed to have classified the species as indicated in Schedule 2.

  • Marginal note:Time for assessment — Schedule 3

    (4) In the case of a species set out in Schedule 3, the assessment must be completed within one year after the competent minister requests the assessment. If there is more than one competent minister with respect to the species, they must make the request jointly.

  • Marginal note:Extension

    (5) The Governor in Council may, on the recommendation of the Minister after consultation with the competent minister or ministers, by order, extend the time provided for the assessment of any species set out in Schedule 2 or 3. The Minister must include a statement in the public registry setting out the reasons for the extension.

  • Marginal note:Provisions apply

    (6) Subsections 15(2) and (3) and 21(1) and section 25 apply with respect to assessments under subsection (1).

  • Marginal note:Recent reports

    (7) In making its assessment of a wildlife species, COSEWIC may take into account and rely on any report on the species that was prepared in the two-year period before this Act receives royal assent.

Marginal note:Section 27 applies

 Section 27 applies in respect of a wildlife species referred to in section 130 that COSEWIC classifies as extinct, extirpated, endangered, threatened or of special concern or that is deemed to have been so classified.

Marginal note:Time for recovery strategy

 If a wildlife species is added to the List by the Governor in Council as the result of an assessment under section 130, the recovery strategy for the species must be prepared within three years after the listing in the case of an endangered species, and within four years in the case of a threatened species.

Marginal note:Time for management plan

 If a wildlife species is added to the List by the Governor in Council as a species of special concern as the result of an assessment under section 130, the management plan for the species must be prepared within five years after the listing.

RELATED AMENDMENTS

 [Amendments]

COORDINATING AMENDMENT

 [Amendment]

COMING INTO FORCE

Marginal note:Order of Governor in Council

Footnote * Except for section 141.1, the provisions of this Act come into force on a day or days to be fixed by order of the Governor in Council.

  • Return to footnote *[Note: Section 141.1 in force on assent December 12, 2002; sections 1, 134 to 136 and 138 to 141 in force March 24, 2003, see SI/2003-43; sections 2 to 31, 37 to 56, 62, 65 to 76, 78 to 84, 120 to 133 and 137 in force June 5, 2003, sections 32 to 36, 57 to 61, 63, 64, 77 and 85 to 119 in force June 1, 2004, see SI/2003-111.]

SCHEDULE 1(Subsections 2(1), 42(2) and 68(2))LIST OF WILDLIFE SPECIES AT RISK

PART 1
EXTIRPATED SPECIES

  • MAMMALS
    • Bear, Grizzly (Ursus arctos) Prairie population

      Ours grizzli population des Prairies

    • Ferret, Black-footed (Mustela nigripes)

      Putois d’Amérique

    • Walrus, Atlantic (Odobenus rosmarus rosmarus) Northwest Atlantic population

      Morse de l’Atlantique population de l’Atlantique Nord-Ouest

    • Whale, Grey (Eschrichtius robustus) Atlantic population

      Baleine grise population de l’Atlantique

  • BIRDS
    • Prairie-Chicken, Greater (Tympanuchus cupido)

      Tétras des prairies

    • Sage-Grouse phaios subspecies, Greater (Centrocercus urophasianus phaios)

      Tétras des armoises de la sous-espèce phaios

  • AMPHIBIANS
    • Salamander, Tiger (Ambystoma tigrinum) Great Lakes population

      Salamandre tigrée population des Grands Lacs

  • REPTILES
    • Gophersnake, Pacific (Pituophis catenifer catenifer)

      Couleuvre à nez mince du Pacifique

    • Lizard, Pygmy Short-horned (Phrynosoma douglasii)

      Iguane pygmée à cornes courtes

    • Rattlesnake, Timber (Crotalus horridus)

      Crotale des bois

    • Turtle, Pacific Pond (Actinemys marmorata)

      Tortue de l’Ouest

  • FISH
    • Bass, Striped (Morone saxatilis) St. Lawrence Estuary population

      Bar rayé population de l’estuaire du Saint-Laurent

    • Chub, Gravel (Erimystax x-punctatus)

      Gravelier

    • Paddlefish (Polyodon spathula)

      Spatulaire

  • MOLLUSCS
    • Snail, Puget Oregonian (Cryptomastix devia)

      Escargot du Puget

    • Wedgemussel, Dwarf (Alasmidonta heterodon)

      Alasmidonte naine

  • ARTHROPODS
    • Blue, Karner (Lycaeides melissa samuelis)

      Bleu mélissa

    • Elfin, Frosted (Callophrys irus)

      Lutin givré

    • Marble, Island (Euchloe ausonides insulanus)

      Marbré insulaire

  • PLANTS
    • Lupine, Oregon (Lupinus oreganus)

      Lupin d’Orégon

    • Spring Blue-eyed Mary (Collinsia verna)

      Collinsie printanière

    • Tick-trefoil, Illinois (Desmodium illinoense)

      Desmodie d’Illinois

  • MOSSES
    • Moss, Incurved Grizzled (Ptychomitrium incurvum)

      Ptychomitre à feuilles incurvées

PART 2
ENDANGERED SPECIES

  • MAMMALS
    • Badger jacksoni subspecies, American (Taxidea taxus jacksoni)

      Blaireau d’Amérique de la sous-espèce jacksoni

    • Badger jeffersonii subspecies, American (Taxidea taxus jeffersonii)

      Blaireau d’Amérique de la sous-espèce jeffersonii

    • Caribou, Peary (Rangifer tarandus pearyi)

      Caribou de Peary

    • Caribou, Woodland (Rangifer tarandus caribou) Atlantic — Gaspésie population

      Caribou des bois population de la Gaspésie — Atlantique

    • Kangaroo Rat, Ord’s (Dipodomys ordii)

      Rat kangourou d’Ord

    • Marmot, Vancouver Island (Marmota vancouverensis)

      Marmotte de l’île Vancouver

    • Mole, Townsend’s (Scapanus townsendii)

      Taupe de Townsend

    • Mouse dychei subspecies, Western Harvest (Reithrodontomys megalotis dychei)

      Souris des moissons de la sous-espèce dychei

    • Shrew, Pacific Water (Sorex bendirii)

      Musaraigne de Bendire

    • Whale, Blue (Balaenoptera musculus) Atlantic population

      Rorqual bleu population de l’Atlantique

    • Whale, Blue (Balaenoptera musculus) Pacific population

      Rorqual bleu population du Pacifique

    • Whale, Killer (Orcinus orca) Northeast Pacific southern resident population

      Épaulard population résidente du sud du Pacifique Nord-Est

    • Whale, North Atlantic Right (Eubalaena glacialis)

      Baleine noire de l’Atlantique Nord

    • Whale, North Pacific Right (Eubalaena japonica)

      Baleine noire du Pacifique Nord

    • Whale, Northern Bottlenose (Hyperoodon ampullatus) Scotian Shelf population

      Baleine à bec commune, population du plateau néo-écossais

    • Whale, Sei (Balaenoptera borealis) Pacific population

      Rorqual boréal population du Pacifique

    • Wolverine (Gulo gulo) Eastern population

      Carcajou population de l’Est

  • BIRDS
    • Bobwhite, Northern (Colinus virginianus)

      Colin de Virginie

    • Chat auricollis subspecies, Yellow-breasted (Icteria virens auricollis) British Columbia population

      Paruline polyglotte de la sous-espèce auricollis population de la Colombie-Britannique

    • Crane, Whooping (Grus americana)

      Grue blanche

    • Crossbill percna subspecies, Red (Loxia curvirostra percna)

      Bec-croisé des sapins de la sous-espèce percna

    • Curlew, Eskimo (Numenius borealis)

      Courlis esquimau

    • Flycatcher, Acadian (Empidonax virescens)

      Moucherolle vert

    • Grebe, Horned (Podiceps auritus) Magdalen Islands population

      Grèbe esclavon population des îles de la Madeleine

    • Gull, Ivory (Pagophila eburnea)

      Mouette blanche

    • Knot rufa subspecies, Red (Calidris canutus rufa)

      Bécasseau maubèche de la sous-espèce rufa

    • Lark strigata subspecies, Horned (Eremophila alpestris strigata)

      Alouette hausse-col de la sous-espèce strigata

    • Owl, Barn (Tyto alba) Eastern population

      Effraie des clochers population de l’Est

    • Owl, Burrowing (Athene cunicularia)

      Chevêche des terriers

    • Owl caurina subspecies, Spotted (Strix occidentalis caurina)

      Chouette tachetée de la sous-espèce caurina

    • Plover, Mountain (Charadrius montanus)

      Pluvier montagnard

    • Plover circumcinctus subspecies, Piping (Charadrius melodus circumcinctus)

      Pluvier siffleur de la sous-espèce circumcinctus

    • Plover melodus subspecies, Piping (Charadrius melodus melodus)

      Pluvier siffleur de la sous-espèce melodus

    • Rail, King (Rallus elegans)

      Râle élégant

    • Sage-Grouse urophasianus subspecies, Greater (Centrocercus urophasianus urophasianus)

      Tétras des armoises de la sous-espèce urophasianus

    • Sapsucker, Williamson’s (Sphyrapicus thyroideus)

      Pic de Williamson

    • Screech-owl macfarlanei subspecies, Western (Megascops kennicottii macfarlanei)

      Petit-duc des montagnes de la sous-espèce macfarlanei

    • Shrike migrans subspecies, Loggerhead (Lanius ludovicianus migrans)

      Pie-grièche migratrice de la sous-espèce migrans

    • Sparrow affinis subspecies, Vesper (Pooecetes gramineus affinis)

      Bruant vespéral de la sous-espèce affinis

    • Sparrow, Henslow’s (Ammodramus henslowii)

      Bruant de Henslow

    • Tern, Roseate (Sterna dougallii)

      Sterne de Dougall

    • Thrasher, Sage (Oreoscoptes montanus)

      Moqueur des armoises

    • Warbler, Kirtland’s (Dendroica kirtlandii)

      Paruline de Kirtland

    • Warbler, Prothonotary (Protonotaria citrea)

      Paruline orangée

    • Woodpecker, White-headed (Picoides albolarvatus)

      Pic à tête blanche

  • AMPHIBIANS
    • Frog, Blanchard’s Cricket (Acris blanchardi)

      Rainette grillon de Blanchard

    • Frog, Northern Leopard (Lithobates pipiens) Rocky Mountain population

      Grenouille léopard population des Rocheuses

    • Frog, Oregon Spotted (Rana pretiosa)

      Grenouille maculée de l’Oregon

    • Frog, Rocky Mountain Tailed (Ascaphus montanus)

      Grenouille-à-queue des Rocheuses

    • Salamander, Allegheny Mountain Dusky (Desmognathus ochrophaeus) Carolinian population

      Salamandre sombre des montagnes population carolinienne

    • Salamander, Small-mouthed (Ambystoma texanum)

      Salamandre à nez court

    • Salamander, Tiger (Ambystoma tigrinum) Southern Mountain population

      Salamandre tigrée population des montagnes du Sud

    • Toad, Fowler’s (Anaxyrus fowleri)

      Crapaud de Fowler

  • REPTILES
    • Foxsnake, Eastern (Pantherophis gloydi) Carolinian population

      Couleuvre fauve de l’Est population carolinienne

    • Foxsnake, Eastern (Pantherophis gloydi) Great Lakes / St. Lawrence population

      Couleuvre fauve de l’Est population des Grands Lacs et du Saint-Laurent

    • Lizard, Greater Short-horned (Phrynosoma hernandesi)

      Grand iguane à petites cornes

    • Nightsnake, Desert (Hypsiglena chlorophaea)

      Couleuvre nocturne du désert

    • Queensnake (Regina septemvittata)

      Couleuvre royale

    • Racer, Blue (Coluber constrictor foxii)

      Couleuvre agile bleue

    • Ratsnake, Gray (Pantherophis spiloides) Carolinian population

      Couleuvre obscure population carolinienne

    • Sea Turtle, Leatherback (Dermochelys coriacea)

      Tortue luth

    • Skink, Five-lined (Plestiodon fasciatus) Carolinian population

      Scinque pentaligne population carolinienne

    • Skink, Prairie (Plestiodon septentrionalis)

      Scinque des Prairies

    • Snake, Sharp-tailed (Contia tenuis)

      Couleuvre à queue fine

    • Turtle, Blanding’s (Emydoidea blandingii) Nova Scotia population

      Tortue mouchetée population de la Nouvelle-Écosse

    • Turtle, Spotted (Clemmys guttata)

      Tortue ponctuée

    • Turtle, Western Painted (Chrysemys picta bellii) Pacific Coast population

      Tortue peinte de l’Ouest, population de la côte du Pacifique

    • Watersnake, Lake Erie (Nerodia sipedon insularum)

      Couleuvre d’eau du lac Érié

  • FISH
    • Chubsucker, Lake (Erimyzon sucetta)

      Sucet de lac

    • Cisco, Shortnose (Coregonus reighardi)

      Cisco à museau court

    • Cisco, Spring (Coregonus sp.)

      Cisco de printemps

    • Dace, Nooksack (Rhinichthys cataractae ssp.)

      Naseux de la Nooksack

    • Dace, Speckled (Rhinichthys osculus)

      Naseux moucheté

    • Lamprey, Western Brook (Lampetra richardsoni) Morrison Creek population

      Lamproie de l’ouest population du ruisseau Morrison

    • Madtom, Northern (Noturus stigmosus)

      Chat-fou du Nord

    • Redhorse, Copper (Moxostoma hubbsi)

      Chevalier cuivré

    • Salmon, Atlantic (Salmo salar) Inner Bay of Fundy population

      Saumon atlantique population de l’intérieur de la baie de Fundy

    • Shark, Basking (Cetorhinus maximus) Pacific population

      Pèlerin population du Pacifique

    • Shark, White (Carcharodon carcharias) Atlantic population

      Grand requin blanc population de l’Atlantique

    • Shiner, Pugnose (Notropis anogenus)

      Méné camus

    • Stickleback, Enos Lake Benthic Threespine (Gasterosteus aculeatus)

      Épinoche à trois épines benthique du lac Enos

    • Stickleback, Enos Lake Limnetic Threespine (Gasterosteus aculeatus)

      Épinoche à trois épines limnétique du lac Enos

    • Stickleback, Misty Lake Lentic Threespine (Gasterosteus aculeatus)

      Épinoche à trois épines lentique du lac Misty

    • Stickleback, Misty Lake Lotic Threespine (Gasterosteus aculeatus)

      Épinoche à trois épines lotique du lac Misty

    • Stickleback, Paxton Lake Benthic Threespine (Gasterosteus aculeatus)

      Épinoche à trois épines benthique du lac Paxton

    • Stickleback, Paxton Lake Limnetic Threespine (Gasterosteus aculeatus)

      Épinoche à trois épines limnétique du lac Paxton

    • Stickleback, Vananda Creek Benthic Threespine (Gasterosteus aculeatus)

      Épinoche à trois épines benthique du ruisseau Vananda

    • Stickleback, Vananda Creek Limnetic Threespine (Gasterosteus aculeatus)

      Épinoche à trois épines limnétique du ruisseau Vananda

    • Sturgeon, White (Acipenser transmontanus) Kootenay River population

      Esturgeon blanc population de la rivière Kootenay

    • Sturgeon, White (Acipenser transmontanus) Nechako River population

      Esturgeon blanc population de la rivière Nechako

    • Sturgeon, White (Acipenser transmontanus) Upper Columbia River population

      Esturgeon blanc population du cours supérieur du Columbia

    • Sturgeon, White (Acipenser transmontanus) Upper Fraser River population

      Esturgeon blanc population du cours supérieur du Fraser

    • Sucker, Salish (Catostomus catostomus ssp.)

      Meunier de Salish

    • Trout, Aurora (Salvelinus fontinalis timagamiensis)

      Omble Aurora

    • Whitefish, Atlantic (Coregonus huntsmani)

      Corégone de l’Atlantique

  • MOLLUSCS
    • Abalone, Northern (Haliotis kamtschatkana)

      Ormeau nordique

    • Bean, Rayed (Villosa fabalis)

      Villeuse haricot

    • Forestsnail, Oregon (Allogona townsendiana)

      Escargot-forestier de Townsend

    • Hickorynut, Round (Obovaria subrotunda)

      Obovarie ronde

    • Kidneyshell (Ptychobranchus fasciolaris)

      Ptychobranche réniforme

    • Mussel, Mapleleaf (Quadrula quadrula) Saskatchewan – Nelson population

      Mulette feuille d’érable population de la Saskatchewan – Nelson

    • Mussel, Rainbow (Villosa iris)

      Villeuse irisée

    • Mussel, Salamander (Simpsonaias ambigua)

      Mulette du Necture

    • Physa, Hotwater (Physella wrighti)

      Physe d’eau chaude

    • Pigtoe, Round (Pleurobema sintoxia)

      Pleurobème écarlate

    • Pondmussel, Eastern (Ligumia nasuta)

      Ligumie pointue

    • Riffleshell, Northern (Epioblasma torulosa rangiana)

      Épioblasme ventrue

    • Slug, Blue-grey Taildropper (Prophysaon coeruleum)

      Limace-prophyse bleu-gris

    • Snail, Banff Springs (Physella johnsoni)

      Physe des fontaines de Banff

    • Snuffbox (Epioblasma triquetra)

      Épioblasme tricorne

  • ARTHROPODS
    • Blue, Island (Plebejus saepiolus insulanus)

      Bleu insulaire

    • Borer, Aweme (Papaipema aweme)

      Perce-tige d’Aweme

    • Buckmoth, Bogbean (Hemileuca sp.)

      Hémileucin du ményanthe

    • Bumble Bee, Rusty-patched (Bombus affinis)

      Bourdon à tache rousse

    • Checkerspot, Taylor’s (Euphydryas editha taylori)

      Damier de Taylor

    • Clubtail, Rapids (Gomphus quadricolor)

      Gomphe des rapides

    • Diving Beetle, Bert’s Predaceous (Sanfilippodytes bertae)

      Hydropore de Bertha

    • Duskywing, Eastern Persius (Erynnis persius persius)

      Hespérie Persius de l’Est

    • Flower Moth, White (Schinia bimatris)

      Héliotin blanc satiné

    • Gold-edged Gem (Schinia avemensis)

      Héliotin d’Aweme

    • Hairstreak, Half-moon (Satyrium semiluna)

      Porte-queue demi-lune

    • Metalmark, Mormon (Apodemia mormo) Southern Mountain population

      Mormon population des montagnes du Sud

    • Moth, Dusky Dune (Copablepharon longipenne)

      Noctuelle sombre des dunes

    • Moth, Edwards’ Beach (Anarta edwardsii)

      Noctuelle d’Edwards

    • Moth, Five-spotted Bogus Yucca (Prodoxus quinquepunctellus)

      Fausse-teigne à cinq points du yucca

    • Moth, Non-pollinating Yucca (Tegeticula corruptrix)

      Teigne tricheuse du yucca

    • Moth, Sand-verbena (Copablepharon fuscum)

      Noctuelle de l’abronie

    • Moth, Yucca (Tegeticula yuccasella)

      Teigne du yucca

    • Ringlet, Maritime (Coenonympha nipisiquit)

      Satyre fauve des Maritimes

    • Skipper, Ottoe (Hesperia ottoe)

      Hespérie Ottoé

    • Tiger Beetle, Cobblestone (Cicindela marginipennis)

      Cicindèle des galets

    • Tiger Beetle, Northern Barrens (Cicindela patruela)

      Cicindèle verte des pinèdes

    • Tiger Beetle, Wallis’ Dark Saltflat (Cicindela parowana wallisi)

      Cicindèle de Wallis

  • PLANTS
    • Agalinis, Gattinger’s (Agalinis gattingeri)

      Gérardie de Gattinger

    • Agalinis, Rough (Agalinis aspera)

      Gérardie rude

    • Agalinis, Skinner’s (Agalinis skinneriana)

      Gérardie de Skinner

    • Ammannia, Scarlet (Ammannia robusta)

      Ammannie robuste

    • Aster, Short-rayed Alkali (Symphyotrichum frondosum)

      Aster feuillu

    • Avens, Eastern Mountain (Geum peckii)

      Benoîte de Peck

    • Balsamroot, Deltoid (Balsamorhiza deltoidea)

      Balsamorhize à feuilles deltoïdes

    • Birch, Cherry (Betula lenta)

      Bouleau flexible

    • Bluehearts (Buchnera americana)

      Buchnéra d’Amérique

    • Braya, Long’s (Braya longii)

      Braya de Long

    • Bugbane, Tall (Actaea elata)

      Cimicaire élevée

    • Bulrush, Bashful (Trichophorum planifolium)

      Trichophore à feuilles plates

    • Bush-clover, Slender (Lespedeza virginica)

      Lespédèze de Virginie

    • Buttercup, California (Ranunculus californicus)

      Renoncule de Californie

    • Buttercup, Water-plantain (Ranunculus alismifolius)

      Renoncule à feuilles d’alisme

    • Butternut (Juglans cinerea)

      Noyer cendré

    • Cactus, Eastern Prickly Pear (Opuntia humifusa)

      Oponce de l’Est

    • Campion, Spalding’s (Silene spaldingii)

      Silène de Spalding

    • Catchfly, Coastal Scouler’s (Silene scouleri grandis)

      Grand silène de Scouler

    • Centaury, Muhlenberg’s (Centaurium muehlenbergii)

      Petite-centaurée de Muhlenberg

    • Chestnut, American (Castanea dentata)

      Châtaignier d’Amérique

    • Collomia, Slender (Collomia tenella)

      Collomia délicat

    • Columbo, American (Frasera caroliniensis)

      Frasère de Caroline

    • Coreopsis, Pink (Coreopsis rosea)

      Coréopsis rose

    • Cryptantha, Tiny (Cryptantha minima)

      Cryptanthe minuscule

    • Dogwood, Eastern Flowering (Cornus florida)

      Cornouiller fleuri

    • Evening-primrose, Contorted-pod (Camissonia contorta)

      Onagre à fruits tordus

    • Fern, Southern Maidenhair (Adiantum capillus-veneris)

      Adiante cheveux-de-Vénus

    • Fringed-orchid, Eastern Prairie (Platanthera leucophaea)

      Platanthère blanchâtre de l’Est

    • Fringed-orchid, Western Prairie (Platanthera praeclara)

      Platanthère blanchâtre de l’Ouest

    • Gentian, White Prairie (Gentiana alba)

      Gentiane blanche

    • Ginseng, American (Panax quinquefolius)

      Ginseng à cinq folioles

    • Goat’s-rue, Virginia (Tephrosia virginiana)

      Téphrosie de Virginie

    • Goldenrod, Showy (Solidago speciosa)

      Verge d’or voyante

    • Goldfields, Rayless (Lasthenia glaberrima)

      Lasthénie glabre

    • Grass, Forked Three-awned (Aristida basiramea)

      Aristide à rameaux basilaires

    • Lady’s-slipper, Small White (Cypripedium candidum)

      Cypripède blanc

    • Lipocarpha, Small-flowered (Lipocarpha micrantha)

      Lipocarphe à petites fleurs

    • Lotus, Seaside Birds-foot (Lotus formosissimus)

      Lotier splendide

    • Lousewort, Furbish’s (Pedicularis furbishiae)

      Pédiculaire de Furbish

    • Lupine, Dense-flowered (Lupinus densiflorus)

      Lupin densiflore

    • Lupine, Prairie (Lupinus lepidus)

      Lupin élégant

    • Lupine, Streambank (Lupinus rivularis)

      Lupin des ruisseaux

    • Mallow, Virginia (Sida hermaphrodita)

      Mauve de Virginie

    • Meconella, White (Meconella oregana)

      Méconelle d’Orégon

    • Microseris, Coast (Microseris bigelovii)

      Microséris de Bigelow

    • Milkwort, Pink (Polygala incarnata)

      Polygale incarnat

    • Mountain-mint, Hoary (Pycnanthemum incanum)

      Pycnanthème gris

    • Mulberry, Red (Morus rubra)

      Mûrier rouge

    • Owl-clover, Bearded (Triphysaria versicolor ssp. versicolor)

      Triphysaire versicolore

    • Owl-clover, Grand Coulee (Orthocarpus barbatus)

      Orthocarpe barbu

    • Owl-clover, Rosy (Orthocarpus bracteosus)

      Orthocarpe à épi feuillu

    • Owl-clover, Victoria’s (Castilleja victoriae)

      Castilléjie de Victoria

    • Paintbrush, Golden (Castilleja levisecta)

      Castilléjie dorée

    • Phacelia, Branched (Phacelia ramosissima)

      Phacélie rameuse

    • Pine, Whitebark (Pinus albicaulis)

      Pin à écorce blanche

    • Plantain, Heart-leaved (Plantago cordata)

      Plantain à feuilles cordées

    • Pogonia, Large Whorled (Isotria verticillata)

      Isotrie verticillée

    • Pogonia, Nodding (Triphora trianthophora)

      Triphore penché

    • Pogonia, Small Whorled (Isotria medeoloides)

      Isotrie fausse-médéole

    • Pondweed, Ogden’s (Potamogeton ogdenii)

      Potamot de Ogden

    • Popcornflower, Fragrant (Plagiobothrys figuratus)

      Plagiobothryde odorante

    • Pussytoes, Stoloniferous (Antennaria flagellaris)

      Antennaire stolonifère

    • Quillwort, Engelmann’s (Isoetes engelmannii)

      Isoète d’Engelmann

    • Rush, Kellogg’s (Juncus kelloggii)

      Jonc de Kellogg

    • Sand-verbena, Pink (Abronia umbellata)

      Abronie rose

    • Sand-verbena, Small-flowered (Tripterocalyx micranthus)

      Abronie à petites fleurs

    • Sandwort, Dwarf (Minuartia pusilla)

      Minuartie naine

    • Sanicle, Bear’s-foot (Sanicula arctopoides)

      Sanicle patte-d’ours

    • Sedge, False Hop (Carex lupuliformis)

      Carex faux-lupulina

    • Sedge, Foothill (Carex tumulicola)

      Carex tumulicole

    • Sedge, Juniper (Carex juniperorum)

      Carex des genévriers

    • Silverpuffs, Lindley’s False (Uropappus lindleyi)

      Uropappe de Lindley

    • Spike-primrose, Brook (Epilobium torreyi)

      Épilobe de Torrey

    • Spike-primrose, Dense (Epilobium densiflorum)

      Epilobe densiflore

    • Spike-rush, Bent (Eleocharis geniculata) Great Lakes Plains population

      Éléocharide géniculée population des plaines des Grands Lacs

    • Spike-rush, Bent (Eleocharis geniculata) Southern Mountain population

      Éléocharide géniculée population des montagnes du Sud

    • Spike-rush, Horsetail (Eleocharis equisetoides)

      Éléocharide fausse-prêle

    • Sundew, Thread-leaved (Drosera filiformis)

      Droséra filiforme

    • Thistle, Pitcher’s (Cirsium pitcheri)

      Chardon de Pitcher

    • Tonella, Small-flowered (Tonella tenella)

      Tonelle délicate

    • Toothcup (Rotala ramosior)

      Rotala rameux

    • Tree, Cucumber (Magnolia acuminata)

      Magnolia acuminé

    • Trefoil, Bog Bird’s-foot (Lotus pinnatus)

      Lotier à feuilles pennées

    • Trillium, Drooping (Trillium flexipes)

      Trille à pédoncule incliné

    • Triteleia, Howell’s (Triteleia howellii)

      Tritéléia de Howell

    • Twayblade, Purple (Liparis liliifolia)

      Liparis à feuilles de lis

    • Violet, Bird’s-foot (Viola pedata)

      Violette pédalée

    • Violet praemorsa subspecies, Yellow Montane (Viola praemorsa ssp. praemorsa)

      Violette jaune des monts de la sous-espèce praemorsa

    • Willow, Barrens (Salix jejuna)

      Saule des landes

    • Wintergreen, Spotted (Chimaphila maculata)

      Chimaphile maculée

    • Wood-poppy (Stylophorum diphyllum)

      Stylophore à deux feuilles

    • Woolly-heads, Tall (Psilocarphus elatior)

      Psilocarphe élevé

    • Woolly-heads, Dwarf (Psilocarphus brevissimus) Southern Mountain population

      Psilocarphe nain, population des montagnes du Sud

  • LICHENS
    • Lichen, Boreal Felt (Erioderma pedicellatum) Atlantic population

      Érioderme boréal population de l’Atlantique

    • Lichen, Pale-bellied Frost (Physconia subpallida)

      Physconie pâle

    • Lichen, Seaside Centipede (Heterodermia sitchensis)

      Hétérodermie maritime

    • Lichen, Vole Ears (Erioderma mollissimum)

      Érioderme mou

  • MOSSES
    • Cord-moss, Rusty (Entosthodon rubiginosus)

      Entosthodon rouilleux

    • Moss, Margined Streamside (Scouleria marginata)

      Scoulérie à feuilles marginées

    • Moss, Nugget (Microbryum vlassovii)

      Phasque de Vlassov

    • Moss, Poor Pocket (Fissidens pauperculus)

      Fissident appauvri

    • Moss, Rigid Apple (Bartramia stricta)

      Bartramie à feuilles dressées

    • Moss, Silver Hair (Fabronia pusilla)

      Fabronie naine

    • Moss, Spoon-leaved (Bryoandersonia illecebra)

      Andersonie charmante

PART 3
THREATENED SPECIES

  • MAMMALS
    • Bat, Pallid (Antrozous pallidus)

      Chauve-souris blonde

    • Bison, Wood (Bison bison athabascae)

      Bison des bois

    • Caribou, Woodland (Rangifer tarandus caribou) Boreal population

      Caribou des bois population boréale

    • Caribou, Woodland (Rangifer tarandus caribou) Southern Mountain population

      Caribou des bois population des montagnes du Sud

    • Ermine haidarum subspecies (Mustela erminea haidarum)

      Hermine de la sous-espèce haidarum

    • Fox, Grey (Urocyon cinereoargenteus)

      Renard gris

    • Fox, Swift (Vulpes velox)

      Renard véloce

    • Marten, American (Martes americana atrata) Newfoundland population

      Martre d’Amérique population de Terre-Neuve

    • Whale, Beluga (Delphinapterus leucas) St. Lawrence Estuary population

      Béluga population de l’estuaire du Saint-Laurent

    • Whale, Fin (Balaenoptera physalus) Pacific population

      Rorqual commun population du Pacifique

    • Whale, Humpback (Megaptera novaeangliae) North Pacific population

      Rorqual à bosse population du Pacifique Nord

    • Whale, Killer (Orcinus orca) Northeast Pacific northern resident population

      Épaulard population résidente du nord du Pacifique Nord-Est

    • Whale, Killer (Orcinus orca) Northeast Pacific offshore population

      Épaulard population océanique du Pacifique Nord-Est

    • Whale, Killer (Orcinus orca) Northeast Pacific transient population

      Épaulard population migratrice du Pacifique Nord-Est

  • BIRDS
    • Albatross, Short-tailed (Phoebastria albatrus)

      Albatros à queue courte

    • Bittern, Least (Ixobrychus exilis)

      Petit Blongios

    • Flycatcher, Olive-sided (Contopus cooperi)

      Moucherolle à côtés olive

    • Goshawk laingi subspecies, Northern (Accipiter gentilis laingi)

      Autour des palombes de la sous-espèce laingi

    • Gull, Ross’s (Rhodostethia rosea)

      Mouette rosée

    • Hawk, Ferruginous (Buteo regalis)

      Buse rouilleuse

    • Knot roselaari type, Red (Calidris canutus roselaari type)

      Bécasseau maubèche du type roselaari

    • Longspur, Chestnut-collared (Calcarius ornatus)

      Bruant à ventre noir

    • Murrelet, Marbled (Brachyramphus marmoratus)

      Guillemot marbré

    • Nighthawk, Common (Chordeiles minor)

      Engoulevent d’Amérique

    • Owl brooksi subspecies, Northern Saw-whet (Aegolius acadicus brooksi)

      Petite Nyctale de la sous-espèce brooksi

    • Pipit, Sprague’s (Anthus spragueii)

      Pipit de Sprague

    • Shearwater, Pink-footed (Puffinus creatopus)

      Puffin à pieds roses

    • Shrike excubitorides subspecies, Loggerhead (Lanius ludovicianus excubitorides)

      Pie-grièche migratrice de la sous-espèce excubitorides

    • Swift, Chimney (Chaetura pelagica)

      Martinet ramoneur

    • Thrush, Bicknell’s (Catharus bicknelli)

      Grive de Bicknell

    • Warbler, Canada (Wilsonia canadensis)

      Paruline du Canada

    • Warbler, Golden-winged (Vermivora chrysoptera)

      Paruline à ailes dorées

    • Warbler, Hooded (Wilsonia citrina)

      Paruline à capuchon

    • Whip-poor-will (Caprimulgus vociferus)

      Engoulevent bois-pourri

    • Woodpecker, Lewis’s (Melanerpes lewis)

      Pic de Lewis

    • Woodpecker, Red-headed (Melanerpes erythrocephalus)

      Pic à tête rouge

  • AMPHIBIANS
    • Frog, Western Chorus (Pseudacris triseriata) Great Lakes / St. Lawrence – Canadian Shield population

      Rainette faux-grillon de l’Ouest population des Grands Lacs / Saint-Laurent et du Bouclier canadien

    • Salamander, Allegheny Mountain Dusky (Desmognathus ochrophaeus) Great Lakes – St. Lawrence population

      Salamandre sombre des montagnes population des Grands Lacs et du Saint-Laurent

    • Salamander, Coastal Giant (Dicamptodon tenebrosus)

      Grande salamandre

    • Salamander, Jefferson (Ambystoma jeffersonianum)

      Salamandre de Jefferson

    • Spadefoot, Great Basin (Spea intermontana)

      Crapaud du Grand Bassin

  • REPTILES
    • Gartersnake, Butler’s (Thamnophis butleri)

      Couleuvre à petite tête

    • Gophersnake, Great Basin (Pituophis catenifer deserticola)

      Couleuvre à nez mince du Grand Bassin

    • Massasauga (Sistrurus catenatus)

      Massasauga

    • Racer, Eastern Yellow-bellied (Coluber constrictor flaviventris)

      Couleuvre agile à ventre jaune de l’Est

    • Ratsnake, Gray (Pantherophis spiloides) Great Lakes/St. Lawrence population

      Couleuvre obscure population des Grands Lacs et du Saint-Laurent

    • Rattlesnake, Western (Crotalus oreganos)

      Crotale de l’Ouest

    • Ribbonsnake, Eastern (Thamnophis sauritus) Atlantic population

      Couleuvre mince population de l’Atlantique

    • Snake, Eastern Hog-nosed (Heterodon platirhinos)

      Couleuvre à nez plat

    • Softshell, Spiny (Apalone spinifera)

      Tortue-molle à épines

    • Turtle, Blanding’s (Emydoidea blandingii) Great Lakes / St. Lawrence population

      Tortue mouchetée population des Grands Lacs et du Saint-Laurent

    • Turtle, Eastern Musk (Sternotherus odoratus)

      Tortue musquée

    • Turtle, Wood (Glyptemys insculpta)

      Tortue des bois

  • FISH
    • Darter, Channel (Percina copelandi)

      Fouille-roche gris

    • Darter, Eastern Sand (Ammocrypta pellucida) Ontario populations

      Dard de sable populations de l’Ontario

    • Darter, Eastern Sand (Ammocrypta pellucida) Quebec populations

      Dard de sable populations du Québec

    • Gar, Spotted (Lepisosteus oculatus)

      Lépisosté tacheté

    • Lamprey, Vancouver (Lampetra macrostoma)

      Lamproie de Vancouver

    • Minnow, Western Silvery (Hybognathus argyritis)

      Méné d’argent de l’Ouest

    • Sculpin, Coastrange (Cottus aleuticus) Cultus population

      Chabot de la chaîne côtière population Cultus

    • Sculpin, Rocky Mountain (Cottus sp.) Eastslope populations

      Chabot des montagnes Rocheuses populations du versant est

    • Shiner, Carmine (Notropis percobromus)

      Tête carminée

    • Smelt, Rainbow (Osmerus mordax) Lake Utopia small-bodied population

      Éperlan arc-en-ciel population d’individus de petite taille du lac Utopia

    • Spotted Wolffish (Anarhichas minor)

      Loup tacheté

    • Trout, Westslope Cutthroat (Oncorhynchus clarkii lewisi) Alberta population

      Truite fardée versant de l’Ouest population de l’Alberta

    • Wolffish, Northern (Anarhichas denticulatus)

      Loup à tête large

  • MOLLUSCS
    • Jumping-slug, Dromedary (Hemphillia dromedarius)

      Limace-sauteuse dromadaire

    • Mussel, Mapleleaf (Quadrula quadrula) Great Lakes – Western St. Lawrence population

      Mulette feuille d’érable population des Grands Lacs – Ouest du Saint-Laurent

  • ARTHROPODS
    • Hairstreak, Behr’s (Columbia) (Satyrium behrii columbia)

      Porte-queue de Colombie-Britannique

    • Flower Moth, Verna’s (Schinia verna)

      Héliotin de Verna

    • Metalmark, Mormon (Apodemia mormo) Prairie population

      Mormon population des Prairies

    • Skipper, Dakota (Hesperia dacotae)

      Hespérie du Dakota

    • Skipper, Dun (Euphyes vestris) Western population

      Hespérie rurale population de l’Ouest

    • Skipperling, Poweshiek (Oarisma poweshiek)

      Hespérie de Poweshiek

  • PLANTS
    • Aster, Anticosti (Symphyotrichum anticostense)

      Aster d’Anticosti

    • Aster, Crooked-stem (Symphyotrichum prenanthoides)

      Aster fausse-prenanthe

    • Aster, Gulf of St. Lawrence (Symphyotrichum laurentianum)

      Aster du golfe Saint-Laurent

    • Aster, Western Silvery (Symphyotrichum sericeum)

      Aster soyeux

    • Aster, White Wood (Eurybia divaricata)

      Aster à rameaux étalés

    • Aster, Willowleaf (Symphyotrichum praealtum)

      Aster très élevé

    • Bartonia, Branched (Bartonia paniculata ssp. paniculata)

      Bartonie paniculée

    • Blazing Star, Dense (Liatris spicata)

      Liatris à épi

    • Braya, Fernald’s (Braya fernaldii)

      Braya de Fernald

    • Buffalograss (Buchloë dactyloides)

      Buchloé faux-dactyle

    • Coffee-tree, Kentucky (Gymnocladus dioicus)

      Chicot févier

    • Colicroot (Aletris farinosa)

      Alétris farineux

    • Daisy, Lakeside (Hymenoxys herbacea)

      Hyménoxys herbacé

    • Deerberry (Vaccinium stamineum)

      Airelle à longues étamines

    • Desert-parsley, Gray’s (Lomatium grayi)

      Lomatium de Gray

    • Fern, Lemmon’s Holly (Polystichum lemmonii)

      Polystic de Lemmon

    • Fern, Mountain Holly (Polystichum scopulinum)

      Polystic des rochers

    • Gentian, Plymouth (Sabatia kennedyana)

      Sabatie de Kennedy

    • Gentian, Victorin’s (Gentianopsis virgata ssp. victorinii)

      Gentiane de Victorin

    • Golden Crest (Lophiola aurea)

      Lophiolie dorée

    • Goldenseal (Hydrastis canadensis)

      Hydraste du Canada

    • Goosefoot, Smooth (Chenopodium subglabrum)

      Chénopode glabre

    • Greenbrier, Round-leaved (Smilax rotundifolia) Great Lakes Plains population

      Smilax à feuilles rondes population des plaines des Grands Lacs

    • Hackberry, Dwarf (Celtis tenuifolia)

      Micocoulier rabougri

    • Hoptree, Common (Ptelea trifoliata)

      Ptéléa trifolié

    • Hyacinth, Wild (Camassia scilloides)

      Camassie faux-scille

    • Iris, Dwarf Lake (Iris lacustris)

      Iris lacustre

    • Jacob’s-ladder, Van Brunt’s (Polemonium vanbruntiae)

      Polémoine de Van Brunt

    • Lily, Lyall’s Mariposa (Calochortus lyallii)

      Calochorte de Lyall

    • Meadowfoam, Macoun’s (Limnanthes macounii)

      Limnanthe de Macoun

    • Mosquito-fern, Mexican (Azolla mexicana)

      Azolle du Mexique

    • Mouse-ear-cress, Slender (Halimolobos virgata)

      Halimolobos mince

    • Orchid, Phantom (Cephalanthera austiniae)

      Céphalanthère d’Austin

    • Paintbrush, Cliff (Castilleja rupicola)

      Castilléjie des rochers

    • Phlox, Showy (Phlox speciosa ssp. occidentalis)

      Phlox de l’Ouest

    • Popcornflower, Slender (Plagiobothrys tenellus)

      Plagiobothryde délicate

    • Prairie-clover, Hairy (Dalea villosa var. villosa)

      Dalée velue

    • Quillwort, Bolander’s (Isoetes bolanderi)

      Isoète de Bolander

    • Rue-anemone, False (Enemion biternatum)

      Isopyre à feuilles biternées

    • Sanicle, Purple (Sanicula bipinnatifida)

      Sanicle bipinnatifide

    • Sedge, Baikal (Carex sabulosa)

      Carex des sables

    • Soapweed (Yucca glauca)

      Yucca glauque

    • Spiderwort, Western (Tradescantia occidentalis)

      Tradescantie de l’Ouest

    • Thistle, Hill’s (Cirsium hillii)

      Chardon de Hill

    • Water-pennywort (Hydrocotyle umbellata)

      Hydrocotyle à ombelle

    • Water-willow, American (Justicia americana)

      Carmantine d’Amérique

    • Willow, Green-scaled (Salix chlorolepis)

      Saule à bractées vertes

    • Woodsia, Blunt-lobed (Woodsia obtusa)

      Woodsie à lobes arrondis

  • LICHENS
    • Bone, Seaside (Hypogymnia heterophylla)

      Hypogymnie maritime

    • Jellyskin, Flooded (Leptogium rivulare)

      Leptoge des terrains inondés

  • MOSSES
    • Bryum, Porsild’s (Mielichhoferia macrocarpa)

      Bryum de Porsild

    • Moss, Alkaline Wing-nerved (Pterygoneurum kozlovii)

      Ptérygoneure de Koslov

    • Moss, Haller’s Apple (Bartramia halleriana)

      Bartramie de Haller

PART 4
SPECIAL CONCERN

  • MAMMALS
    • Bat, Spotted (Euderma maculatum)

      Oreillard maculé

    • Bear, Polar (Ursus maritimus)

      Ours blanc

    • Beaver, Mountain (Aplodontia rufa)

      Castor de montagne

    • Caribou, Barren-ground (Rangifer tarandus groenlandicus) Dolphin and Union population

      Caribou de la toundra population Dolphin-et-Union

    • Caribou, Woodland (Rangifer tarandus caribou) Northern Mountain population

      Caribou des bois population des montagnes du Nord

    • Cottontail nuttallii subspecies, Nuttall’s (Sylvilagus nuttallii nuttallii)

      Lapin de Nuttall de la sous-espèce nuttallii

    • Mole, Eastern (Scalopus aquaticus)

      Taupe à queue glabre

    • Mouse megalotis subspecies, Western Harvest (Reithrodontomys megalotis megalotis)

      Souris des moissons de la sous-espèce megalotis

    • Otter, Sea (Enhydra lutris)

      Loutre de mer

    • Porpoise, Harbour (Phocoena phocoena) Pacific Ocean population

      Marsouin commun population de l’océan Pacifique

    • Prairie Dog, Black-tailed (Cynomys ludovicianus)

      Chien de prairie

    • Sea Lion, Steller (Eumetopias jubatus)

      Otarie de Steller

    • Vole, Woodland (Microtus pinetorum)

      Campagnol sylvestre

    • Whale, Bowhead (Balaena mysticetus) Bering-Chukchi-Beaufort population

      Baleine boréale, population des mers de Béring, des Tchouktches et de Beaufort

    • Whale, Fin (Balaenoptera physalus) Atlantic population

      Rorqual commun population de l’Atlantique

    • Whale, Grey (Eschrichtius robustus) Eastern North Pacific population

      Baleine grise population du Pacifique Nord-Est

    • Whale, Sowerby’s Beaked (Mesoplodon bidens)

      Baleine à bec de Sowerby

    • Wolf, Eastern (Canis lupus lycaon)

      Loup de l’Est

  • BIRDS
    • Albatross, Black-footed (Phoebastria nigripes)

      Albatros à pieds noirs

    • Blackbird, Rusty (Euphagus carolinus)

      Quiscale rouilleux

    • Chat virens subspecies, Yellow-breasted (Icteria virens virens)

      Paruline polyglotte de la sous-espèce virens

    • Curlew, Long-billed (Numenius americanus)

      Courlis à long bec

    • Duck, Harlequin (Histrionicus histrionicus) Eastern population

      Arlequin plongeur population de l’Est

    • Falcon anatum/tundrius, Peregrine (Falco peregrinus anatum/tundrius)

      Faucon pèlerin anatum/tundrius

    • Falcon pealei subspecies, Peregrine (Falco peregrinus pealei)

      Faucon pèlerin de la sous-espèce pealei

    • Goldeneye, Barrow’s (Bucephala islandica) Eastern population

      Garrot d’Islande population de l’Est

    • Heron fannini subspecies, Great Blue (Ardea herodias fannini)

      Grand héron de la sous-espèce fannini

    • Knot islandica subspecies, Red (Calidris canutus islandica)

      Bécasseau maubèche de la sous-espèce islandica

    • Longspur, McCown’s (Calcarius mccownii)

      Bruant de McCown

    • Murrelet, Ancient (Synthliboramphus antiquus)

      Guillemot à cou blanc

    • Owl, Barn (Tyto alba) Western population

      Effraie des clochers population de l’Ouest

    • Owl, Flammulated (Otus flammeolus)

      Petit-duc nain

    • Owl, Short-eared (Asio flammeus)

      Hibou des marais

    • Pigeon, Band-tailed (Patagioenas fasciata)

      Pigeon à queue barrée

    • Rail, Yellow (Coturnicops noveboracensis)

      Râle jaune

    • Screech-owl kennicottii subspecies, Western (Megascops kennicottii kennicottii)

      Petit-duc des montagnes de la sous-espèce kennicottii

    • Sparrow princeps subspecies, Savannah (Passerculus sandwichensis princeps)

      Bruant des prés de la sous-espèce princeps

    • Warbler, Cerulean (Dendroica cerulea)

      Paruline azurée

    • Waterthrush, Louisiana (Seiurus motacilla)

      Paruline hochequeue

  • AMPHIBIANS
    • Frog, Coastal Tailed (Ascaphus truei)

      Grenouille-à-queue côtière

    • Frog, Northern Leopard (Lithobates pipiens) Western Boreal/Prairie populations

      Grenouille léopard populations des Prairies et de l’ouest de la zone boréale

    • Frog, Red-legged (Rana aurora)

      Grenouille à pattes rouges

    • Salamander, Coeur d’Alene (Plethodon idahoensis)

      Salamandre de Coeur d’Alène

    • Salamander, Spring (Gyrinophilus porphyriticus)

      Salamandre pourpre

    • Toad, Great Plains (Anaxyrus cognatus)

      Crapaud des steppes

    • Toad, Western (Anaxyrus boreas)

      Crapaud de l’Ouest

  • REPTILES
    • Boa, Rubber (Charina bottae)

      Boa caoutchouc

    • Milksnake (Lampropeltis triangulum)

      Couleuvre tachetée

    • Racer, Western Yellow-bellied (Coluber constrictor mormon)

      Couleuvre agile à ventre jaune de l’Ouest

    • Ribbonsnake, Eastern (Thamnophis sauritus) Great Lakes population

      Couleuvre mince population des Grands Lacs

    • Skink, Five-lined (Plestiodon fasciatus) Great Lakes/St. Lawrence population

      Scinque pentaligne population des Grands Lacs et du Saint-Laurent

    • Skink, Western (Plestiodon skiltonianus)

      Scinque de l’Ouest

    • Turtle, Northern Map (Graptemys geographica)

      Tortue géographique

    • Turtle, Snapping (Chelydra serpentina)

      Tortue serpentine

    • Turtle, Western Painted (Chrysemys picta bellii) Intermountain - Rocky Mountain population

      Tortue peinte de l’Ouest, population intramontagnarde - des Rocheuses

  • FISH
    • Buffalo, Bigmouth (Ictiobus cyprinellus) Saskatchewan River and Nelson River populations

      Buffalo à grande bouche populations des rivières Saskatchewan et Nelson

    • Chub, Silver (Macrhybopsis storeriana)

      Méné à grandes écailles

    • Killifish, Banded (Fundulus diaphanus) Newfoundland population

      Fondule barré population de Terre-Neuve

    • Kiyi, Upper Great Lakes (Coregonus kiyi kiyi)

      Kiyi du secteur supérieur des Grands Lacs

    • Lamprey, Northern Brook (Ichthyomyzon fossor) Great Lakes – Upper St. Lawrence populations

      Lamproie du Nord populations des Grands Lacs et du haut Saint-Laurent

    • Minnow, Pugnose (Opsopoeodus emiliae)

      Petit-bec

    • Pickerel, Grass (Esox americanus vermiculatus)

      Brochet vermiculé

    • Redhorse, River (Moxostoma carinatum)

      Chevalier de rivière

    • Rockfish type I, Rougheye (Sebastes sp. type I)

      Sébaste à œil épineux du type I

    • Rockfish type II, Rougheye (Sebastes sp. type II)

      Sébaste à œil épineux du type II

    • Rockfish, Yelloweye (Sebastes ruberrimus) Pacific Ocean inside waters population

      Sébaste aux yeux jaunes population des eaux intérieures de l’océan Pacifique

    • Rockfish, Yelloweye (Sebastes ruberrimus) Pacific Ocean outside waters population

      Sébaste aux yeux jaunes population des eaux extérieures de l’océan Pacifique

    • Sculpin, Columbia (Cottus hubbsi)

      Chabot du Columbia

    • Sculpin, Deepwater (Myoxocephalus thompsonii) Great Lakes - Western St. Lawrence populations

      Chabot de profondeur, populations des Grands Lacs - Ouest du Saint-Laurent

    • Sculpin, Shorthead (Cottus confusus)

      Chabot à tête courte

    • Shark, Bluntnose Sixgill (Hexanchus griseus)

      Requin griset

    • Shiner, Bridle (Notropis bifrenatus)

      Méné d’herbe

    • Sturgeon, Green (Acipenser medirostris)

      Esturgeon vert

    • Sturgeon, Shortnose (Acipenser brevirostrum)

      Esturgeon à museau court

    • Sucker, Spotted (Minytrema melanops)

      Meunier tacheté

    • Thornyhead, Longspine (Sebastolobus altivelis)

      Sébastolobe à longues épines

    • Tope (Galeorhinus galeus)

      Milandre

    • Topminnow, Blackstripe (Fundulus notatus)

      Fondule rayé

    • Trout, Westslope Cutthroat (Oncorhynchus clarkii lewisi) British Columbia population

      Truite fardée versant de l’ouest population de la Colombie-Britannique

    • Warmouth (Lepomis gulosus)

      Crapet sac-à-lait

    • Wolffish, Atlantic (Anarhichas lupus)

      Loup Atlantique

  • MOLLUSCS
    • Floater, Brook (Alasmidonta varicosa)

      Alasmidonte renflée

    • Jumping-slug, Warty (Hemphillia glandulosa)

      Limace-sauteuse glanduleuse

    • Lampmussel, Wavy-rayed (Lampsilis fasciola)

      Lampsile fasciolée

    • Lampmussel, Yellow (Lampsilis cariosa)

      Lampsile jaune

    • Mussel, Rocky Mountain Ridged (Gonidea angulata)

      Gonidée des Rocheuses

    • Oyster, Olympia (Ostrea lurida)

      Huître plate du Pacifique

    • Vertigo, Threaded (Nearctula sp.)

      Vertigo à crêtes fines

  • ARTHROPODS
    • Monarch (Danaus plexippus)

      Monarque

    • Moth, Pale Yellow Dune (Copablepharon grandis)

      Noctuelle jaune pâle des dunes

    • Skipper, Sonora (Polites sonora)

      Hespérie du Sonora

    • Snaketail, Pygmy (Ophiogomphus howei)

      Ophiogomphe de Howe

    • Weidemeyer’s Admiral (Limenitis weidemeyerii)

      Amiral de Weidemeyer

  • PLANTS
    • Ash, Blue (Fraxinus quadrangulata)

      Frêne bleu

    • Aster, White-top (Sericocarpus rigidus)

      Aster rigide

    • Beggarticks, Vancouver Island (Bidens amplissima)

      Grand bident

    • Blue Flag, Western (Iris missouriensis)

      Iris du Missouri

    • Fern, American Hart’s-tongue (Asplenium scolopendrium)

      Scolopendre d’Amérique

    • Fern, Coastal Wood (Dryopteris arguta)

      Dryoptéride côtière

    • Goldenrod, Houghton’s (Solidago houghtonii)

      Verge d’or de Houghton

    • Goldenrod, Riddell’s (Solidago riddellii)

      Verge d’or de Riddell

    • Hairgrass, Mackenzie (Deschampsia mackenzieana)

      Deschampsie du bassin du Mackenzie

    • Indian-plantain, Tuberous (Arnoglossum plantagineum)

      Arnoglosse plantain

    • Lilaeopsis, Eastern (Lilaeopsis chinensis)

      Liléopsis de l’Est

    • Milk-vetch, Fernald’s (Astragalus robbinsii var. fernaldii)

      Astragale de Fernald

    • Pepperbush, Sweet (Clethra alnifolia)

      Clèthre à feuilles d’aulne

    • Pinweed, Beach (Lechea maritima)

      Léchéa maritime

    • Pondweed, Hill’s (Potamogeton hillii)

      Potamot de Hill

    • Quillwort, Prototype (Isoetes prototypus)

      Isoète prototype

    • Redroot (Lachnanthes caroliniana)

      Lachnanthe de Caroline

    • Rose, Climbing Prairie (Rosa setigera)

      Rosier sétigère

    • Rose-mallow, Swamp (Hibiscus moscheutos)

      Ketmie des marais

    • Rush, New Jersey (Juncus caesariensis)

      Jonc du New Jersey

    • Spike-rush, Tubercled (Eleocharis tuberculosa)

      Éléocharide tuberculée

    • Tansy, Floccose (Tanacetum huronense var. floccosum)

      Tanaisie floconneuse

    • Thrift, Athabasca (Armeria maritima interior)

      Arméria de l’Athabasca

    • Water-hemlock, Victorin’s (Cicuta maculata var. victorinii)

      Cicutaire de Victorin

    • Willow, Felt-leaf (Salix silicicola)

      Saule silicicole

    • Willow, Sand-dune Short-capsuled (Salix brachycarpa var. psammophila)

      Saule psammophile

    • Willow, Turnor’s (Salix turnorii)

      Saule de Turnor

    • Woolly-heads, Dwarf (Psilocarphus brevissimus) Prairie population

      Psilocarphe nain, population des Prairies

    • Yarrow, Large-headed Woolly (Achillea millefolium var. megacephalum)

      Achillée à gros capitules

  • MOSSES
    • Cord-moss, Banded (Entosthodon fascicularis)

      Entosthodon fasciculé

    • Moss, Columbian Carpet (Bryoerythrophyllum columbianum)

      Érythrophylle du Columbia

    • Moss, Pygmy Pocket (Fissidens exilis)

      Fissident pygmée

    • Moss, Twisted Oak (Syntrichia laevipila)

      Tortule à poils lisses

  • LICHENS
    • Glass-whiskers, Frosted (Sclerophora peronella) Nova Scotia population

      Sclérophore givré population de la Nouvelle-Écosse

    • Lichen, Boreal Felt (Erioderma pedicallatum) Boreal population

      Érioderme boréal population boréale

    • Lichen, Cryptic Paw (Nephroma occultum)

      Néphrome cryptique

    • Lichen, Oldgrowth Specklebelly (Pseudocyphellaria rainierensis)

      Pseudocyphellie des forêts surannées

  • 2002, c. 29, Sch. 1;
  • SOR/2005-14, ss. 1 to 53;
  • SOR/2005-224, ss. 1 to 32;
  • SOR/2006-60, ss. 1, 2;
  • SOR/2006-189, ss. 1 to 22, 23(F), 24 to 26;
  • SOR/2007-284;
  • SOR/2009-86;
  • SOR/2010-32, 33;
  • SOR/2011-8, 128, 233;
  • SOR/2012-133;
  • SOR/2013-34.

SCHEDULE 2(Section 130)

PART 1
ENDANGERED SPECIES

  • MAMMALS
    • Whale, Beluga (Delphinapterus leucas) Ungava Bay population

      Béluga population de la baie d’Ungava

    • Whale, Beluga (Delphinapterus leucas) Southeast Baffin Island - Cumberland Sound population

      Béluga population du sud-est de l’île de Baffin et de la baie Cumberland

    • Whale, Bowhead (Balaena mysticetus) Eastern Arctic population

      Baleine boréale population de l’Arctique de l’Est

    • Whale, Bowhead (Balaena mysticetus) Western Arctic population

      Baleine boréale population de l’Arctique de l’Ouest

  • BIRDS
    • REPTILES
      • Snake, Lake Erie Water (Nerodia sipedon insularum)

        Couleuvre d’eau du lac Érié

    • FISH

      PART 2
      THREATENED SPECIES

      • MAMMALS
        • Porpoise, Harbour (Phocoena phocoena) Northwest Atlantic population

          Marsouin commun population du Nord-Ouest de l’Atlantique

        • Whale, Beluga (Delphinapterus leucas) Eastern Hudson Bay population

          Béluga population de l’est de la baie d’Hudson

      • BIRDS
        • REPTILES
          • FISH
            • Cisco, Blackfin (Coregonus nigripinnis)

              Cisco à nageoires noires

            • Cisco, Shortjaw (Coregonus zenithicus)

              Cisco à mâchoires égales

            • Cisco, Shortnose (Coregonus reighardi)

              Cisco à museau court

            • Redhorse, Black (Moxostoma duquesnei)

              Chevalier noir

            • Redhorse, Copper (Moxostoma hubbsi)

              Chevalier cuivré

            • Sculpin, Deepwater (Myoxocephalus thompsoni) Great Lakes population

              Chabot de profondeur des Grands Lacs population des Grands Lacs

          • PLANTS
            • 2002, c. 29, Sch. 2;
            • SOR/2005-14, ss. 54 to 60;
            • SOR/2005-224, ss. 33 to 36;
            • SOR/2006-60, s. 3;
            • SOR/2006-189, ss. 27 to 29.

            SCHEDULE 3(Section 130)SPECIAL CONCERN

            • MAMMALS
              • Bat, Fringed (Myotis thysanodes)

                Chauve-souris à queue frangée

              • Bat, Keen’s Long-eared (Myotis keenii)

                Chauve-souris de Keen

              • Cottontail, Nuttall’s (Sylvilagus nuttallii nuttallii) British Columbia population

                Lapin de Nuttall population de la Colombie-Britannique

              • Kangaroo Rat, Ord’s (Dipodomys ordii)

                Rat kangourou d’Ord

              • Mouse, Western Harvest (Reithrodontomys megalotis megalotis) British Columbia population

                Souris des moissons population de la Colombie-Britannique

              • Seal, Harbour (Phoca vitulina mellonae) Lacs des Loups Marins landlocked population

                Phoque commun population confinée aux lacs des Loups Marins

              • Shrew, Gaspé (Sorex gaspensis)

                Musaraigne de Gaspé

              • Squirrel, Southern Flying (Glaucomys volans)

                Petit polatouche

              • Whale, Beluga (Delphinapterus leucas) Eastern High Arctic/Baffin Bay population

                Béluga population de l’Est du haut Arctique et de la baie de Baffin

              • Whale, Sowerby’s Beaked (Mesoplodon bidens)

                Baleine à bec de Sowerby

            • BIRDS
              • Falcon, Tundra Peregrine (Falco peregrinus tundrius)

                Faucon pèlerin, toundra

              • Hawk, Ferruginous (Buteo regalis)

                Buse rouilleuse

              • Hawk, Red-shouldered (Buteo lineatus)

                Buse à épaulettes

              • Heron, Pacific Great Blue (Ardea herodias fannini)

                Grand héron population de la côte du Pacifique

              • Owl, Short-eared (Asio flammeus)

                Hibou des marais

              • Thrush, Bicknell’s (Catharus bicknelli)

                Grive de Bicknell

              • Waterthrush, Louisiana (Seiurus motacilla)

                Paruline hochequeue

              • Woodpecker, Red-headed (Melanerpes erythrocephalus)

                Pic à tête rouge

            • AMPHIBIANS
              • REPTILES
                • Lizard, Eastern Short-horned (Phrynosoma douglassii brevirostre)

                  Phrynosome de Douglas de l’Est

                • Skink, Five-lined (Eumeces fasciatus)

                  Scinque pentaligne

                • Turtle, Wood (Clemmys insculpta)

                  Tortue des bois

              • FISH
                • Buffalo, Bigmouth (Ictiobus cyprinellus)

                  Buffalo à grande bouche

                • Buffalo, Black (Ictiobus niger)

                  Buffalo noir

                • Cisco, Spring (Coregonus sp.)

                  Cisco de printemps

                • Cod, Atlantic (Gadus morhua)

                  Morue franche

                • Dace, Redside (Clinostomus elongatus)

                  Méné long

                • Dace, Umatilla (Rhinichthys umatilla)

                  Naseux d’Umatilla

                • Darter, Greenside (Etheostoma blennioides)

                  Dard vert

                • Kiyi (Coregonus kiyi)

                  Kiyi

                • Lamprey, Chestnut (Ichthyomyzon castaneus)

                  Lamproie brune

                • Lamprey, Northern Brook (Ichthyomyzon fossor)

                  Lamproie du Nord

                • Redhorse, River (Moxostoma carinatum)

                  Chevalier de rivière

                • Sculpin, Fourhorn (Myoxocephalus quadricornis) Freshwater form

                  Chaboisseau à quatre cornes forme d’eau douce

                • Shiner, Bigmouth (Notropis dorsalis)

                  Méné à grande bouche

                • Shiner, Silver (Notropis photogenis)

                  Méné miroir

                • Stickleback, Charlotte Unarmoured (Gasterosteus aculeatus)

                  Épinoche lisse des îles de la Reine-Charlotte

                • Stickleback, Giant (Gasterosteus sp.)

                  Épinoche géante

                • Sturgeon, Shortnose (Acipenser brevirostrum)

                  Esturgeon à museau court

                • Sunfish, Orangespotted (Lepomis humilis)

                  Crapet menu

                • Sunfish, Redbreast (Lepomis auritus)

                  Crapet rouge

                • Whitefish, Squanga (Coregonus sp.)

                  Corégone du Squanga

              • PLANTS
                • Aster, Bathurst (Symphyotrichum subulatum) Bathurst population

                  Aster subulé population de Bathurst

                • Bulrush, Long’s (Scirpus longii)

                  Scirpe de Long

                • Columbo, American (Frasera caroliniensis)

                  Frasère de Caroline

                • Fern, Broad Beech (Phegopteris hexagonoptera)

                  Phégoptéride à hexagones

                • Fleabane, Provancher’s (Erigeron philadelphicus ssp. provancheri)

                  Vergerette de Provancher

                • Goosefoot, Smooth (Chenopodium subglabrum)

                  Chénopode glabre

                • Green Dragon (Arisaema dracontium)

                  Arisème dragon

                • Helleborine, Giant (Epipactis gigantea)

                  Épipactis géant

                • Locoweed, Hare-footed (Oxytropis lagopus)

                  Oxytrope patte-de-lièvre

                • Oak, Shumard (Quercus shumardii)

                  Chêne de Shumard

                • Quillwort, Bolander’s (Isoëtes bolanderi)

                  Isoète de Bolander

              • LICHENS
                • Cryptic Paw (Nephroma occultum)

                  Lichen cryptique

                • Oldgrowth Specklebelly (Pseudocyphellaria rainierensis)

                  Pseudocyphellie des forêts surannées

                • Seaside Bone (Hypogymnia heterophylla)

                  Hypogymnie maritime

              • 2002, c. 29, Sch. 3;
              • SOR/2005-14, ss. 61 to 65;
              • SOR/2005-224, ss. 37 to 40;
              • SOR/2006-60, s. 4;
              • SOR/2006-189, ss. 30 to 35.