Marginal note:Copyright in subject-matter other than works
56 (1) Application for the registration of a copyright in subject-matter other than a work may be made by or on behalf of the owner of the copyright in the subject-matter, an assignee of the copyright, or a person to whom an interest in the copyright has been granted by licence.
Marginal note:Application for registration
(2) An application under subsection (1) must be filed with the Copyright Office, be accompanied by the fee prescribed by or determined under the regulations, and contain the following information:
(a) the name and address of the owner of the copyright in the subject-matter;
(b) a declaration that the applicant is the owner of the copyright in the subject-matter, an assignee of the copyright, or a person to whom an interest in the copyright has been granted by licence;
(c) whether the subject-matter is a performer’s performance, a sound recording or a communication signal;
(d) the title, if any, of the subject-matter;
(e) the date of
(f) any additional information prescribed by regulation.
- R.S., 1985, c. C-42, s. 56;
- 1993, c. 15, s. 6;
- 1997, c. 24, s. 32.
Marginal note:Recovery of damages
56.1 Where a person purports to have the authority to apply for the registration of a copyright under section 55 or 56 on behalf of another person, any damage caused by a fraudulent or erroneous assumption of such authority is recoverable in any court of competent jurisdiction.
- 1997, c. 24, s. 32.
Marginal note:Registration of assignment or licence
(2) [Repealed, 1992, c. 1, s. 51]
Marginal note:When assignment or licence is void
(3) Any assignment of copyright, or any licence granting an interest in a copyright, shall be adjudged void against any subsequent assignee or licensee for valuable consideration without actual notice, unless the prior assignment or licence is registered in the manner prescribed by this Act before the registering of the instrument under which the subsequent assignee or licensee claims.
Marginal note:Rectification of Register by the Court
(4) The Federal Court may, on application of the Registrar of Copyrights or of any interested person, order the rectification of the Register of Copyrights by
(a) the making of any entry wrongly omitted to be made in the Register,
(b) the expunging of any entry wrongly made in or remaining on the Register, or
(c) the correction of any error or defect in the Register,
and any rectification of the Register under this subsection shall be retroactive from such date as the Court may order.
- R.S., 1985, c. C-42, s. 57;
- 1992, c. 1, s. 51;
- 1993, c. 15, s. 7;
- 1997, c. 24, s. 33.
Marginal note:Execution of instruments
58 (1) Any assignment of a copyright, or any licence granting an interest in a copyright, may be executed, subscribed or acknowledged at any place in a treaty country, a Rome Convention country or a WPPT country by the assignor, licensor or secured or hypothecary debtor, before any notary public, commissioner or other official, or the judge of any court, who is authorized by law to administer oaths or certify documents in that place and who also subscribes their signature and affixes to, or impresses on, the assignment or licence their official seal or the seal of the court of which they are a judge.
Marginal note:Execution of instruments
(2) Any assignment of copyright, or any licence granting an interest in a copyright, may be executed, subscribed or acknowledged by the assignor, licensor or mortgagor, in any other foreign country before any notary public, commissioner or other official or the judge of any court of the foreign country, who is authorized to administer oaths or perform notarial acts in that foreign country and whose authority shall be proved by the certificate of a diplomatic or consular officer of Canada performing their functions in that foreign country.
Marginal note:Seals to be evidence
(3) The official seal or seal of the court or the certificate of a diplomatic or consular officer is evidence of the execution of the instrument, and the instrument with the seal or certificate affixed or attached thereto is admissible as evidence in any action or proceeding brought under this Act without further proof.
Marginal note:Other testimony
(4) The provisions of subsections (1) and (2) shall be deemed to be permissive only, and the execution of any assignment of copyright, or any licence granting an interest in a copyright, may in any case be proved in accordance with the applicable rules of evidence.
- R.S., 1985, c. C-42, s. 58;
- 1997, c. 24, s. 34;
- 2012, c. 20, s. 50.
Marginal note:Fees regulations
59 The Governor in Council may make regulations
(a) prescribing fees, or the manner of determining fees, to be paid for anything required or authorized to be done in the administration of this Act; and
(b) prescribing the time and manner in which the fees must be paid.
- R.S., 1985, c. C-42, s. 59;
- 1993, c. 15, s. 8.
PART VIMiscellaneous Provisions
Marginal note:Subsistence of substituted right
60 (1) Where any person is immediately before January 1, 1924 entitled to any right in any work that is set out in column I of Schedule I, or to any interest in such a right, he is, as from that date, entitled to the substituted right set out in column II of that Schedule, or to the same interest in the substituted right, and to no other right or interest, and the substituted right shall subsist for the term for which it would have subsisted if this Act had been in force at the date when the work was made, and the work had been one entitled to copyright thereunder.
Marginal note:Where author has assigned the right
(2) Where the author of any work in which any right that is set out in column I of Schedule I subsists on January 1, 1924 has, before that date, assigned the right or granted any interest therein for the whole term of the right, then at the date when, but for the passing of this Act, the right would have expired, the substituted right conferred by this section shall, in the absence of express agreement, pass to the author of the work, and any interest therein created before January 1, 1924 and then subsisting shall determine, but the person who immediately before the date at which the right would have expired was the owner of the right or interest is entitled at his option either
(a) on giving such notice as is hereinafter mentioned, to an assignment of the right or the grant of a similar interest therein for the remainder of the term of the right for such consideration as, failing agreement, may be determined by arbitration, or
(b) without any assignment or grant, to continue to reproduce or perform the work in like manner as theretofore subject to the payment, if demanded by the author within three years after the date at which the right would have expired, of such royalties to the author as, failing agreement, may be determined by arbitration, or, where the work is incorporated in a collective work and the owner of the right or interest is the proprietor of that collective work, without any payment,
and the notice referred to in paragraph (a) must be given not more than one year or less than six months before the date at which the right would have expired, and must be sent by registered post to the author, or, if he cannot with reasonable diligence be found, advertised in the Canada Gazette.
Definition of author
(3) For the purposes of this section, author includes the legal representatives of a deceased author.
Marginal note:Works made before this Act in force
(4) Subject to this Act, copyright shall not subsist in any work made before January 1, 1924 otherwise than under and in accordance with the provisions of this section.
- R.S., 1985, c. C-42, s. 60;
- R.S., 1985, c. 10 (4th Supp.), s. 17(F);
- 1997, c. 24, s. 52(F).
Marginal note:Clerical errors do not invalidate
61 Clerical errors in any instrument of record in the Copyright Office do not invalidate the instrument, but they may be corrected under the authority of the Registrar of Copyrights.
- R.S., 1985, c. C-42, s. 61;
- 1992, c. 1, s. 52;
- 1993, c. 15, s. 10.
- Date modified: