Copyright Act (R.S.C., 1985, c. C-42)

Act current to 2016-08-01 and last amended on 2016-06-22. Previous Versions

Marginal note:Work available through Internet
  •  (1) Subject to subsections (2) to (5), it is not an infringement of copyright for an educational institution, or a person acting under the authority of one, to do any of the following acts for educational or training purposes in respect of a work or other subject-matter that is available through the Internet:

    • (a) reproduce it;

    • (b) communicate it to the public by telecommunication, if that public primarily consists of students of the educational institution or other persons acting under its authority;

    • (c) perform it in public, if that public primarily consists of students of the educational institution or other persons acting under its authority; or

    • (d) do any other act that is necessary for the purpose of the acts referred to in paragraphs (a) to (c).

  • Marginal note:Conditions

    (2) Subsection (1) does not apply unless the educational institution or person acting under its authority, in doing any of the acts described in that subsection in respect of the work or other subject-matter, mentions the following:

    • (a) the source; and

    • (b) if given in the source, the name of

      • (i) the author, in the case of a work,

      • (ii) the performer, in the case of a performer’s performance,

      • (iii) the maker, in the case of a sound recording, and

      • (iv) the broadcaster, in the case of a communication signal.

  • Marginal note:Non-application

    (3) Subsection (1) does not apply if the work or other subject-matter — or the Internet site where it is posted — is protected by a technological protection measure that restricts access to the work or other subject-matter or to the Internet site.

  • Marginal note:Non-application

    (4) Subsection (1) does not permit a person to do any act described in that subsection in respect of a work or other subject-matter if

    • (a) that work or other subject-matter — or the Internet site where it is posted — is protected by a technological protection measure that restricts the doing of that act; or

    • (b) a clearly visible notice — and not merely the copyright symbol — prohibiting that act is posted at the Internet site where the work or other subject-matter is posted or on the work or other subject-matter itself.

  • Marginal note:Non-application

    (5) Subsection (1) does not apply if the educational institution or person acting under its authority knows or should have known that the work or other subject-matter was made available through the Internet without the consent of the copyright owner.

  • Marginal note:Regulations

    (6) The Governor in Council may make regulations for the purposes of paragraph (4)(b) prescribing what constitutes a clearly visible notice.

  • 2012, c. 20, s. 27.

Libraries, Archives and Museums

Marginal note:Management and maintenance of collection
  •  (1) It is not an infringement of copyright for a library, archive or museum or a person acting under the authority of a library, archive or museum to make, for the maintenance or management of its permanent collection or the permanent collection of another library, archive or museum, a copy of a work or other subject-matter, whether published or unpublished, in its permanent collection

    • (a) if the original is rare or unpublished and is

      • (i) deteriorating, damaged or lost, or

      • (ii) at risk of deterioration or becoming damaged or lost;

    • (b) for the purposes of on-site consultation if the original cannot be viewed, handled or listened to because of its condition or because of the atmospheric conditions in which it must be kept;

    • (c) in an alternative format if the library, archive or museum or a person acting under the authority of the library, archive or museum considers that the original is currently in a format that is obsolete or is becoming obsolete, or that the technology required to use the original is unavailable or is becoming unavailable;

    • (d) for the purposes of internal record-keeping and cataloguing;

    • (e) for insurance purposes or police investigations; or

    • (f) if necessary for restoration.

  • Marginal note:Limitation

    (2) Paragraphs (1)(a) to (c) do not apply where an appropriate copy is commercially available in a medium and of a quality that is appropriate for the purposes of subsection (1).

  • Marginal note:Destruction of intermediate copies

    (3) If a person must make an intermediate copy in order to make a copy under subsection (1), the person must destroy the intermediate copy as soon as it is no longer needed.

  • Marginal note:Regulations

    (4) The Governor in Council may make regulations with respect to the procedure for making copies under subsection (1).

  • 1997, c. 24, s. 18;
  • 1999, c. 31, s. 59(E);
  • 2012, c. 20, s. 28.
Marginal note:Research or private study
  •  (1) It is not an infringement of copyright for a library, archive or museum or a person acting under its authority to do anything on behalf of any person that the person may do personally under section 29 or 29.1.

  • Marginal note:Copies of articles for research, etc.

    (2) It is not an infringement of copyright for a library, archive or museum or a person acting under the authority of a library, archive or museum to make, by reprographic reproduction, for any person requesting to use the copy for research or private study, a copy of a work that is, or that is contained in, an article published in

    • (a) a scholarly, scientific or technical periodical; or

    • (b) a newspaper or periodical, other than a scholarly, scientific or technical periodical, if the newspaper or periodical was published more than one year before the copy is made.

  • Marginal note:Restriction

    (3) Paragraph (2)(b) does not apply in respect of a work of fiction or poetry or a dramatic or musical work.

  • Marginal note:Conditions

    (4) A library, archive or museum may provide the person for whom the copy is made under subsection (2) with the copy only on the condition that

    • (a) the person is provided with a single copy of the work; and

    • (b) the library, archive or museum informs the person that the copy is to be used solely for research or private study and that any use of the copy for a purpose other than research or private study may require the authorization of the copyright owner of the work in question.

  • Marginal note:Patrons of other libraries, etc.

    (5) Subject to subsection (5.02), a library, archive or museum, or a person acting under the authority of one, may do, on behalf of a patron of another library, archive or museum, anything under subsection (1) or (2) that it is authorized by this section to do on behalf of one of its own patrons.

  • Marginal note:Deeming

    (5.01) For the purpose of subsection (5), the making of a copy of a work other than by reprographic reproduction is deemed to be a making of a copy of the work that may be done under subsection (2).

  • Marginal note:Limitation regarding copies in digital form

    (5.02) A library, archive or museum, or a person acting under the authority of one, may, under subsection (5), provide a copy in digital form to a person who has requested it through another library, archive or museum if the providing library, archive or museum or person takes measures to prevent the person who has requested it from

    • (a) making any reproduction of the digital copy, including any paper copies, other than printing one copy of it;

    • (b) communicating the digital copy to any other person; and

    • (c) using the digital copy for more than five business days from the day on which the person first uses it.

  • Marginal note:Destruction of intermediate copies

    (5.1) Where an intermediate copy is made in order to copy a work referred to in subsection (5), once the copy is given to the patron, the intermediate copy must be destroyed.

  • Marginal note:Regulations

    (6) The Governor in Council may, for the purposes of this section, make regulations

    • (a) defining “newspaper” and “periodical”;

    • (b) defining scholarly, scientific and technical periodicals;

    • (c) prescribing the information to be recorded about any action taken under subsection (1) or (5) and the manner and form in which the information is to be kept; and

    • (d) prescribing the manner and form in which the conditions set out in subsection (4) are to be met.

  • 1997, c. 24, s. 18;
  • 2012, c. 20, s. 29.
 
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