Consumer Packaging and Labelling Regulations (C.R.C., c. 417)

Regulations are current to 2016-06-06 and last amended on 2014-01-29. Previous Versions

Consumer Packaging and Labelling Regulations

C.R.C., c. 417

CONSUMER PACKAGING AND LABELLING ACT

Regulations Respecting Consumer Packaging and Labelling

Short Title

 These Regulations may be cited as the Consumer Packaging and Labelling Regulations.

Interpretation

  •  (1) In these Regulations,

    Act

    Act means the Consumer Packaging and Labelling Act; (Loi)

    Canadian unit

    Canadian unit means a unit of measurement set out in Schedule II to the Weights and Measures Act; (unité canadienne)

    declaration of net quantity

    declaration of net quantity means the declaration of net quantity referred to in section 4 of the Act; (déclaration de quantité nette)

    metric unit

    metric unit means a unit of measurement set out in Schedule I to the Weights and Measures Act; (unité métrique)

    nominal volume

    nominal volume[Repealed, SOR/96-278, s. 1]

    ornamental container

    ornamental container means a container that, except on the bottom, does not have any promotional or advertising material thereon, other than a trade mark or common name and that, because of any design appearing on its surface or because of its shape or texture, appears to be a decorative ornament and is sold as a decorative ornament in addition to being sold as the container of a product; (emballage décoratif)

    principal display surface

    principal display surface means,

    • (a) in the case of a container that has a side or surface that is displayed or visible under normal or customary conditions of sale or use, the total area of such side or surface excluding the top, if any,

    • (b) in the case of a container that has a lid that is the part of the container displayed or visible under normal or customary conditions of sale or use, the total area of the top surface of the lid,

    • (c) in the case of a container that does not have a particular side or surface that is displayed or visible under normal or customary conditions of sale or use, any 40 per cent of the total surface area of the container, excluding the top and bottom, if any, if such 40 per cent can be displayed or visible under normal or customary conditions of sale or use,

    • (d) in the case of a container that is a bag with sides of equal dimensions, the total area of one of the sides,

    • (e) in the case of a container that is a bag with sides of more than one size, the total area of one of the largest sides,

    • (f) in the case of a container that is a wrapper or confining band that is so narrow in relation to the size of the product contained that it cannot reasonably be said to have any side or surface that is displayed or visible under normal or customary conditions of sale or use, the total area of one side of a ticket or tag attached to such container, and

    • (g) despite paragraphs (a) to (f) of this definition, in the case of a container of wine in which the wine is displayed for sale to consumers, any part of the surface of the container, excluding its top and bottom, that can be seen without having to turn the container; (principale surface exposée)

    wine

    wine is an alcoholic beverage that meets the standard for wine set out in section B.02.100 of the Food and Drug Regulations.

  • (2) For the purposes of the Act and these Regulations,

    principal display panel

    principal display panel means,

    • (a) in the case of a container that is mounted on a display card, that part of the label applied to all or part of the principal display surface of the container or to all or part of the side of the display card that is displayed or visible under normal or customary conditions of sale or use or to both such parts of the container and the display card,

    • (b) in the case of an ornamental container, that part of the label applied to all or part of the bottom of the container or to all or part of the principal display surface or to all or part of a tag that is attached to the container, and

    • (c) in the case of all other containers, that part of the label applied to all or part of the principal display surface. (espace principal)

  • SOR/96-278, s. 1;
  • SOR/2014-8, s. 1.

Exemptions from All Provisions of the Act

  •  (1) Prepackaged products that are produced or manufactured for commercial or industrial enterprises or institutions for use by such enterprises or institutions without being sold by them as prepackaged products to other consumers are exempt from all the provisions of the Act.

  • (2) Prepackaged products that are produced or manufactured only for export or for sale to a duty-free store, are exempt from all the provisions of the Act.

  • (3) Prepackaged products consisting of consumer textile articles that are subject to section 3 of the Textile Labelling Act are exempt from all the provisions of the Act.

  • (4) Prepackaged products consisting of replacement parts for vehicles, appliances or other durable consumer goods are exempt from all the provisions of the Act unless they are intended to be displayed for sale to a consumer or are displayed for sale to a consumer.

  • (5) Prepackaged products consisting of materials that are produced or manufactured for use by artists, namely,

    • (a) colours for painting, dyeing or printing,

    • (b) ceramic and enamelling colours and glazes, and

    • (c) surfaces and tools,

    are exempt from all the provisions of the Act.

Exemptions from Sections 4, 5, 6, 8 and 10 of the Act

  •  (1) Prepackaged products that are subject to regulations respecting packaging, labelling and marking under the Feeds Act, Fertilizers Act, Pest Control Products Act or Seeds Act are exempt from sections 4, 5, 6, 8 and 10 of the Act.

  • (2) A prepackaged product that is a soft drink the container of which is

    • (a) re-used by a dealer as a soft drink container,

    • (b) permanently labelled with any information required to be shown thereon by or under the Food and Drugs Act, and

    • (c) manufactured before March 1, 1974 or during a period of 12 months after March 1, 1974,

    is exempt from sections 4, 5, 6, 8 and 10 of the Act.

  • (3) Prepackaged products, commonly known as one-bite confections, that are usually sold individually to a consumer are exempt from sections 4, 5, 6, 8 and 10 of the Act.

  • (4) Prepackaged products consisting of fresh fruits or fresh vegetables that are packaged in a wrapper or confining band of less than 1/2 inch in width are exempt from sections 4, 5, 6, 8 and 10 of the Act.

  • (5) Prepackaged products consisting of raspberries or strawberries that are packaged in the field in containers having a capacity of 1.14 litres or less are exempt from sections 4, 5, 6, 8 and 10 of the Act.

Exemptions from Section 4 and Subparagraph 10(b)(ii) of the Act

  •  (1) A prepackaged product that

    • (a) does not consist of food,

    • (b) is usually sold to a consumer by numerical count,

    • (c) is packaged in such a manner that the product contents are visible and identifiable, and

    • (d) has a label applied to it in accordance with sections 7 to 11 that shows the information referred to in subparagraph 10(b)(i) of the Act in the form and manner prescribed by these Regulations,

    is exempt from subparagraph 10(b)(ii) of the Act.

  • (2) A prepackaged product that

    • (a) does not consist of food,

    • (b) is usually sold to a consumer by numerical count,

    • (c) is packaged in such a manner that the product contents are visible and identifiable,

    • (d) consists of less than seven articles or consists of less than 13 articles and the actual number of those articles can be readily ascertained by an examination of the product without opening it, and

    • (e) has a label applied to it in accordance with sections 7 to 11 that shows the information referred to in subparagraph 10(b)(i) of the Act in the form and manner prescribed by these Regulations,

    is exempt from section 4 of the Act.

  • (3) A prepackaged product that

    • (a) does not consist of food,

    • (b) consists of a single article or consists of more than one article where the articles are packaged as a set,

    • (c) is usually sold to a consumer by numerical count,

    • (d) has on the principal display panel a pictorial representation which adequately indicates the identity and quantity of the product contents, and

    • (e) has a label applied to it in accordance with sections 7 to 11 that shows the information referred to in subparagraph 10(b)(i) of the Act in the form and manner prescribed by these Regulations,

    is exempt from section 4 and subparagraph 10(b)(ii) of the Act.

 [Repealed, SOR/96-278, s. 2]

Bilingual Requirements and Exemptions

  •  (1) In this section,

    local government unit

    local government unit means a city, metropolitan government area, town, village, municipality or other area of local government but does not include any local government unit situated within a bilingual district established under the Official Languages Act; (collectivité locale)

    local product

    local product means a prepackaged product that is manufactured, processed, produced or packaged in a local government unit and sold only in

    • (a) the local government unit in which it is manufactured, processed, produced or packaged,

    • (b) one or more local government units that are immediately adjacent to the one in which it is manufactured, processed, produced or packaged, or

    • (c) the local government unit in which it is manufactured, processed, produced or packaged and in one or more local government units that are immediately adjacent to the one in which it is manufactured, processed, produced or packaged; (produit local)

    mother tongue

    mother tongue means the language first learned in childhood by persons in any area of Canada and still understood by them as ascertained by the decennial census taken immediately preceding the date on which the prepackaged product referred to in subsection (3) is sold to the consumer; (langue maternelle)

    official languages

    official languages means the English language and the French language; (langues officielles)

    specialty product

    specialty product means a prepackaged product that is

    • (a) a food or beverage that has special religious significance and is used in religious ceremonies, or

    • (b) an imported product

      • (i) that is not widely used by the population as a whole in Canada, and

      • (ii) for which there is no readily available substitute that is manufactured, processed, produced or packaged in Canada and that is generally accepted as being a comparable substitute; (produit spécial)

    test market product

    test market product means a prepackaged product that, prior to the date of the notice of intention respecting that product referred to in subsection (5), was not sold in Canada in that form and that differs substantially from any other product sold in Canada with respect to its composition, function, state or packaging form. (produit d’essai)

  • (2) All information required by the Act and these Regulations to be shown on the label of a prepackaged product shall be shown in both official languages except that the identity and principal place of business of the person by or for whom the prepackaged product was manufactured, processed, produced or packaged for resale may be shown in one of the official languages.

  • (3) Subject to subsections (4) to (6), a local product or test market product is exempt from subsection (2) if

    • (a) it is sold in a local government unit in which one of the official languages is the mother tongue of less than 10 per cent of the total number of persons residing in the local government unit; and

    • (b) the information required by the Act and these Regulations to be shown on the label of a prepackaged product is shown in the official language that is the mother tongue of at least 10 per cent of the total number of persons residing in the local government unit.

  • (4) Where one of the official languages is the mother tongue of less than 10 per cent of the total number of persons residing in a local government unit and the other official language is the mother tongue of less than 10 per cent of the total number of persons residing in the same local government unit, subsection (3) does not apply.

  • (5) Subsection (3) does not apply to a test market product unless the dealer who intends to conduct the test marketing of the product has, six weeks prior to conducting the test marketing, filed with the Minister of Consumer and Corporate Affairs a notice of intention in such form as the Minister may prescribe.

  • (6) A test market product shall, for the purposes of subsection (3) and paragraph 36(3)(a), cease to be a test market product upon the expiration of 12 cumulative months after the date on which it was first offered for sale as a test market product but any test market product that was acquired for resale by a dealer, other than the dealer who filed the notice of intention referred to in subsection (5), before the expiration of those 12 cumulative months, shall continue to be a test market product for the purposes of subsection (3) and paragraph 36(3)(a) until it is sold to a consumer.

  • (7) A specialty product is exempt from subsection (2) if the information required by the Act and these Regulations to be shown on the label of a prepackaged product is shown in one of the official languages.

  • (8) Where there are one or more surfaces on the label of a prepackaged product that are of at least the same size and prominence as the principal display panel, the information required by the Act and these Regulations to be shown on the principal display panel may be shown in one official language if such information is shown in the other official language on one of those other surfaces.

  • (9) A prepackaged product that is within one of the following classes of prepackaged products is exempt from subsection (2) if the information required by the Act and these Regulations to be shown on the label of a prepackaged product is shown in the language that is appropriate to the product:

    • (a) greeting cards;

    • (b) books;

    • (c) talking toys;

    • (d) games in which a knowledge of the language used is a basic factor essential to the use of the game.

Application of Label to Prepackaged Product

  •  (1) Subject to subsection (2), the label of a prepackaged product shall be applied to the container in which the product is displayed for sale to the consumer.

  • (2) Where the container of a prepackaged product is mounted on a display card, the label may be applied to the side of the display card that is displayed or visible under normal or customary conditions of sale or use.

 Where the container of a prepackaged product is a wrapper or confining band referred to in paragraph (f) of the definition principal display surface in subsection 2(1), the label shall be a ticket or tag and shall be attached to the wrapper or confining band.

 Subject to subsection 7(2) and section 10, all or part of the label of a prepackaged product shall be applied to the principal display surface of the container of that product.

 Where the container of a prepackaged product is an ornamental container, all of the label of the prepackaged product may be applied to the bottom of the container or to a tag that is attached to the container.

 The label of a prepackaged product shall be applied in such a manner that the prepackaged product will bear the label at the time it is sold to the consumer.

Part of Label on Which Information to Be Shown

 The following information shall be shown on the principal display panel:

  • (a) the net quantity of the prepackaged product;

  • (b) the identity of the prepackaged product in terms of its common or generic name or in terms of its function; and

  • (c) such other information required by the Act or these Regulations to be shown on the principal display panel.

 Subject to section 10, the identity and principal place of business of the person by or for whom a prepackaged product was manufactured or produced for resale shall be shown on any part of the label except that part of the label, if any, applied to the bottom of a container.

Size of Type in Which Information to Be Shown

  •  (1) For the purposes of this section and sections 15 and 16, the height of a letter means the height of an upper case letter where words appear in upper case and the height of the lower case letter “o” when words appear in lower case or in a mixture of upper and lower case.

  • (2) The numerical quantity in the declaration of net quantity shall be shown in bold face type in letters of not less than the following height:

    • (a) 1/16 inch (1.6 millimetres), where the principal display surface of the container is not more than five square inches (32 square centimetres);

    • (b) 1/8 inch (3.2 millimetres), where the principal display surface of the container is more than five square inches (32 square centimetres) but not more than 40 square inches (258 square centimetres);

    • (c) 1/4 inch (6.4 millimetres), where the principal display surface of the container is more than 40 square inches (258 square centimetres) but not more than 100 square inches (645 square centimetres);

    • (d) 3/8 inch (9.5 millimetres), where the principal display surface of the container is more than 100 square inches (645 square centimetres) but not more than 400 square inches (25.8 square decimetres); and

    • (e) 1/2 inch (12.7 millimetres), where the principal display surface of the container is more than 400 square inches (25.8 square decimetres).

  • (3) Where a container is mounted on a display card, the declaration of net quantity may be shown on the principal display panel of the label applied to the container or on the principal display panel of the label applied to the display card but the height of the letters in the numerical quantity of the declaration of net quantity shall, for the purpose of subsection (2), be proportionate to the total area of the side of the display card that is displayed or visible under normal or customary conditions of sale or use and not to the principal display surface of the container.

  • (4) All information in the declaration of net quantity other than the information referred to in subsection (2), shall be shown in letters of not less than 1/16 inch (1.6 millimetres) in height.

  • (5) Despite subsections (2) to (4), in the case of the label on a 750 millilitre container, no taller than 360 millimetres, in which wine is displayed for sale to consumers, the declaration of net quantity may be shown in letters of not less than 3.3 millimetres in height.

  • SOR/2014-8, s. 2.

 Information that is required by the Act and these Regulations to be shown on a label, other than in the declaration of net quantity, shall be shown in a manner easily legible to the consumer under normal or customary conditions of sale or use and shall be in letters of not less than 1/16 inch (1.6 millimetres) in height.

 Notwithstanding section 15, where the area of the principal display surface of a container is 1.55 square inches (10 square centimetres) or less, and where all the information that is required by the Act or these Regulations to be shown on a label is shown on the principal display panel, such information, other than the information in the declaration of net quantity, may be in letters of not less than 1/32 inch (0.8 millimetre) in height.

Declaration of Net Quantity

 Where the declaration of net quantity is in terms of metric and Canadian units, those units shall be grouped together, except that any symbol that is required to be shown pursuant to the Hazardous Products Act or any regulations made under that Act may be shown between and immediately adjacent to those units.

Exemption from Net Quantity Declaration

  •  (1) For the purposes of this section and section 27.1, catch-weight product means a class of food product that because of its nature cannot normally be portioned to a predetermined quantity and is, as a result, usually sold in packages of varying quantity.

  • (2) Subject to subsection (3), the following types of transactions are exempt from section 4 of the Act:

    • (a) sales by automatic vending machines or mobile canteens of prepackaged individual servings of food that are prepared by a commissary;

    • (b) sales to a retailer by a manufacturer, processor or producer of prepackaged catchweight products;

    • (c) sales of prepackaged individual portions of food that are served by a restaurant or other commercial enterprise with meals or snacks.

  • (3) A prepackaged product referred to in subsection (2) shall have a label applied to it in accordance with sections 7 to 11 and the label shall show the information referred to in subparagraphs 10(b)(i) and (ii) of the Act in the form and manner prescribed by these Regulations.

  • SOR/82-411, s. 1.

Exemption from Metric Net Quantity Declaration and Type Size Requirement

  •  (1) For the purposes of this section,

    area

    area means an area within the meaning of subsection 337(1) of the Weights and Measures Regulations; (région)

    floor covering

    floor covering means floor covering within the meaning of section 342 of the Weights and Measures Regulations; (couvre-plancher)

    individually measured commodity

    individually measured commodity means an individually measured commodity within the meaning of section 45 of the Weights and Measures Regulations. (marchandise mesurée individuellement)

  • (2) Subject to subsection (3), prepackaged products packaged from bulk on a retail premises, other than wallpaper or floor covering, are exempt from paragraphs 4(1)(b) and 8(b) of the Act and from section 14 of these Regulations, if the net quantity of the product is clearly shown on the principal display panel of the label thereon in terms of a Canadian unit.

  • (3) Prepackaged food that is an individually measured commodity is exempt from paragraphs 4(1)(b) and 8(b) of the Act and from section 14 of these Regulations in each area described in Column I of an item of the table to section 341 of the Weights and Measures Regulations prior to the applicable date set out in Column III of that item, if the net quantity of the product is clearly shown on the principal display panel of the label thereon in terms of a Canadian unit.

  • (4) Prepackaged food that is an individually measured commodity is exempt from section 14 of these Regulations in each area described in Column I of an item of the table to section 341 of the Weights and Measures Regulations on and after the applicable date set out in Column III of that item.

  • SOR/78-789, s. 1;
  • SOR/80-840, s. 1;
  • SOR/82-411, s. 2.

 [Repealed, SOR/78-789, s. 2]

Manner of Declaring Net Quantity

 Subject to sections 22, 23 and 36, the declaration of net quantity of a prepackaged product shall show the quantity of the product

  • (a) by volume, when the product is a liquid or gas or is viscous, or

  • (b) by weight, when the product is solid,

unless it is the established trade practice to show the net quantity of the product in some other manner, in which case the declaration shall be in accordance with the established trade practice.

  • SOR/78-171, s. 1.
  •  (1) The declaration of net quantity of a prepackaged product listed in the table to this subsection shall show the net quantity of the product by weight.

    TABLE

    ItemProduct
    1products packed for dispensing in aerosol form
    2honey
    3peanut butter
    4[Repealed, SOR/78-789, s. 3]
    5maple butter
    6[Repealed, SOR/78-171, s. 2]
    7cooking molasses
    8table molasses
    9fancy molasses
    10[Repealed, SOR/81-580, s. 1]
    11cottage cheese
    12yogurt
    13dips
    14whipped butter
    15liquid whole egg, egg-yolk or egg albumen or mixtures of two or more of those products
    16frozen liquid whole egg, egg-yolk or egg albumen or mixtures of two or more of those products.
  • (2) The declaration of net quantity of a prepackaged product listed in the table to this subsection shall show the net quantity of the product by weight of the edible contents in the container exclusive of the free liquid or glaze content.

    TABLE

    ItemProduct
    1canned shellfish
    2canned crustaceans
    3meat packed in brine or vinegar solutions
    4frozen glazed fish
  • (3) The declaration of net quantity of a prepackaged product listed in the table to this subsection shall show the net quantity of the product by volume.

    TABLE

    ItemProduct
    1canned fruits
    2canned vegetables
    3pickles
    4relishes
    5olives
    6creamed mushrooms
    7mushrooms in brine
    8maraschino cherries
    9creme de menthe cherries
    10cocktail cherries
    11beans with pork
    12infant foods
    13junior foods
    14spaghetti in tomato sauce
    15ice cream and products containing ice cream
    16ice milk and products containing ice milk
    17sherbet and products containing sherbet
    18fruit pie filling
    19fountain fruits
    20tomato paste
    21tomato puree
    22soup
    23condensed soup
    24jam and jam with pectin
    25jelly and jelly with pectin
    26marmalade and marmalade with pectin
    27preserves
    28frozen liquid foods other than the products described in item 16 of the Table to subsection 22(1)
    29tomato catsup
    30tomato chili sauce
    31tomato sauce
    32tomato pulp
    33tomato juice, concentrated
    34cranberries, cranberry sauce
    35mincemeat
    36ice cream cake
    37sour cream
    38fruit spreads
    39canned concentrated milk products
    40maple syrup
  • (4) The declaration of net quantity of a prepackaged product listed in the table to this subsection shall show the net quantity of the product in terms of numerical count.

    TABLE

    ItemProduct
    1canned or frozen corn-on-the-cob
  • (5) The declaration of net quantity of a prepackaged product listed in the table to this subsection shall show the net quantity of the product by weight, volume, or in terms of numerical count.

    TABLE

    ItemProduct
    1fresh fruits
    2fresh vegetables
  • SOR/78-171, ss. 2, 3;
  • SOR/78-789, ss. 3, 4;
  • SOR/81-580, s. 1.
  •  (1) The declaration of net quantity of non-perforated rolls, sheets or other units of wrapping paper, plastic foil, aluminum foil, waxed paper, wall paper, adhesive tape or other non-perforated bidimensional products shall show the net quantity of the product by

    • (a) the number of rolls, sheets or other units in the package, if there is more than one;

    • (b) the length and width of each roll, sheet or other unit; and

    • (c) the area measurement of the roll or the total area measurement of all sheets or other units if each roll, sheet or other unit is more than four inches (10.2 centimetres) in width and more than one square foot (9.29 square decimetres) in area.

  • (2) The declaration of net quantity of rolls, sheets or other units of bathroom tissue, facial tissue, paper towels, paper napkins and other bidimensional products that have one or more plys and are sold in separate or perforated individual units shall show the net quantity of the product by

    • (a) the number of rolls, sheets or other units in the package, if there is more than one;

    • (b) the length and width of each separate or perforated individual unit;

    • (c) the number of plys of each separate or perforated individual unit unless the product is one of a class of products that is made only in a single ply; and

    • (d) in the case of roll products, the number of perforated individual units in the roll.

  • (3) Where the package contains different bidimensional products, the net quantity of each such product shall be shown as required by this section.

Units of Measurement

 The declaration of net quantity in Canadian units for a measurement of volume less than one gallon shall be shown in fluid ounces, except that 20 fluid ounces may be shown as being one pint, 40 fluid ounces as being one quart, 60 fluid ounces as being three pints, 80 fluid ounces as being two quarts or 1/2 gallon and 120 fluid ounces as being three quarts.

 The declaration of net quantity in metric units shall be shown in the decimal system to three figures, except that where the net quantity is below 100 grams, millilitres, cubic centimetres, square centimetres or centimetres, it may be shown to two figures and, in either case, any final zero appearing to the right of the decimal point need not be shown.

 Where a net quantity less than a whole number is shown in the declaration of net quantity of a prepackaged product in a metric unit, it shall be shown

  • (a) in the decimal system with the numeral zero preceding the decimal point; or

  • (b) in words.

 Subject to section 27.1, where the declaration of net quantity of a prepackaged product is shown in metric units, the metric units shall be in

  • (a) millilitres, where the net volume of the product is less than 1 000 millilitres, except that 500 millilitres may be shown as being 0.5 litre;

  • (b) litres, where the net volume is 1 000 millilitres or more;

  • (c) grams, where the net weight is less than 1 000 grams, except that 500 grams may be shown as being 0.5 kilogram;

  • (d) kilograms, where the net weight is 1 000 grams or more;

  • (e) centimetres or millimetres, where the length is less than 100 centimetres;

  • (f) metres, where the length is 100 centimetres or more;

  • (g) square centimetres, where the area is less than 100 square centimetres;

  • (h) square decimetres, where the area is 100 square centimetres or more, but less than 100 square decimetres;

  • (i) square metres, where the area is one square metre or more;

  • (j) cubic centimetres, where the cubic measurement is less than 1 000 cubic centimetres;

  • (k) cubic decimetres, where the cubic measurement is one cubic decimetre or more but less than 1 000 cubic decimetres; and

  • (l) cubic metres, where the cubic measurement is one cubic metre or more.

  • SOR/80-840, s. 2.

 Notwithstanding paragraph 27(c), where the net weight of

  • (a) a prepackaged product that is packaged from bulk on a retail premises, or

  • (b) a prepackaged catch weight product that is sold by a retailer

is less than 1 000 grams and the declaration of net quantity is shown in terms of metric units of weight, the metric units may be shown in terms of grams or a decimal fraction of a kilogram.

  • SOR/80-840, s. 3.

Prepackaged Products Consisting of Products Packaged Separately

  •  (1) Where a prepackaged product is sold as one unit but consists of two or more products that are packaged separately and labelled with the information required to be shown on prepackaged products, the declaration of net quantity shall show

    • (a) the number of products in each class and the identity of each class in terms of common, generic or functional name;

    • (b) the total net quantity of products in each class in the unit or the individual net quantity of each identical product in the class in the unit; and

    • (c) if a class of product in the unit contains only one product, the net quantity of that product.

  • (2) Notwithstanding subsection (1), where a prepackaged product referred to in that subsection consists of less than seven identical products that are packaged separately and such products are labelled to show all the information required by the Act and these Regulations and that information is clearly visible at the time of sale, no information is required to be shown on the prepackaged product being sold as one unit and that prepackaged product is exempt from sections 4, 8 and 10 of the Act.

Advertisements

  •  (1) Subject to subsections (2) and (3), where the declaration of net quantity of a prepackaged product is in terms of metric and Canadian units, an advertisement for such product may show its net quantity in terms of either a metric or a Canadian unit of measurement.

  • (2) During the year 1980, Canadian units of measurement shall not be used in any advertisement within retail premises for a wallpaper or any “floor covering” within the meaning of section 342 of the Weights and Measures Regulations unless the equivalent metric units of measurement are shown in a manner at least as prominent as the Canadian units.

  • (3) After December 31, 1980, Canadian units of measurement shall not be used in any advertisement for a wallpaper or any “floor covering” within the meaning of section 342 of the Weights and Measures Regulations.

  • SOR/80-840, s. 4.

Name and other Information

 Where by any enactment of the Parliament of Canada or any regulation made pursuant thereto, a common, generic or functional name for a product is prescribed, that name shall be used as the common, generic or functional name of the prepackaged product for the purpose of subparagraph 10(b)(ii) of the Act.

  •  (1) Where any reference, direct or indirect, is made on a label to a place of manufacture and the reference is made with respect to the place of manufacture of the label or container and not to the place of manufacture of the product, the reference shall be accompanied by an additional statement indicating that the place of manufacture refers only to the label or container.

  • (2) Where a prepackaged product that is wholly manufactured or produced in a country other than Canada has applied to it, whether in Canada or elsewhere, a label that shows the identity and principal place of business of the person in Canada for whom the prepackaged product was manufactured or produced for resale, the identity and principal place of business of that person shall be preceded by the words “imported by” (“importé par”) or “imported for” (“importé pour”), as the case may be, unless the geographic origin of the prepackaged product is stated on the label.

  • (3) Where a product that is wholly manufactured or produced in a country other than Canada is packaged in Canada at other than the retail level of trade and the resulting prepackaged product has applied to it a label that shows the identity and principal place of business of either the person in Canada for whom the product was manufactured or produced for resale in prepackaged form or for whom the prepackaged product was manufactured or produced for resale, the identity and principal place of business of that person shall be preceded by the words “imported by” (“importé par”) or “imported for” (“importé pour”), as the case may be, unless the geographic origin of the product is stated on the label.

  • (4) Subject to the requirements of any other applicable federal or provincial law, the statement of geographic origin referred to in subsections (2) and (3) shall be located immediately adjacent to the declaration of dealer identity and principal place of business and shall be shown in letters at least as large as those used in the declaration of the Canadian dealer’s principal place of business.

  • (5) Subsections (2) and (4) do not apply to a prepackaged product labelled in Canada prior to November 1, 1982.

  • (6) Subsections (3) and (4) do not apply to a prepackaged product packaged and labelled in Canada prior to November 1, 1982.

  • (7) Subsection (4) does not apply to a prepackaged product manufactured or produced and labelled in a country other than Canada prior to November 1, 1982.

  • SOR/81-906, s. 1.

Exemption from Subparagraphs 10(b)(i) and (ii) of the Act

  •  (1) Where prepackaged products consisting of fresh fruits or fresh vegetables are prepackaged on retail premises in such a manner that the fruits or vegetables are visible and identifiable in the package, such prepackaged products are exempt from subparagraphs 10(b)(i) and (ii) of the Act.

  • (2) Where prepackaged products consisting of fresh fruits or fresh vegetables are prepackaged at a level of trade other than retail in such a manner that the fruits or vegetables are visible and identifiable in the package, such prepackaged products are exempt from subparagraph 10(b)(ii) of the Act.

  • (3) Where prepackaged products consisting of fresh apples or fresh pears are prepackaged at any level of trade in such a manner that the name of the variety of the product as required by subsection 10(3) of the Fresh Fruit and Vegetable Regulations appears on any part of the label except that part of the label, if any, applied to the bottom of the container, such prepackaged products are exempt from subparagraph 10(b)(ii) of the Act.

  • SOR/78-171, s. 4.

Representation as to Number of Servings

  •  (1) Where the label applied to an edible or potable prepackaged product contains a representation in respect of the number of servings of the product, the declaration of net quantity of each serving shall be shown

    • (a) in accordance with the requirements prescribed by sections 17, 21, 24, 25, 26, 27 and 29 respecting the manner of declaring the net quantity of a prepackaged product;

    • (b) immediately adjacent to the representation; and

    • (c) in letters and figures of the same size as those in which the representation is shown.

  • (2) An edible or potable prepackaged product containing a representation in respect of the number of servings of the product in cupsful or tablespoonsful is exempt from section 8 of the Act if the net quantity of the serving is shown in accordance with paragraphs (1)(b) and (c) and subsection (3).

  • (3) Where a representation in respect of the number of servings of the product is made in terms of cupsful or tablespoonsful, one cupful shall be used as being equivalent to eight fluid ounces (227.3 millilitres) and one tablespoonful shall be used as being equivalent to 1/2 fluid ounce (14.21 millilitres).

Pictorial Representations on Food Labels

  •  (1) Where a flavouring ingredient is added to a prepackaged product that is a food and the ingredient is not derived from such natural substances as meat, fish, poultry, fruits, vegetables, edible yeast, herbs, spices, bark, buds, roots, leaves or other plant material and the label of the prepackaged product shows a pictorial representation that connotes the natural food flavour that is being simulated by the added flavouring ingredient, the label shall contain information that the added flavouring ingredient is imitation, artificial or simulated.

  • (2) The information referred to in subsection (1) shall be easily legible and in letters at least the same size as the sizes prescribed in subsection 14(2).

  • (3) Where a pictorial representation referred to in subsection (1) appears

    • (a) on the principal display panel, the information referred to in that subsection shall be shown on or adjacent to the pictorial representation;

    • (b) on a part of the label other than the principal display panel, the information shall be shown on the principal display panel, adjacent to the common name of the prepackaged product; or

    • (c) on the principal display panel and on any other part of the label, the information shall be shown on or adjacent to the pictorial representation on the principal display panel.

 [Repealed, SOR/96-278, s. 3]

Standardization of Container Sizes

[SOR/96-278, s. 4(F)]
  •  (1) Subject to subsection (3), a prepackaged product consisting of

    • (a) facial tissue, that is manufactured before January 1, 1997, may only be sold in a container the size of which corresponds to a net quantity of product

      • (i) of less than a numerical count of 50,

      • (ii) of a numerical count of 50, 60, 100, 120, 150 or 200, or

      • (iii) of a numerical count of more than 200, if the container is of a size that corresponds to a net quantity of product that is a multiple of 100 units;

    • (b) peanut butter may only be sold in a container the size of which corresponds to a net quantity of product

      • (i) of 250, 375, 500 or 750 g, or

      • (ii) of 1, 1.5 or 2 kg;

    • (c) wine may only be sold in a container the size of which corresponds to a net quantity of product

      • (i) of 50, 100, 200, 250, 375, 500 or 750 mL, or

      • (ii) of 1, 1.5, 2, 3 or 4 L; and

    • (d) glucose syrup and refined sugar syrup may only be sold in a container the size of which corresponds to a net quantity of product

      • (i) of 125, 250, 375, 500 or 750 mL,

      • (ii) of 1 or 1.5 L, or

      • (iii) of 2 L or more, if the container is of a size that corresponds to a net quantity of product that is a multiple of 1 L.

  • (2) Subject to subsection (3), the net quantity of a prepackaged product referred to in

    • (a) paragraph (1)(a) shall be shown in terms of numerical count;

    • (b) paragraph (1)(b) shall be shown by weight given in metric units of measurement; and

    • (c) paragraphs (1)(c) and (d) shall be shown by volume given in metric units of measurement.

  • (3) Subsections (1) and (2) do not apply in respect of a test market product as defined in subsection 6(1), if the dealer who intends to conduct the test marketing of the product has, six weeks before conducting the test marketing, filed with the Minister a notice of intention, in a form established by the Minister.

  • SOR/78-171, ss. 5 to 7;
  • SOR/78-789, s. 5;
  • SOR/79-683, s. 1;
  • SOR/81-580, s. 2;
  • SOR/81-621, s. 1;
  • SOR/83-33, s. 1;
  • SOR/84-161, s. 1;
  • SOR/85-441, s. 1;
  • SOR/96-278, s. 5.

Capacity of Receptacles

  •  (1) In this section, receptacle means a receptacle that is designed for household, camping or recreational use and includes a water tank for household use.

  • (2) Subparagraph 10(b)(iii) of the Act applies to a product that is a receptacle and that is not a prepackaged product but is ordinarily sold to or purchased by a consumer in the manner described in subparagraph 18(1)(h)(i) or (ii) of the Act.

  • (3) Where a dealer sells, advertises or imports into Canada a receptacle, whether or not such receptacle is a prepackaged product, and the receptacle bears a label describing its size or capacity in terms of pints, quarts or gallons, the label and any advertisement that describes its size or capacity in terms of pints, quarts or gallons shall show the size or capacity in terms of Canadian pints, quarts or gallons.

  • (4) The size of type used to show the Canadian size or capacity shall be at least equal to that used to describe its size or capacity in terms of any other pints, quarts or gallons and the Canadian size or capacity shall be shown adjacent to any other description of its size or capacity.

Tolerances

  •  (1) For the purposes of Schedule I, catch weight product means a prepackaged product that because of its nature cannot normally be portioned to a predetermined quantity and is, as a result, usually sold in varying quantities.

  • (2) The prescribed tolerance for the purposes of subsection 7(3) of the Act is that set out in Column II of an item of the appropriate Part of Schedule I for the declared net quantity set out in Column I of that item.

  • SOR/89-571, s. 1.

Examination

  •  (1) The examination of any quantity of prepackaged products that are owned by a dealer, hereinafter referred to as a lot, each unit of which purports to contain the same net quantity of product, that an inspector undertakes to determine whether the lot meets the requirements of the Act and these Regulations respecting the declaration of net quantity, shall be made by selecting and examining a sample from the lot.

  • (2) Subject to subsection (3), where a lot contains the number of units set out in Column I of an item of Part I of Schedule II, an inspector shall select from the lot a number of units not less than the number set out in Column II of that item and the number of the units selected shall constitute the sample referred to in subsection (1).

  • (3) Where, for the purpose of determining the net quantity, other than for establishing the weight of the container, it is necessary to destroy a certain number of units in the lot, an inspector shall select, for destruction, not more than 10 per cent of the total number of units in the lot and not less than one unit and the number of units selected shall constitute the sample referred to in subsection (1).

  • (4) The lot from which a sample was taken and examined by an inspector does not meet the requirements of the Act and these Regulations respecting the declaration of net quantity where the inspector determines that

    • (a) the weighted average quantity of the units in the sample, as determined by the formula set out in Part II of Schedule II, is less than the declared net quantity;

    • (b) the number of units in the sample that contain less than the declared net quantity by more than the prescribed tolerance set out in Schedule I for that quantity is equal to or greater than the number set out in Column II of Part IV of Schedule II for the sample size set out in Column I thereof; or

    • (c) two or more units in the sample contain less than the declared net quantity by more than twice the prescribed tolerance set out in Schedule I for that quantity.

  • SOR/89-571, s. 2.

 When an inspection is made of a prepackaged product

  • (a) consisting of liquid, the net quantity of the prepackaged product shall be determined on the basis that the liquid is at a temperature of 68°F(20°C); or

  • (b) consisting of a frozen liquid food that is normally sold and consumed in a frozen state, the net quantity of the prepackaged product shall be determined when that food is frozen.

 [Repealed, SOR/89-525, s. 1]

 [Repealed, SOR/93-287, s. 1]

SCHEDULE I(Section 38)

PART I

Tolerances for Net Quantities Declared in Metric Units of Mass for Catch Weight Products

ItemColumn IColumn II
Declared Net QuantityTolerancegrams
%
grams
1more than 0 to not more than 6010
2more than 60 to not more than 6006
3more than 600 to not more than 1 0001
kilograms
4more than 1 to not more than 1.510
5more than 1.5 to not more than 30.66
6more than 3 to not more than 420
7more than 4 to not more than 100.5
8more than 10 to not more than 1550
9more than 15 to not more than 2500.33
10more than 250 to not more than 500750
11more than 5000.15

PART II

Tolerances for Net Quantities Declared in Canadian Units of Mass or Weight for Catch Weight Products

ItemColumn IColumn II
Declared Net QuantityToleranceounces
%
ounces
1more than 0 to not more than 210
2more than 2 to not more than 200.2
pounds
3more than 1.25 to not more than 2.21
4more than 2.2 to not more than 3.30.35
5more than 3.3 to not more than 6.60.66
6more than 6.6 to not more than 8.80.71
7more than 8.8 to not more than 220.5
8more than 22 to not more than 331.76
9more than 33 to not more than 5500.33
10more than 550 to not more than 110026.4
11more than 11000.15

PART III

Tolerances for Net Quantities Declared in Metric Units of Mass or Volume for Prepackaged Products other than Catch Weight Products

ItemColumn IColumn II
Declared Net QuantityTolerancegrams or millilitres
%
grams or millilitres
1more than 0 to not more than 509
2more than 50 to not more than 1004.5
3more than 100 to not more than 2004.5
4more than 200 to not more than 3009
5more than 300 to not more than 5003
6more than 500 to not more than 1 kilogram or litre15
kilograms or litres
7more than 1 to not more than 101.5
8more than 10 to not more than 15150
9more than 151

PART IV

Tolerances for Net Quantities Declared in Canadian Units of Mass or Weight for Prepackaged Products other than Catch Weight Products

ItemColumn IColumn II
Declared Net QuantityToleranceounces
%
ounces
1more than 0 to not more than 1.759
2more than 1.75 to not more than 3.50.16
3more than 3.5 to not more than 74.5
4more than 7 to not more than 10.60.32
5more than 10.6 to not more than 17.63
pounds
6more than 1.1 to not more than 2.20.53
7more than 2.2 to not more than 221.5
8more than 22 to not more than 335.28
9more than 331

PART V

Tolerances for Net Quantities Declared in Canadian Units of Volume for Prepackaged Products other than Catch Weight Products

ItemColumn IColumn II
Declared Net QuantityTolerancefluid ounces
%
fluid ounces
1more than 0 to not more than 1.759
2more than 1.75 to not more than 3.50.16
3more than 3.5 to not more than 74.5
4more than 7 to not more than 10.60.32
5more than 10.6 to not more than 17.63
6more than 17.6 to not more than 35.20.53
7more than 35.2 to not more than 2.2 gallons1.5
gallons
8more than 2.2 to not more than 3.35.28
9more than 3.31

PART VI

Tolerances for Net Quantities of Solid Prepackaged Products Declared in Metric Units of Volume

ItemColumn IColumn II
Declared Net QuantityTolerance
cubic metres
1less than 13% of declared net quantity
2from 1 to 20.03 cubic metres
3more than 21.5% of declared net quantity

PART VII

Tolerances for Net Quantities of Solid Prepackaged Products Declared in Canadian Units of Volume

ItemColumn IColumn II
Declared Net QuantityTolerance
cubic yards
1less than 13% of declared net quantity
2from 1 to 20.03 cubic yards
3more than 21.5% of declared net quantity

PART VIII

Tolerances for Net Quantities of Prepackaged Products Declared in Metric Units of Length

ItemColumn IColumn II
Declared Net QuantityTolerance
metres
1less than 32% of declared net quantity
2from 3 to 660 millimetres
3more than 61% of declared net quantity

PART IX

Tolerances for Net Quantities of Prepackaged Products Declared in Canadian Units of Length

ItemColumn IColumn II
Declared Net QuantityTolerance
feet
1less than 102% of declared net quantity
2from 10 to 202.4 inches
3more than 201% of declared net quantity

PART X

Tolerances for Net Quantities of Prepackaged Products Declared in Metric Units of Area

ItemColumn IColumn II
Declared Net QuantityTolerance
square metres
1less than 102% of declared net quantity
2from 10 to 2020 square decimetres
3more than 201% of declared net quantity

PART XI

Tolerances for Net Quantities of Prepackaged Products Declared in Canadian Units of Area

ItemColumn IColumn II
Declared Net QuantityTolerance
square feet
1less than 1002% of declared net quantity
2from 100 to 2002 square feet
3more than 2001% of declared net quantity

PART XII

Tolerances for Net Quantities of Prepackaged Products Declared by Number

ItemColumn IColumn II
Declared Net QuantityTolerance
number of articles
1less than 500 article
2from 50 to 1001 article
3more than 100 with an individual weight of 14 grams or less, or 1/2 ounce or less0.75% of the declared net quantity, rounded up to the next whole number
4more than 100 with an individual weight of more than 14 grams, or more than 1/2 ounce0.5% of the declared net quantity, rounded up to the next whole number
  • SOR/89-571, s. 3.

SCHEDULE II(Section 39)

PART ISamples

ItemColumn IColumn II
Number of Units in the LotMinimum Number of Units in the Sample
1from 2 to 10All the units in the lot
2from 11 to 12825% of the units in the lot, rounded up to the next whole number, but not less than 10
3from 129 to 4 00032
4from 4 001 to 8 00064
5from 8 001 to 12 00096
6more than 12 000125

PART IIFormula for Determining the Weighted Average Quantity of the Units in a Sample

For the purposes of paragraph 39(4)(a), the formula for adjusting the sample mean to determine the weighted average quantity of the units in the sample is as follows

Formula for adjusting the sample mean to determine the weighted average quantity of the units in the sample

where

Xa 
is the weighted average quantity of the units in the sample
x 
is the sample mean calculated as follows:

x = ∑x ÷ n

∑x 
is the sum of the net quantities of all units in the sample
t 
is the value determined in accordance with Part III for the selected sample size
n 
is the number of units in the sample
s 
is the standard deviation of the sample, calculated as follows
Formula for the standard deviation of the sample
∑(x-x)2 
is the sum of the squared differences between the sample mean and the net quantity of each unit in the sample.
  • *The value of (t ÷ √n) may, instead of being calculated in accordance with this Part, be determined using the applicable value set out in Column III of the table to Part III

PART IIITable for Values of t and (t ÷ √n)

Column IColumn IIColumn III
Sample SizetFootnote for *(t ÷ √n)Footnote for *
263.65745.01
Linear Interpolation of Values

Where a sample size is selected that is not listed in Column I of this table and lies between 32 and 125, the value of t will be determined by linear interpolation as follows:

Formula for the value of t determined by linear interpolation where the sample size is not given in Column I of the Table For Values of t and (t/the square root of n) “in PART III and lies between 32 and 125”

where

a 
is the value of t for the closest sample size below the selected sample size
b 
is the value of t for the closest sample size above the selected sample size
c 
is the result of 120 divided by the closest sample size below the selected sample size
d 
is the result of 120 divided by the closest sample size above the selected sample size
e 
is the result of 120 divided by the selected sample size
39.9255.73
45.8412.92
54.6042.06
64.0321.65
73.7071.40
83.4991.24
93.3551.12
103.2501.03
113.1690.955
123.1060.897
133.0550.847
143.0120.805
152.9770.769
162.9470.737
172.9210.708
182.8980.683
192.8780.660
202.8610.640
212.8450.621
222.8310.604
232.8190.588
242.8070.573
252.7970.559
262.7870.547
272.7790.535
282.7710.524
292.7630.513
302.7560.503
312.7500.494
322.7460.485
642.6570.332
962.6340.269
1252.6150.234
  • Return to footnote *Where all units in a lot are selected to constitute a sample, zero shall be used as the value of t and (t ÷ √n).

PART IVMinimum Number of Units for the Purposes of Paragraph 39(4)(B)

ItemColumn IColumn II
Sample SizeMinimum Number of UnitsFootnote for *
1from 2 to 81
2from 9 to 202
3from 21 to 323
4from 33 to 504
5from 51 to 655
6from 66 to 806
7from 81 to 1027
8from 103 to 1258
  • Return to footnote *Minimum number of units in the sample that results in the lot not meeting the requirements of the Act and these Regulations respecting the declaration of net quantity.

  • SOR/89-571, s. 4.

SCHEDULE III

[Repealed, SOR/93-287, s. 2]

AMENDMENTS NOT IN FORCE

  • — 2014, c. 20, s. 366(3)

    • Replacement of “trade-mark” in regulations
      • 366. (3) Unless the context requires otherwise, “trade-mark”, “trade-marks”, “Trade-mark”, “Trade-marks”, “trade mark” and “trade marks”, are replaced by “trademark”, “trademarks”, “Trademark” or “Trademarks”, as the case may be, in the English version of any regulation, as defined in subsection 2(1) of the Statutory Instruments Act.

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