Canadian Cultural Property Export Control List (C.R.C., c. 448)

Regulations are current to 2017-09-27

GROUP IObjects Recovered from the Soil or Waters of Canada

  • [SOR/2005-260, s. 2(F)]

Interpretation
  • [SOR/2005-260, s. 2(F)]

  • 1 In this Group,

    Aboriginal peoples of Canada

    Aboriginal peoples of Canada means, collectively, those persons of Indian or Inuit ancestry, including Métis persons, or persons recognized as being members of an Indian, Inuit or Métis group by the other members of that group, who at any time ordinarily resided in the territory that is now Canada; (Autochtones du Canada)

    artifact

    artifact means an object made or reworked by a person or persons and associated with historic or prehistoric cultures; (objet façonné)

    described mineral specimen

    described mineral specimen means a mineral specimen for which scientific data, illustrations or descriptions appear in a professional publication; (spécimen minéral décrit)

    fossil

    fossil means the preserved remains or traces of animals or plants that lived in the geological past but does not include

    • (a) fossil fuels or fossiliferous rock intended for industrial use, or

    • (b) a carving or sculpture made by a person or persons from fossiliferous or fossilized matter; (fossile)

    fossil amber

    fossil amber means fossil resin with or without inclusions; (ambre jaune)

    invertebrate fossil

    invertebrate fossil means the fossilized remains of an animal that did not possess a backbone; (invertébré fossile)

    meteorite

    meteorite means any naturally-occurring object of extraterrestrial origin; (météorite)

    mineral

    mineral means an element or chemical compound that occurs naturally in soil or water and includes crystals and naturally occurring metals, and gemstones whether or not polished or facetted by a person or persons. It does not include minerals, ores and concentrates intended for industrial use, or a carving or sculpture made by a person or persons from minerals; (minéral)

    plant fossil

    plant fossil means the fossilized remains of vegetable matter; (plante fossile)

    recovered from the soil

    recovered from the soil, in respect of an object or specimen, means that the object or specimen has originated in or has been excavated from bedrock or sediments, has been retrieved as a find from the surface of bedrock or sediments or has been recovered from snow or ice; (trouvé sur ou dans le sol)

    tektite

    tektite means any natural form of silicate glass of non-volcanic origin; (tectite)

    type fossil specimen

    type fossil specimen means any fossil specimen or portion thereof of a biological species used in the original scientific study and published description of that species; (spécimen fossile type)

    type mineral specimen

    type mineral specimen means any mineral specimen or portion thereof of a mineral species used in the original scientific study and published description of that species; (spécimen minéral type)

    vertebrate fossil

    vertebrate fossil means the fossilized remains of an animal that possessed a backbone; (vertébré fossile)

    vertebrate trace fossil

    vertebrate trace fossil means the fossilized trace of a vertebrate. (empreinte fossile de vertébré)

    • SOR/97-159, s. 1;
    • SOR/2005-260, s. 3.

Mineralogy

  • 2 Mineral specimens, whether composed of a single mineral, a part of a mineral or an aggregate of minerals, recovered from the soil of Canada, the territorial sea of Canada or the inland or other internal waters of Canada, as follows:

    • (a) a type mineral specimen or a described mineral specimen of any value;

    • (b) a single mineral specimen of a fair market value in Canada of more than $2,000;

    • (c) a collection of 10 or more mineral specimens of a fair market value in Canada of more than $5,000 recovered from a specific mine, quarry or locality;

    • (d) mineral specimens in bulk, recovered from a specific mineral occurrence, weighing 225 kg (500 pounds) or more of any value; and

    • (e) meteorites and tektites of any value.

    • SOR/95-170, s. 1;
    • SOR/97-159, s. 2;
    • SOR/2005-260, s. 4(F).

Palaeontology

  • 3 Palaeontological specimens recovered from the soil of Canada, the territorial sea of Canada or the inland or other internal waters of Canada, as follows:

    • (a) a type fossil specimen of any value;

    • (b) fossil amber of any value;

    • (c) a vertebrate fossil specimen of a fair market value in Canada of more than $500;

    • (d) an invertebrate fossil specimen of a fair market value in Canada of more than $500;

    • (e) specimens in bulk weighing 11.25 kg (25 pounds) or more of vertebrate fossils or vertebrate trace fossils of any value; and

    • (f) specimens in bulk weighing 22.5 kg (50 pounds) or more, recovered from a specific outcrop, quarry or locality, that include one or more specimens of any value of the following, namely,

      • (i) invertebrate fossils,

      • (ii) plant fossils, or

      • (iii) fossiliferous rock containing plant fossils or invertebrate fossils.

    • SOR/95-170, s. 1;
    • SOR/97-159, s. 3;
    • SOR/2005-260, s. 5(F).

Archaeology

    • 4 (1) An archaeological object of any value recovered from the soil of Canada, the territorial sea of Canada or the inland or other internal waters of Canada not less than 75 years after its burial, concealment or abandonment if the object is an artifact or organic remains, including human remains, associated with or representative of historic or prehistoric cultures.

    • (2) Without restricting the generality of subitem (1), archaeological objects described in that subitem include

      • (a) artifacts that relate to the Aboriginal peoples of Canada, namely,

        • (i) arrow heads, harpoon heads and such other projectile points used as hunting implements,

        • (ii) adzes, axes, awls, celts, chisels and such other tools and agricultural implements,

        • (iii) clubs, tomahawks and such other weapons,

        • (iv) harpoon heads, fish hooks, sinkers, and such other fishing implements,

        • (v) pipes, vessels, potsherds and such other pottery,

        • (vi) effigies, rock drawings, wampum and such other ceremonial and religious articles, and

        • (vii) beads, articles of adornment and such other objects used as trading goods;

      • (b) artifacts that relate to the progressive exploration, occupation, defence and development of the territory that is now Canada by non-aboriginal peoples, namely,

        • (i) arms, accoutrements, fragments of uniforms, buckles, badges, buttons, and such other objects related to military activity,

        • (ii) beads, articles of adornment and such other objects used as trading goods associated with the fur trade,

        • (iii) hunting, fishing and trapping implements,

        • (iv) ordnance, ship’s gear, anchors and such other objects related to naval activity,

        • (v) religious paraphernalia and such other objects related to missionary activity,

        • (vi) coins, cargo from shipwrecks or sunken ships and such other objects related to transportation, supply and commerce,

        • (vii) utensils, implements, tools, weapons, household articles and such other objects related to early settlement and pioneer life, and

        • (viii) machinery and such other objects related to manufacture and industry; and

      • (c) organic remains associated with or representative of historic or prehistoric cultures.

    • SOR/86-329, s. 2;
    • SOR/97-159, s. 4;
    • SOR/2005-260, s. 6.
 
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