Marine Transportation Security Regulations (SOR/2004-144)

Regulations are current to 2015-11-16 and last amended on 2014-06-19. Previous Versions

On-site Survey

 The company security officer shall ensure that an on-site survey of the vessel is conducted that examines and evaluates protective measures, procedures and operations in effect on board the vessel to

  • (a) ensure the performance of all vessel security duties;

  • (b) control access to the vessel through the use of identification systems or otherwise;

  • (c) control the embarkation of vessel personnel and other persons and their goods, including personal effects and baggage, whether accompanied or unaccompanied;

  • (d) supervise the handling of cargo and the delivery of ships’ stores;

  • (e) monitor restricted areas and other areas that have restricted access to ensure that only authorized persons have access;

  • (f) monitor the deck areas and areas adjacent to the vessel; and

  • (g) ensure the ready availability of security communication systems, information and equipment.

Analysis and Recommendations

 The persons who conduct a vessel security assessment shall take into account the security assessment information, the on-site survey and the requirements of this Part and provide recommendations for security procedures that shall be established in the vessel security plan, including recommendations respecting

  • (a) restricted areas;

  • (b) response procedures for fire or other emergency conditions;

  • (c) security supervision of all persons on board;

  • (d) the frequency and effectiveness of security patrols;

  • (e) access control systems, including identification systems;

  • (f) security communication systems and procedures;

  • (g) security doors, barriers and lighting;

  • (h) security and surveillance equipment and systems;

  • (i) potential security threats and the following types of security incidents:

    • (i) damage to, or destruction of, the vessel or an interfacing marine facility or vessel by explosive devices, arson, sabotage or vandalism,

    • (ii) tampering with the essential equipment or systems, stores or cargo of the vessel,

    • (iii) the unauthorized access to or use of the vessel, including the presence of stowaways,

    • (iv) the smuggling on board of weapons, explosives, incendiaries or other dangerous substances or devices, including weapons of mass destruction,

    • (v) the use of the vessel or its equipment as a weapon or as a means to cause damage or destruction,

    • (vi) the hijacking or seizure of the vessel or persons on board, and

    • (vii) attacks on the vessel while at berth, at anchor or at sea; and

  • (j) the evaluation of the potential of each identified point of access, including open decks, that could be used by individuals who might try to breach security, whether or not those individuals legitimately have access to the vessel.


  •  (1) The vessel security assessment shall be written in English or French and shall contain

    • (a) a summary of how the on-site survey was conducted;

    • (b) details of existing security procedures and operations;

    • (c) a description of each vulnerability found during the assessment;

    • (d) a description of security procedures that should be used to address each vulnerability;

    • (e) a list of the key vessel operations that are important to protect;

    • (f) conclusions as to the likelihood of possible security threats to key vessel operations; and

    • (g) a list of identified weaknesses, including human factors, in the infrastructure, policies and procedures relating to the vessel.

  • (2) A vessel security assessment shall address the following elements in respect of the vessel:

    • (a) its physical security;

    • (b) its structural integrity;

    • (c) personnel protection systems;

    • (d) security procedures;

    • (e) its radio and telecommunication systems, including computer systems and networks; and

    • (f) any other element on board the vessel that might, if damaged or used illicitly, pose a risk to people, property or operations on board the vessel or at a marine facility.

  • (3) The vessel security assessment shall consider the security of all persons and the activities, services, operations, capacities and goods that are important to protect, including

    • (a) the capacity to maintain safe navigation and emergency response;

    • (b) cargo, particularly dangerous goods or substances;

    • (c) ships’ stores;

    • (d) the vessel’s security communication and surveillance systems, if any; and

    • (e) any other security systems on the vessel.

  • (4) The vessel security assessment shall take into account all possible vulnerabilities, including those resulting from

    • (a) any conflict between safety and security requirements;

    • (b) any conflict between duties on board and security assignments;

    • (c) the impact of watchkeeping duties and fatigue on vessel personnel alertness and performance;

    • (d) security training deficiencies;

    • (e) deficiencies in security equipment and systems, including communication systems; and

    • (f) the fact that the vessel was not subject to this Part before the start of an international voyage.

  • SOR/2014-162, s. 23.