Carriages and Strollers Regulations (SOR/85-379)

Regulations are current to 2014-09-15 and last amended on 2011-06-20. Previous Versions

Carriages and Strollers Regulations

SOR/85-379

CANADA CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY ACT

Registration 1985-04-25

Regulations Respecting the Advertising, Sale and Importation of Carriages and Strollers for Infants and Children

P.C. 1985-1387 1985-04-25

Her Excellency the Governor General in Council, on the recommendation of the Minister of Consumer and Corporate Affairs, pursuant to section 7 of the Hazardous Products Act, is pleased hereby to make the annexed Regulations respecting the advertising, sale and importation of carriages and strollers for infants and children.

SHORT TITLE

 These Regulations may be cited as the Carriages and Strollers Regulations.

INTERPRETATION

 In these Regulations,

“Act”

“Act” means the Hazardous Products Act; (Loi)

“convertible carriage-stroller”

“convertible carriage-stroller” means a wheeled vehicle designed to be converted to function as a carriage or as a stroller; (landau-poussette)

“product”

“product” means a carriage or stroller as set out in item 39 (as enacted by Order in Council P.C. 1985-1386, dated April 25, 1985 and registered as SOR/85-378, and numbered as item 38 in the December 31, 1989 loose-leaf consolidation of the Statutes of Canada) of Part II of Schedule I to the Act; (produit)

“stroller”

“stroller” means a wheeled vehicle designed to transport an infant or infants or a child or children, normally in a sitting position, and includes a convertible carriage-stroller in the stroller position. (poussette)

  • SOR/91-350, s. 2.

GENERAL

 A product may be advertised, sold or imported into Canada only if it meets the applicable requirements of these Regulations.

  • SOR/91-350, s. 3(F).

LABELLING AND INSTRUCTIONS

  •  (1) Every product shall have indelibly printed on it or otherwise permanently affixed to it the following information, clearly and prominently displayed in letters and numerals not less than 2.5 mm in height:

    • (a) the name and principal place of business of the person by or for whom the product is made in both official languages;

    • (b) the model name or model number of the product in both official languages; and

    • (c) the year and month of manufacture of the product.

  • (2) Every container in which a product is sold or is to be sold shall have indelibly printed on it or otherwise permanently affixed to it, in both official languages, the information required by paragraphs (1)(a) and (b).

  • (3) Every product shall have indelibly printed on it or otherwise permanently affixed to it, in both official languages, the following warning statements, clearly and prominently displayed in letters and numerals not less than 2.5 mm in height:

    • (a) that the infant or child never be left in the product unattended;

    • (b) where an occupant restraint system is supplied with the product, that the occupant restraint system is to be used; and

    • (c) that the product may become unstable if a parcel bag, other than one recommended by the manufacturer, is used.

  • (4) Every product shall bear or be accompanied by legible written instructions that clearly state, in both official languages, the following information, with line drawings or photographs illustrating the sequence of steps where needed:

    • (a) how the product is to be assembled, if the product is sold or is to be sold not fully assembled, and the recommended use position or positions;

    • (b) how the product is to be maintained and cleaned;

    • (c) how the product is to be folded and unfolded, if it is capable of being folded;

    • (d) how to operate and adjust the braking device;

    • (e) how to use the restraint system, if a restraint system is supplied with the product;

    • (f) the maximum weight and height of a child the product is designed to carry;

    • (g) the maximum load the parcel bag or rack is designed to carry, if a bag or rack is provided with the product or the product has provision for a bag or rack;

    • (h) a warning that the product will become unstable if the manufacturer’s recommended load is exceeded;

    • (i) a warning that the product will become unstable if a parcel bag or rack is used when there is no provision for one; and

    • (j) a warning that care must be taken when folding and unfolding the product to prevent finger entrapment.

GENERAL AND PERFORMANCE REQUIREMENTS

  •  (1) Every product shall remain in the manufacturer’s recommended use position or positions with

    • (a) in a case where the wheels of the product are mounted as sets of two or more, at least one wheel of each set in contact with the test plane, or

    • (b) in any other case, all wheels in contact with the test plane

    when tested in accordance with Schedule I.

  • (2) Every stroller shall remain in the manufacturer’s recommended position for use as a stroller with all wheels in contact with

    • (a) in a case where the wheels of the stroller are mounted as sets of two or more, at least one wheel of each set in contact with the test plane, or

    • (b) in any other case, all wheels in contact with the test plane

    when tested in accordance with Schedule II.

  •  (1) Every product shall be equipped with a braking device.

  • (2) Where the braking device of a product acts on the tires of that product, the braking device shall be self-adjusting or capable of simple adjustment to compensate for the wear on the tires of the product.

  • (3) Every stroller shall be so designed and constructed that the braking device of the stroller cannot be disengaged by the hand action or other motion of a child restrained in the stroller.

  • (4) Every product shall be so designed and constructed that, when tested in accordance with Schedule III, the braking device of the product will

    • (a) remain engaged;

    • (b) prevent the braked wheel or wheels from rotating more than 90° about the horizontal axis of rotation; and

    • (c) prevent the product from moving, except within the limit set out in paragraph (b).

  •  (1) Every seating unit of a stroller shall be equipped with an occupant restraint system permanently attached to the frame or upholstery of the stroller.

  • (2) The occupant restraint system of a stroller shall be made of a lap belt and an additional restraint to prevent the occupant from sliding downward.

  • (3) The fastener of the lap belt for every occupant restraint system shall not loosen more than 15 mm or break when tested in accordance with Schedule IV and the anchorages for every occupant restraint system shall not break or become detached from their attachment point when tested in accordance with that Schedule.

  •  (1) Every product that folds shall have a latch system that requires positive action on the part of the user to permit folding of the product.

  • (2) The latch system of every product that folds shall have

    • (a) a latching device or other design feature that prevents the product from accidentally folding when placed in the manufacturer’s recommended use position; and

    • (b) at least one latching device that engages automatically.

  • (3) Every product that folds shall remain latched in the manufacturer’s recommended use position when tested in accordance with item 1 of Schedule V.

  • (4) Every product that folds shall have, in addition to the requirements of subsections (1) and (2), a safety device that engages automatically and requires positive action on the part of the user to release the device.

  • (5) The safety device of every product that folds and that has a latching device shall be so designed as

    • (a) to prevent the product from folding more than one-third of its total folding movement between the fully open and the fully closed position when tested in accordance with item 2 of Schedule V; or

    • (b) to prevent the accidental release of the latching device.

  • (6) The safety device of every product that folds, other than a product referred to in subsection (5), shall be so designed as to meet the requirement of paragraph (5)(a).

 No product shall have any visible signs of damage when tested in accordance with Schedule VI.

 The wheels of every product shall not separate from the product or suffer any loss of function when tested in accordance with Schedule VII.

 In the case of a convertible carriage-stroller, the testing referred to in Schedules I, III, V, VI and VII shall be performed with the convertible carriage-stroller in the manufacturer’s recommended position for use as a carriage and also in the manufacturer’s recommended position for use as a stroller.

 Every component of a product that is small enough to be placed in the small parts cylinder described in Schedule VIII shall be so fitted or affixed to the product that the component will not become detached from the product when subjected to a force of 90 N applied in any direction.

  • SOR/2004-65, s. 10.

 Every product shall be so designed and constructed as to preclude injury from shearing or pinching.

  •  (1) Every metal part of a product shall be free of burrs, sharp edges, corners, points or projections.

  • (2) Every cut edge of the metal tubing of a product that is accessible to an occupant of the product shall be protected by a cap that will remain in place when subjected to a force of 90 N applied in any direction.

  • (3) Every exposed wooden or plastic part of a product shall be smoothly finished to eliminate rough or sharp edges, corners or points and be free from splits, cracks or other defects.

  • (4) The threaded end of every bolt of a product that is accessible to an occupant of the product shall be protected by an acorn nut or other suitable device.

 Every open hole in a metal, plastic or wooden component or a component of a similar material of a product that is accessible to an occupant of the product shall be of such size and shape that a person can insert into it a rod 5 mm or less in diameter or 10 mm or more in a diameter.

  •  (1) Every product must meet the requirements of section 25 of the Toys Regulations.

  • (2) No product shall contain any of the substances set out in section 22 or 23 of the Toys Regulations.

  • SOR/91-350, s. 4;
  • SOR/2011-17, s. 45.

SCHEDULE I(ss. 5 and 11)INCLINED PLANE STABILITY TESTING

  • 1. The method to be used for testing the stability of a product on an inclined plane is as follows:

    • (a) place the product in the manufacturer’s recommended use position with the brakes not applied and with all wheels in contact with a sheet of 19 mm plywood that is inclined 12° to the horizontal and of such a size that all wheels of the product are at least 50 mm from any edge;

    • (b) place the backrest of the product in the most upright use position, if the product has an adjustable backrest;

    • (c) place a dummy, described in Schedule IX, in the centre of the seating unit and secure it using the occupant restraint system, if supplied;

    • (d) orient the product so that any two adjacent wheels are in a line parallel to the horizontal;

    • (e) leave the parcel rack empty and, using the manufacturer’s recommended parcel bag, place the manufacturer’s recommended load in the bag;

    • (f) place stops on the plane against the wheels in a manner that will prevent the product from moving on the plane but will not prevent it from tipping;

    • (g) note whether the product is still in the manufacturer’s recommended position with all wheels in contact with the test plane;

    • (h) turn the product clockwise by 90°;

    • (i) repeat steps (a) to (g);

    • (j) repeat steps (h) and (i) two times; and

    • (k) in the case of multiple occupancy units, perform the test with a dummy, described in Schedule IX, in each seating unit, one at a time and then with a dummy in each seating unit simultaneously.

SCHEDULE II(s. 5)HORIZONTAL PLANE STABILITY TESTING

  • 1. The method to be used for testing the stability of a stroller on a horizontal plane is as follows:

    • (a) place the stroller in the manufacturer’s recommended position for use as a stroller with all wheels on a horizontal plane;

    • (b) with no added weight in any seating unit, place each footrest of the stroller in the lowest recommended use position;

    • (c) place a 5 cm wooden cube on the centre of each footrest;

    • (d) apply 200 N force vertically downward on the block;

    • (e) note whether the stroller is still in the manufacturer’s recommended position with all wheels in contact with the test plane; and

    • (f) in case of multiple occupancy units, perform the test with the force on each footrest, one at a time and then with the force on each footrest simultaneously.

SCHEDULE III(ss. 6 and 11)BRAKING DEVICES TESTING

  • 1. The method to be used for testing the braking device of a product is as follows:

    • (a) place the product in the manufacturer’s recommended use position with the braking device applied, on a sheet of 19 mm plywood that is covered with 120 grit sandpaper or the equivalent, inclined 12° to the horizontal and of such a size that all wheels of the product are at least 50 mm from any edge;

    • (b) place a dummy, described in Schedule IX, in the centre of each seating unit of the product;

    • (c) place the manufacturer’s recommended maximum load, where there is or is provision for

      • (i) a parcel bag, in the manufacturer’s recommended parcel bag,

      • (ii) a parcel rack, in the manufacturer’s recommended parcel rack, and

      • (iii) a parcel bag and a parcel rack, in the manufacturer’s recommended parcel bag and parcel rack;

    • (d) orient the product so that it is facing uphill;

    • (e) note whether the braking device is engaged, the rotation of the braked wheels and whether the product has moved;

    • (f) orient the product so that it is facing downhill; and

    • (g) note whether the braking device is engaged, the rotation of the braked wheels and whether the product has moved.

SCHEDULE IV(s. 7)OCCUPANT RESTRAINT SYSTEM TESTING

  • 1. The method to be used for testing each occupant restraint system for strollers is as follows:

    • (a) securely affix the stroller so that it cannot move;

    • (b) secure the roller block fixture with the lap belt of the stroller (Figure A);

    • (c) mark the lap belt in any manner to allow observation of any loosening;

    • (d) apply a force of 200 N in a direction normal to the belt (Figure B), in such a way as to allow the rollers to rotate freely, applying the force within a period of one second and maintaining it for 10 seconds;

    • (e) note any loosening or breakage of the fastener of the lap belt;

    • (f) repeat steps (d) and (e) nine more times at one second intervals;

    • (g) repeat step (d) using a force of 450 N applied within two seconds;

    • (h) note any breakage or detachment of the anchorages;

    • (i) apply a force of 225 N to the restraint system, using any possible method, in a direction that places strain on one anchorage attachment point, applying the force within a period of two seconds and maintaining it for 10 seconds;

    • (j) note any breakage or detachment of the anchorage; and

    • (k) repeat steps (i) and (j) for each of the remaining anchorage attachment points.

Figures A and B. Specifications, measurements and illustration for roller block fixture. The roller block fixture consists of three, free-rolling 45 mm diameter rollers, axially connected together to form a triangular shape. The two rollers forming the base of the triangle are 130 mm apart (as measured from their axis), and the third roller forming the triangle’s point sits 112 mm higher. The lap belt is passed over the two bottom rollers while the required force is applied at the topmost roller.

SCHEDULE V(ss. 8 and 11)LATCH SYSTEM TESTING

  • 1. The method to be used for testing a product that folds is as follows:

    • (a) erect the product in the manufacturer’s recommended use position;

    • (b) place a bag of sand with a 2 kg mass in the centre of each seating unit of the product;

    • (c) secure the product to a horizontal surface in a manner that does not impede the normal folding action;

    • (d) apply a force of 200 N

      • (i) at the location normally associated with the folding action but, where the product has a latching device, not directly to the latching device itself, and

      • (ii) in the direction normally associated with the manufacturer’s recommended method of folding;

    • (e) note if the product is still latched in the manufacturer’s recommended use position;

    • (f) repeat steps (d) and (e) four times within two minutes; and

    • (g) fold the product 100 times and repeat steps (a) to (e).

  • 2. The method to be used for testing the safety device of a product that folds is as follows:

    • (a) erect the product in the manufacturer’s recommended use position with the latching device, if any, released;

    • (b) apply a force of 200 N at the location and in the direction normally associated with the folding action of the product;

    • (c) note the amount of folding movement, if any; and

    • (d) repeat steps (a) to (c) with a dummy, described in Schedule IX, in the centre of each seating unit of the product.

SCHEDULE VI(ss. 9 and 11)STRUCTURAL INTEGRITY TESTING

  • 1. The method to be used for testing the structural integrity of a product is as follows:

    • (a) erect the product in the manufacturer’s recommended use position with all wheels on a horizontal surface and each footrest in the lowest recommended use position;

    • (b) using a test mass of 40 kg for carriages and 60 kg for strollers, place the test mass in the normal seating positions of each seating unit of the product;

    • (c) maintain the test mass for two minutes;

    • (d) note any damage to the product;

    • (e) place a 70 × 150 × 25 mm wooden block on the centre of each footrest, if one or more are provided;

    • (f) place a test mass of 20 kg on each block for two minutes; and

    • (g) note any damage to the product.

SCHEDULE VII(ss. 10 and 11)WHEEL INTEGRITY TESTING

  • 1. The method to be used for testing the wheel attachment of a product is as follows:

    • (a) mount a wheel and axle in a test fixture as shown in Figure C;

    • (b) apply a force of 450 N to the axle, as shown in Figure C, at a rate of loading not exceeding 450 N/min.;

    • (c) maintain the force for a period of two minutes;

    • (d) reduce the load to zero at a rate not exceeding 450 N/min.;

    • (e) examine the wheel to ascertain whether or not the wheel has become detached or suffered loss of function; and

    • (f) repeat steps (a) to (e) for each of the other wheels of the product.

Figure C. Specifications and illustration for wheel integrity testing. Top view of the wheel and tire, wheel hub and the axel. The wheel assembly is held in place in a test fixture capable of holding the wheel without impeding any removal action, while the test force is applied axially to the axle so as to try and pull the wheel assembly off its axle.

SCHEDULE VIII(Section 12)SMALL PARTS CYLINDER

  • 1. A small parts cylinder of the design and dimensions shown in Figure D shall be used for the purpose of measuring components referred to in section 12.

Figure D. Illustration of measurements for a small parts cylinder. The small parts cylinder is a hollow cylinder with an inner diameter of 31.7 mm. A plate (or similar device) is placed inside the cylinder at a 45 degree angle such that the minimum depth of the cylinder is 25.4 mm and the maximum depth of the cylinder is 57.1 mm. No specifications are provided for the wall or floor thickness of the cylinder.

Notes:

  • – Not to scale

  • – All dimensions in mm

FIGURE D

  • SOR/2004-65, s. 11.

SCHEDULE IX(Sch. I, III and V)DUMMY FOR TESTING PURPOSES

  • 1. A dummy to be used for testing purposes pursuant to these Regulations shall be made from the following materials:

    • (a) sand having an approximate density of 1 600 kg/m3; and

    • (b) preshrunk 13 ounce marine canvas.

  • 2. A dummy to be used for testing purposes pursuant to these Regulations shall be made in the following manner:

    • (a) cut canvas to obtain a piece approximately 500 × 650 mm;

    • (b) fold and stitch side and bottom seams to form a bag 475 × 300 mm;

    • (c) turn raw edges to the inside;

    • (d) fill with dry sand to obtain a mass of 20 kg; and

    • (e) stitch the top edge closed to obtain a bag with finished dimensions of 450 × 300 mm.