Railway Traffic Liability Regulations (SOR/91-488)

Regulations are current to 2016-06-21

Railway Traffic Liability Regulations

SOR/91-488

CANADA TRANSPORTATION ACT

Registration 1991-08-14

Regulations Respecting the Extent to which a Railway Company’s Liability May Be Limited or Restricted in Respect of any Traffic and Prescribing the Terms and Conditions of the Limitation or Restriction

P.C. 1991-1435  1991-08-13

His Excellency the Governor General in Council, on the recommendation of the Minister of Transport, pursuant to subsections 27(2), 153(2) and section 155 of the National Transportation Act, 1987Footnote *, is pleased hereby to approve the revocation by the National Transportation Agency of the Order and Straight Bills of Lading Regulations, C.R.C., c. 1218, and to approve the annexed Regulations respecting the extent to which a railway company’s liability may be limited or restricted in respect of any traffic and prescribing the terms and conditions of the limitation or restriction, made by the National Transportation Agency, in substitution therefor.

Short Title

 These Regulations may be cited as the Railway Traffic Liability Regulations.

Interpretation

 In these Regulations,

Act

Act means the Canada Transportation Act; (Loi)

carrier

carrier means a railway company that is engaged in the transportation of goods; (transporteur)

delivering carrier

delivering carrier means a carrier that delivers goods to their point of destination; (transporteur livreur)

originating carrier

originating carrier means a carrier that obtains possession of goods at their point of origin; (transporteur initial)

transportation of goods

transportation of goods means traffic. (version anglaise seulement)

  • SOR/98-197, s. 11.

 [Repealed, SOR/93-253, s. 2]

Liability of Carrier

 Subject to sections 8 and 15, for the purposes of subsection 137(2) of the Act, a carrier is liable, in respect of goods in its possession, for any loss of or damage to the goods or for any delay in their transportation unless that liability is limited by these Regulations.

  • SOR/98-197, s. 12.
  •  (1) A carrier shall not be liable for any loss or damage in respect of any goods or for any delay in the transportation of the goods if the loss, damage or delay, as the case may be, results from

    • (a) an act of God;

    • (b) war or an insurrection;

    • (c) a riot, strike or lock-out;

    • (d) any defect in the goods;

    • (e) any act, negligence or omission of the shipper or owner of the goods;

    • (f) an authority of law; or

    • (g) a quarantine.

  • (2) A carrier shall not be liable, in respect of goods, for

    • (a) any differences in the weights of grain, seed or any other commodity that are caused by any natural shrinkage that occurs during the transportation of the goods; or

    • (b) any discrepancies in elevator weights of grain where the elevators are not operated by the carrier, unless certificates have been issued pursuant to subsection 19(1) of the Weights and Measures Act in respect of the scales that are used to weigh the grain.

  • (3) Where the cartage of goods is not performed by the carrier and the carrier’s notice of the arrival of the goods, in printed or electronic form, has been received by the person who is entitled to receive the goods, the carrier’s liability for any loss of or damage to those goods or for any delay in respect of the transportation of those goods shall be that of a warehouseman if a fire that involves the goods occurs at the destination of the goods or at the port of export

    • (a) subject to paragraph (b), more than 48 hours, excluding holidays, after the arrival of the goods; or

    • (b) more than 72 hours, excluding holidays, after the arrival of the goods, where the goods have been imported but not released under the Customs Act.

  • (4) Where goods are transported, stored or held in open cars in accordance with general practice or at the shipper’s request, the carrier shall be liable only for any loss of or damage to those goods or for any delay in the transportation of those goods caused by or resulting from the negligence of the carrier, except where the goods are lost or damaged by fire, in which case the carrier’s liability shall be the same as the carrier’s liability for goods that are transported in closed cars.

  • (5) The onus of proving that there was no negligence in respect of goods referred to in subsection (4) shall be on the carrier.

Notice of Loss, Damage or Delay

 No carrier shall be liable for the loss of goods unless a notice of the loss, in printed or electronic form, is received by the originating carrier or delivering carrier within four months after a reasonable period for delivery has expired, or for any damage to or delay in the transportation of the goods unless a notice of that delay or damage, in printed or electronic form, is received by the originating carrier or delivering carrier within four months after delivery of the goods.

Stoppage in Transit

  •  (1) Except in the case of the negligence of the carrier in respect of any goods, the carrier shall not be liable for any loss of or damage to the goods or for any delay in respect of the goods that occurs while the goods are stopped and held in transit at the request of a person who is entitled to make such a request.

  • (2) The onus of proving that there was no negligence in respect of goods referred to in subsection (1) shall be on the carrier.

Liability of Originating Carrier

  •  (1) Where the transportation of goods involves more than one carrier, the originating carrier shall be liable for any loss of or damage to the goods or for any delay in respect of the goods while the goods are in the possession of any other carrier to whom the goods have been delivered.

  • (2) The onus of proving that any loss of or damage to goods or any delay in respect of goods was not caused by or did not result from any act, negligence or omission of any other carrier to whom the goods have been delivered shall be on the originating carrier.

  • (3) The originating carrier is entitled to recover from any other carrier referred to in subsection (1) the amount paid by the originating carrier in respect of liability for loss of or damage to the goods while those goods were in the possession of the other carrier.

  • (4) Nothing in this section limits or in any way affects any remedy or right of action a person may have against any carrier.

  • SOR/93-253, s. 2.

 [Repealed, SOR/93-253, s. 2]

Routing by Carrier

  •  (1) Where the transportation of goods is diverted by the carrier from rail to a vessel for transportation by water owing to necessity, including accidents or natural disasters on the carrier’s route, the carrier’s liability for any loss of or damage to the goods shall be the same as if those goods were transported by rail.

  • (2) Subject to subsection (3), where goods are transported by a carrier from rail to a vessel for transportation by water over any part of the carrier’s rail route, that transportation of goods by water shall be subject to the liabilities, limitations and exemptions provided by any Act applicable to transportation of goods by water in addition to any applicable provision of these Regulations that are not inconsistent with that Act.

  • (3) No carrier referred to in subsection (2) shall be liable for any loss of or damage to goods or for any delay in the transportation of goods resulting from

    • (a) natural hazards associated with any body of water;

    • (b) an explosion, the bursting of any boiler or the breakage of any shaft on a vessel by which the goods are transported, that does not result from the negligence of the carrier;

    • (c) any latent defect in the hull of a vessel, or in any machinery or appurtenances on a vessel, by which the goods are transported;

    • (d) any collision or running aground of the vessel, or any other accident of navigation affecting the vessel, by which the goods are transported; or

    • (e) a prolongation of the voyage of the vessel by which the goods are transported.

  • (4) For the purpose of subsection (2), the transportation of goods by water does not include transportation on a lighter or ferry across rivers or in lakes or within a harbour.

  • SOR/93-253, s. 2.

Valuation

 The amount of any loss of or damage to goods for which a carrier is liable in respect of the transportation of the goods shall be the lesser of the value of the goods at the place and time of their shipment, including freight and other charges that affect the valuation of the goods, if paid, and the customs duties if paid or payable and not refundable, and

  • (a) the value represented in writing by the shipper,

  • (b) the value agreed to by the carrier and the shipper, or

  • (c) the value determined in accordance with the tariff classification of the goods on which the rate is based.

Owner’s or Shipper’s Risk

  •  (1) Where, under any classification or special reduced tariff, goods are transported at the risk of the owner or shipper of the goods, the carrier’s risks are limited to the risks that are necessarily incidental to the transportation of the goods and the carrier shall only be liable for any loss of or damage to those goods or for any delay in respect of those goods that results from the negligence of the carrier.

  • (2) The onus of proving that there was no negligence in respect of goods referred to in subsection (1) shall be on the carrier.

 
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