Pulp and Paper Effluent Regulations (SOR/92-269)

Regulations are current to 2016-08-01 and last amended on 2012-06-29. Previous Versions

Maximum BOD and Maximum Quantity of Suspended Solids Authorized for Mills

 Unless an authorization has been issued authorizing the deposit of BOD matter or suspended solids, as the case may be, the maximum BOD of the BOD matter that may be deposited from a mill and the maximum quantities of suspended solids that may be deposited from a mill are as follows:

  • (a) in respect of a daily period, the amounts determined using the formula

    Qd = F x 2.5 x RPR

and

  • (b) in respect of a month, the amounts determined using the formula

    Qm = F x D x 1.5 x RPR

    where

    D 
    is the number of calendar days in the month,
    F 
    is equal to a factor of 5 for BOD and 7.5 for suspended solids, expressed in kilograms per tonne of finished product,
    Qd 
    is the maximum BOD of the BOD matter that may be deposited during a daily period or the maximum quantity of suspended solids that may be deposited during a daily period, expressed in kilograms,
    Qm 
    is the maximum BOD of the BOD matter that may be deposited during a month or the maximum quantity of suspended solids that may be deposited during a month, expressed in kilograms, and
    RPR 
    is the reference production rate of the mill for all finished product, expressed in tonnes per day.
  • SOR/2004-109, s. 12;
  • SOR/2008-239, s. 3(E).

Authorizations

  •  (1) An application for an authorization may be made by one or more of

    • (a) the owner or operator of a mill that treats, in addition to its own effluent, waste water from sources other than a mill and that commenced operations before November 3, 1971, who seeks an authorization to deposit, or to permit the deposit of, BOD matter or suspended solids in quantities that exceed the maximum quantities authorized by section 14;

    • (b) the owner or operator of a mill that commenced operations before November 3, 1971 and since that date treats effluent from the production of dissolving grade sulphite pulp, who seeks an authorization to deposit, or to permit the deposit of, BOD matter or suspended solids in quantities that exceed the maximum quantities authorized by section 14; or

    • (c) [Repealed, SOR/2012-140, s. 11]

    • (d) the owner or operator of a mill who seeks an authorization to combine treated effluent with other effluent before the treated effluent is deposited.

  • (2) An application for an authorization shall contain the information specified in Schedule III and shall be submitted to the authorization officer.

  • SOR/2004-109, s. 12;
  • SOR/2008-239, s. 4;
  • SOR/2012-140, s. 11.
  •  (1) The authorization officer may issue to the owner or operator of a mill referred to in paragraph 15(1)(a) an authorization to deposit, or to permit the deposit of, BOD matter and suspended solids in quantities that exceed the maximum quantities authorized by section 14, if the quantities so authorized are the lowest that can be achieved and do not exceed the maximum quantities that may be authorized under section 19.

  • (2) The authorization officer may issue to the owner or operator of a mill referred to in paragraph 15(1)(b) an authorization to deposit, or to permit the deposit of, BOD matter and suspended solids in quantities that exceed the maximum quantities authorized by section 14, if the quantities so authorized are the lowest that can be achieved and do not exceed the maximum quantities that may be authorized under section 20.

  • (3) An authorization may not be issued under subsection (1) or (2) unless the owner or operator of the mill has taken all applicable preventative measures at the production stage to reduce the BOD of all BOD matter and the quantity of suspended solids in the effluent.

  • (4) [Repealed, SOR/2012-140, s. 12]

  • SOR/2004-109, s. 12;
  • SOR/2012-140, s. 12.
  •  (1) The authorization officer may issue to the owner or operator of a mill referred to in paragraph 15(1)(d) an authorization to combine treated effluent with other effluent before the treated effluent is deposited if

    • (a) the operator has taken all reasonable steps, before the effluent is treated, to reduce the BOD of the BOD matter, the quantity of suspended solids and the lethality in respect of the effluent to be treated;

    • (b) the operator has instituted or intends to institute a water conservation program at the mill that would so reduce the volume of the effluent requiring treatment that it would still be acutely lethal despite treatment;

    • (c) the treatment process removes at least 90 per cent of the BOD of all BOD matter in the effluent that is treated; and

    • (d) the other effluent is not acutely lethal before being combined with the treated effluent.

  • (2) Treated effluent may not be combined with other effluent in accordance with an authorization under subsection (1) unless the operator institutes the water conservation program referred to in that subsection.

  • SOR/2004-109, s. 13.
  •  (1) No authorization shall be issued under section 16 or 17 if the authorization officer has data indicating that the quantity of the deleterious substances to be authorized has had or will have a significant effect on fish, fish habitat or the use by man of fish that is more adverse than if the quantities were the maximum quantities authorized under section 14.

  • (2) An authorization shall be issued in the form set out in Schedule IV.

  • (3) The authorization officer may amend or withdraw any authorization if

    • (a) new data indicate that the quantity of the substances, authorized by the authorization officer, has had or will have a significant effect on fish, fish habitat or the use by man of fish that is more adverse than if the quantities were the maximum quantities authorized under section 14;

    • (b) any of the grounds on which the authorization was issued ceases to be true;

    • (c) an owner or operator has not taken all applicable preventative measures at the production stage to reduce the BOD of the BOD matter, the quantity of suspended solids or the lethality in respect of the effluent to be treated; or

    • (d) there is a change in any information provided under section 3, 4 or 5 of Schedule III.

  • (4) Before issuing, amending or withdrawing an authorization, the authorization officer shall consult with officials in the Department of Fisheries and Oceans and, if the authorization officer is a provincial official, with officials in the federal Department of the Environment. The authorization officer may also consult with any other person, body or group that has an interest in the authorization.

  • SOR/2004-109, ss. 14, 36(E).

Maximum BOD and Maximum Quantity of Suspended Solids Authorized Under an Authorization

  •  (1) The maximum BOD of the BOD matter and the maximum quantities of suspended solids that the owner or operator of a mill referred to in paragraph 15(1)(a) may be authorized to deposit, or to permit the deposit of, under an authorization are as follows:

    • (a) in respect of a daily period, the amounts determined using the formula

      Qd = (F x 2.5 x RPR) + [0.375 x (Bo or So)]

    and

    • (b) in respect of a month, the amounts determined using the formula

      Qm = (F x D x 1.5 x RPR) + [0.225 x (Bo or So) x D]

      where

      Bo 
      is the average daily BOD of the BOD matter in the waste water from sources other than a mill before it is treated by the mill, calculated for the preceding calendar year and expressed in kilograms,
      D 
      is the number of calendar days in the month,
      F 
      is equal to a factor of 5 for BOD and 7.5 for suspended solids, expressed in kilograms per tonne of finished product,
      Qd 
      is the maximum BOD of the BOD matter that may be deposited during a daily period or the maximum quantity of suspended solids that may be deposited during a daily period, expressed in kilograms,
      Qm 
      is the maximum BOD of the BOD matter that may be deposited during a month or the maximum quantity of suspended solids that may be deposited during a month, expressed in kilograms,
      RPR 
      is the reference production rate of the mill for all finished product, expressed in tonnes per day, and
      So 
      is the average daily quantity of suspended solids in the waste water from sources other than a mill before it is treated by the mill, calculated for the preceding calendar year and expressed in kilograms.
  • (2) The values of Bo and So and the supporting data referred to in paragraph 7(1)(h) for each calendar year shall be submitted to the authorization officer no later than January 31 of the following calendar year.

  • (3) If there are insufficient data on which to calculate the values of Bo and So, an estimate of those values may be made based on the data that are available.

  • SOR/2004-109, s. 15;
  • SOR/2008-239, s. 5(E).

 The maximum BOD of the BOD matter and the maximum quantities of suspended solids that the owner or operator of a mill referred to in paragraph 15(1)(b) may be authorized to deposit, or to permit the deposit of, under an authorization are as follows:

  • (a) in respect of a daily period, the amounts determined using the formula

    Qd = (F1 x 2.5 x RPR1) + (F2 x 2.5 x RPR2)

and

  • (b) in respect of a month, the amounts determined using the formula

    Qm = (F1 x D x 1.5 x RPR1) + (F2 x D x 1.5 x RPR2)

    where

    D 
    is the number of calendar days in the month,
    F1 
    is equal to a factor of 5 for BOD and 7.5 for suspended solids, expressed in kilograms per tonne of finished product other than dissolving grade sulphite pulp,
    F2 
    is equal to a factor of 18 for BOD and 25 for suspended solids, expressed in kilograms per tonne of dissolving grade sulphite pulp,
    Qd 
    is the maximum BOD of the BOD matter that may be deposited during a daily period or the maximum quantity of suspended solids that may be deposited during a daily period, expressed in kilograms,
    Qm 
    is the maximum BOD of the BOD matter that may be deposited during a month or the maximum quantity of suspended solids that may be deposited during a month, expressed in kilograms,
    RPR1 
    is the reference production rate of the mill for all finished product other than dissolving grade sulphite pulp, expressed in tonnes per day, and
    RPR2 
    is the reference production rate of the mill for dissolving grade sulphite pulp, expressed in tonnes per day.
  • SOR/2004-109, s. 15;
  • SOR/2008-239, s. 6(E).
 
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