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  1. Criminal Code - R.S.C., 1985, c. C-46 (Section 487.0194)
    Marginal note:Destruction of preserved computer data and documents — preservation demand
    •  (1) A person to whom a preservation demand is made under section 487.012 shall destroy the computer data that would not be retained in the ordinary course of business and any document that is prepared for the purpose of preserving computer data under that section as soon as feasible after the demand expires or is revoked, unless they are subject to an order made under any of sections 487.013 to 487.017 with respect to the computer data.

    • Marginal note:Destruction of preserved computer data and documents — preservation order

      (2) A person who is subject to a preservation order made under section 487.013 shall destroy the computer data that would not be retained in the ordinary course of business and any document that is prepared for the purpose of preserving computer data under that section as soon as feasible after the order expires or is revoked, unless they are subject to a new preservation order or to a production order made under any of sections 487.014 to 487.017 with respect to the computer data.

    • Marginal note:Destruction of preserved computer data and documents — production order

      (3) A person who is subject to a production order made under any of sections 487.014 to 487.017 with respect to computer data that they preserved under a preservation demand or order made under section 487.012 or 487.013 shall destroy the computer data that would not be retained in the ordinary course of business and any document that is prepared for the purpose of preserving computer data under that section as soon as feasible after the earlier of

      • (a) the day on which the production order is revoked, and

      • (b) the day on which a document that contains the computer data is produced under the production order.

    • Marginal note:Destruction of preserved computer data and documents — warrant

      (4) Despite subsections (1) to (3), a person who preserved computer data under a preservation demand or order made under section 487.012 or 487.013 shall destroy the computer data that would not be retained in the ordinary course of business and any document that is prepared for the purpose of preserving computer data under that section when a document that contains the computer data is obtained under a warrant.

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  2. Criminal Code - R.S.C., 1985, c. C-46 (Section 278.7)
    Marginal note:Judge may order production of record to accused
    •  (1) Where the judge is satisfied that the record or part of the record is likely relevant to an issue at trial or to the competence of a witness to testify and its production is necessary in the interests of justice, the judge may order that the record or part of the record that is likely relevant be produced to the accused, subject to any conditions that may be imposed pursuant to subsection (3).

    • Marginal note:Factors to be considered

      (2) In determining whether to order the production of the record or part of the record to the accused, the judge shall consider the salutary and deleterious effects of the determination on the accused’s right to make a full answer and defence and on the right to privacy, personal security and equality of the complainant or witness, as the case may be, and of any other person to whom the record relates and, in particular, shall take the factors specified in paragraphs 278.5(2)(a) to (h) into account.

    • Marginal note:Conditions on production

      (3) If the judge orders the production of the record or part of the record to the accused, the judge may impose conditions on the production to protect the interests of justice and, to the greatest extent possible, the privacy, personal security and equality interests of the complainant or witness, as the case may be, and of any other person to whom the record relates, including, for example, the following conditions:

      [...]

    • Marginal note:Copy to prosecutor

      (4) Where the judge orders the production of the record or part of the record to the accused, the judge shall direct that a copy of the record or part of the record be provided to the prosecutor, unless the judge determines that it is not in the interests of justice to do so.

    • Marginal note:Record not to be used in other proceedings

      (5) The record or part of the record that is produced to the accused pursuant to an order under subsection (1) shall not be used in any other proceedings.

    • Marginal note:Retention of record by court

      (6) Where the judge refuses to order the production of the record or part of the record to the accused, the record or part of the record shall, unless a court orders otherwise, be kept in a sealed package by the court until the later of the expiration of the time for any appeal and the completion of any appeal in the proceedings against the accused, whereupon the record or part of the record shall be returned to the person lawfully entitled to possession or control of it.

    [...]


  3. Criminal Code - R.S.C., 1985, c. C-46 (Section 487.0192)
    Marginal note:Particulars — production orders
    •  (1) An order made under any of sections 487.014 and 487.016 to 487.018 must require a person, financial institution or entity to produce the document to a peace officer or public officer named in the order within the time, at the place and in the form specified in the order.

    • Marginal note:Particulars — production order to trace specified communication

      (2) An order made under section 487.015 must require a person to produce the document to a peace officer or public officer named in the order as soon as feasible after they are served with the order at the place and in the form specified in the order.

    • Marginal note:Form of production

      (3) For greater certainty, an order under any of sections 487.014 to 487.018 may specify that a document may be produced on or through an electro-magnetic medium.

    • Marginal note:Non-application

      (4) For greater certainty, sections 489.1 and 490 do not apply to a document that is produced under an order under any of sections 487.014 to 487.018.

    • [...]

    • Marginal note:Canada Evidence Act

      (6) A document that is prepared for the purpose of production is considered to be original for the purposes of the Canada Evidence Act.

    [...]


  4. Criminal Code - R.S.C., 1985, c. C-46 (Section 487.0191)
    Marginal note:Order prohibiting disclosure
    •  (1) On ex parte application made by a peace officer or public officer, a justice or judge may make an order prohibiting a person from disclosing the existence or some or all of the contents of a preservation demand made under section 487.012 or a preservation or production order made under any of sections 487.013 to 487.018 during the period set out in the order.

    • Marginal note:Conditions for making order

      (2) Before making the order, the justice or judge must be satisfied by information on oath in Form 5.009 that there are reasonable grounds to believe that the disclosure during that period would jeopardize the conduct of the investigation of the offence to which the preservation demand or the preservation or production order relates.

    • Marginal note:Form

      (3) The order is to be in Form 5.0091.

    • Marginal note:Application to revoke or vary order

      (4) A peace officer or a public officer or a person, financial institution or entity that is subject to an order made under subsection (1) may apply in writing to the justice or judge who made the order  —  or to a judge in the judicial district where the order was made  —  to revoke or vary the order.

    [...]


  5. Criminal Code - R.S.C., 1985, c. C-46 (FORM 5.004 : Information To Obtain a)

    FORM 5.004(Subsections 487.014(2), 487.015(2), 487.016(2), 487.017(2) and 487.018(3))Information To Obtain a Production Order

    [...]

    The informant says that they have reasonable grounds to suspect (or, if the application is for an order under section 487.014 of the Criminal Code, reasonable grounds to believe)

    • [...]

    • (b) (if the application is for an order under section 487.014 of the Criminal Code) that (specify the document or data) is in the possession or control of (name of the person) and will afford evidence respecting the commission of the offence.

    [...]

    • (b) (if the application is for an order under section 487.015 of the Criminal Code) that the identification of a device or person involved in the transmission of (specify the communication) will assist in the investigation of the offence and that (specify the transmission data) that is in the possession or control of one or more persons whose identity is unknown will enable that identification.

    [...]

    • (b) (if the application is for an order under section 487.016 of the Criminal Code) that (specify the transmission data) is in the possession or control of (name of the person) and will assist in the investigation of the offence.

    [...]

    • (b) (if the application is for an order under section 487.017 of the Criminal Code) that (specify the tracking data) is in the possession or control of (name of the person) and will assist in the investigation of the offence.

    [...]

    • (b) (if the application is for an order under section 487.018 of the Criminal Code) that (specify the data) is in the possession or control of (name of the financial institution, person or entity) and will assist in the investigation of the offence.

    The reasonable grounds are:

    The informant therefore requests

    (if the application is for an order under section 487.014 of the Criminal Code) that (name of the person) be ordered to produce a document that is a copy of (specify the document) that is in their possession or control when they receive the order (and/or to prepare and produce a document containing (specify the data) that is in their possession or control when they receive the order).

    [...]

    (if the application is for an order under section 487.015 of the Criminal Code) that a person who is served with the order in accordance with subsection 487.015(4) of the Criminal Code be ordered to prepare and produce a document containing (specify the transmission data) that is in their possession or control when they are served with the order.

    [...]

    (if the application is for an order under section 487.016 of the Criminal Code) that (name of the person) be ordered to prepare and produce a document containing (specify the transmission data) that is in their possession or control when they receive the order.

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    (if the application is for an order under section 487.017 of the Criminal Code) that (name of the person) be ordered to prepare and produce a document containing (specify the tracking data) that is in their possession or control when they receive the order.

    [...]

    (if the application is for an order under section 487.018 of the Criminal Code) that (name of the financial institution, person or entity) be ordered to prepare and produce a document setting out (specify the data) that is in their possession or control when they receive the order.

    [...]



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