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Canada Labour Code

Version of section 166 from 2021-08-03 to 2023-09-13:

Marginal note:Definitions

 In this Part,

collective agreement

collective agreement means an agreement in writing containing terms or conditions of employment of employees, including provisions with reference to rates of pay, hours of work and settlement by a third party of disagreements arising in the application of the agreement, between

  • (a) an employer or an employers’ organization acting on behalf of an employer, and

  • (b) a trade union acting on behalf of the employees in collective bargaining or as a party to an agreement with the employer or employers’ organization; (convention collective)


day means any period of twenty-four consecutive hours; (jour)


employer means any person who employs one or more employees; (employeur)

general holiday

general holiday means New Year’s Day, Good Friday, Victoria Day, Canada Day, Labour Day, National Day for Truth and Reconciliation, which is observed on September 30, Thanksgiving Day, Remembrance Day, Christmas Day and Boxing Day and includes any day substituted for any such holiday under section 195; (jours fériés)

health care practitioner

health care practitioner means a person lawfully entitled, under the laws of a province, to provide health services in the place in which they provide those services; (professionnel de la santé)

industrial establishment

industrial establishment means any federal work, undertaking or business and includes any branch, section or other division of a federal work, undertaking or business that is designated as an industrial establishment by regulations made under paragraph 264(1)(b); (établissement)


inspector[Repealed, 2018, c. 27, s. 569]


order means any order of the Minister made pursuant to this Part or the regulations; (arrêté)


overtime means hours of work in excess of standard hours of work; (heures supplémentaires)

qualified medical practitioner

qualified medical practitioner[Repealed, 2018, c. 27, s. 442]

regional director

regional director[Repealed, 2018, c. 27, s. 569]

standard hours of work

standard hours of work means the hours of work established pursuant to section 169 or 170 or in any regulations made pursuant to section 175; (durée normale du travail)

trade union

trade union means any organization of employees formed for purposes that include the regulation of relations between employers and employees; (syndicat)


wages includes every form of remuneration for work performed but does not include tips and other gratuities; (salaire)


week means, in relation to Division I, the period between midnight on Saturday and midnight on the immediately following Saturday. (semaine)

  • R.S., 1985, c. L-2, s. 166
  • 1993, c. 42, s. 12
  • 1996, c. 11, s. 66
  • 2005, c. 34, s. 79
  • 2013, c. 40, s. 237
  • 2015, c. 36, s. 88
  • 2018, c. 27, s. 442
  • 2018, c. 27, s. 569
  • 2021, c. 11, s. 4
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