Assented to 2003-06-19
An Act to compensate military members injured during service
The purpose of this enactment is to provide compensation to serving and former members of the Canadian Forces who suffered an injury attributable to service that resulted in dismemberment or the loss of sight, hearing or speech, and who were not entitled to a lump-sum payment under an insurance plan provided by the Government of Canada.
Her Majesty, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate and House of Commons of Canada, enacts as follows:
Marginal note:Short title
2. The following definitions apply in this Act.
“Class “A” Reserve Service”
« service de réserve de classe « A » »
“Class “A” Reserve Service” has the same meaning as in article 9.06 of the Queen’s Regulations and Orders for the Canadian Forces.
“Class “B” Reserve Service”
« service de réserve de classe « B » »
“Class “B” Reserve Service” has the same meaning as in article 9.07 of the Queen’s Regulations and Orders for the Canadian Forces.
“Class “C” Reserve Service”
« service de réserve de classe « C » »
“Class “C” Reserve Service” has the same meaning as in article 9.08 of the Queen’s Regulations and Orders for the Canadian Forces.
« ministre »
“Minister” means the Minister of National Defence.
« renseignements personnels »
“personal information” has the same meaning as in section 3 of the Privacy Act.
Marginal note:Designation by Minister
3. (1) Subject to subsection (2), the Minister may designate any person to exercise any power or perform any duty or function that may be exercised or performed by the Minister under this Act.
(2) If the Minister has designated a person to make a decision under this Act, the Minister may not designate that same person to review the decision under subsection 11(1).
Marginal note:Right of compensation
4. (1) A person who, while serving as a member of the regular force, or a member of the reserve force performing Class “B” Reserve Service for more than 180 days or Class “C” Reserve Service, suffered an injury that resulted in a loss set out in column 1 of the schedule during the corresponding period set out in column 2 is entitled, on application, to the corresponding benefit set out in column 3 if the Minister is satisfied that
(a) the injury is attributable to the person’s service with the Canadian Forces;
(b) the loss resulted directly from the injury;
(c) the loss was not caused directly or indirectly by a self-inflicted injury, even if caused by insanity, or by the person’s improper conduct, including their wilful disobedience of an order and vicious or criminal conduct;
(d) the person survived for a period of at least 30 days after the injury;
(e) the loss occurred within 90 days after the injury; and
(f) the person was not entitled to a lump-sum payment in respect of the injury under an insurance plan provided by the Government of Canada.
Marginal note:Right of compensation
(2) A person who, while serving as a member of the reserve force performing Class “B” Reserve Service for 180 days or less or Class “A” Reserve Service, suffered an injury that resulted in a loss set out in column 1 of the schedule during the corresponding period set out in column 2 is entitled, on application, to the corresponding benefit set out in column 4 if the Minister is satisfied that the conditions in paragraphs (1)(a) to (f) are met.
(3) For the purposes of subsections (1) and (2) and the schedule, the loss of a hand or foot, or thumb and index finger, includes the loss of their use, and the loss of hearing or speech or of sight in one eye or both eyes means total and irrecoverable loss.
5. The total benefits payable to a person in respect of an injury that may result in one or more losses shall not exceed $250,000 for a person referred to in subsection 4(1) or $100,000 for a person referred to in subsection 4(2).
Marginal note:No benefit payable
6. No benefit is payable for any loss caused wholly or partly, or directly or indirectly, by
(a) disease, bodily or mental infirmity or the medical treatment of the disease or infirmity; or
(b) ptomaines or bacterial infections, except an infection that is caused by the injury.
Marginal note:Application made to Minister
7. (1) Any person referred to in section 4 may make an application to the Minister for a benefit in the manner required by the Minister.
Marginal note:Deceased member
(2) If the person died before the coming into force of this Act, or dies after the coming into force of this Act without making an application, the person’s estate or succession may apply for the benefit and has the same rights and obligations that the person would have had under this Act.
(3) The Minister may require the applicant to provide
(a) any documentation necessary to substantiate their claim;
(b) any relevant information; and
(c) an affidavit or statutory declaration attesting to the truth of the information provided.
Marginal note:Consideration of application
(4) The Minister shall consider an application without delay after its receipt and, in considering the application, may
(a) investigate the facts stated in the application and any other matter related to the application; and
(b) collect relevant material and information from the records of departments and agencies of the Government of Canada.
(5) After considering the application, the Minister shall approve the payment of the benefit if the Minister is satisfied that the applicant is entitled to a benefit, or refuse to approve the payment of the benefit in any other case.
Marginal note:Notice of decision and reasons
(6) The Minister shall notify the applicant of any decision made under subsection (5) and of the reasons for any refusal to approve the payment of a benefit.
Marginal note:Benefit of doubt
8. In making a decision under this Act, the Minister shall
(a) draw from the circumstances of the case, and the evidence presented to the Minister, every reasonable inference in favour of the applicant;
(b) accept any uncontradicted evidence presented to the Minister by the applicant that the Minister considers to be credible in the circumstances; and
(c) resolve in favour of the applicant any doubt, in the weighing of evidence, as to whether the applicant has established a case.
Marginal note:Decisions shall be made expeditiously
9. Decisions of the Minister shall be made as informally and expeditiously as the circumstances and considerations of fairness permit.
Marginal note:Inquiries Act
Marginal note:Taking oaths, etc.
(2) Any officer or employee of the Department of National Defence or officer of the Canadian Forces, if designated by the Minister for the purpose, may, in the course of their employment or service, administer oaths and take and receive affidavits, declarations and solemn affirmations for the purpose of or incidental to the administration of this Act, and every person so designated has, with respect to any such oath, affidavit, declaration or affirmation, all the powers of a commissioner for administering oaths or taking affidavits.
Marginal note:Acceptance of oaths, etc.
(3) The Minister may accept, for the purpose of the administration of this Act, any oath administered or any affidavit, declaration or solemn affirmation taken or received by any person who has the powers of a commissioner for taking affidavits and who is an officer or employee of
(a) a department or other portion of the public service of Canada specified in Schedule I to the Public Service Staff Relations Act; or
(b) a department of the government of a province.
Marginal note:Request for review
11. (1) An applicant who is dissatisfied with a decision made by the Minister under this Act may request a review of the decision by the Minister. After receiving the request, the Minister shall review the decision.
Marginal note:Review on Minister’s motion
(2) The Minister may, on the Minister’s own motion, review a decision made under this Act.
Marginal note:Confirmation, amendment or rescinding
(3) After reviewing the decision, the Minister may either confirm the decision or amend or rescind the decision if the Minister determines that there was an error with respect to any finding of fact or the interpretation of any law, or if new evidence is presented to the Minister.
Marginal note:Decision is final
(4) A decision of the Minister respecting a review is final and binding and, except for judicial review under the Federal Court Act, is not subject to appeal or to review by any court. The decision shall not be the subject of a grievance under section 29 of the National Defence Act.
Marginal note:Representation of applicant
12. In all matters under this Act, an applicant may, at their own expense, be represented by a representative of their choice.
Marginal note:Information that shall be made available to Minister
13. The following personal information relating to the person who sustained the injury shall, if requested by the Minister, be made available to the Minister to determine the applicant’s eligibility for a benefit:
(a) personal information collected or obtained by the Department of Veterans Affairs in the administration of the Pension Act;
(b) personal information collected or obtained by the Department of Transport in the administration of the Aeronautics Act or the Canada Shipping Act, or any predecessor enactment relating to the same subject-matter; and
(c) personal information collected or obtained by the National Archives of Canada in the administration of the National Archives of Canada Act, or any predecessor enactment relating to the same subject-matter.
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