Specific Claims Resolution Act (S.C. 2003, c. 23)

Assented to 2003-11-07

Marginal note:Copy to Minister on filing

 On the filing of a specific claim, the Commission shall provide a copy of it and its supporting documentation to the Minister.

Preparatory Meetings

Marginal note:Initial meeting
  •  (1) The Commission shall, on the filing of a specific claim, convene a preparatory meeting of the parties for the purpose of identifying and clarifying the basis of the claim and the matters of fact or law on which the claimant relies in support of the claim, any additional research required and any other issue relevant to the preparation of the claim for consideration by the Minister.

  • Marginal note:Additional meetings

    (2) The Commission, on the request of a party, may convene additional preparatory meetings and, when appropriate, community meetings in order to permit the involvement of other interested persons including elders, members of the claimant and relevant public officials.

Marginal note:Amendments

 At any time during or on the completion of the preparatory meetings, the claimant may make any amendments to its specific claim that it desires in order to fully and clearly set out the basis for its claim and the matters of fact or law on which it relies in support of the claim. The Commission shall provide a copy of any such amendments to the Minister.

Marginal note:Process suspended for Minister’s decision
  •  (1) On the completion of the preparatory meetings relating to a specific claim and receipt of any amendments under section 29, the Commission shall suspend proceedings in relation to the claim until it receives in writing the Minister’s decision on whether the Minister will negotiate the claim.

  • Marginal note:Delay not to be considered for validity

    (2) The Minister, in making a decision on whether to negotiate a claim, shall not consider any rule or doctrine that would have the effect of limiting claims or prescribing rights against the Crown because of passage of time or delay.

  • Marginal note:Report of Minister

    (3) The Minister shall, at least every six months after the completion of the preparatory meetings, report to the Commission on the status of the review, the expected date of the Minister’s decision and, if applicable, the reasons why more time is required than previously expected.

  • Marginal note:No deemed decision

    (4) No passage of time in relation to the decision on whether to negotiate a claim may be considered as constituting a decision not to negotiate the claim.

Validity of Claims

Marginal note:After decision not to negotiate

 On receipt of the Minister’s decision not to negotiate a specific claim, the Commission shall, on the request of the claimant, assist the parties to attempt to resolve the issue of validity using any appropriate dispute resolution process.

Marginal note:Referral to Tribunal
  •  (1) On the request of the claimant, the Commission shall refer the issue of the validity of a specific claim to the Tribunal if it is satisfied that

    • (a) the basis for the claim and all matters of fact and law on which the claimant relies in support of the claim have been fully and clearly identified and adequately researched and have been considered by the Minister;

    • (b) all dispute resolution processes appropriate for resolving the issue have been exhausted without the issue having been resolved; and

    • (c) the claimant has, in prescribed form, waived any compensation for the claim that is in excess of the claim limit as it applies to the claim in accordance with section 56.

  • Marginal note:Documents on referral

    (2) When it refers the issue of validity to the Tribunal, the Commission shall provide to the Tribunal a copy of all documents that it has provided to the Minister under sections 27 and 29.

  • Marginal note:Issue of allocation of responsibility

    (3) On the request of a party, the Commission shall, together with the issue of validity, refer to the Tribunal the issue of the extent, if any, of each respondent party’s responsibility with regard to each claimant for the claim.

Compensation

Marginal note:After favourable decision on validity

 After the Minister decides to negotiate a specific claim, or the Tribunal decides that a specific claim is valid, the Commission shall assist the parties to resolve the issue of compensation using any appropriate dispute resolution process.

Marginal note:Amendments re compensation

 At any time after the decision of the Minister or Tribunal referred to in section 33, the claimant may make any amendments to its specific claim that it desires in order to fully and clearly set out its position with respect to compensation and the matters of fact or law on which it relies in support of that position. The Commission shall provide a copy of any such amendments to the Minister.

Marginal note:Referral to Tribunal
  •  (1) On the request of the claimant, the Commission shall refer the issue of compensation for a specific claim to the Tribunal if it is satisfied that

    • (a) the claimant’s position with respect to compensation and all matters of fact or law on which the claimant relies in support of that position have been fully and clearly identified and adequately researched and have been considered by the Minister in the course of a dispute resolution process under section 33;

    • (b) all dispute resolution processes appropriate for resolving the issue have been exhausted without the issue having been resolved;

    • (c) no compensation other than monetary compensation is being claimed;

    • (d) the claimant has, in prescribed form, waived any compensation for the claim that is in excess of the claim limit as it applies to the claim in accordance with section 56; and

    • (e) the result of the following calculation is an amount not less than the claim limit:

      A - B - (C x D)

      where

      A 
      is the maximum amount of compensation that may be awarded by the Tribunal in a fiscal year as published by the Minister from time to time in the Canada Gazette on the recommendation of the Minister of Indian Affairs and Northern Development and with the approval of the Treasury Board,
      B 
      is the total amount of compensation awarded by the Tribunal in the current fiscal year,
      C 
      is the claim limit, and
      D 
      is the number of specific claims in respect of which the issue of compensation has been referred to the Tribunal but has not been decided.
  • Marginal note:Documents on referral

    (2) When it refers the issue of compensation to the Tribunal, the Commission shall provide to the Tribunal a copy of the documents that it has provided to the Minister under sections 27, 29 and 34.

  • Marginal note:Issue of allocation of responsibility

    (3) On the request of a party, the Commission shall, together with the issue of compensation, refer to the Tribunal the issue of the extent, if any, of each respondent party’s responsibility with regard to each claimant for the claim.

General

Marginal note:Notice
  •  (1) The Commission shall give notice of the filing of a specific claim to each province, first nation or person whose interests a party indicates in writing to the Commission might be significantly affected by the claim.

  • Marginal note:Effect of failure to notify

    (2) Failure to provide notice does not invalidate any resolution of a specific claim under this Part.

Marginal note:Participation

 On the request of the parties, the Commission shall allow a province, first nation or person to be consulted during a dispute resolution process under this Part, or a province or first nation to participate as a party.

Marginal note:No disclosure, production or testimony without consent — Chief Executive Officer, commissioner or employee
  •  (1) Subject to section 75, the Chief Executive Officer, a commissioner or an employee of the Centre who obtains any document or information related to a specific claim in the course of their appointment or employment, unless the parties to the claim consent, may not be compelled to, and shall not, disclose, produce or give evidence about the document or information.

  • Marginal note:No disclosure, production or testimony without consent — contractor

    (2) Subject to section 75, a person whose services are engaged by the Centre in respect of a specific claim and who obtains any document or information in the course of their engagement, unless the parties to the claim consent, may not be compelled to, and shall not, disclose, produce or give evidence about the document or information.

Marginal note:Prohibition on representing parties — Chief Executive Officer, commissioner or employee
  •  (1) The Chief Executive Officer, a commissioner or an employee of the Centre may not represent a party at a Tribunal hearing.

  • Marginal note:Prohibition on representing parties — contractor

    (2) A person whose services are engaged by the Centre in respect of a specific claim may not represent a party at a Tribunal hearing in respect of the claim or any other claim based on the same or substantially the same facts.

Marginal note:Evidence not admissible in other proceedings

 Evidence of anything said, any position taken or any admission made by any person in the course of a dispute resolution process under this Part is not admissible, without the consent of all parties, before the Tribunal or in any other proceeding.

PART 3TRIBUNAL

Composition and Role

Composition

Marginal note:Composition
  •  (1) The Tribunal Division of the Centre consists of a Chief Adjudicator, a Vice-Chief Adjudicator and up to five other adjudicators to be appointed by the Governor in Council on the recommendation of the Minister.

  • Marginal note:Eligibility

    (2) The majority of the adjudicators, including one of the Chief Adjudicator or the Vice-Chief Adjudicator, must be members in good standing of the bar of a province or the Chambre des notaires du Québec.

  • Marginal note:Modification of number of adjudicators

    (3) The Governor in Council may, on the recommendation of the Minister, at any time increase or reduce the number of adjudicators.

  • Marginal note:Full-time and part-time

    (4) The Chief Adjudicator and Vice-Chief Adjudicator shall be appointed as full-time adjudicators, and other adjudicators may be appointed as full-time or part-time adjudicators.

  • Marginal note:Term and tenure

    (5) The Chief Adjudicator and the Vice-Chief Adjudicator shall hold office during good behaviour for a term of not more than five years and may be removed for cause by the Governor in Council.

  • Marginal note:Term and tenure

    (6) The other adjudicators shall hold office during good behaviour for a term of not more than three years and may be removed for cause by the Governor in Council.

  • Marginal note:Re-appointment

    (7) An adjudicator is eligible for re-appointment on the expiration of any term of office in the same or another capacity.

 
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