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Protecting Canada’s Immigration System Act (S.C. 2012, c. 17)

Assented to 2012-06-28

 Section 24 of the Act is amended by adding the following after subsection (4):

  • Marginal note:Restriction — designated foreign national

    (5) A designated foreign national may not request a temporary resident permit

    • (a) if they have made a claim for refugee protection but have not made an application for protection, until five years after the day on which a final determination in respect of the claim is made;

    • (b) if they have made an application for protection, until five years after the day on which a final determination in respect of the application is made; or

    • (c) in any other case, until five years after the day on which the foreign national becomes a designated foreign national.

  • Marginal note:Suspension of request

    (6) The processing of a request for a temporary resident permit of a foreign national who, after the request is made, becomes a designated foreign national is suspended

    • (a) if the foreign national has made a claim for refugee protection but has not made an application for protection, until five years after the day on which a final determination in respect of the claim is made;

    • (b) if the foreign national has made an application for protection, until five years after the day on which a final determination in respect of the application is made; or

    • (c) in any other case, until five years after the day on which the foreign national becomes a designated foreign national.

  • Marginal note:Refusal to consider request

    (7) The officer may refuse to consider a request for a temporary resident permit if

    • (a) the designated foreign national fails, without reasonable excuse, to comply with any condition imposed on them under subsection 58(4) or section 58.1 or any requirement imposed on them under section 98.1; and

    • (b) less than 12 months have passed since the end of the applicable period referred to in subsection (5) or (6).

Marginal note:2010, c. 8, s. 4(1)
  •  (1) Subsection 25(1) of the Act is replaced by the following:

    Marginal note:Humanitarian and compassionate considerations — request of foreign national
    • 25. (1) Subject to subsection (1.2), the Minister must, on request of a foreign national in Canada who applies for permanent resident status and who is inadmissible or does not meet the requirements of this Act, and may, on request of a foreign national outside Canada who applies for a permanent resident visa, examine the circumstances concerning the foreign national and may grant the foreign national permanent resident status or an exemption from any applicable criteria or obligations of this Act if the Minister is of the opinion that it is justified by humanitarian and compassionate considerations relating to the foreign national, taking into account the best interests of a child directly affected.

    • Marginal note:Restriction — designated foreign national

      (1.01) A designated foreign national may not make a request under subsection (1)

      • (a) if they have made a claim for refugee protection but have not made an application for protection, until five years after the day on which a final determination in respect of the claim is made;

      • (b) if they have made an application for protection, until five years after the day on which a final determination in respect of the application is made; or

      • (c) in any other case, until five years after the day on which they become a designated foreign national.

    • Marginal note:Suspension of request

      (1.02) The processing of a request under subsection (1) of a foreign national who, after the request is made, becomes a designated foreign national is suspended

      • (a) if the foreign national has made a claim for refugee protection but has not made an application for protection, until five years after the day on which a final determination in respect of the claim is made;

      • (b) if the foreign national has made an application for protection, until five years after the day on which a final determination in respect of the application is made; or

      • (c) in any other case, until five years after the day on which they become a designated foreign national.

    • Marginal note:Refusal to consider request

      (1.03) The Minister may refuse to consider a request under subsection (1) if

      • (a) the designated foreign national fails, without reasonable excuse, to comply with any condition imposed on them under subsection 58(4) or section 58.1 or any requirement imposed on them under section 98.1; and

      • (b) less than 12 months have passed since the end of the applicable period referred to in subsection (1.01) or (1.02).

  • Marginal note:2010, c. 8, s. 4(1)

    (2) Subsection 25(1.1) of the French version of the Act is replaced by the following:

    • Marginal note:Paiement des frais

      (1.1) Le ministre n’est saisi de la demande faite au titre du paragraphe (1) que si les frais afférents ont été payés au préalable.

  • Marginal note:2010, c. 8, s. 4(1)

    (3) Subsection 25(1.2) of the Act is replaced by the following:

    • Marginal note:Exceptions

      (1.2) The Minister may not examine the request if

      • (a) the foreign national has already made such a request and the request is pending;

      • (b) the foreign national has made a claim for refugee protection that is pending before the Refugee Protection Division or the Refugee Appeal Division; or

      • (c) subject to subsection (1.21), less than 12 months have passed since the foreign national’s claim for refugee protection was last rejected, determined to be withdrawn after substantive evidence was heard or determined to be abandoned by the Refugee Protection Division or the Refugee Appeal Division.

    • Marginal note:Exception to paragraph (1.2)(c)

      (1.21) Paragraph (1.2)(c) does not apply in respect of a foreign national

      • (a) who, in the case of removal, would be subjected to a risk to their life, caused by the inability of each of their countries of nationality or, if they do not have a country of nationality, their country of former habitual residence, to provide adequate health or medical care; or

      • (b) whose removal would have an adverse effect on the best interests of a child directly affected.

  • Marginal note:2010, c. 8, s. 4(1)

    (4) Subsection 25(1.3) of the French version of the Act is replaced by the following:

    • Marginal note:Non-application de certains facteurs

      (1.3) Le ministre, dans l’étude de la demande faite au titre du paragraphe (1) d’un étranger se trouvant au Canada, ne tient compte d’aucun des facteurs servant à établir la qualité de réfugié — au sens de la Convention — aux termes de l’article 96 ou de personne à protéger au titre du paragraphe 97(1); il tient compte, toutefois, des difficultés auxquelles l’étranger fait face.

Marginal note:2010, c. 8, s. 5
  •  (1) Subsection 25.2(1) of the Act is replaced by the following:

    Marginal note:Public policy considerations
    • 25.2 (1) The Minister may, in examining the circumstances concerning a foreign national who is inadmissible or who does not meet the requirements of this Act, grant that person permanent resident status or an exemption from any applicable criteria or obligations of this Act if the foreign national complies with any conditions imposed by the Minister and the Minister is of the opinion that it is justified by public policy considerations.

  • (2) Section 25.2 of the Act is amended by adding the following after subsection (3):

    • Marginal note:Conditions

      (4) The conditions referred to in subsection (1) may include a requirement for the foreign national to obtain an undertaking or to obtain a determination of their eligibility from a third party that meets any criteria specified by the Minister.

 Section 26 of the Act is amended by striking out “and” at the end of paragraph (d) and by adding the following after paragraph (d):

  • (d.1) undertakings that may or must be given in respect of requests made under subsection 25(1) or undertakings referred to in subsection 25.2(4), and penalties for failure to comply with undertakings;

  • (d.2) the determination of eligibility referred to in subsection 25.2(4); and

 The Act is amended by adding the following after section 31:

Refugee Travel Document

Marginal note:Designated foreign national

31.1 For the purposes of Article 28 of the Refugee Convention, a designated foreign national whose claim for refugee protection or application for protection is accepted is lawfully staying in Canada only if they become a permanent resident or are issued a temporary resident permit under section 24.

 Paragraph 40(1)(c) of the Act is replaced by the following:

  • (c) on a final determination to vacate a decision to allow their claim for refugee protection or application for protection; or

 The Act is amended by adding the following after section 40:

Marginal note:Cessation of refugee protection — foreign national
  • 40.1 (1) A foreign national is inadmissible on a final determination under subsection 108(2) that their refugee protection has ceased.

  • Marginal note:Cessation of refugee protection — permanent resident

    (2) A permanent resident is inadmissible on a final determination that their refugee protection has ceased for any of the reasons described in paragraphs 108(1)(a) to (d).

  •  (1) Subsection 46(1) of the Act is amended by striking out “or” at the end of paragraph (c) and by adding the following after paragraph (c):

    • (c.1) on a final determination under subsection 108(2) that their refugee protection has ceased for any of the reasons described in paragraphs 108(1)(a) to (d); or

  • (2) Paragraph 46(1)(d) of the English version of the Act is replaced by the following:

    • (d) on a final determination under section 109 to vacate a decision to allow their claim for refugee protection or a final determination to vacate a decision to allow their application for protection.

 
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