An Act to amend the Canadian Human Rights Act and the Criminal Code (S.C. 2017, c. 13)

Assented to 2017-06-19

An Act to amend the Canadian Human Rights Act and the Criminal Code

S.C. 2017, c. 13

Assented to 2017-06-19

An Act to amend the Canadian Human Rights Act and the Criminal Code

SUMMARY

This enactment amends the Canadian Human Rights Act to add gender identity and gender expression to the list of prohibited grounds of discrimination.

The enactment also amends the Criminal Code to extend the protection against hate propaganda set out in that Act to any section of the public that is distinguished by gender identity or expression and to clearly set out that evidence that an offence was motivated by bias, prejudice or hate based on gender identity or expression constitutes an aggravating circumstance that a court must take into consideration when it imposes a sentence.

Her Majesty, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate and House of Commons of Canada, enacts as follows:

R.S., c. H-6Canadian Human Rights Act

Marginal note:1998, c. 9, s. 9; 2012, c. 1, s. 137(E)

 Section 2 of the Canadian Human Rights Act is replaced by the following:

Marginal note:Purpose

2 The purpose of this Act is to extend the laws in Canada to give effect, within the purview of matters coming within the legislative authority of Parliament, to the principle that all individuals should have an opportunity equal with other individuals to make for themselves the lives that they are able and wish to have and to have their needs accommodated, consistent with their duties and obligations as members of society, without being hindered in or prevented from doing so by discriminatory practices based on race, national or ethnic origin, colour, religion, age, sex, sexual orientation, gender identity or expression, marital status, family status, disability or conviction for an offence for which a pardon has been granted or in respect of which a record suspension has been ordered.

Marginal note:1996, c. 14, s. 2; 2012, c. 1, s. 138(E)

 Subsection 3(1) of the Act is replaced by the following:

Marginal note:Prohibited grounds of discrimination
  • 3 (1) For all purposes of this Act, the prohibited grounds of discrimination are race, national or ethnic origin, colour, religion, age, sex, sexual orientation, gender identity or expression, marital status, family status, disability and conviction for an offence for which a pardon has been granted or in respect of which a record suspension has been ordered.

R.S., c. C-46Criminal Code

Marginal note:2014, c. 31, s. 12

 Subsection 318(4) of the Criminal Code is replaced by the following:

  • Marginal note:Definition of identifiable group

    (4) In this section, identifiable group means any section of the public distinguished by colour, race, religion, national or ethnic origin, age, sex, sexual orientation, gender identity or expression, or mental or physical disability.

Marginal note:1995, c. 22, s. 6

 Subparagraph 718.2(a)(i) of the Act is replaced by the following:

  • (i) evidence that the offence was motivated by bias, prejudice or hate based on race, national or ethnic origin, language, colour, religion, sex, age, mental or physical disability, sexual orientation, or gender identity or expression, or on any other similar factor,

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