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Antarctic Environmental Protection Act

Version of section 30 from 2003-12-01 to 2010-12-09:


Marginal note:Entry

  •  (1) Subject to subsection (2), for the purposes of this Act, an enforcement officer may, at any reasonable time, enter any place in Canada in which the enforcement officer believes, on reasonable grounds, there is anything to which this Act applies or any document relating to its administration.

  • Marginal note:Dwelling-house

    (2) An enforcement officer may not enter a dwelling-house without the consent of the occupant or pursuant to a warrant issued under subsection (3).

  • Marginal note:Warrant for inspection of dwelling-house

    (3) If, on ex parte application, a justice is satisfied by information on oath that

    • (a) the conditions for entry described in subsection (1) exist in relation to a dwelling-house,

    • (b) entry to the dwelling-house is necessary for any purpose relating to the administration of this Act, and

    • (c) entry to the dwelling-house has been refused or there are reasonable grounds for believing that entry will be refused,

    the justice may issue a warrant authorizing the enforcement officer named in it to conduct an inspection of the dwelling-house, subject to any conditions that may be specified in the warrant, and authorizing any other person named in the warrant to accompany the enforcement officer and exercise any power specified in the warrant.

  • Marginal note:Warrants for inspection of non-dwellings

    (4) If, on ex parte application, a justice is satisfied by information on oath that

    • (a) the conditions for entry described in subsection (1) exist in relation to a place other than a dwelling-house,

    • (b) entry to the place is necessary for any purpose relating to the administration of this Act,

    • (c) entry to the place has been refused, the enforcement officer was not able to enter without the use of force or the place was abandoned, and

    • (d) subject to subsection (5), all reasonable attempts were made to notify the owner, operator or person in charge of the place,

    the justice may issue a warrant authorizing the enforcement officer named in it to conduct an inspection of the place, subject to any conditions that may be specified in the warrant, and authorizing any other person named in the warrant to accompany the enforcement officer and exercise any power specified in the warrant.

  • Marginal note:Waiving notice

    (5) The justice may waive the requirement to give notice under paragraph (4)(d) if he or she is satisfied that attempts to give the notice would be unsuccessful because the owner, operator or person in charge is absent from the jurisdiction of the justice or that it is not in the public interest to give the notice.

  • Marginal note:Use of force

    (6) In executing a warrant issued under subsection (3) or (4), an enforcement officer shall not use force unless the use of force has been specifically authorized in the warrant.

  • Marginal note:Stopping and detaining conveyances

    (7) For the purposes of this Act, an enforcement officer may, at any reasonable time, direct that any conveyance be stopped or be moved to a place where an inspection can be carried out and may, for a reasonable time, detain any conveyance.

  • Marginal note:Vessels and aircraft

    (8) For the purposes of this Act but subject to subsection (2), if an enforcement officer believes on reasonable grounds that there is, on any vessels or aircraft in Canada, anything to which this Act applies or any document relating to its administration, the officer may, at any reasonable time,

    • (a) direct that the vessel be stopped or be moved to a place where an inspection can be carried out and may, for a reasonable time, detain the vessel;

    • (b) board the vessel or aircraft; or

    • (c) travel on the vessel or aircraft.

  • Marginal note:Powers of inspection

    (9) In carrying out an inspection of a place under this section, an enforcement officer may, for the purposes of this Act,

    • (a) examine any substance, product or other thing relevant to the administration of this Act that is found in the place;

    • (b) open and examine any receptacle or package found that he or she believes on reasonable grounds contains any substance, product or other thing;

    • (c) examine any books, records, electronic data or other documents that he or she believes on reasonable grounds contain any information relevant to the administration of this Act and make copies of them or take extracts from them;

    • (d) take samples of anything relevant to the administration of this Act; and

    • (e) conduct any tests or take any measurements.

  • Marginal note:Analysts

    (10) An analyst may, for the purposes of this Act, accompany an enforcement officer who is carrying out an inspection of a place under this section, and the analyst may, when accompanying the enforcement officer, enter the place and exercise any of the powers described in subsection (9).

  • Marginal note:Disposition of samples

    (11) An enforcement officer or analyst who takes a sample referred to in paragraph (9)(d) may dispose of it in any manner that the officer or analyst considers appropriate.

  • Marginal note:Operation of computer systems and copying equipment

    (12) In carrying out an inspection, an enforcement officer may

    • (a) use or cause to be used any computer system or data processing system at the place being inspected to examine any data contained in, or available to, the system;

    • (b) reproduce any record, or cause it to be reproduced from the data, in the form of a printout or other intelligible output and remove the printout or other output for examination or copying; and

    • (c) use or cause to be used any copying equipment at the place being inspected to make copies of any books, records, electronic data or other documents.

  • Marginal note:Duty of person in possession or control

    (13) Every person who is in possession or control of a place being inspected under this section shall permit the enforcement officer to do anything referred to in subsection (12).

  • Marginal note:Assistance

    (14) The owner or person in charge of a place being inspected under this section, and every person found in the place, shall

    • (a) give the enforcement officer or analyst all reasonable assistance to enable the officer or analyst to carry out their functions under this Act; and

    • (b) provide the enforcement officer or analyst with any information with respect to the administration of this Act that he or she may reasonably require.

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