Government of Canada / Gouvernement du Canada
Symbol of the Government of Canada

Search

Bank Act

Version of section 468 from 2012-05-24 to 2018-12-12:


Marginal note:Permitted investments

  •  (1) Subject to subsections (4) to (6) and Part XI, a bank may acquire control of, or acquire or increase a substantial investment in

    • (a) a bank;

    • (b) a bank holding company;

    • (c) a body corporate to which the Trust and Loan Companies Act applies;

    • (d) an association to which the Cooperative Credit Associations Act applies;

    • (e) an insurance company or a fraternal benefit society incorporated or formed by or under the Insurance Companies Act;

    • (f) an insurance holding company;

    • (g) a trust, loan or insurance corporation incorporated or formed by or under an Act of the legislature of a province;

    • (h) a cooperative credit society incorporated or formed, and regulated, by or under an Act of the legislature of a province;

    • (i) an entity that is incorporated or formed by or under an Act of Parliament or of the legislature of a province and that is primarily engaged in dealing in securities; or

    • (j) an entity that is incorporated or formed, and regulated, otherwise than by or under an Act of Parliament or of the legislature of a province and that is primarily engaged outside Canada in a business that, if carried on in Canada, would be the business of banking, the business of a cooperative credit society, the business of insurance, the business of providing fiduciary services or the business of dealing in securities.

  • Marginal note:Permitted investments

    (2) Subject to subsections (3) to (6) and Part XI, a bank may acquire control of, or acquire or increase a substantial investment in, an entity, other than an entity referred to in any of paragraphs (1)(a) to (j), whose business is limited to one or more of the following:

    • (a) engaging in any financial service activity that a bank is permitted to engage in under any of paragraphs 409(2)(a) to (d) or any other activity that a bank is permitted to engage in under section 410 or 411;

    • (b) acquiring or holding shares of, or ownership interests in, entities in which a bank is permitted under this Part to hold or acquire;

    • (c) engaging in the provision of any services exclusively to any or all of the following, so long as the entity is providing those services to the bank or any member of the bank’s group, namely,

      • (i) the bank,

      • (ii) any member of the bank’s group,

      • (iii) any entity that is primarily engaged in the business of providing financial services,

      • (iv) any permitted entity in which an entity referred to in subparagraph (iii) has a substantial investment, or

      • (v) any prescribed person, if it is doing so under prescribed terms and conditions, if any are prescribed;

    • (d) engaging in any activity that a bank is permitted to engage in, other than an activity referred to in paragraph (a) or (e), that relates to

      • (i) the promotion, sale, delivery or distribution of a financial product or financial service that is provided by the bank or any member of the bank’s group, or

      • (ii) if a significant portion of the business of the entity involves an activity referred to in subparagraph (i), the promotion, sale, delivery or distribution of a financial product or financial service that is provided by any other entity that is primarily engaged in the business of providing financial services;

    • (e) engaging in the activities referred to in the definition closed-end fund, mutual fund distribution entity, mutual fund entity or real property brokerage entity in subsection 464(1); and

    • (f) engaging in prescribed activities, under prescribed terms and conditions, if any are prescribed.

  • Marginal note:Restriction

    (3) A bank may not acquire control of, or acquire or increase a substantial investment in, an entity whose business includes any activity referred to in any of paragraphs (2)(a) to (e) if the entity engages in the business of accepting deposit liabilities or if the activities of the entity include

    • (a) activities that a bank is not permitted to engage in under any of sections 412, 417 and 418;

    • (b) dealing in securities, except as may be permitted under paragraph (2)(e) or as may be permitted to a bank under paragraph 409(2)(c);

    • (c) activities that a bank is not permitted to engage in under section 416 if the entity engages in the activities of a finance entity or of any other entity as may be prescribed;

    • (d) acquiring control of or acquiring or holding a substantial investment in another entity unless

      • (i) in the case of an entity that is controlled by the bank, the bank itself would be permitted under this Part to acquire a substantial investment in the other entity, or

      • (ii) in the case of an entity that is not controlled by the bank, the bank itself would be permitted to acquire a substantial investment in the other entity under subsection (1) or (2), subsection 466(2), paragraph 466(3)(b) or (c) or subsection 466(4); or

    • (e) any prescribed activity.

  • Marginal note:Exception

    (3.1) Despite paragraph (3)(a), a bank may acquire control of, or acquire or increase a substantial investment in, any entity that acts as a trustee for a trust if the entity has been permitted under the laws of a province to act as a trustee for a trust and the following conditions are satisfied:

    • (a) the entity acts as a trustee only with respect to a closed-end fund or mutual fund entity; and

    • (b) if the entity engages in other business, that business is limited to engaging in one or more of the following:

      • (i) the activities of a mutual fund distribution entity,

      • (ii) any activity that a bank is permitted to engage in under paragraph 410(1)(c.2), and

      • (iii) the provision of investment counselling services and portfolio management services.

  • Marginal note:Control

    (4) Subject to subsection (8) and the regulations, a bank may not acquire control of, or acquire or increase a substantial investment in,

    • (a) an entity referred to in paragraph (1)(a) or (b), unless

      • (i) the bank controls, within the meaning of paragraphs 3(1)(a) and (d), the entity or would thereby acquire control, within the meaning of those paragraphs, of the entity, or

      • (ii) the bank is permitted by regulations made under paragraph 474(a) to acquire or increase the substantial investment;

    • (b) an entity referred to in any of paragraphs (1)(c) to (j), unless

      • (i) the bank controls, within the meaning of paragraph 3(1)(d), the entity, or would thereby acquire control, within the meaning of that paragraph, of the entity, or

      • (ii) the bank is permitted by regulations made under paragraph 474(a) to acquire or increase the substantial investment;

    • (c) an entity whose business includes one or more of the activities referred to in paragraph (2)(a) and that engages, as part of its business, in any financial intermediary activity that exposes the entity to material market or credit risk, including a finance entity, a factoring entity and a financial leasing entity, unless

      • (i) the bank controls, within the meaning of paragraph 3(1)(d), the entity, or would thereby acquire control, within the meaning of that paragraph, of the entity, or

      • (ii) the bank is permitted by regulations made under paragraph 474(a) to acquire or increase the substantial investment; or

    • (d) an entity whose business includes an activity referred to in paragraph (2)(b), including a specialized financing entity, unless

      • (i) the bank controls, within the meaning of paragraph 3(1)(d), the entity, or would thereby acquire control, within the meaning of that paragraph, of the entity,

      • (ii) the bank is permitted by regulations made under paragraph 474(a) to acquire or increase the substantial investment, or

      • (iii) subject to prescribed terms and conditions, if any are prescribed, the activities of the entity do not include the acquisition or holding of control of, or the acquisition or holding of shares or other ownership interests in, an entity referred to in any of paragraphs (a) to (c) or an entity that is not a permitted entity.

  • Marginal note:Minister’s approval

    (5) Subject to the regulations, a bank may not, without the prior written approval of the Minister,

    • (a) acquire control of an entity referred to in any of paragraphs (1)(g) to (i) from a person who is not a member of the bank’s group;

    • (b) acquire control of an entity referred to in paragraph (1)(j) or (4)(c), other than an entity whose activities are limited to the activities of one or more of the following entities, if the control is acquired from an entity referred to in any of paragraphs (1)(a) to (f) that is not a member of the bank’s group:

      • (i) a factoring entity, or

      • (ii) a financial leasing entity;

    • (b.1) acquire control of an entity referred to in paragraph (1)(j) if the bank is a bank with equity of two billion dollars or more and

      A + B > C

      where

      A
      is the value of the entity’s consolidated assets, as it would have been reported in the entity’s annual financial statements if those statements had been prepared immediately before the acquisition,
      B
      is the aggregate of the values of the consolidated assets of all other entities referred to in paragraph (1)(j) that the bank has acquired control of within the preceding 12 months, as the value for each entity would have been reported in its annual financial statements if those statements had been prepared immediately before the acquisition of control of that entity, and
      C
      is 10% of the value of the bank’s consolidated assets, as shown in the bank’s last annual statement that was prepared before its first acquisition of control of an entity referred to in paragraph (1)(j) within the preceding 12 months;
    • (c) acquire control of, or acquire or increase a substantial investment in, an entity whose business includes one or more of the activities referred to in paragraph (2)(d);

    • (d) acquire control of, or acquire or increase a substantial investment in, an entity that engages in Canada in an activity described in paragraph 410(1)(c);

    • (d.1) acquire control of, or acquire or increase a substantial investment in, an entity that engages in an activity described in paragraph 410(1)(c.1); or

    • (e) acquire control of, or acquire or increase a substantial investment in, an entity engaging in an activity prescribed for the purposes of paragraph (2)(f).

  • Marginal note:Matters for consideration

    (5.1) In addition to any matters or conditions provided for in this Act that are relevant to the granting of an approval, the Minister may, in considering whether to grant the approval under paragraph (5)(b.1), take into account all matters that he or she considers relevant in the circumstances, including

    • (a) the stability of the financial system in Canada; and

    • (b) the best interests of the financial system in Canada.

  • Marginal note:Superintendent’s approval

    (6) Subject to subsection (7) and the regulations, a bank may not acquire control of, or acquire or increase a substantial investment in, an entity referred to in any of paragraphs (1)(g) to (j) and (4)(c) and (d), unless the bank obtains the approval of the Superintendent.

  • Marginal note:Exception

    (7) Subsection (6) does not apply in respect of a particular transaction if

    • (a) the bank is acquiring control of an entity, other than a specialized financing entity, and the only reason for which the bank would, but for this subsection, require approval for the acquisition is that the entity carries on activities referred to in paragraph (2)(b);

    • (b) the bank is acquiring control of an entity whose activities are limited to the activities of a factoring entity or a financial leasing entity; or

    • (c) the Minister has approved the transaction under subsection (5) or is deemed to have approved it under subsection 469(1).

  • Marginal note:Control not required

    (8) A bank need not control an entity referred to in paragraph (1)(j), or an entity that is incorporated or formed otherwise than by or under an Act of Parliament or of the legislature of a province, if the laws or customary business practices of the country under the laws of which the entity was incorporated or formed do not permit the bank to control the entity.

  • Marginal note:Giving up control prohibited

    (9) A bank that controls, within the meaning of paragraphs 3(1)(a) and (d), an entity referred to in paragraph (1)(a) or (b) may not give up control, within the meaning of paragraph 3(1)(a) or (d), of the entity while continuing to control, within the meaning of the other paragraph, the entity.

  • Marginal note:Prohibition on giving up control in fact

    (10) A bank that, under paragraph (4)(b), (c) or (d), controls an entity may not, without the prior written approval of the Minister, give up control, within the meaning of paragraph 3(1)(d), of the entity while it continues to control the entity.

  • Marginal note:Giving up control

    (11) A bank that, under subsection (4), controls an entity may, with the prior written approval of the Superintendent, give up control of the entity while keeping a substantial investment in the entity if

    • (a) the bank is permitted to do so by regulations made under paragraph 474(c); or

    • (b) the entity meets the conditions referred to in subparagraph (4)(d)(iii).

  • Marginal note:Subsections do not apply

    (12) If a bank controls, within the meaning of paragraph 3(1)(a), (b) or (c), an entity, subsections (5) and (6) do not apply in respect of any subsequent increases by the bank of its substantial investment in the entity so long as the bank continues to control the entity.

  • 1991, c. 46, s. 468
  • 1997, c. 15, s. 58
  • 1999, c. 28, s. 26
  • 2001, c. 9, s. 127
  • 2007, c. 6, ss. 40, 134(F)
  • 2012, c. 5, s. 53
Date modified: