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Bankruptcy and Insolvency Act

Version of section 65.13 from 2019-11-01 to 2024-02-06:


Marginal note:Restriction on disposition of assets

  •  (1) An insolvent person in respect of whom a notice of intention is filed under section 50.4 or a proposal is filed under subsection 62(1) may not sell or otherwise dispose of assets outside the ordinary course of business unless authorized to do so by a court. Despite any requirement for shareholder approval, including one under federal or provincial law, the court may authorize the sale or disposition even if shareholder approval was not obtained.

  • Marginal note:Individuals

    (2) In the case of an individual who is carrying on a business, the court may authorize the sale or disposition only if the assets were acquired for or used in relation to the business.

  • Marginal note:Notice to secured creditors

    (3) An insolvent person who applies to the court for an authorization shall give notice of the application to the secured creditors who are likely to be affected by the proposed sale or disposition.

  • Marginal note:Factors to be considered

    (4) In deciding whether to grant the authorization, the court is to consider, among other things,

    • (a) whether the process leading to the proposed sale or disposition was reasonable in the circumstances;

    • (b) whether the trustee approved the process leading to the proposed sale or disposition;

    • (c) whether the trustee filed with the court a report stating that in their opinion the sale or disposition would be more beneficial to the creditors than a sale or disposition under a bankruptcy;

    • (d) the extent to which the creditors were consulted;

    • (e) the effects of the proposed sale or disposition on the creditors and other interested parties; and

    • (f) whether the consideration to be received for the assets is reasonable and fair, taking into account their market value.

  • Marginal note:Additional factors — related persons

    (5) If the proposed sale or disposition is to a person who is related to the insolvent person, the court may, after considering the factors referred to in subsection (4), grant the authorization only if it is satisfied that

    • (a) good faith efforts were made to sell or otherwise dispose of the assets to persons who are not related to the insolvent person; and

    • (b) the consideration to be received is superior to the consideration that would be received under any other offer made in accordance with the process leading to the proposed sale or disposition.

  • Marginal note:Related persons

    (6) For the purpose of subsection (5), a person who is related to the insolvent person includes

    • (a) a director or officer of the insolvent person;

    • (b) a person who has or has had, directly or indirectly, control in fact of the insolvent person; and

    • (c) a person who is related to a person described in paragraph (a) or (b).

  • Marginal note:Assets may be disposed of free and clear

    (7) The court may authorize a sale or disposition free and clear of any security, charge or other restriction and, if it does, it shall also order that other assets of the insolvent person or the proceeds of the sale or disposition be subject to a security, charge or other restriction in favour of the creditor whose security, charge or other restriction is to be affected by the order.

  • Marginal note:Restriction — employers

    (8) The court may grant the authorization only if the court is satisfied that the insolvent person can and will make the payments that would have been required under paragraphs 60(1.3)(a) and (1.5)(a) if the court had approved the proposal.

  • Marginal note:Restriction — intellectual property

    (9) If, on the day on which a notice of intention is filed under section 50.4 or a copy of the proposal is filed under subsection 62(1), the insolvent person is a party to an agreement that grants to another party a right to use intellectual property that is included in a sale or disposition authorized under subsection (7), that sale or disposition does not affect the other party’s right to use the intellectual property — including the other party’s right to enforce an exclusive use — during the term of the agreement, including any period for which the other party extends the agreement as of right, as long as the other party continues to perform its obligations under the agreement in relation to the use of the intellectual property.

  • 2005, c. 47, s. 44
  • 2007, c. 36, s. 27
  • 2018, c. 27, s. 266

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