Government of Canada / Gouvernement du Canada
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Coastal Fisheries Protection Act

Version of section 2 from 2007-07-01 to 2019-06-15:

Marginal note:Definitions

  •  (1) In this Act,


    Agreement means the Agreement for the Implementation of the Provisions of the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea of 10 December 1982 Relating to the Conservation and Management of Straddling Fish Stocks and Highly Migratory Fish Stocks adopted by the United Nations Conference on Straddling Fish Stocks and Highly Migratory Fish Stocks in New York on August 4, 1995; (accord)

    Canadian fisheries waters

    Canadian fisheries waters means all waters in the fishing zones of Canada, all waters in the territorial sea of Canada and all internal waters of Canada; (eaux de pêche canadiennes)

    Canadian fishing vessel

    Canadian fishing vessel means a fishing vessel

    • (a) that is registered or licensed under the Canada Shipping Act, 2001 , or

    • (b) that is not registered or licensed under the Canada Shipping Act, 2001 or under the laws of another state but is owned by one or more persons each of whom is

      • (i) a Canadian citizen,

      • (ii) in the case of a vessel that is not required to be registered or licensed under that Act, a person resident and domiciled in Canada, or

      • (iii) a corporation incorporated under the laws of Canada or a province, having its principal place of business in Canada; (bateau de pêche canadien)


    fish includes shellfish, crustaceans and marine animals; (poisson)


    fishing means fishing for or catching or killing fish by any method; (pêcher)

    fishing vessel

    fishing vessel includes any ship or boat or any other description of vessel used in or equipped for

    • (a) fishing or processing or transporting fish from fishing grounds,

    • (b) taking, processing or transporting marine plants, or

    • (c) provisioning, servicing, repairing or maintaining any vessels of a foreign fishing fleet while at sea; (bateau de pêche)

    fishing vessel of a participating state

    fishing vessel of a participating state means a foreign fishing vessel that has been issued, under the laws of a participating state, a registration number, licence or other document granting it the right to fly the flag of that state or that is otherwise entitled to fly the flag of that state; (bateau de pêche d’un État assujetti à l’accord)

    fishing vessel without nationality

    fishing vessel without nationality means a fishing vessel that

    • (a) has not been issued, under the laws of any state, a registration number, licence or other document granting it the right to fly the flag of that state,

    • (b) sails under a flag that it is not entitled to fly,

    • (c) does not sail under the flag of any state,

    • (d) sails under the flag of two or more states, using them according to convenience, or

    • (e) sails under the flag of a state that is not recognized by the international community; (bateau de pêche sans nationalité)

    foreign fishing vessel

    foreign fishing vessel means a fishing vessel that is not a Canadian fishing vessel; (bateau de pêche étranger)

    government vessel

    government vessel means, subject to subsection 17(2), any vessel that belongs to or is in the service of Her Majesty in right of Canada; (bateau de l’État)


    Minister means the Minister of Fisheries and Oceans; (ministre)

    NAFO Regulatory Area

    NAFO Regulatory Area means that part of the following area, being the Convention Area of the Northwest Atlantic Fisheries Organization, that is on the high seas:

    • (a) the waters of the Northwest Atlantic Ocean north of 35°00′ north latitude and west of a line extending due north from 35°00′ north latitude and 42°00′ west longitude to 59°00′ north latitude, thence due west to 44°00′ west longitude, and thence due north to the coast of Greenland, and

    • (b) the waters of the Gulf of St. Lawrence, Davis Strait and Baffin Bay south of 78°10′ north latitude; (zone de réglementation de l’OPAN)

    participating state

    participating state means a foreign state or an organization of foreign states prescribed by regulation; (État assujetti à l’accord)

    protection officer

    protection officer means, subject to subsection 17(2),

    • (a) a fishery officer within the meaning of the Fisheries Act,

    • (b) a member of the Royal Canadian Mounted Police, or

    • (c) any person authorized by the Governor in Council to enforce this Act. (garde-pêche)

    straddling stock

    straddling stock[Repealed, 1999, c. 19, s. 1]

  • Marginal note:Meaning of state

    (2) In section 5.4, subparagraphs 6(f)(iv) and (vi), paragraphs 16.1(b) and 17(2)(b), sections 18.01 and 18.02 and paragraph 18.1(a.2), state includes an organization of foreign states.

  • R.S., 1985, c. C-33, s. 2
  • 1994, c. 14, s. 1
  • 1998, c. 16, s. 29
  • 1999, c. 19, s. 1
  • 2001, c. 26, s. 287

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