Government of Canada / Gouvernement du Canada
Symbol of the Government of Canada

Search

Copyright Act (R.S.C., 1985, c. C-42)

Full Document:  

Act current to 2020-05-17 and last amended on 2019-06-17. Previous Versions

AMENDMENTS NOT IN FORCE

  • — 2020, c. 1, s. 23

  • — 2020, c. 1, s. 24

    • 1993, c. 44, s. 58

      24 Sections 6.1 and 6.2 of the Act are replaced by the following:

      • Anonymous and pseudonymous works
        • 6.1 (1) Except as provided in section 6.2 and in subsection (2), where the identity of the author of a work is unknown, copyright in the work shall subsist until the end of 75 years following the end of the calendar year in which the work is made. However, if the work is published before the copyright expires, the copyright continues until the earlier of the end of 75 years following the end of the calendar year in which the first publication occurs and 100 years following the end of the calendar year in which the work was made.

        • Identity of author commonly known

          (2) Where, during any term referred to in subsection (1), the author’s identity becomes commonly known, the term provided in section 6 applies.

      • Anonymous and pseudonymous works of joint authorship
        • 6.2 (1) Except as provided in subsection (2), where the identity of all the authors of a work of joint authorship is unknown, copyright in the work shall subsist until the end of 75 years following the end of the calendar year in which the work is made. However, if the work is published before the copyright expires, the copyright continues until the earlier of the end of 75 years following the end of the calendar year in which the first publication occurs and 100 years following the end of the calendar year in which the work was made.

        • Identity of author commonly known

          (2) Where, during any term referred to in subsection (1), the identity of one or more of the authors becomes commonly known, copyright shall subsist for the life of whichever of those authors dies last, the remainder of the calendar year in which that author dies and a period of 50 years following the end of that calendar year.

  • — 2020, c. 1, s. 25

    • 1993, c. 44, s. 60(1)

      25 Subsection 9(2) of the Act is replaced by the following:

      • Nationals of other countries

        (2) Authors who are nationals of any country, other than a country that is a party to the Canada–United States–Mexico Agreement, that grants a term of protection shorter than that mentioned in subsection (1) are not entitled to claim a longer term of protection in Canada.

  • — 2020, c. 1, s. 26

    • 1997, c. 24, s. 9(1)

      26 Section 11.1 of the Act is replaced by the following:

      • Cinematographic works

        11.1 Except for cinematographic works in which the arrangement or acting form or the combination of incidents represented give the work a dramatic character, copyright in a cinematographic work or a compilation of cinematographic works shall subsist until the end of 70 years following the end of the calendar year in which the cinematographic work or the compilation is made. However, if the cinematographic work or the compilation is published before the copyright expires, the copyright continues until the earlier of the end of 75 years following the end of the calendar year in which the first publication occurs and 100 years following the end of the calendar year in which the cinematographic work or the compilation was made.

  • — 2020, c. 1, s. 27

    • 2001, c. 27, s. 236

      27 Subsection 17(4) of the Act is replaced by the following:

      • Exception

        (4) If so requested by a country that is a party to the Canada–United States–Mexico Agreement, the Minister may, by a statement published in the Canada Gazette, grant the benefits conferred by this section, subject to any terms and conditions specified in the statement, to performers who are nationals of that country or another country that is a party to that Agreement or are Canadian citizens or permanent residents within the meaning of subsection 2(1) of the Immigration and Refugee Protection Act and whose performer’s performances are embodied in works other than the prescribed cinematographic works referred to in subsection (3).

  • — 2020, c. 1, s. 28

    • 1997, c. 24, s. 14; 2012, c. 20, s. 15(5)

      28 Subsections 20(3) and (4) of the Act are repealed.

  • — 2020, c. 1, s. 29

    • 2012, c. 20, s. 17; 2015, c. 36, s. 81(1)
      • 29 (1) Paragraphs 23(1)(a) and (b) of the Act are replaced by the following:

        • (a) if the performance is fixed in a sound recording before the copyright expires, the copyright continues until the end of 70 years after the end of the calendar year in which the first fixation of the performance in a sound recording occurs; and

        • (b) if a sound recording in which the performance is fixed is published before the copyright expires, the copyright continues until the earlier of the end of 75 years after the end of the calendar year in which the first such publication occurs and the end of 100 years after the end of the calendar year in which the first fixation of the performance in a sound recording occurs.

      • 2015, c. 36, s. 81(2)

        (2) Subsection 23(1.1) of the Act is replaced by the following:

        • Term of copyright — sound recording

          (1.1) Subject to this Act, copyright in a sound recording subsists until the end of 70 years after the end of the calendar year in which the first fixation of the sound recording occurs. However, if the sound recording is published before the copyright expires, the copyright continues until the earlier of the end of 75 years after the end of the calendar year in which the first publication of the sound recording occurs and the end of 100 years after the end of the calendar year in which that first fixation occurs.

  • — 2020, c. 1, s. 30

    • 30 Section 42 of the Act is amended by adding the following after subsection (3.1):

      • Offence — infringement related to rights management information

        (3.2) Every person, except a person who is acting on behalf of a library, archive or museum or an educational institution, commits an offence who knowingly and for commercial purposes

        • (a) removes or alters any rights management information in electronic form without the consent of the owner of the copyright in the work, the performer’s performance fixed in a sound recording or the sound recording, if the person knows that the removal or alteration will facilitate or conceal any infringement of the owner’s copyright or adversely affect the owner’s right to remuneration under section 19; or

        • (b) does any of the acts referred to in paragraphs 41.22(3)(a) to (e) with respect to any material form of the work, the performer’s performance fixed in a sound recording or the sound recording without the consent of the owner of the copyright and knows that

          • (i) the rights management information in electronic form has been removed or altered without the consent of the owner of the copyright, and

          • (ii) the removal or alteration will facilitate or conceal any infringement of the owner’s copyright or adversely affect the owner’s right to remuneration under section 19.

      • Punishment

        (3.3) Every person who commits an offence under subsection (3.2) is liable

        • (a) on conviction on indictment to a fine of not more than $1,000,000 or to imprisonment for a term of not more than five years or to both; or

        • (b) on summary conviction to a fine of not more than $25,000 or to imprisonment for a term of not more than six months or to both.

      • Definition of rights management information

        (3.4) In subsection (3.2), rights management information has the same meaning as in subsection 41.22(4).

  • — 2020, c. 1, s. 31

    • 2014, c. 32, s. 5

      31 Subsection 44.01(2) of the Act is replaced by the following:

      • Exception

        (2) Subsection (1) does not apply to copies that are imported or exported by an individual in their possession or baggage if the circumstances, including the number of copies, indicate that the copies are intended only for their personal use.

  • — 2020, c. 1, s. 32

    • 2014, c. 32, s. 5

      32 Paragraph 44.04(1)(b) of the Act is replaced by the following:

      • (b) the name and address of their owner, importer, exporter and consignee and of the person who made them and of any other person involved in their movement;

  • — 2020, c. 1, s. 33

    • 2018, c. 27, s. 296

      33 Paragraph 70(2)(a) of the Act is replaced by the following:

      • (a) the tariff applies in respect of performer’s performances and sound recordings only in the situations referred to in section 20;

  • — 2020, c. 1, s. 34

    • No revival of copyright

      34 Sections 6.1, 6.2 and 11.1, paragraphs 23(1)(a) and (b) and subsection 23(1.1) of the Copyright Act, as enacted by sections 24, 26 and 29, respectively, do not have the effect of reviving the copyright or a right to remuneration in any work, performer’s performance fixed in a sound recording or sound recording in which the copyright or the right to remuneration had expired on the coming into force of those provisions of that Act.

Date modified: