Government of Canada / Gouvernement du Canada
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Copyright Act

Version of section 31 from 2002-12-31 to 2003-03-20:

Marginal note:Interpretation

  •  (1) In this section,



    retransmitter does not include a person who uses Hertzian waves to retransmit a signal but does not perform a function comparable to that of a cable retransmission system; (retransmetteur)



    signal means a signal that carries a literary, dramatic, musical or artistic work and is transmitted for free reception by the public by a terrestrial radio or terrestrial television station. (signal)

  • Marginal note:Retransmission of local signals

    (2) It is not an infringement of copyright to communicate to the public by telecommunication any literary, dramatic, musical or artistic work if

    • (a) the communication is a retransmission of a local or distant signal;

    • (b) the retransmission is lawful under the Broadcasting Act;

    • (c) the signal is retransmitted simultaneously and in its entirety, except as otherwise required or permitted by or under the laws of Canada; and

    • (d) in the case of the retransmission of a distant signal, the retransmitter has paid any royalties, and complied with any terms and conditions, fixed under this Act.

  • Marginal note:Regulations

    (3) The Governor in Council may make regulations defining “local signal” and “distant signal” for the purposes of this section.

  • R.S., 1985, c. C-42, s. 31
  • R.S., 1985, c. 10 (4th Supp.), s. 7
  • 1988, c. 65, s. 63
  • 1997, c. 24, ss. 16, 52(F)
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