Government of Canada / Gouvernement du Canada
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Criminal Code

Version of section 443 from 2003-01-01 to 2019-09-18:

Marginal note:Interfering with international boundary marks, etc.

  •  (1) Every one who wilfully pulls down, defaces, alters or removes

    • (a) a boundary mark lawfully placed to mark any international, provincial, county or municipal boundary, or

    • (b) a boundary mark lawfully placed by a land surveyor to mark any limit, boundary or angle of a concession, range, lot or parcel of land,

    is guilty of an indictable offence and liable to imprisonment for a term not exceeding five years.

  • Marginal note:Saving provision

    (2) A land surveyor does not commit an offence under subsection (1) where, in his operations as a land surveyor,

    • (a) he takes up, when necessary, a boundary mark mentioned in paragraph (1)(b) and carefully replaces it as it was before he took it up; or

    • (b) he takes up a boundary mark mentioned in paragraph (1)(b) in the course of surveying for a highway or other work that, when completed, will make it impossible or impracticable for that boundary mark to occupy its original position, and he establishes a permanent record of the original position sufficient to permit that position to be ascertained.

  • R.S., c. C-34, s. 399

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