Canada Not-for-profit Corporations Act (S.C. 2009, c. 23)

Act current to 2019-06-06 and last amended on 2018-05-01. Previous Versions

PART 14Liquidation and Dissolution (continued)

Marginal note:Dissolution by Director

  •  (1) Subject to subsections (2) and (3), the Director may

    • (a) dissolve a corporation by issuing a certificate of dissolution under this section if the corporation

      • (i) has not commenced its activities within the prescribed period after the date shown in its certificate of incorporation,

      • (ii) has not carried on its activities for the prescribed period,

      • (iii) is in default for a prescribed period in sending to the Director any fee, notice or other document required by this Act, or

      • (iv) does not have any directors or is in the situation described in subsection 130(4); or

    • (b) apply to a court for an order dissolving the corporation, in which case section 227 applies.

  • Marginal note:Publication

    (2) The Director shall not dissolve a corporation under this section until the Director has

    • (a) given notice of the decision to dissolve the corporation to the corporation and to each director; and

    • (b) published notice of that decision in a publication generally available to the public.

  • Marginal note:Certificate of dissolution

    (3) Unless cause to the contrary has been shown or an order has been made by a court under section 258, the Director may, after the expiry of the prescribed period, issue a certificate of dissolution.

  • Marginal note:Exception — non-payment of incorporation fee

    (4) Despite anything in this section, the Director may dissolve a corporation by issuing a certificate of dissolution if the required fee for the issuance of a certificate of incorporation has not been paid.

  • Marginal note:Effect of certificate

    (5) The corporation ceases to exist on the date shown in the certificate of dissolution.

Marginal note:Grounds for dissolution

  •  (1) The Director or any interested person may apply to a court for an order dissolving a corporation if the corporation has

    • (a) failed for the prescribed period to comply with the requirements of this Act with respect to the holding of annual meetings of members;

    • (b) contravened subsection 17(2) or section 22, 23, 174 or 175; or

    • (c) procured any certificate under this Act by misrepresentation.

  • Marginal note:Notice to Director

    (2) An interested person who makes an application under this section shall give the Director notice of the application, and the Director is entitled to appear and be heard in person or by counsel.

  • Marginal note:Dissolution order

    (3) On an application under this section or section 222, the court may order that the corporation be dissolved or that the corporation be liquidated and dissolved under the supervision of the court and may make any other order that it thinks fit.

  • Marginal note:Certificate

    (4) On receipt of an order under this section or section 222 or 224, the Director shall

    • (a) if the order is to dissolve the corporation, issue a certificate of dissolution; or

    • (b) if the order is to liquidate and dissolve the corporation under the supervision of the court, issue a certificate of intent to dissolve and publish notice of the order in a publication generally available to the public.

  • Marginal note:Effect of certificate

    (5) The corporation ceases to exist on the date shown in the certificate of dissolution.

Marginal note:Further grounds

  •  (1) On the application of a member, a court may order the liquidation and dissolution of a corporation or any of its affiliated corporations

    • (a) if the court is satisfied that in respect of the corporation or any of its affiliates, any of the following is oppressive or unfairly prejudicial to, or unfairly disregards the interests of, any shareholder, creditor, director, officer or member, or causes such a result:

      • (i) any act or omission of the corporation or any of its affiliates,

      • (ii) the conduct of the activities or affairs of the corporation or any of its affiliates, or

      • (iii) the exercise of the powers of the directors of the corporation or any of its affiliates; or

    • (b) if the court is satisfied that

      • (i) a unanimous member agreement entitles a complaining member to demand dissolution of the corporation after the occurrence of a specified event and that event has occurred, or

      • (ii) it is just and equitable that the corporation should be liquidated and dissolved.

  • Marginal note:Faith-based defence

    (2) The court may not make an order under paragraph (1)(a) if the court is satisfied that

    • (a) the corporation is a religious corporation;

    • (b) the act or omission, the conduct or the exercise of powers is based on a tenet of faith held by the members of the corporation; and

    • (c) it was reasonable to base the act or omission, the conduct or the exercise of powers on the tenet of faith, having regard to the activities of the corporation.

  • Marginal note:Alternative order

    (3) On an application under this section, the court may make any order under this section or section 253 that it thinks fit.

  • Marginal note:Application of s. 254

    (4) Section 254 applies to an application under this section.

Marginal note:Application for supervision

  •  (1) An application to a court to supervise a voluntary liquidation and dissolution under subsection 221(8) shall state the reasons, verified by an affidavit of the applicant, why the court should supervise the liquidation and dissolution.

  • Marginal note:Court supervision

    (2) If a court makes an order applied for under subsection 221(8), the liquidation and dissolution of the corporation shall continue under the supervision of the court in accordance with this Act.

Marginal note:Application to court

  •  (1) An application to a court under subsection 224(1) shall state the reasons, verified by an affidavit of the applicant, why the corporation should be liquidated and dissolved.

  • Marginal note:Show cause order

    (2) On the application, the court may make an order requiring the corporation and any interested person to show cause, at a time and place specified in the order, within the prescribed period after the date of the order, why the corporation should not be liquidated and dissolved.

  • Marginal note:Powers of court

    (3) On the application, the court may order the directors and officers of the corporation to furnish the court with all material information known to or reasonably ascertainable by them, including

    • (a) financial statements of the corporation;

    • (b) the name and address of each member of the corporation; and

    • (c) the name and address of each known creditor or claimant, including any creditor or claimant with unliquidated, future or contingent claims, and any person with whom the corporation has a contract.

  • Marginal note:Publication

    (4) A copy of an order made under subsection (2) shall be

    • (a) published as directed in the order, at a prescribed minimum frequency, before the time appointed for the hearing, in a newspaper published or distributed in the place where the corporation has its registered office; and

    • (b) served on the Director and each person named in the order.

  • Marginal note:Person responsible

    (5) Publication and service of an order under this section shall be effected by the corporation or by any other person, and in any manner, that the court orders.

 
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