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Canada Pension Plan (R.S.C., 1985, c. C-8)

Full Document:  

Act current to 2020-10-05 and last amended on 2020-03-01. Previous Versions

PART IIPensions and Supplementary Benefits (continued)

DIVISION CPayment of Benefits: General Provisions (continued)

Marginal note:Return of benefit where recipient not entitled

  •  (1) A person or estate that has received or obtained by cheque or otherwise a benefit payment to which the person or estate is not entitled, or a benefit payment in excess of the amount of the benefit payment to which the person or estate is entitled, shall forthwith return the cheque or the amount of the benefit payment, or the excess amount, as the case may be.

  • Marginal note:Recovery of amount of payment

    (2) If a person has received or obtained a benefit payment to which the person is not entitled, or a benefit payment in excess of the amount of the benefit payment to which the person is entitled, the amount of the benefit payment or the excess amount, as the case may be, constitutes a debt due to Her Majesty and is recoverable at any time in the Federal Court or any other court of competent jurisdiction or in any other manner provided by this Act.

  • Marginal note:Recovery of amount of interest

    (2.01) Interest payable under this Part constitutes a debt due to Her Majesty and is recoverable at any time in the Federal Court or any other court of competent jurisdiction or in any other manner provided by this Act.

  • Marginal note:Recovery of amount of penalty

    (2.02) The amount of a penalty imposed on a person under section 90.1 constitutes a debt due to Her Majesty and is recoverable at any time in the Federal Court or any other court of competent jurisdiction or in any other manner provided by this Act.

  • Marginal note:Set-off

    (2.1) Where any amount is or becomes payable to the person or the person’s estate or succession under this Act or any other Act or program administered by the Minister, that indebtedness may, in the prescribed manner, be deducted and retained out of the amount payable.

  • Marginal note:Certificates

    (2.2) All or part of the amount of that indebtedness that has not been recovered may be certified by the Minister

    • (a) without delay, if in the Minister’s opinion the person liable to pay the amount is attempting to avoid payment; and

    • (b) in any other case, on the expiration of 30 days after the default.

  • Marginal note:Judgment

    (2.3) On production to the Federal Court, the certificate shall be registered in the Court. When it is registered, it has the same force and effect, and all proceedings may be taken, as if the certificate were a judgment obtained in the Court for a debt of the amount specified in the certificate.

  • Marginal note:Judgment

    (2.4) A certificate registered under subsection (2.3) may also be registered in the superior court of a province as if it were a document evidencing a judgment of that court.

  • Marginal note:Costs

    (2.5) All reasonable costs and charges for the registration of the certificate are recoverable in the same way as if they had been certified and the certificate registered under this section.

  • Marginal note:Charge on land

    (2.6) A document issued by the Federal Court or by a superior court of a province evidencing a certificate in respect of a debtor registered under subsection (2.3) or (2.4) may be recorded for the purpose of creating security, or a charge, lien or legal hypothec, on land in a province, or on an interest in land in a province, held or owned by the debtor, in the same manner as a document evidencing a judgment of the superior court of the province against a person for a debt owing by the person may be recorded in accordance with the law of the province to create security, or a charge, lien or legal hypothec, on land, or an interest in land, held or owned by the person.

  • Marginal note:Garnishment

    (2.7) If the Minister knows or suspects that a person is or is about to become indebted or liable to make a payment to a person liable to make a payment to Her Majesty under this Part, the Minister may, by a notice served personally or by confirmed delivery service, require the first person to pay the money otherwise payable to the second person in whole or in part to the Receiver General on account of the second person’s liability.

  • Marginal note:Debt due to the Crown

    (2.8) An amount not paid as required by a notice under subsection (2.7) is a debt due to Her Majesty.

  • Marginal note:Proof of personal service

    (2.9) If provision is made by this Act or the regulations for personal service of a request for information or a notice or demand, an affidavit of the person effecting service stating that

    • (a) the person has charge of the appropriate records and has knowledge of the facts in the particular case,

    • (b) such a request, notice or demand was served personally on a named day on the person to whom it was directed, and

    • (c) the person identifies as an exhibit attached to the affidavit a true copy of the request, notice or demand,

    is evidence of the personal service and of the request, notice or demand.

  • Marginal note:Remission of amount owing

    (3) Notwithstanding paragraph 61(2)(b) and subsections (1) and (2) of this section, where a person has received or obtained a benefit payment to which he is not entitled, or a benefit payment in excess of the amount of the benefit payment to which he is entitled, and the Minister is satisfied that

    • (a) the amount or excess of the benefit payment cannot be collected within the reasonably foreseeable future,

    • (b) the administrative costs of collecting the amount or excess of the benefit payment are likely to equal or exceed the amount to be collected,

    • (c) repayment of the amount or excess of the benefit payment would cause undue hardship to the debtor, or

    • (d) the amount or excess of the benefit payment is the result of erroneous advice or administrative error on the part of the Minister or an official of the Department of Employment and Social Development acting in an official capacity in the administration of this Act,

    the Minister may, unless that person has been convicted of an offence under any provision of this Act or of the Criminal Code in connection with the obtaining of the benefit payment, remit all or any portion of the amount or excess of the benefit payment.

  • Marginal note:Where person denied benefit due to departmental error, etc.

    (4) Where the Minister is satisfied that, as a result of erroneous advice or administrative error in the administration of this Act, any person has been denied

    • (a) a benefit, or portion thereof, to which that person would have been entitled under this Act,

    • (b) a division of unadjusted pensionable earnings under section 55 or 55.1, or

    • (c) an assignment of a retirement pension under section 65.1,

    the Minister shall take such remedial action as the Minister considers appropriate to place the person in the position that the person would be in under this Act had the erroneous advice not been given or the administrative error not been made.

  • Marginal note:When person denied division

    (5) Where the Minister is satisfied that a person has been denied a division of unadjusted pensionable earnings under section 55 or 55.1 as a result of the provisions of a written agreement entered into or a court order made before June 4, 1986, the Minister shall take such remedial action as the Minister considers appropriate to place the person in the position that the person would be in under this Act had the division been approved, including attributing to that person the earnings that would have been attributed had the division been approved, if

    • (a) the agreement or order does not indicate that there be no division of unadjusted pensionable earnings under this Act; and

    • (b) all other criteria specified by or under this Act respecting divisions are met.

  • Marginal note:Exclusion of Financial Administration Act

    (6) Section 155.1 of the Financial Administration Act does not apply in relation to amounts owing to Her Majesty under this Part.

  • R.S., 1985, c. C-8, s. 66
  • R.S., 1985, c. 30 (2nd Supp.), s. 34
  • 1991, c. 14, s. 1, c. 44, s. 17
  • 1995, c. 33, s. 31
  • 1996, c. 11, s. 97
  • 1997, c. 40, s. 80
  • 2000, c. 12, s. 53
  • 2001, c. 4, s. 67
  • 2005, c. 35, s. 66
  • 2007, c. 11, s. 4
  • 2012, c. 19, s. 695
  • 2013, c. 40, s. 237

Marginal note:Request to cancel benefit

  •  (1) A beneficiary may, in prescribed manner and within the prescribed time interval after payment of a benefit has commenced, request cancellation of that benefit.

  • Marginal note:Exception

    (1.1) Subsection (1) does not apply to the cancellation of a retirement pension in favour of a disability benefit where an applicant for a disability benefit under this Act or under a provincial pension plan is in receipt of a retirement pension and the applicant is deemed to have become disabled for the purposes of entitlement to the disability benefit in or after the month for which the retirement pension first became payable.

  • Marginal note:Effect of cancellation

    (2) Where a request made under subsection (1) or under a substantially similar provision of a provincial pension plan is granted and the amount of the benefits paid is repaid within the prescribed time or, in the case of a provincial pension plan, the time provided thereunder, that benefit shall be deemed for all purposes of this Act not to have been payable during the period in question.

  • R.S., 1985, c. 30 (2nd Supp.), s. 35
  • 1997, c. 40, s. 81
 
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