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Canada Pension Plan

Version of section 51 from 2017-03-03 to 2018-12-14:


Marginal note:Pensionable earnings, or first or second additional pensionable earnings, for month

  •  (1) The pensionable earnings, first additional pensionable earnings or second additional pensionable earnings, as the case may be, of a contributor for a month (in this subsection referred to as the “particular month”) are an amount determined by the formula

    A × B

    where

    A
    is
    • (a) in the case of pensionable earnings, earnings for which the contributor is deemed by section 52 to have made a base contribution for the particular month;

    • (b) in the case of first additional pensionable earnings, earnings for which the contributor is deemed by section 52.1 to have made a first additional contribution for the particular month; or

    • (c) in the case of second additional pensionable earnings, earnings for which the contributor is deemed by section 52.2 to have made a second additional contribution for the particular month; and

    B
    is
    • (a) where the contributor was born after December 31, 1932 and the contributor’s retirement pension did not commence before January 1, 1998 and, after the contributor’s 60th birthday, a month was excluded from the contributor’s contributory period by reason of disability, the product determined by the formula

      (C/D) × (E/F)

      where

      C
      is the contributor’s Maximum Pensionable Earnings Average for the year in which a benefit first became payable to the contributor under this Act or a provincial pension plan that caused a month after the contributor’s 60th birthday to be excluded from the contributor’s contributory period by reason of disability,
      D
      is the Year’s Maximum Pensionable Earnings for the year that includes the particular month,
      E
      is the Pension Index for the year in which a benefit becomes payable to the contributor under this Act or a provincial pension plan, and
      F
      is the Pension Index for the year referred to in the description of C, and
    • (b) in any other case, the ratio

      G/D

      where

      G
      is the Maximum Pensionable Earnings Average in respect of the contributor for the year in which a benefit becomes payable to the contributor under this Act or under a provincial pension plan, and
      D
      is as described in paragraph (a).
  • Marginal note:First additional pensionable earnings — 2019 to 2022

    (1.1) Despite subsection (1), the first additional pensionable earnings of a contributor for a month are an amount calculated as provided in subsection (1) multiplied

    • (a) for 2019, by 0.15;

    • (b) for 2020, by 0.3;

    • (c) for 2021, by 0.5; and

    • (d) for 2022, by 0.75.

  • Marginal note:Exception

    (2) For the purposes of subsection (1), in the case of pensionable earnings, if the year referred to in the description of C is 1987 or earlier, the Maximum Pensionable Earnings Average for the year is calculated as if the Year’s Maximum Pensionable Earnings for a particular year before 1986 were calculated as the greatest multiple of $100 that is equal to or less than an amount calculated by multiplying the Year’s Maximum Pensionable Earnings for 1986, which are $25,800, by the ratio

    A/B

    where

    A
    is the average for the twelve month period ending on June 30 of the year preceding that particular year of the average weekly wages and salaries of the Industrial Composite in Canada as published by Statistics Canada for each month in that period, and
    B
    is the average for the twelve month period ending on June 30, 1985 of the average weekly wages and salaries of the Industrial Composite in Canada as published by Statistics Canada for each month in that period.
  • Marginal note:Pension Index before 1974

    (3) For the purposes of subsection (1), in the case of pensionable earnings, if the beginning of a period that is excluded from the contributor’s contributory period by reason of disability is in a year before 1974, in calculating the Pension Index for the year in which that period begins, paragraph 43.1(2)(a) of the Canada Pension Plan, R.S.C. 1970, c. C-5, as amended by section 24 of chapter 4 of the Statutes of Canada, 1974-75-76, is to be read without reference to the words “or 1.02 times the Pension Index for the preceding year, whichever is the lesser”.

  • R.S., 1985, c. C-8, s. 51
  • R.S., 1985, c. 30 (2nd Supp.), s. 18
  • 1997, c. 40, s. 71
  • 2016, c. 14, s. 26
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