Excise Tax Act
Marginal note:Offences for false statements
97.1 (1) Every person commits an offence who
(a) makes, or participates in, assents to or acquiesces in the making of, a false or deceptive statement in a return, application, form, certificate, statement, invoice, answer or report filed or made as required by or under this Act or the regulations made under this Act;
(b) for the purpose of evading payment or remittance of any tax under this Act, or obtaining a refund, rebate or other amount to which the person is not entitled under this Act,
(i) destroys, alters, mutilates, conceals or otherwise disposes of any records of a person, or
(ii) makes, or assents to or acquiesces in the making of, a false or deceptive entry, or omits, or assents to or acquiesces in the omission, to enter a material particular in the records of a person;
(c) wilfully, in any manner, evades or attempts to evade compliance with this Act or payment or remittance of tax or any other amount imposed under this Act;
(d) wilfully, in any manner, obtains or attempts to obtain a refund, rebate or other amount to which the person is not entitled under this Act; or
(e) conspires with any person to commit an offence described in any of paragraphs (a) to (d).
Marginal note:Prosecution on summary conviction
(2) Every person who commits an offence under subsection (1) is guilty of an offence punishable on summary conviction and, in addition to any penalty otherwise provided, is liable to
(a) a fine of not less than 50%, and not more than 200%, of the amount of the tax that was sought to be evaded, or of the refund, rebate or other amount sought, or, if the amount that was sought to be evaded cannot be ascertained, a fine of not less than $1,000 and not more than $25,000; or
(b) both a fine referred to in paragraph (a) and imprisonment for a term not exceeding two years.
Marginal note:Prosecution on indictment
(3) Every person who is charged with an offence described in subsection (1) may, at the election of the Attorney General of Canada, be prosecuted on indictment and, if convicted, is, in addition to any penalty otherwise provided, liable to
(a) a fine of not less than 100%, and not more than 200%, of the amount of the tax that was sought to be evaded, or of the refund, rebate or other amount sought, or, if the amount that was sought to be evaded cannot be ascertained, a fine of not less than $2,000 and not more than $25,000; or
(b) both a fine referred to in paragraph (a) and imprisonment for a term not exceeding five years.
Marginal note:Penalty on conviction
(4) A person that is convicted of an offence under subsection (2) or (3) is not liable to pay a penalty imposed under subsection 79(5) or section 95.1, 95.2 or 109 or under a regulation made under this Act for the same evasion or attempt unless a notice of assessment for that penalty was issued before the information or complaint giving rise to the conviction was laid or made.
Marginal note:Stay of appeal
(5) If, in any appeal under this Act, substantially the same facts are at issue as those that are at issue in a prosecution under this section, the Minister may file a stay of proceedings with the Federal Court or may file a request for a postponement or adjournment with the Tribunal, as the case may be, and, on doing so, the proceedings before the Federal Court are stayed or the proceedings before the Tribunal are postponed or adjourned, as the case may be, pending final determination of the outcome of the prosecution.
- [NOTE: Application provisions are not included in the consolidated text
- see relevant amending Acts and regulations.]
- 1994, c. 29, s. 10
- 1997, c. 26, s. 70
- 2000, c. 30, s. 15
- 2001, c. 16, s. 34
- 2002, c. 22, s. 418
- 2014, c. 20, s. 86
- Date modified: