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Employment Equity Act (S.C. 1995, c. 44)

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Act current to 2024-05-01 and last amended on 2021-01-01. Previous Versions

Marginal note:Definitions

 In this Act,

Aboriginal peoples

Aboriginal peoples means persons who are Indians, Inuit or Métis; (autochtones)

Canadian workforce

Canadian workforce means all persons in Canada of working age who are willing and able to work; (population apte au travail)


Chairperson means the chairperson of the Canadian Human Rights Tribunal; (président)


Commission means the Canadian Human Rights Commission established under section 26 of the Canadian Human Rights Act; (Commission)

compliance officer

compliance officer means a person designated as an employment equity compliance review officer pursuant to subsection 22(3); (agent d’application)

designated groups

designated groups means women, Aboriginal peoples, persons with disabilities and members of visible minorities; (groupes désignés)

members of visible minorities

members of visible minorities means persons, other than Aboriginal peoples, who are non-Caucasian in race or non-white in colour; (minorités visibles)


Minister means such member of the Queen’s Privy Council for Canada as is designated by the Governor in Council as the Minister for the purposes of this Act; (ministre)


Panel[Repealed, 1998, c. 9, s. 37]

persons with disabilities

persons with disabilities means persons who have a long-term or recurring physical, mental, sensory, psychiatric or learning impairment and who

  • (a) consider themselves to be disadvantaged in employment by reason of that impairment, or

  • (b) believe that a employer or potential employer is likely to consider them to be disadvantaged in employment by reason of that impairment,

and includes persons whose functional limitations owing to their impairment have been accommodated in their current job or workplace; (personnes handicapées)


prescribed means prescribed by the regulations; (Version anglaise seulement)

private sector employer

private sector employer means any person who employs one hundred or more employees on or in connection with a federal work, undertaking or business as defined in section 2 of the Canada Labour Code and includes any corporation established to perform any function or duty on behalf of the Government of Canada that employs one hundred or more employees, but does not include

  • (a) a person who employs employees on or in connection with a work, undertaking or business of a local or private nature in Yukon, the Northwest Territories or Nunavut, or

  • (b) a departmental corporation as defined in section 2 of the Financial Administration Act; (employeur du secteur privé)


representatives means

  • (a) those persons who have been designated by employees to act as their representatives, or

  • (b) bargaining agents, where bargaining agents represent the employees; (représentants)


Tribunal means an Employment Equity Review Tribunal established by subsection 28(1). (tribunal)

  • 1993, c. 28, s. 78
  • 1995, c. 44, s. 3
  • 1998, c. 9, s. 37, c. 15, s. 25
  • 2002, c. 7, s. 162(E)
  • 2017, c. 26, s. 19(E)

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