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Employment Insurance Act

Version of section 23 from 2017-12-03 to 2019-03-16:


Marginal note:Parental benefits

  •  (1) Notwithstanding section 18, but subject to this section, benefits are payable to a major attachment claimant to care for one or more new-born children of the claimant or one or more children placed with the claimant for the purpose of adoption under the laws governing adoption in the province in which the claimant resides.

  • Marginal note:Election by claimant

    (1.1) In a claim for benefits made under this section, a claimant shall elect the maximum number of weeks referred to in either subparagraph 12(3)(b)(i) or (ii) for which benefits may be paid.

  • Marginal note:Irrevocability of election

    (1.2) The election is irrevocable once benefits are paid under this section or under section 152.05 in respect of the same child or children.

  • Marginal note:First to elect

    (1.3) If two major attachment claimants each make a claim for benefits under this section — or one major attachment claimant makes a claim for benefits under this section and an individual makes a claim for benefits under section 152.05 — in respect of the same child or children, the election made under subsection (1.1) or 152.05(1.1) by the first claimant or individual, as the case may be, to make a claim for benefits under this section or under section 152.05 is binding on both claimants or on the claimant and the individual.

  • Marginal note:Weeks for which benefits may be paid

    (2) Subject to section 12, benefits under this section are payable for each week of unemployment in the period

    • (a) that begins with the week in which the child or children of the claimant are born or the child or children are actually placed with the claimant for the purpose of adoption; and

    • (b) that ends 52 weeks after the week in which the child or children of the claimant are born or the child or children are actually placed with the claimant for the purpose of adoption.

  • Marginal note:Extension of period — children in hospital

    (3) If the child or children referred to in subsection (1) are hospitalized during the period referred to in subsection (2), the period is extended by the number of weeks during which the child or children are hospitalized.

  • Marginal note:Extension of period — Canadian Forces

    (3.01) If, during the period referred to in subsection (2), the start date of a claimant’s period of parental leave is deferred or a claimant is directed to return to duty from parental leave, in accordance with regulations made under the National Defence Act, the period is extended by the number of weeks during which the claimant’s parental leave is deferred or the claimant is directed to return to duty, as the case may be.

  • Marginal note:Limitation

    (3.1) No extension under subsection (3) or (3.01) may result in the period being longer than 104 weeks.

  • Marginal note:Extension of period — special benefits

    (3.2) The period referred to in subsection (2) is extended so that benefits may be paid up to the applicable maximum number of weeks referred to in subparagraph 12(3)(b)(i) or (ii) if, during a claimant’s benefit period,

    • (a) regular benefits were not paid to the claimant;

    • (b) benefits were paid to the claimant for more than one of the reasons mentioned in paragraphs 12(3)(a) to (f);

    • (c) the maximum total number of weeks established for those reasons is greater than 50; and

    • (d) benefits were paid for the reason mentioned in paragraph 12(3)(b) but for fewer than the applicable maximum number of weeks established for that reason.

  • Marginal note:Extension of period — reason mentioned in paragraph 12(3)(b)

    (3.21) The period referred to in subsection (2) is extended by 26 weeks so that benefits may be paid for the reason mentioned in paragraph 12(3)(b) up to the maximum number of weeks if, during a claimant’s benefit period,

    • (a) benefits were paid to the claimant for that reason and the applicable maximum number of weeks is established in subparagraph 12(3)(b)(ii);

    • (b) regular benefits were not paid to the claimant; and

    • (c) benefits were not paid for any reason mentioned in paragraph 12(3)(a), (c), (d), (e) or (f).

  • Marginal note:Extension of period — regular and special benefits

    (3.22) If, during a claimant’s benefit period, regular benefits were paid, benefits were paid for the reason mentioned in paragraph 12(3)(b) in the case where the applicable maximum number of weeks is established under subparagraph 12(3)(b)(ii), and benefits were paid for fewer than the total number of weeks established under subsection 12(6) as determined under subsection 12(7), the period referred to in subsection (2) is extended for the same number of weeks as the extension established under subsection 10(13.02).

  • (3.23) [Repealed, 2012, c. 27, s. 17]

  • Marginal note:Limitation

    (3.3) An extension under subsection (3.2) must not result in the period referred to in subsection (2) being longer than the maximum benefit period calculated under subsection 10(15).

  • Marginal note:Limitation

    (3.4) An extension under one or more of subsections 10(10) to (13.02) must not result in the period referred to in subsection (2) being longer than 104 weeks.

  • Marginal note:Limitation

    (3.5) If benefits are payable to a claimant for the reasons set out in this section and any allowances, money or other benefits are payable to the claimant for the same reasons under a provincial law, the benefits payable to the claimant under this Act are to be reduced or eliminated as prescribed.

  • Marginal note:Division of weeks of benefits

    (4) If two major attachment claimants each make a claim for benefits under this section — or if one major attachment claimant makes a claim for benefits under this section and an individual makes a claim for benefits under section 152.05 — in respect of the same child or children, weeks of benefits payable under this section, under section 152.05 or under both those sections may be divided between them up to a maximum of 35, if the applicable maximum number of weeks is established under subparagraph 12(3)(b)(i) or 152.14(1)(b)(i), or up to a maximum of 61, if that number of weeks is established under subparagraph 12(3)(b)(ii) or 152.14(1)(b)(ii). If they cannot agree, the weeks of benefits are to be divided in accordance with the prescribed rules.

  • Marginal note:Maximum number of weeks that can be divided

    (4.1) For greater certainty, if, in respect of the same child, a major attachment claimant makes a claim for benefits under this section and an individual makes a claim for benefits under section 152.05, the total number of weeks of benefits payable under this section and section 152.05 that may be divided between them may not exceed 35, if the applicable maximum number of weeks is established under subparagraph 12(3)(b)(i) or 152.14(1)(b)(i), or may not exceed 61, if that number of weeks is established under subparagraph 12(3)(b)(ii) or 152.14(1)(b)(ii).

  • Marginal note:Deferral of waiting period

    (5) A major attachment claimant who makes a claim for benefits under this section may have his or her waiting period deferred until he or she makes another claim for benefits in the same benefit period, otherwise than under section 22 or this section, if

    • (a) the claimant has already made a claim for benefits under section 22 or this section in respect of the same child and has served the waiting period;

    • (b) another major attachment claimant has made a claim for benefits under section 22 or this section in respect of the same child and that other claimant has served or is serving his or her waiting period;

    • (c) another major attachment claimant is making a claim for benefits under section 22 or this section in respect of the same child at the same time as the claimant and that other claimant elects to serve the waiting period; or

    • (d) the claimant or another major attachment claimant meets the prescribed requirements.

  • Marginal note:Exception

    (6) If a major attachment claimant makes a claim under section 22 or this section and an individual makes a claim under section 152.04 or 152.05 in respect of the same child or children and one of them has served or elected to serve their waiting period, then

    • (a) if the major attachment claimant is not the one who served or elected to serve the waiting period, that claimant is not required to serve a waiting period; or

    • (b) if the individual is not the one who served or elected to serve the waiting period, that claimant may have his or her waiting period deferred in accordance with section 152.05.

  • 1996, c. 23, s. 23
  • 2000, c. 12, s. 107, c. 14, s. 4
  • 2002, c. 9, s. 14
  • 2003, c. 15, s. 18
  • 2005, c. 30, s. 130
  • 2009, c. 33, s. 7
  • 2010, c. 9, s. 3
  • 2012, c. 27, s. 17
  • 2017, c. 20, s. 235
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