Canada Grain Act (R.S.C., 1985, c. G-10)

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Act current to 2019-06-20 and last amended on 2017-01-01. Previous Versions

PART VIEnforcement and Enforcement Procedures (continued)

Revocation of Licences

Marginal note:Revocation of licence

  •  (1) The Commission may, by order, revoke a licence to operate an elevator or a licence to carry on business as a grain dealer, as the case may be, if

    • (a) the licensee has failed or refused to comply with any requirement of an order, in relation to the operation of an elevator, made under subsection 93(1) or paragraph 94(3)(b);

    • (a.1) the licensee has failed to comply with an arbitrator’s decision made under section 92.1;

    • (b) the licensee or the manager of a licensed elevator is found guilty of an offence under this Act;

    • (c) the licensee has failed to maintain their security as required by subsection 45.1(1);

    • (d) the licensee has failed to obtain additional security as required by any order made under subsection 49(1); or

    • (e) the licensee has failed to comply with any condition of a licence.

  • Marginal note:Limitation

    (2) Subject to subsection (3), except with the consent of the licensee, no licence shall be revoked pursuant to subsection (1) unless the licensee or a representative of the licensee has been afforded a full and ample opportunity to be heard in the matter in relation to which the licence may be revoked.

  • Marginal note:Prior opportunity to be heard

    (3) Where the Commission has, pursuant to section 93, afforded a licensee or a representative of the licensee an opportunity to be heard in relation to any matter, the Commission may, in accordance with this section, revoke the licence to operate the elevator or to operate as a grain dealer without affording the licensee a further opportunity to be heard in relation thereto.

  • R.S., 1985, c. G-10, s. 95
  • 2012, c. 31, s. 383
  • 2014, c. 8, s. 4

Review by Minister

Marginal note:Review by Minister

 The Minister may, on application made by any interested person, review any order made by the Commission refusing to issue a licence or revoking a licence and where, after considering the application and any material submitted to the Minister in connection therewith, the Minister is of the opinion that the issue of a licence should not have been refused or the licence should not have been revoked, the Minister may in his discretion direct the Commission to issue a licence or to reinstate the revoked licence, as the case may be, on such conditions, if any, relating to the licence as the Minister deems proper.

  • R.S., 1985, c. G-10, s. 96
  • 1998, c. 22, s. 25(F)

Orders for Payment

Marginal note:Orders on investigation

 The Commission may, after any investigation instituted under section 91 and after affording all persons having an interest in the matter under investigation a full and ample opportunity to be heard, make an order

  • (a) for the payment, by any complainant, licensee or other person to whom the jurisdiction of the Commission extends, of compensation to any person for loss or damage sustained by that person resulting from a contravention of or failure to comply with any provision of this Act or any regulation, order or licence made or issued pursuant to this Act; and

  • (b) for the payment by any licensee of any fees for services payable by the licensee to the Commission pursuant to this Act.

  • (c) [Repealed, 2012, c. 31, s. 384]

  • R.S., 1985, c. G-10, s. 97
  • 1998, c. 22, s. 25(F)
  • 2012, c. 31, s. 384

Public Hearings

Marginal note:Public hearings

  •  (1) A public hearing may be held by the Commission if the Commission is satisfied that it would be in the public interest to hold such a hearing in connection with

    • (a) an investigation commenced under section 91; and

    • (b) any other matter in respect of which the Commission deems a hearing to be desirable.

  • Marginal note:Public hearings on request

    (2) Where

    • (a) this Act requires that any person be given an opportunity to be heard in connection with the issue, refusal to issue, suspension or revocation of a licence or in connection with any investigation into a complaint referred to in paragraph 91(1)(h), and

    • (b) the applicant for the licence, the licensee or the person who is the subject of the complaint requests a public hearing,

    the Commission shall hold a public hearing to hear all persons having an interest in the matter and wishing to be heard in connection therewith.

  • Marginal note:Powers of Commission

    (3) The Commission has, in relation to any public hearing held under this section, the powers of a Commissioner under Part I of the Inquiries Act.

  • Marginal note:Representation by counsel

    (4) Any person who may be heard at a public hearing under this section may be represented by counsel at the hearing.

  • 1970-71-72, c. 7, s. 80

Procedure

Marginal note:Notification of order

  •  (1) A copy of an order of the Commission refusing to issue a licence or revoking a licence or for the payment of any money or apportionment of any loss, together with any written reasons for the decision, shall, after the making of the order, be forwarded in accordance with any rules made pursuant to subsection (2) to each person affected by the order and to such other persons as may be specified in those rules.

  • Marginal note:Rules

    (2) The Commission may make rules

    • (a) respecting the procedure for making applications, representations and complaints to the Commission and for the conduct of public hearings held by it; and

    • (b) generally respecting the conduct of the business of the Commission in relation to investigations and public hearings.

  • R.S., 1985, c. G-10, s. 99
  • 1998, c. 22, s. 25(F)

Enforcement of Orders for Payment

Marginal note:Filing of orders in Court

  •  (1) An order of the Commission for the payment of any money or apportionment of any loss may be filed in the Federal Court, in this Part referred to as “the Court”, after thirty days following the date on which the order is made.

  • Marginal note:Registration of order

    (2) On filing in the Court under subsection (1), an order of the Commission referred to in that subsection shall be registered in the Court and, subject to subsection (4), when registered has the same force and effect, and all proceedings may be taken thereon, as if the order were a judgment obtained in the Court for a debt of the amount specified in the order plus interest to the date of payment as provided for in the order of the Commission.

  • Marginal note:Costs and charges

    (3) The reasonable costs and the charges attendant on the registration of an order pursuant to this section are recoverable in like manner as if they were an amount included in the order of the Commission.

  • Marginal note:Stay of execution

    (4) The Court may direct a stay of execution of an order registered pursuant to this section pending disposition of an appeal pursuant to section 101 on such terms as to the Court seem just.

  • R.S., 1985, c. G-10, s. 100
  • 1998, c. 22, s. 25(F)

Appeals to Court

Marginal note:Appeal to Court

  •  (1) An appeal from an order of the Commission for the payment of any money or apportionment of any loss lies to the Court.

  • Marginal note:Institution of appeal

    (2) An appeal under subsection (1) shall be instituted by filing a notice of appeal in the Court within thirty days after the making of the order sought to be appealed from or within such further time as the Court under special circumstances allows.

  • Marginal note:Service

    (3) Notice of an appeal under this section shall be served forthwith after the filing thereof on the Commission and on all interested parties.

  • R.S., 1985, c. G-10, s. 101
  • 1998, c. 22, s. 25(F)

Prohibitions, Offences and Punishment

Marginal note:Prohibition respecting grade names

  •  (1) No person shall, in the purchase or sale of grain, use a grade name established by or under this Act in any record or acknowledgement of the receipt or discharge of grain unless the person is licensed under this Act.

  • Marginal note:Exceptions

    (2) Subsection (1) does not apply to a sale of grain by a producer who produced the grain.

  • R.S., 1985, c. G-10, s. 102
  • 1994, c. 45, s. 31
 
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