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International Boundary Waters Treaty Act

Version of section 10 from 2014-07-01 to 2024-02-06:

Marginal note:Definitions

 The definitions in this section apply in sections 11 to 42.


analyst means a person who is designated under section 20.1 to assist an inspector to verify compliance with this Act. (analyste)

boundary waters

boundary waters means boundary waters as defined in the treaty. (eaux limitrophes)

bulk removal

bulk removal means the removal of water from boundary or transboundary waters and the taking of that water, whether it has been treated or not, outside the Canadian portion of the water basin — set out in Schedule 2 — in which the waters are located

  • (a) by any means of diversion, including by pipeline, canal, tunnel, aqueduct or channel; or

  • (b) by any other means by which more than 50 000 L of water are taken outside the water basin per day.

Bulk removal does not include the taking of a manufactured product that contains water, including water and other beverages in bottles or other containers, outside a water basin. (captage massif)


inspector means a person who is designated under section 20.1 to verify compliance with this Act. (inspecteur)


licence means a licence issued under section 16. (licence)


Minister means the Minister of Foreign Affairs. (ministre)

non-commercial project

non-commercial project means a project involving bulk removal in which no one is required to pay for the water that is removed. (projet non commercial)

transboundary waters

transboundary waters means those waters that, in their natural channels, flow across the international boundary between Canada and the United States, including those set out in Schedule 3. (eaux transfrontalières)

  • 2001, c. 40, s. 1
  • 2013, c. 12, s. 3

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