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International Boundary Waters Treaty Act

Version of section 13 from 2014-07-01 to 2023-01-11:


Marginal note:Purpose

  •  (0.1) The purpose of this section is to prevent the risk of environmental harm resulting from bulk removal.

  • Marginal note:Prohibition — removal of boundary waters

    (1) Despite section 11, the bulk removal of boundary waters is prohibited.

  • Marginal note:Prohibition — removal of transboundary waters

    (2) Despite section 12, the bulk removal of transboundary waters is prohibited.

  • Marginal note:Deeming

    (3) For the purposes of subsections (1) and (2) and the application of the treaty, bulk removal is deemed, given its cumulative effects on boundary waters and on transboundary waters that flow to the United States, to affect the natural level or flow of those waters on the other side of the international boundary.

  • Marginal note:Exceptions

    (4) Subsections (1) and (2) do not apply in respect of boundary waters or transboundary waters that are used

    • (a) in a vehicle, including a vessel, aircraft or train,

      • (i) as ballast,

      • (ii) for the operation of the vehicle, or

      • (iii) for people, animals or goods on or in the vehicle; or

    • (b) in a non-commercial project on a short-term basis for firefighting or humanitarian purposes.

  • 2001, c. 40, s. 1
  • 2013, c. 12, s. 4
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