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National Defence Act (R.S.C., 1985, c. N-5)

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Act current to 2019-08-28 and last amended on 2019-08-01. Previous Versions

PART IIICode of Service Discipline (continued)

DIVISION 3Arrest and Pre-Trial Custody (continued)

Authority to Arrest

Marginal note:General authority

  •  (1) Every person who has committed, is found committing or is believed on reasonable grounds to have committed a service offence, or who is charged with having committed a service offence, may be placed under arrest.

  • Marginal note:Reasonably necessary force

    (2) Every person authorized to effect arrest under this Division may use such force as is reasonably necessary for that purpose.

  • R.S., 1985, c. N-5, s. 154
  • R.S., 1985, c. 31 (1st Supp.), s. 48
  • 1998, c. 35, s. 92

Marginal note:Powers of officers

  •  (1) An officer may, without a warrant, in the circumstances described in section 154, arrest or order the arrest of

    • (a) any non-commissioned member;

    • (b) any officer of equal or lower rank; and

    • (c) any officer of higher rank who is engaged in a quarrel, fray or disorder.

  • Marginal note:Powers of non-commissioned members

    (2) A non-commissioned member may, without a warrant, in the circumstances described in section 154, arrest or order the arrest of

    • (a) any non-commissioned member of lower rank; and

    • (b) any non-commissioned member of equal or higher rank who is engaged in a quarrel, fray or disorder.

  • Marginal note:Limitations on power of arrest

    (2.1) Unless ordered to do so by a superior officer, an officer or non-commissioned member shall not order the arrest of a person, nor arrest a person, without a warrant for an offence that is not a serious offence if:

    • (a) they have reasonable grounds to believe that the public interest may be satisfied without so arresting the person, having regard to all the circumstances including the need to

      • (i) establish the person’s identity,

      • (ii) secure or preserve evidence of or relating to the offence, and

      • (iii) prevent the continuation or repetition of the offence or the commission of another offence; and

    • (b) they have no reasonable grounds to believe that, if the person is not so arrested, the person will fail to attend before a service tribunal in order to be dealt with according to law.

  • Marginal note:Arrest of persons other than officers or non-commissioned members

    (3) Every person who is not an officer or non-commissioned member but who was subject to the Code of Service Discipline at the time of the alleged commission by that person of a service offence may, without a warrant, be arrested or ordered to be arrested by such person as any commanding officer may designate for that purpose.

  • R.S., 1985, c. N-5, s. 155
  • R.S., 1985, c. 31 (1st Supp.), s. 60
  • 2013, c. 24, s. 27

Marginal note:Powers of military police

  •  (1) Officers and non-commissioned members who are appointed as members of the military police under regulations made for the purposes of this section may

    • (a) detain or arrest without a warrant any person who is subject to the Code of Service Discipline, regardless of the person’s rank or status, who has committed, is found committing, is believed on reasonable grounds to be about to commit or to have committed a service offence or who is charged with having committed a service offence; and

    • (b) exercise such other powers for carrying out the Code of Service Discipline as are prescribed in regulations made by the Governor in Council.

  • Marginal note:Arrest without warrant — limitations

    (2) A member of the military police shall not arrest a person without a warrant for an offence that is not a serious offence if paragraphs 155(2.1)(a) and (b) apply.

  • R.S., 1985, c. N-5, s. 156
  • R.S., 1985, c. 31 (1st Supp.), ss. 49, 60
  • 1998, c. 35, s. 41
  • 2013, c. 24, s. 28

Marginal note:Issue of warrants

  •  (1) Subject to subsection (2), every commanding officer, and every officer to whom the power of trying a charge summarily has been delegated under subsection 163(4), may by a warrant under his hand authorize any person to arrest any other person triable under the Code of Service Discipline who

    • (a) has committed,

    • (b) is believed on reasonable grounds to have committed, or

    • (c) is charged under this Act with having committed

    a service offence.

  • Marginal note:Limitation

    (2) An officer authorized to issue a warrant under this section shall not, unless the officer has certified on the face of the warrant that the exigencies of the service so require, issue a warrant for the arrest of any officer of rank higher than the rank held by the officer so authorized.

  • Marginal note:Contents of warrants

    (3) In any warrant issued under this section, the offence in respect of which the warrant is issued shall be stated and the names of more persons than one in respect of the same offence, or several offences of the same nature, may be included.

  • Marginal note:Saving provision

    (4) Nothing in this section shall be deemed to be in derogation of the authority that any person, including an officer or non-commissioned member, may have under other sections of this Act or otherwise under the law of Canada to arrest any other person without a warrant.

  • R.S., 1985, c. N-5, s. 157
  • R.S., 1985, c. 31 (1st Supp.), ss. 50, 60

Action following Arrest

Marginal note:Release from custody

  •  (1) A person arrested under this Act shall, as soon as is practicable, be released from custody by the person making the arrest, unless the person making the arrest believes on reasonable grounds that it is necessary that the person under arrest be retained in custody having regard to all the circumstances, including

    • (a) the gravity of the offence alleged to have been committed;

    • (b) the need to establish the identity of the person under arrest;

    • (c) the need to secure or preserve evidence of or relating to the offence alleged to have been committed;

    • (d) the need to ensure that the person under arrest will appear before a service tribunal or civil court to be dealt with according to law;

    • (e) the need to prevent the continuation or repetition of the offence alleged to have been committed or the commission of any other offence; and

    • (f) the necessity to ensure the safety of the person under arrest or any other person.

  • Marginal note:Retention in custody

    (2) If an arrested person is to be retained in custody, the person shall be placed in service custody or civil custody. Such force as is reasonably necessary for the purpose may be used.

  • Marginal note:Duty to receive into service custody

    (3) The officer or non-commissioned member in charge of a guard or a guard-room or a member of the military police shall receive and keep a person under arrest who is committed to their custody.

  • Marginal note:Account in writing

    (4) The person who commits a person under arrest to service custody shall, at the time of committal, deliver to the officer or non-commissioned member into whose custody the person under arrest is committed a signed account in writing setting out why the person under arrest is being committed to custody.

  • R.S., 1985, c. N-5, s. 158
  • R.S., 1985, c. 31 (1st Supp.), ss. 51, 60
  • 1998, c. 35, s. 42
  • 2013, c. 24, s. 29

Marginal note:Report of custody

  •  (1) The officer or non-commissioned member into whose custody a person under arrest is committed shall, as soon as practicable, and in any case within twenty-four hours after the arrest of the person committed to custody, deliver a report of custody, in writing, to the custody review officer.

  • Marginal note:Contents

    (2) The report of custody must set out the name of the person in custody, an account of the offence alleged to have been committed by that person so far as it is known and the name and rank, if any, of the person who committed the person into service custody.

  • Marginal note:Representations concerning release

    (3) Before the report of custody is delivered to the custody review officer,

    • (a) a copy of the report and the account in writing must be provided to the person in custody; and

    • (b) the person in custody must be given the opportunity to make representations concerning the person’s release from custody.

  • Marginal note:Representations to be reduced to writing

    (4) Representations concerning release made by or on behalf of the person in custody must be reduced to writing or recorded by any other means.

  • Marginal note:Accompanying documents

    (5) When the report of custody is delivered, it must be accompanied by the account in writing and any representations made by or on behalf of the person in custody or a statement confirming that the person was given the opportunity to make representations but did not do so.

  • 1998, c. 35, s. 42
 
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