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Statistics Act (R.S.C., 1985, c. S-19)

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Act current to 2020-06-28 and last amended on 2017-12-12. Previous Versions

Population Census and Agriculture Census (continued)

Marginal note:Agriculture census

 A census of agriculture of Canada shall be taken by Statistics Canada

  • (a) in the year 1971 and in every tenth year thereafter; and

  • (b) in the year 1976 and in every tenth year thereafter, unless the Governor in Council otherwise directs in respect of any such year.

  • 1970-71-72, c. 15, s. 19

Marginal note:Census questions

  •  (1) The Governor in Council shall, by order, prescribe the questions to be asked in any census taken by Statistics Canada under section 19 or 20.

  • Marginal note:Publication

    (2) Every order made under subsection (1) shall be published in the Canada Gazette not later than thirty days after it is made.

  • 1970-71-72, c. 15, s. 20

General Statistics

Marginal note:General statistics

 Without limiting the duties of Statistics Canada under section 3 or affecting any of its powers or duties in respect of any specific statistics that may otherwise be authorized or required under this Act, the Chief Statistician shall collect, compile, analyse, abstract and publish statistics in relation to all or any of the following matters in Canada:

  • (a) population;

  • (b) agriculture;

  • (c) health and welfare;

  • (d) law enforcement, the administration of justice and corrections;

  • (e) government and business finance;

  • (f) immigration and emigration;

  • (g) education;

  • (h) labour and employment;

  • (i) commerce with other countries;

  • (j) prices and the cost of living;

  • (k) forestry, fishing and trapping;

  • (l) mines, quarries and wells;

  • (m) manufacturing;

  • (n) construction;

  • (o) transportation, storage and communication;

  • (p) electric power, gas and water utilities;

  • (q) wholesale and retail trade;

  • (r) finance, insurance and real estate;

  • (s) public administration;

  • (t) community, business and personal services; and

  • (u) any other matters prescribed by the Minister or by the Governor in Council.

  • R.S., 1985, c. S-19, s. 22
  • 2017, c. 31, s. 11

Marginal note:Coding system for goods

  •  (1) The Chief Statistician shall establish a coding system for goods imported into and exported from Canada to enable the Chief Statistician to collect, compile, analyse, abstract and publish statistics in relation to those goods.

  • Marginal note:Publication in Canada Gazette

    (2) The Coding System shall be published in Part I of the Canada Gazette.

  • 1988, c. 65, s. 146
  • 2017, c. 31, s. 12(F)

Marginal note:Request for information by any method

  •  (1) The requests for information prescribed under section 7 may be made by any method authorized by the Chief Statistician.

  • Marginal note:Duty to provide information

    (2) A person to whom a mandatory request for information is made shall provide the information to Statistics Canada, properly certified as accurate, not later than the time prescribed by the Chief Statistician and indicated to the person or not later than the extended time that may be allowed in the discretion of the Chief Statistician.

  • R.S., 1985, c. S-19, s. 23
  • 2017, c. 31, s. 13

Marginal note:Returns under Income Tax Act

 For the purposes of this Act and subject to section 17,

  • (a) the Chief Statistician or any person authorized by the Chief Statistician to do so may inspect and have access to any returns, certificates, statements, documents or other records obtained on behalf of the Minister of National Revenue for the purposes of the Income Tax Act or Part IX of the Excise Tax Act, and

  • (b) the Minister of National Revenue shall cause the returns, certificates, statements, documents, or other records to be made available to the Chief Statistician or person authorized by the Chief Statistician to inspect the records,

in such manner and at such times as the Governor in Council may prescribe on the recommendation of the Minister and the Minister of National Revenue.

  • R.S., 1985, c. S-19, s. 24
  • 1990, c. 45, s. 54

Marginal note:Return of exports and imports from Customs

 For the purposes of this Act and subject to section 17, the Minister of Public Safety and Emergency Preparedness shall cause to be sent to the Chief Statistician returns of imports and exports into and from Canada and details of the means of transportation used therefor, in such manner and at such times as the Governor in Council may prescribe on the recommendation of the Minister and the Minister of Public Safety and Emergency Preparedness.

  • R.S., 1985, c. S-19, s. 25
  • 2005, c. 38, ss. 142, 145

Criminal Statistics

Marginal note:Courts to furnish criminal statistics

 The clerk of every court or tribunal administering criminal justice or, if there is no clerk, the judge or other functionary presiding over the court or tribunal shall, at the times, in the manner and for the periods that the Chief Statistician may establish, transmit the information requested by the Minister relating to the criminal business transacted in the court or tribunal.

  • R.S., 1985, c. S-19, s. 26
  • 2017, c. 31, s. 14

Marginal note:Wardens and sheriffs

 The warden of every penitentiary and reformatory and the sheriff of every county, district or other territorial division shall, at the times, in the manner and for the periods that the Chief Statistician may establish, transmit the information requested by the Minister relating to the prisoners committed to any penitentiary, reformatory or jail under their charge or within their jurisdiction.

  • R.S., 1985, c. S-19, s. 27
  • 2017, c. 31, s. 14

Marginal note:Records

 Every person who is required to transmit any information mentioned in section 26 or 27 shall from day to day make and keep entries and records of the particulars used to respond to requests for information made to them.

  • R.S., 1985, c. S-19, s. 28
  • 2017, c. 31, s. 14

Marginal note:Pardons

 The Minister of Public Safety and Emergency Preparedness shall cause to be transmitted to the Chief Statistician, at the times and for the periods that the Chief Statistician may establish, the information requested by the Minister relating to the cases in which the prerogative of mercy has been exercised.

  • R.S., 1985, c. S-19, s. 29
  • 2005, c. 10, s. 34
  • 2017, c. 31, s. 14

Offences and Punishment

Marginal note:Desertion or false declaration

 Every person who, after taking the oath set out in subsection 6(1),

  • (a) deserts from his duty, or wilfully makes any false declaration, statement or return in the performance of his duties,

  • (b) in the pretended performance of his duties, obtains or seeks to obtain information that the person is not duly authorized to obtain, or

  • (c) contravenes subsection 17(1)

is guilty of an offence and liable on summary conviction to a fine not exceeding one thousand dollars or to imprisonment for a term not exceeding six months or to both.

  • 1970-71-72, c. 15, s. 28

Marginal note:False or unlawful information

 Every person is guilty of an offence and liable on summary conviction to a fine of not more than $500 who, without lawful excuse,

  • (a) refuses or neglects, following a request for information under this Act,

    • (i) to provide any requested information to the best of their knowledge and belief, or

    • (ii) to provide any requested information when and as required under this Act; or

  • (b) knowingly gives false or misleading information or practises any other deception under this Act.

  • R.S., 1985, c. S-19, s. 31
  • 2017, c. 31, s. 15
 
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