Bankruptcy and Insolvency Act

Version of section 197 from 2004-12-15 to 2009-09-17:


Marginal note:Costs in discretion of court

  •  (1) Subject to this Act and to the General Rules, the costs of and incidental to any proceedings in court under this Act are in the discretion of the court.

  • Marginal note:How costs awarded

    (2) The court in awarding costs may direct that the costs shall be taxed and paid as between party and party or as between solicitor and client, or the court may fix a sum to be paid in lieu of taxation or of taxed costs, but in the absence of any express direction costs shall follow the event and shall be taxed as between party and party.

  • Marginal note:Personal liability of trustee for costs

    (3) Where an action or proceeding is brought by or against a trustee, or where a trustee is made a party to any action or proceeding on his application or on the application of any other party thereto, he is not personally liable for costs unless the court otherwise directs.

  • Marginal note:When costs payable

    (4) No costs shall be paid out of the estate of the bankrupt, excepting the costs of persons whose services have been authorized by the trustee in writing and such costs as have been awarded against the trustee or the estate of the bankrupt by the court.

  • Marginal note:Application of tariff

    (5) Legal costs shall be paid according to the tariff provided by the General Rules or according to the item in the tariff most nearly analogous or comparable to the services rendered, or, where no provision may be found therein applicable to the particular services rendered or disbursements made, according to the tariff in effect in other civil matters.

  • Marginal note:Priority of payment of legal costs

    (6) Legal costs shall be payable according to the following priorities:

    • (a) commissions on collections, which are a claim ranking above any other claim on any sums collected;

    • (b) when duly authorized by the court or approved by the creditors or the inspectors, costs incurred by the trustee after the bankruptcy and prior to the first meeting of creditors;

    • (c) the costs on an assignment or costs incurred by an applicant creditor up to the issue of a bankruptcy order;

    • (d) costs awarded against the trustee or the estate of the bankrupt; and

    • (e) costs for legal services otherwise rendered to the trustee or the estate of the bankrupt.

  • Marginal note:Costs where discharge opposed

    (6.1) Where a creditor opposes the discharge of a bankrupt, the court may, if it grants the discharge on condition that the bankrupt pay an amount or consent to a judgment to pay an amount, award costs to the opposing creditor out of the estate in an amount not exceeding the amount realized by the estate under the conditional order, including any amount brought into the estate pursuant to the consent to judgment.

  • Marginal note:Limitation of costs

    (7) Notwithstanding anything in this section, the total legal costs exclusive of disbursements for all legal services specified in paragraph (6)(e) shall not exceed ten per cent of the gross receipts less amounts paid to secured creditors, except with the approval of the inspectors and the court, and, where the amount thereby available or authorized for payment of the legal fees is insufficient, the fees shall be abated proportionately.

  • Marginal note:Limitation of costs in smaller estates

    (8) Where the gross receipts, less amounts paid to secured creditors, are certified by the trustee to be not more than one thousand dollars, or more than one thousand dollars but not more than two thousand dollars, the legal costs payable, other than disbursements, shall be reduced by one-half and one-third, respectively.

  • R.S., 1985, c. B-3, s. 197
  • 1997, c. 12, s. 106
  • 2004, c. 25, s. 89
Date modified: