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Citizenship Act (R.S.C., 1985, c. C-29)

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Act current to 2024-05-01 and last amended on 2023-06-22. Previous Versions

PART VIIIStatus of Persons in Canada (continued)

Marginal note:Offences and punishment

  •  (1) Every person who fails to comply with any prohibition, annulment or restriction made pursuant to subsection 35(1) is guilty of an offence and liable on summary conviction to a fine not exceeding ten thousand dollars or to imprisonment for a term not exceeding one year or to both.

  • Marginal note:Officers, etc., of corporations

    (2) Where a corporation commits an offence under subsection (1), any officer, director or agent of the corporation who directed, authorized, assented to, acquiesced in or participated in the commission of the offence is a party to and guilty of the offence and is liable on conviction to the punishment provided for the offence whether or not the corporation has been prosecuted or convicted.

  • 1974-75-76, c. 108, s. 33

Marginal note:Coming into force

 Sections 35 and 36 shall come into force in any of the Provinces of Ontario, Quebec, Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, British Columbia, Prince Edward Island, Saskatchewan and Newfoundland and Labrador or in Yukon, the Northwest Territories or Nunavut on a day fixed in a proclamation of the Governor in Council declaring those sections to be in force in that Province or any of those territories.

  • R.S., 1985, c. C-29, s. 37
  • 1993, c. 28, s. 78
  • 2002, c. 7, s. 131
  • 2015, c. 3, s. 172

Marginal note:Disabilities

 Sections 34 and 35 do not operate so as to

  • (a) qualify any person for any office or for any municipal, parliamentary or other franchise;

  • (b) qualify any person to be the owner of a Canadian ship;

  • (c) qualify any person to take, acquire, hold or dispose of any property that under or pursuant to any Act of Parliament may be taken, acquired, held or disposed of only by citizens;

  • (d) entitle any person to any right or privilege as a Canadian citizen except such rights and privileges in respect of property as are by this Act expressly given to the person; or

  • (e) affect any estate or interest in real or personal property to which a person has or may become entitled, either mediately or immediately, in possession or expectancy, in pursuance of any disposition made before July 4, 1883, or in pursuance of any devolution by law on the death of any person dying before July 4, 1883.

  • 1974-75-76, c. 108, s. 33

Marginal note:Trial

 A person who is not a citizen is triable at law in the same manner as if the person were a citizen.

  • 1974-75-76, c. 108, s. 34

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