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Criminal Code

Version of section 118 from 2007-05-31 to 2024-06-19:

Marginal note:Definitions

 In this Part,


evidence or statement means an assertion of fact, opinion, belief or knowledge, whether material or not and whether admissible or not; (témoignage, déposition ou déclaration)


government means

  • (a) the Government of Canada,

  • (b) the government of a province, or

  • (c) Her Majesty in right of Canada or a province; (gouvernement)

judicial proceeding

judicial proceeding means a proceeding

  • (a) in or under the authority of a court of justice,

  • (b) before the Senate or House of Commons or a committee of the Senate or House of Commons, or before a legislative council, legislative assembly or house of assembly or a committee thereof that is authorized by law to administer an oath,

  • (c) before a court, judge, justice, provincial court judge or coroner,

  • (d) before an arbitrator or umpire, or a person or body of persons authorized by law to make an inquiry and take evidence therein under oath, or

  • (e) before a tribunal by which a legal right or legal liability may be established,

whether or not the proceeding is invalid for want of jurisdiction or for any other reason; (procédure judiciaire)


office includes

  • (a) an office or appointment under the government,

  • (b) a civil or military commission, and

  • (c) a position or an employment in a public department; (charge ou emploi)


official means a person who

  • (a) holds an office, or

  • (b) is appointed or elected to discharge a public duty; (fonctionnaire)


witness means a person who gives evidence orally under oath or by affidavit in a judicial proceeding, whether or not he is competent to be a witness, and includes a child of tender years who gives evidence but does not give it under oath, because, in the opinion of the person presiding, the child does not understand the nature of an oath. (témoin)

  • R.S., 1985, c. C-46, s. 118
  • R.S., 1985, c. 27 (1st Supp.), ss. 15, 203
  • 2007, c. 13, s. 2

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