Government of Canada / Gouvernement du Canada
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Criminal Code

Version of section 339 from 2003-01-01 to 2019-09-18:

Marginal note:Taking possession, etc., of drift timber

  •  (1) Every one is guilty of an indictable offence and liable to imprisonment for a term not exceeding five years who, without the consent of the owner,

    • (a) fraudulently takes, holds, keeps in his possession, conceals, receives, appropriates, purchases or sells,

    • (b) removes, alters, obliterates or defaces a mark or number on, or

    • (c) refuses to deliver up to the owner or to the person in charge thereof on behalf of the owner or to a person authorized by the owner to receive it,

    any lumber or lumbering equipment that is found adrift, cast ashore or lying on or embedded in the bed or bottom, or on the bank or beach, of a river, stream or lake in Canada, or in the harbours or any of the coastal waters of Canada.

  • Marginal note:Dealer in second-hand goods

    (2) Every one who, being a dealer in second-hand goods of any kind, trades or traffics in or has in his possession for sale or traffic any lumbering equipment that is marked with the mark, brand, registered timber mark, name or initials of a person, without the written consent of that person, is guilty of an offence punishable on summary conviction.

  • Marginal note:Search for timber unlawfully detained

    (3) A peace officer who suspects, on reasonable grounds, that any lumber owned by any person and bearing the registered timber mark of that person is kept or detained in or on any place without the knowledge or consent of that person, may enter into or on that place to ascertain whether or not it is detained there without the knowledge or consent of that person.

  • Marginal note:Evidence of property in timber

    (4) Where any lumber or lumbering equipment is marked with a timber mark or a boom chain brand registered under any Act, the mark or brand is, in proceedings under subsection (1), and, in the absence of any evidence to the contrary, proof that it is the property of the registered owner of the mark or brand.

  • Marginal note:Presumption from possession

    (5) Where an accused or his servants or agents are in possession of lumber or lumbering equipment marked with the mark, brand, registered timber mark, name or initials of another person, the burden of proving that it came lawfully into his possession or into possession of his servants or agents is, in proceedings under subsection (1), on the accused.

  • Marginal note:Definitions

    (6) In this section,

    coastal waters of Canada

    coastal waters of Canada includes all of Queen Charlotte Sound, all the Strait of Georgia and the Canadian waters of the Strait of Juan de Fuca; (eaux côtières du Canada)


    lumber means timber, mast, spar, shingle bolt, sawlog or lumber of any description; (bois)

    lumbering equipment

    lumbering equipment includes a boom chain, chain, line and shackle. (matériel d’exploitation forestière)

  • R.S., c. C-34, s. 299

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