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Version of document from 2002-12-31 to 2003-07-01:

Federal Court Act

R.S.C., 1985, c. F-7

An Act respecting the Federal Court of Canada

Short Title

Marginal note:Short title

 This Act may be cited as the Federal Court Act.

  • R.S., c. 10(2nd Supp.), s. 1

Interpretation

Marginal note:Definitions

  •  (1) In this Act,

    action for collision

    action pour collision

    action for collision includes an action for damage caused by one or more ships to another ship or ships or to property or persons on board another ship or ships as a result of carrying out or omitting to carry out a manoeuvre, or as a result of non-compliance with law, even though there has been no actual collision; (action pour collision)

    Associate Chief Justice

    juge en chef adjoint

    Associate Chief Justice means the Associate Chief Justice of the Court; (juge en chef adjoint)

    Canadian maritime law

    droit maritime canadien

    Canadian maritime law means the law that was administered by the Exchequer Court of Canada on its Admiralty side by virtue of the Admiralty Act, chapter A-1 of the Revised Statutes of Canada, 1970, or any other statute, or that would have been so administered if that Court had had, on its Admiralty side, unlimited jurisdiction in relation to maritime and admiralty matters, as that law has been altered by this Act or any other Act of Parliament; (droit maritime canadien)

    Chief Justice

    juge en chef

    Chief Justice means the Chief Justice of the Court; (juge en chef)

    Court

    Cour

    Court means the Federal Court of Canada continued by section 3; (Cour)

    Court of Appeal

    Cour d’appel ou Cour d’appel fédérale

    Court of Appeal means that division of the Court referred to in section 4 as the Federal Court — Appeal Division; (Cour d’appel ou Cour d’appel fédérale)

    Crown

    Couronne

    Crown means Her Majesty in right of Canada; (Couronne)

    federal board, commission or other tribunal

    office fédéral

    federal board, commission or other tribunal means any body or any person or persons having, exercising or purporting to exercise jurisdiction or powers conferred by or under an Act of Parliament or by or under an order made pursuant to a prerogative of the Crown, other than any such body constituted or established by or under a law of a province or any such person or persons appointed under or in accordance with a law of a province or under section 96 of the Constitution Act, 1867; (office fédéral)

    Federal Court of Appeal

    Cour d’appel ou Cour d’appel fédérale

    Federal Court of Appeal has the meaning given in this section to “Court of Appeal”; (Cour d’appel ou Cour d’appel fédérale)

    final judgment

    jugement définitif

    final judgment means any judgment or other decision that determines in whole or in part any substantive right of any of the parties in controversy in any judicial proceeding; (jugement définitif)

    judge

    juge

    judge means a judge of the Court and includes the Chief Justice and Associate Chief Justice; (juge)

    laws of Canada

    droit canadien

    laws of Canada has the same meaning as those words have in section 101 of the Constitution Act, 1867; (droit canadien)

    practice and procedure

    pratique et procédure

    practice and procedure includes evidence relating to matters of practice and procedure; (pratique et procédure)

    property

    biens

    property means property of any kind, whether real or personal or corporeal or incorporeal, and, without restricting the generality of the foregoing, includes a right of any kind, a share or a chose in action; (biens)

    relief

    réparation

    relief includes every species of relief, whether by way of damages, payment of money, injunction, declaration, restitution of an incorporeal right, return of land or chattels or otherwise; (réparation)

    Rules

    règles

    Rules means provisions of law and rules and orders made under section 46; (règles)

    ship

    navire

    ship means any vessel or craft designed, used or capable of being used solely or partly for navigation, without regard to method or lack of propulsion, and includes

    • (a) a ship in the process of construction from the time that it is capable of floating, and

    • (b) a ship that has been stranded, wrecked or sunk and any part of a ship that has broken up; (navire)

    Supreme Court

    Supreme Court[Repealed, 1990, c. 8, s. 1]

    Trial Division

    Section de première instance

    Trial Division means that division of the Court referred to in section 4 as the Federal Court — Trial Division. (Section de première instance)

  • Marginal note:Senate and House of Commons

    (2) For greater certainty, the expression federal board, commission or other tribunal, as defined in subsection (1), does not include the Senate, the House of Commons or any committee or member of either House.

  • R.S., 1985, c. F-7, s. 2
  • 1990, c. 8, s. 1
  • 2001, c. 6, s. 115

The Court

Marginal note:Original Court continued

 The court of law, equity and admiralty in and for Canada now existing under the name of the Federal Court of Canada is hereby continued as an additional court for the better administration of the laws of Canada and shall continue to be a superior court of record having civil and criminal jurisdiction.

  • R.S., 1985, c. F-7, s. 3
  • 1993, c. 34, s. 68(F)

Marginal note:Court to consist of two divisions

 The Court shall consist of two divisions, called the Federal Court — Appeal Division (which may be referred to as the Court of Appeal or Federal Court of Appeal) and the Federal Court — Trial Division.

  • R.S., c. 10(2nd Supp.), s. 4

The Judges

Marginal note:Constitution of Court

  •  (1) The Court shall consist of the following judges:

    • (a) a chief justice called the Chief Justice of the Federal Court of Canada, who shall be the president of the Court, shall be the president of and a member of the Court of Appeal and shall be ex officio a member of the Trial Division;

    • (b) an associate chief justice called the Associate Chief Justice of the Federal Court of Canada, who shall be the president of and a member of the Trial Division and shall be ex officio a member of the Court of Appeal; and

    • (c) not more than 44 other judges, 12 of whom shall be appointed to the Court of Appeal and shall be ex officio members of the Trial Division, and the remainder of whom shall be appointed to the Trial Division and shall be ex officio members of the Court of Appeal.

  • Marginal note:Supernumerary judges

    (2) For each office of judge of the Court of Appeal and of the Trial Division, there shall be the additional office of supernumerary judge that a judge of that Division may elect under the Judges Act to hold.

  • Marginal note:Additional office of judge

    (3) For each of the offices of Chief Justice and Associate Chief Justice, there shall be the additional office of judge that the Chief Justice or Associate Chief Justice, as the case may be, may elect under the Judges Act to hold.

  • Marginal note:Appointment of judges

    (4) The judges shall be appointed by the Governor in Council by letters patent under the Great Seal.

  • Marginal note:Who may be appointed judge

    (5) Any person may be appointed a judge of the Court who

    • (a) is or has been a judge of a superior, county or district court in Canada,

    • (b) is or has been a barrister or advocate of at least ten years standing at the bar of any province, or

    • (c) has, for an aggregate of at least ten years,

      • (i) been a barrister or advocate at the bar of any province, and

      • (ii) after becoming a barrister or advocate at the bar of any province, exercised powers and performed duties and functions of a judicial nature on a full-time basis in respect of a position held pursuant to a law of Canada or a province.

  • Marginal note:Judges for the Province of Quebec

    (6) At least 15 of the judges shall be persons who have been judges of the Court of Appeal or of the Superior Court of the Province of Quebec, or have been members of the bar of that Province.

  • R.S., 1985, c. F-7, s. 5
  • R.S., 1985, c. 41 (1st Supp.), s. 11
  • 1992, c. 49, s. 127
  • 1996, c. 22, s. 1
  • 2001, c. 41, s. 95

Marginal note:Chief Justice and Associate Chief Justice, rank and precedence

  •  (1) The Chief Justice has rank and precedence over all the other judges, and the Associate Chief Justice has rank and precedence after the Chief Justice over all the other judges.

  • Marginal note:Rank and precedence among other judges

    (2) The other judges have rank and precedence after the Chief Justice and the Associate Chief Justice and among themselves according to seniority determined by reference to the respective times when they became judges of the Exchequer Court of Canada or of the Court.

  • Marginal note:Absence or incapacity of Chief Justice or Associate Chief Justice

    (3) Where the office of Chief Justice or of Associate Chief Justice is vacant, or the Chief Justice or the Associate Chief Justice is absent from Canada or is for any reason unable or unwilling to act, the powers and duties of the Chief Justice or the Associate Chief Justice shall be exercised and performed by the senior judge who is in Canada and is able and willing to act.

  • R.S., c. 10(2nd Supp.), s. 6

Marginal note:Residence of judges

  •  (1) The judges shall reside in the National Capital Region described in the schedule to the National Capital Act or within forty kilometres thereof.

  • Marginal note:Rota of judges

    (2) Notwithstanding subsection (1), the Rules may provide for a rota of judges in order to insure a continuity of judicial availability in any centre where the volume of work or other circumstances make such an arrangement expedient.

  • Marginal note:No judge to be away for more than one month

    (3) No judge shall be required under rules made under subsection (2) to remain in any centre other than the National Capital Region for a period longer than one month, unless it becomes necessary to do so to complete the hearing of a cause or matter.

  • R.S., c. 10(2nd Supp.), s. 7
  • 1976-77, c. 25, s. 21

Marginal note:Tenure of office

  •  (1) Subject to subsection (2), the judges hold office during good behaviour, but are removable by the Governor General on address of the Senate and House of Commons.

  • Marginal note:Cessation of office

    (2) A judge shall cease to hold office on attaining the age of seventy-five years.

  • Marginal note:Transitional

    (3) A judge who holds office on March 1, 1987 may retire at the age of seventy years.

  • R.S., 1985, c. F-7, s. 8
  • R.S., 1985, c. 16 (3rd Supp.), s. 7

Marginal note:Oath of office

  •  (1) Every judge shall, before entering on the duties of the office of judge, take an oath that he will duly and faithfully, and to the best of his skill and knowledge, execute the powers and trusts reposed in him as a judge of the Court.

  • Marginal note:How administered

    (2) The oath referred to in subsection (1) shall be administered to the Chief Justice before the Governor General, and to the other judges by the Chief Justice or, in the case of absence or incapacity of the Chief Justice, by any other judge.

  • R.S., c. 10(2nd Supp.), s. 9

Marginal note:Deputy judges of the Court

  •  (1) Subject to subsection (3), any judge of a superior, county or district court in Canada, and any person who has held office as a judge of a superior, county or district court in Canada, may, at the request of the Chief Justice made with the approval of the Governor in Council, act as a judge of the Federal Court and while so acting has all the powers of a judge of the Court and shall be referred to as a deputy judge of the Court.

  • Marginal note:Consent required

    (2) No request may be made under subsection (1) to a judge of a superior, county or district court in a province without the consent of the chief justice or chief judge of the court of which he is a member, or of the attorney general of the province.

  • Marginal note:Approval of Governor in Council

    (3) The Governor in Council may approve the making of requests pursuant to subsection (1) in general terms or for particular periods or purposes, and may limit the number of persons who may act under this section.

  • Marginal note:Salary

    (4) A person who acts as a judge pursuant to subsection (1) shall be paid a salary for the period he acts at the rate fixed by the Judges Act for a judge of the Court, other than the Chief Justice or the Associate Chief Justice, less any amount otherwise payable to him under that Act in respect of that period, and shall also be paid the travel allowances that a judge is entitled to be paid under the Judges Act.

  • R.S., c. 10(2nd Supp.), s. 10
  • 1977-78, c. 22, s. 13

Barristers, Advocates, Attorneys and Solicitors

Marginal note:Barrister or advocate

  •  (1) Every person who is a barrister or advocate in a province may practise as a barrister or advocate in the Court.

  • Marginal note:Attorney or solicitor

    (2) Every person who is an attorney or solicitor in a superior court of a province may practise as an attorney or solicitor in the Court.

  • Marginal note:To be officers of the Court

    (3) Every person who may practise as a barrister, advocate, attorney or solicitor in the Court is an officer of the Court.

  • R.S., c. 10(2nd Supp.), s. 11

Prothonotaries

Marginal note:Prothonotaries

  •  (1) The Governor in Council may appoint as prothonotaries of the Court such fit and proper persons who are barristers or advocates in a province as are, in his opinion, necessary for the efficient performance of the work of the Court that, under the Rules, is to be performed by them.

  • Marginal note:Senior Prothonotary and Associate Senior Prothonotary

    (2) The Governor in Council shall designate one of the prothonotaries to be Senior Prothonotary and one of the prothonotaries to be Associate Senior Prothonotary.

  • Marginal note:Powers and duties

    (3) The powers, duties and functions of the prothonotaries shall be determined by the Rules.

  • Marginal note:Salary

    (4) Each prothonotary shall be paid a salary to be fixed by the Governor in Council.

  • Marginal note:Superannuation

    (5) For the purposes of the Public Service Superannuation Act, a prothonotary shall be deemed to be employed in the Public Service.

  • R.S., c. 10(2nd Supp.), s. 12

Sheriffs and Marshals

Marginal note:Sheriff

  •  (1) The Governor in Council may appoint a sheriff of the Court for any geographical area.

  • Marginal note:Ex officio sheriffs

    (2) Where no sheriff is appointed under subsection (1) for a geographical area, the sheriff and deputy sheriffs of the county or other judicial division or part thereof within that geographical area who are appointed under provincial law are ex officio sheriff and deputy sheriffs of the Court.

  • Marginal note:Deputy sheriff

    (3) The Rules may provide for the appointment of deputy sheriffs.

  • Marginal note:Marshal

    (4) Every sheriff of the Court is ex officio a marshal of the Court and every deputy sheriff of the Court is ex officio a deputy marshal of the Court.

  • R.S., c. 10(2nd Supp.), s. 13

Administration of Court

Marginal note:Registry of Court

  •  (1) There is hereby established a Registry of the Court consisting of a principal office of the Court in Ottawa and such other offices of the Court as may be established by the Rules.

  • Marginal note:Staff of Court

    (2) Such officers, clerks and employees as are required for the purposes of the Court shall be appointed under the Public Service Employment Act.

  • Marginal note:Organization

    (3) The employees of the Court shall be organized and the offices shall be operated in such manner as may be provided by the Rules.

  • R.S., c. 10(2nd Supp.), s. 14

Organization of Work

Marginal note:Sittings of Trial Division

  •  (1) Subject to the Rules, any judge of the Trial Division may sit and act at any time and at any place in Canada for the transaction of the business of the Court or any part thereof and, when he so sits or acts, he constitutes the Court.

  • Marginal note:Arrangements to be made by Associate Chief Justice

    (2) Subject to the Rules, all such arrangements as may be necessary or proper for the holding of courts, or otherwise for the transaction of business of the Trial Division, and the arrangements from time to time of judges to hold such courts or to transact such business, shall be made by the Associate Chief Justice.

  • Marginal note:Hearings in different places

    (3) The trial of any matter in the Trial Division may, by order of the Court, take place partly at one place and partly at another.

  • R.S., c. 10(2nd Supp.), s. 15

Marginal note:Sittings of Court of Appeal

  •  (1) Except as otherwise provided in this Act or any other Act of Parliament, every appeal and every application for leave to appeal to the Court of Appeal, and every application for judicial review or reference to the Court of Appeal, shall be heard in the Court of Appeal before not fewer than three judges sitting together and always before an uneven number of judges, and, otherwise, the business of that Court shall be dealt with by such judge or judges as the Chief Justice may arrange.

  • Marginal note:Arrangements to be made by Chief Justice

    (2) The Chief Justice shall designate the judges to sit from time to time and the appeals or matters to be heard by them.

  • Marginal note:Place of sittings

    (3) The place of each sitting of the Court of Appeal shall be arranged by the Chief Justice to suit, as nearly as may be, the convenience of the parties.

  • Marginal note:No judge to hear appeal from own judgment

    (4) A judge shall not sit on the hearing of an appeal from a judgment he has pronounced.

  • Marginal note:Chief Justice to preside

    (5) The Chief Justice when present at any sittings of the Court of Appeal shall preside and, in the absence of the Chief Justice, the senior judge who is present shall preside.

  • R.S., 1985, c. F-7, s. 16
  • 1990, c. 8, s. 2

Jurisdiction of Trial Division

Marginal note:Relief against the Crown

  •  (1) Except as otherwise provided in this Act or any other Act of Parliament, the Trial Division has concurrent original jurisdiction in all cases where relief is claimed against the Crown.

  • Marginal note:Cases

    (2) Without restricting the generality of subsection (1), the Trial Division has concurrent original jurisdiction, except as otherwise provided, in all cases in which

    • (a) the land, goods or money of any person is in the possession of the Crown;

    • (b) the claim arises out of a contract entered into by or on behalf of the Crown;

    • (c) there is a claim against the Crown for injurious affection; or

    • (d) the claim is for damages under the Crown Liability and Proceedings Act.

  • Marginal note:Crown and subject: consent to jurisdiction

    (3) The Trial Division has exclusive original jurisdiction to hear and determine the following matters:

    • (a) the amount to be paid where the Crown and any person have agreed in writing that the Crown or that person shall pay an amount to be determined by the Federal Court, the Trial Division or the Exchequer Court of Canada; and

    • (b) any question of law, fact or mixed law and fact that the Crown and any person have agreed in writing shall be determined by the Federal Court, the Trial Division or the Exchequer Court of Canada.

  • Marginal note:Conflicting claims against Crown

    (4) The Trial Division has concurrent original jurisdiction to hear and determine proceedings to determine disputes where the Crown is or may be under an obligation, in respect of which there are or may be conflicting claims.

  • Marginal note:Relief in favour of Crown or against officer

    (5) The Trial Division has concurrent original jurisdiction

    • (a) in proceedings of a civil nature in which the Crown or the Attorney General of Canada claims relief; and

    • (b) in proceedings in which relief is sought against any person for anything done or omitted to be done in the performance of the duties of that person as an officer, servant or agent of the Crown.

  • Marginal note:Trial Division has no jurisdiction

    (6) Where an Act of Parliament confers jurisdiction in respect of a matter on a court constituted or established by or under a law of a province, the Trial Division has no jurisdiction to entertain any proceeding in respect of the same matter unless the Act expressly confers that jurisdiction on the Court.

  • R.S., 1985, c. F-7, s. 17
  • 1990, c. 8, s. 3

Marginal note:Extraordinary remedies, federal tribunals

  •  (1) Subject to section 28, the Trial Division has exclusive original jurisdiction

    • (a) to issue an injunction, writ of certiorari, writ of prohibition, writ of mandamus or writ of quo warranto, or grant declaratory relief, against any federal board, commission or other tribunal; and

    • (b) to hear and determine any application or other proceeding for relief in the nature of relief contemplated by paragraph (a), including any proceeding brought against the Attorney General of Canada, to obtain relief against a federal board, commission or other tribunal.

  • Marginal note:Extraordinary remedies, members of Canadian Forces

    (2) The Trial Division has exclusive original jurisdiction to hear and determine every application for a writ of habeas corpus ad subjiciendum, writ of certiorari, writ of prohibition or writ of mandamus in relation to any member of the Canadian Forces serving outside Canada.

  • Marginal note:Remedies to be obtained on application

    (3) The remedies provided for in subsections (1) and (2) may be obtained only on an application for judicial review made under section 18.1.

  • R.S., 1985, c. F-7, s. 18
  • 1990, c. 8, s. 4

Marginal note:Application for judicial review

  •  (1) An application for judicial review may be made by the Attorney General of Canada or by anyone directly affected by the matter in respect of which relief is sought.

  • Marginal note:Time limitation

    (2) An application for judicial review in respect of a decision or order of a federal board, commission or other tribunal shall be made within thirty days after the time the decision or order was first communicated by the federal board, commission or other tribunal to the office of the Deputy Attorney General of Canada or to the party directly affected thereby, or within such further time as a judge of the Trial Division may, either before or after the expiration of those thirty days, fix or allow.

  • Marginal note:Powers of Trial Division

    (3) On an application for judicial review, the Trial Division may

    • (a) order a federal board, commission or other tribunal to do any act or thing it has unlawfully failed or refused to do or has unreasonably delayed in doing; or

    • (b) declare invalid or unlawful, or quash, set aside or set aside and refer back for determination in accordance with such directions as it considers to be appropriate, prohibit or restrain, a decision, order, act or proceeding of a federal board, commission or other tribunal.

  • Marginal note:Grounds of review

    (4) The Trial Division may grant relief under subsection (3) if it is satisfied that the federal board, commission or other tribunal

    • (a) acted without jurisdiction, acted beyond its jurisdiction or refused to exercise its jurisdiction;

    • (b) failed to observe a principle of natural justice, procedural fairness or other procedure that it was required by law to observe;

    • (c) erred in law in making a decision or an order, whether or not the error appears on the face of the record;

    • (d) based its decision or order on an erroneous finding of fact that it made in a perverse or capricious manner or without regard for the material before it;

    • (e) acted, or failed to act, by reason of fraud or perjured evidence; or

    • (f) acted in any other way that was contrary to law.

  • Marginal note:Defect in form or technical irregularity

    (5) Where the sole ground for relief established on an application for judicial review is a defect in form or a technical irregularity, the Trial Division may

    • (a) refuse the relief if it finds that no substantial wrong or miscarriage of justice has occurred; and

    • (b) in the case of a defect in form or a technical irregularity in a decision or order, make an order validating the decision or order, to have effect from such time and on such terms as it considers appropriate.

  • 1990, c. 8, s. 5

Marginal note:Interim orders

 On an application for judicial review, the Trial Division may make such interim orders as it considers appropriate pending the final disposition of the application.

  • 1990, c. 8, s. 5

Marginal note:Reference by federal tribunal

  •  (1) A federal board, commission or other tribunal may at any stage of its proceedings refer any question or issue of law, of jurisdiction or of practice and procedure to the Trial Division for hearing and determination.

  • Marginal note:Reference by Attorney General of Canada

    (2) The Attorney General of Canada may, at any stage of the proceedings of a federal board, commission or other tribunal, other than a service tribunal within the meaning of the National Defence Act, refer any question or issue of the constitutional validity, applicability or operability of an Act of Parliament or of regulations thereunder, to the Trial Division for hearing and determination.

  • 1990, c. 8, s. 5

Marginal note:Hearings in summary way

  •  (1) Subject to subsection (2), an application or reference to the Trial Division under any of sections 18.1 to 18.3 shall be heard and determined without delay and in a summary way.

  • Marginal note:Exception

    (2) The Trial Division may, if it considers it appropriate, direct that an application for judicial review be treated and proceeded with as an action.

  • 1990, c. 8, s. 5

Marginal note:Exception to sections 18 and 18.1

 Notwithstanding sections 18 and 18.1, where provision is expressly made by an Act of Parliament for an appeal as such to the Court, to the Supreme Court of Canada, to the Court Martial Appeal Court, to the Tax Court of Canada, to the Governor in Council or to the Treasury Board from a decision or order of a federal board, commission or other tribunal made by or in the course of proceedings before that board, commission or tribunal, that decision or order is not, to the extent that it may be so appealed, subject to review or to be restrained, prohibited, removed, set aside or otherwise dealt with, except in accordance with that Act.

  • 1990, c. 8, s. 5

Marginal note:Inter-governmental disputes

 Where the legislature of a province has passed an Act agreeing that the Court, whether referred to in that Act by its present name or by its former name of the Exchequer Court of Canada, has jurisdiction in cases of controversies

  • (a) between Canada and that province, or

  • (b) between that province and any other province or provinces that have passed a like Act,

the Court has jurisdiction to determine the controversies and the Trial Division shall deal with any such matter in the first instance.

  • R.S., c. 10(2nd Supp.), s. 19

Marginal note:Industrial property, exclusive jurisdiction

  •  (1) The Trial Division has exclusive original jurisdiction, between subject and subject as well as otherwise,

    • (a) in all cases of conflicting applications for any patent of invention, or for the registration of any copyright, trade-mark, industrial design or topography within the meaning of the Integrated Circuit Topography Act; and

    • (b) in all cases in which it is sought to impeach or annul any patent of invention or to have any entry in any register of copyrights, trade-marks, industrial designs or topographies referred to in paragraph (a) made, expunged, varied or rectified.

  • Marginal note:Industrial property, concurrent jurisdiction

    (2) The Trial Division has concurrent jurisdiction in all cases, other than those mentioned in subsection (1), in which a remedy is sought under the authority of any Act of Parliament or at law or in equity respecting any patent of invention, copyright, trade-mark, industrial design or topography referred to in paragraph (1)(a).

  • R.S., 1985, c. F-7, s. 20
  • 1990, c. 37, s. 34

Marginal note:Citizenship appeals

 The Trial Division has exclusive jurisdiction to hear and determine all appeals that may be brought pursuant to subsection 14(5) of the Citizenship Act.

  • R.S., c. 10(2nd Supp.), s. 21
  • 1974-75-76, c. 108, s. 38

Marginal note:Navigation and shipping

  •  (1) The Trial Division has concurrent original jurisdiction, between subject and subject as well as otherwise, in all cases in which a claim for relief is made or a remedy is sought under or by virtue of Canadian maritime law or any other law of Canada relating to any matter coming within the class of subject of navigation and shipping, except to the extent that jurisdiction has been otherwise specially assigned.

  • Marginal note:Maritime jurisdiction

    (2) Without limiting the generality of subsection (1), it is hereby declared for greater certainty that the Trial Division has jurisdiction with respect to any one or more of the following:

    • (a) any claim with respect to title, possession or ownership of a ship or any part interest therein or with respect to the proceeds of sale of a ship or any part interest therein;

    • (b) any question arising between co-owners of a ship with respect to possession, employment or earnings of a ship;

    • (c) any claim in respect of a mortgage or hypothecation of, or charge on, a ship or any part interest therein or any charge in the nature of bottomry or respondentia for which a ship or part interest therein or cargo was made security;

    • (d) any claim for damage or for loss of life or personal injury caused by a ship either in collision or otherwise;

    • (e) any claim for damage sustained by, or for loss of, a ship including, without restricting the generality of the foregoing, damage to or loss of the cargo or equipment of, or any property in or on or being loaded on or off, a ship;

    • (f) any claim arising out of an agreement relating to the carriage of goods on a ship under a through bill of lading, or in respect of which a through bill of lading is intended to be issued, for loss or damage to goods occurring at any time or place during transit;

    • (g) any claim for loss of life or personal injury occurring in connection with the operation of a ship including, without restricting the generality of the foregoing, any claim for loss of life or personal injury sustained in consequence of any defect in a ship or in her apparel or equipment, or of the wrongful act, neglect or default of the owners, charterers or persons in possession or control of a ship or of the master or crew thereof or of any other person for whose wrongful acts, neglects or defaults the owners, charterers or persons in possession or control of the ship are responsible, being an act, neglect or default in the management of the ship, in the loading, carriage or discharge of goods on, in or from the ship or in the embarkation, carriage or disembarkation of persons on, in or from the ship;

    • (h) any claim for loss of or damage to goods carried in or on a ship including, without restricting the generality of the foregoing, loss of or damage to passengers’ baggage or personal effects;

    • (i) any claim arising out of any agreement relating to the carriage of goods in or on a ship or to the use or hire of a ship whether by charter party or otherwise;

    • (j) any claim for salvage including, without restricting the generality of the foregoing, claims for salvage of life, cargo, equipment or other property of, from or by an aircraft to the same extent and in the same manner as if the aircraft were a ship;

    • (k) any claim for towage in respect of a ship or of an aircraft while the aircraft is water-borne;

    • (l) any claim for pilotage in respect of a ship or of an aircraft while the aircraft is water-borne;

    • (m) any claim in respect of goods, materials or services wherever supplied to a ship for the operation or maintenance of the ship, including, without restricting the generality of the foregoing, claims in respect of stevedoring and lighterage;

    • (n) any claim arising out of a contract relating to the construction, repair or equipping of a ship;

    • (o) any claim by a master, officer or member of the crew of a ship for wages, money, property or other remuneration or benefits arising out of his employment;

    • (p) any claim by a master, charterer or agent of a ship or shipowner in respect of disbursements, or by a shipper in respect of advances, made on account of a ship;

    • (q) any claim in respect of general average contribution;

    • (r) any claim arising out of or in connection with a contract of marine insurance; and

    • (s) any claim for dock charges, harbour dues or canal tolls including, without restricting the generality of the foregoing, charges for the use of facilities supplied in connection therewith.

  • Marginal note:Jurisdiction applicable

    (3) For greater certainty, it is hereby declared that the jurisdiction conferred on the Court by this section is applicable

    • (a) in relation to all ships, whether Canadian or not and wherever the residence or domicile of the owners may be;

    • (b) in relation to all aircraft where the cause of action arises out of paragraphs (2)(j) to (l), whether those aircraft are Canadian or not and wherever the residence or domicile of the owners may be;

    • (c) in relation to all claims, whether arising on the high seas, in Canadian waters or elsewhere and whether those waters are naturally navigable or artificially made so, including, without restricting the generality of the foregoing, in the case of salvage, claims in respect of cargo or wreck found on the shores of those waters; and

    • (d) in relation to all mortgages or hypothecations of, or charges by way of security on, a ship, whether registered or not, or whether legal or equitable, and whether created under foreign law or not.

  • R.S., 1985, c. F-7, s. 22
  • 1993, c. 34, s. 69(F)
  • 1996, c. 31, s. 82

Marginal note:Bills of exchange and promissory notes, aeronautics and interprovincial works and undertakings

 Except to the extent that jurisdiction has been otherwise specially assigned, the Trial Division has concurrent original jurisdiction, between subject and subject as well as otherwise, in all cases in which a claim for relief is made or a remedy is sought under an Act of Parliament or otherwise in relation to any matter coming within any of the following classes of subjects, namely,

  • (a) bills of exchange and promissory notes, where the Crown is a party to the proceedings;

  • (b) aeronautics; and

  • (c) works and undertakings connecting a province with any other province or extending beyond the limits of a province.

  • R.S., c. 10(2nd Supp.), s. 23

Marginal note:Appeals under other Acts

  •  (1) Except as otherwise provided in this Act or any other Act of Parliament, the Trial Division has exclusive original jurisdiction to hear and determine all appeals that under any Act of Parliament may be taken to the Court.

  • Marginal note:Transfer of jurisdiction to Court of Appeal

    (2) The Rules may transfer original jurisdiction to hear and determine a particular class of appeal from the Trial Division to the Court of Appeal.

  • R.S., 1985, c. F-7, s. 24
  • R.S., 1985, c. 51 (4th Supp.), s. 10
  • 1990, c. 8, s. 6

Marginal note:Extraprovincial jurisdiction

 The Trial Division has original jurisdiction, between subject and subject as well as otherwise, in any case in which a claim for relief is made or a remedy is sought under or by virtue of the laws of Canada if no other court constituted, established or continued under any of the Constitution Acts, 1867 to 1982 has jurisdiction in respect of that claim or remedy.

  • R.S., c. 10(2nd Supp.), s. 25

Marginal note:General original jurisdiction

  •  (1) The Trial Division has original jurisdiction in respect of any matter, not allocated specifically to the Court of Appeal, in respect of which jurisdiction has been conferred by any Act of Parliament on the Federal Court, whether referred to as such or as the Exchequer Court of Canada.

  • Marginal note:Transfer of original jurisdiction to Court of Appeal

    (2) Notwithstanding subsection (1), the Rules may transfer to the Court of Appeal original jurisdiction to hear and determine a specified class of matter to which that subsection applies.

  • R.S., c. 10(2nd Supp.), s. 26

Jurisdiction of Federal Court of Appeal

Marginal note:Appeals from Trial Division

  •  (1) An appeal lies to the Federal Court of Appeal from any

    • (a) final judgment,

    • (b) judgment on a question of law determined before trial,

    • (c) interlocutory judgment, or

    • (d) determination on a reference made by a federal board, commission or other tribunal or the Attorney General of Canada,

    of the Trial Division.

  • Marginal note:Appeals from Tax Court of Canada

    (1.1) An appeal lies to the Federal Court of Appeal from

    • (a) a final judgment,

    • (b) a judgment on a question of law determined before trial, or

    • (c) an interlocutory judgment or order

    of the Tax Court of Canada, other than one in respect of which section 18, 18.29, 18.3 or 18.3001 of the Tax Court of Canada Act applies.

  • Marginal note:Notice of appeal

    (2) An appeal under this section shall be brought by filing a notice of appeal in the Registry of the Court

    • (a) in the case of an interlocutory judgment, within ten days, and

    • (b) in any other case, within thirty days, in the calculation of which July and August shall be excluded,

    after the pronouncement of the judgment or determination appealed from or within such further time as the Trial Division or the Tax Court of Canada, as the case may be, may, either before or after the expiration of those ten or thirty days, as the case may be, fix or allow.

  • Marginal note:Service

    (3) All parties directly affected by an appeal under this section shall be served forthwith with a true copy of the notice of appeal and evidence of service thereof shall be filed in the Registry of the Court.

  • Marginal note:Final judgment

    (4) For the purposes of this section, a final judgment includes a judgment that determines a substantive right except as to any question to be determined by a referee pursuant to the judgment.

  • R.S., 1985, c. F-7, s. 27
  • R.S., 1985, c. 51 (4th Supp.), s. 11
  • 1990, c. 8, ss. 7, 78(E)
  • 1993, c. 27, s. 214

Marginal note:Judicial review

  • R.S., 1985, c. F-7, s. 28
  • R.S., 1985, c. 30 (2nd Supp.), s. 61
  • 1990, c. 8, s. 8
  • 1992, c. 26, s. 17, c. 33, s. 69, c. 49, s. 128
  • 1993, c. 34, s. 70
  • 1996, c. 10, s. 229, c. 23, s. 187
  • 1998, c. 26, s. 73
  • 1999, c. 31, s. 92(E)

 [Repealed, 1990, c. 8, s. 8]

Substantive Provisions

Marginal note:Prejudgment interest, cause of action within province

  •  (1) Except as otherwise provided in any other Act of Parliament, and subject to subsection (2), the laws relating to prejudgment interest in proceedings between subject and subject that are in force in a province apply to any proceedings in the Court in respect of any cause of action arising in that province.

  • Marginal note:Prejudgment interest, cause of action outside province

    (2) A person who is entitled to an order for the payment of money in respect of a cause of action arising outside any province or in respect of causes of action arising in more than one province is entitled to claim and have included in the order an award of interest thereon at such rate as the Court considers reasonable in the circumstances, calculated

    • (a) where the order is made on a liquidated claim, from the date or dates the cause of action or causes of action arose to the date of the order; or

    • (b) where the order is made on an unliquidated claim, from the date the person entitled gave notice in writing of the claim to the person liable therefor to the date of the order.

  • Marginal note:Interest on special damages

    (3) Where an order referred to in subsection (2) includes an amount for special damages, the interest shall be calculated under that subsection on the balance of special damages incurred as totalled at the end of each six month period following the notice in writing referred to in paragraph (2)(b) and at the date of the order.

  • Marginal note:Exceptions

    (4) Interest shall not be awarded under subsection (2)

    • (a) on exemplary or punitive damages;

    • (b) on interest accruing under this section;

    • (c) on an award of costs in the proceeding;

    • (d) on that part of the order that represents pecuniary loss arising after the date of the order and that is identified by a finding of the Court;

    • (e) where the order is made on consent, except by consent of the debtor; or

    • (f) where interest is payable by a right other than under this section.

  • Marginal note:Judicial discretion

    (5) The Court may, where it considers it just to do so, having regard to changes in market interest rates, the conduct of the proceedings or any other relevant consideration, disallow interest or allow interest for a period other than that provided for in subsection (2) in respect of the whole or any part of the amount on which interest is payable under this section.

  • Marginal note:Application

    (6) This section applies in respect of the payment of money under judgment delivered on or after the day on which this section comes into force, but no interest shall be awarded for a period before that day.

  • Marginal note:Canadian maritime law

    (7) This section does not apply in respect of any case in which a claim for relief is made or a remedy is sought under or by virtue of Canadian maritime law.

  • R.S., 1985, c. F-7, s. 36
  • 1990, c. 8, s. 9

Marginal note:Judgment interest, causes of action within province

  •  (1) Except as otherwise provided in any other Act of Parliament and subject to subsection (2), the laws relating to interest on judgments in causes of action between subject and subject that are in force in a province apply to judgments of the Court in respect of any cause of action arising in that province.

  • Marginal note:Judgment interest, causes of action outside or in more than one province

    (2) A judgment of the Court in respect of a cause of action arising outside any province or in respect of causes of action arising in more than one province shall bear interest at such rate as the Court considers reasonable in the circumstances, calculated from the time of the giving of the judgment.

  • R.S., 1985, c. F-7, s. 37
  • 1990, c. 8, s. 9

 [Repealed, 1990, c. 8, s. 9]

Marginal note:Prescription and limitation on proceedings in the Court

  •  (1) Except as expressly provided by any other Act, the laws relating to prescription and the limitation of actions in force in any province between subject and subject apply to any proceedings in the Court in respect of any cause of action arising in that province.

  • Marginal note:Idem, not in province

    (2) A proceeding in the Court in respect of a cause of action arising otherwise than in a province shall be taken within six years after the cause of action arose.

  • (3) [Repealed, 1990, c. 8, s. 10]

  • R.S., 1985, c. F-7, s. 39
  • 1990, c. 8, s. 10

Marginal note:Vexatious proceedings

  •  (1) Where the Court is satisfied, on application, that a person has persistently instituted vexatious proceedings or has conducted a proceeding in a vexatious manner, the Court may order that no further proceedings be instituted by the person in the Court or that a proceeding previously instituted by the person in the Court not be continued, except by leave of the Court.

  • Marginal note:Attorney General of Canada

    (2) An application under subsection (1) may be made only with the consent of the Attorney General of Canada, who shall be entitled to be heard on the application and on any application made under subsection (3).

  • Marginal note:Application for rescission or leave to proceed

    (3) A person against whom an order under subsection (1) has been made may apply to the Court for rescission of the order or for leave to institute or continue a proceeding.

  • Marginal note:Court may grant leave

    (4) Where an application is made under subsection (3) for leave to institute or continue a proceeding, the Court may grant leave if it is satisfied that the proceeding is not an abuse of process and that there are reasonable grounds for the proceeding.

  • Marginal note:No appeal

    (5) A decision of the Court under subsection (4) is final and is not subject to appeal.

  • R.S., 1985, c. F-7, s. 40 1990, c. 8, s. 11

 [Repealed, 1990, c. 8, s. 11]

Marginal note:Maritime law continued

 Canadian maritime law as it was immediately before June 1, 1971 continues subject to such changes therein as may be made by this Act or any other Act of Parliament.

  • R.S., c. 10(2nd Supp.), s. 42

Marginal note:Jurisdiction in personam

  •  (1) Subject to subsection (4), the jurisdiction conferred on the Court by section 22 may in all cases be exercised in personam.

  • Marginal note:Jurisdiction in rem

    (2) Subject to subsection (3), the jurisdiction conferred on the Court by section 22 may be exercised in rem against the ship, aircraft or other property that is the subject of the action, or against any proceeds of sale thereof that have been paid into court.

  • Marginal note:Exception

    (3) Notwithstanding subsection (2), the jurisdiction conferred on the Court by section 22 shall not be exercised in rem with respect to a claim mentioned in paragraph 22(2)(e), (f), (g), (h), (i), (k), (m), (n), (p) or (r) unless, at the time of the commencement of the action, the ship, aircraft or other property that is the subject of the action is beneficially owned by the person who was the beneficial owner at the time when the cause of action arose.

  • Marginal note:Where action in personam may be commenced

    (4) No action in personam may be commenced in Canada for a collision between ships unless

    • (a) the defendant is a person who has a residence or place of business in Canada;

    • (b) the cause of action arose in Canadian waters; or

    • (c) the parties have agreed that the Court is to have jurisdiction.

  • Marginal note:Exception

    (5) Subsection (4) does not apply to a counter-claim or an action for a collision, in respect of which another action has already been commenced in the Court.

  • Marginal note:Where suit pending outside Canada

    (6) Where an action for a collision between ships has been commenced outside Canada, an action shall not be commenced in Canada by the same person against the same defendant on the same facts unless the action in the other jurisdiction has been discontinued.

  • Marginal note:Ship owned by sovereign power

    (7) No action in rem may be commenced in Canada against

    • (a) any warship, coast-guard ship or police vessel;

    • (b) any ship owned or operated by Canada or a province, or any cargo laden thereon, where the ship is engaged on government service; or

    • (c) any ship owned or operated by a sovereign power other than Canada, or any cargo laden thereon, with respect to any claim where, at the time the claim arises or the action is commenced, the ship is being used exclusively for non-commercial governmental purposes.

  • Marginal note:Arrest

    (8) The jurisdiction conferred on the Court by section 22 may be exercised in rem against any ship that, at the time the action is brought, is beneficially owned by the person who is the owner of the ship that is the subject of the action.

  • Marginal note:Reciprocal security

    (9) In an action for a collision in which a ship, aircraft or other property of a defendant has been arrested, or security given to answer judgment against the defendant, and in which the defendant has instituted a cross-action or counter-claim in which a ship, aircraft or other property of the plaintiff is liable to arrest but cannot be arrested, the Court may stay the proceedings in the principal action until security has been given to answer judgment in the cross-action or counter-claim.

  • R.S., 1985, c. F-7, s. 43
  • 1990, c. 8, s. 12
  • 1996, c. 31, s. 83

Marginal note:Mandamus, injunction, specific performance or appointment of receiver

 In addition to any other relief that the Court may grant or award, a mandamus, injunction or order for specific performance may be granted or a receiver appointed by the Court in all cases in which it appears to the Court to be just or convenient to do so, and any such order may be made either unconditionally or on such terms and conditions as the Court deems just.

  • R.S., c. 10(2nd Supp.), s. 44

Procedure

Marginal note:Giving of judgment after judge ceases to hold office

  •  (1) Where a judge resigns his office or is appointed to any other court or otherwise ceases to hold office, he may, at the request of the Chief Justice, at any time within eight weeks after that event give judgment in any cause, action or matter previously tried by or heard before him as if he had continued in office.

  • Marginal note:Taking part in giving of judgment after judge ceases to hold office

    (2) Where a person to whom subsection (1) applies has heard a cause, action or matter in the Federal Court of Appeal jointly with other judges of the Court of Appeal, he may, at the request of the Chief Justice, at any time within the period mentioned in subsection (1) take part in the giving of judgment by that Court as if he were still a judge.

  • Marginal note:Where judge unable to take part in giving of judgment

    (3) Where a person to whom subsection (1) applies or any other judge by whom a matter in the Court of Appeal has been heard is unable to take part in the giving of judgment or has died, the remaining judges may give judgment and, for that purpose, shall be deemed to constitute the Court.

  • R.S., c. 10(2nd Supp.), s. 45

Marginal note:Rules Committee

  •  (1) There shall be a rules committee composed of the following members:

    • (a) the Chief Justice and the Associate Chief Justice;

    • (b) seven judges designated by the Chief Justice;

    • (c) five members of the bar of any province designated by the Attorney General of Canada, after consultation with the Chief Justice; and

    • (d) the Attorney General of Canada or a representative thereof.

  • Marginal note:Representation

    (2) The persons referred to in paragraph (1)(c) should be representative of the different regions of Canada and have experience in fields of law in respect of which the Court has jurisdiction.

  • Marginal note:Chief Justice shall preside

    (3) The Chief Justice or a member designated by the Chief Justice shall preside over the rules committee.

  • Marginal note:Term

    (4) The persons referred to in paragraphs (1)(b) and (c) shall be designated to serve for a period not exceeding three years.

  • Marginal note:Expenses

    (5) Each person referred to in paragraphs (1)(c) and (d) is entitled to be paid travel and living expenses incurred in carrying out duties as a member of the rules committee while absent from the person’s ordinary place of residence but those expenses shall not exceed the maximum limits authorized by Treasury Board directive for employees of the Government of Canada.

  • 1990, c. 8, s. 13

Marginal note:Rules

  •  (1) Subject to the approval of the Governor in Council and subject also to subsection (4), the rules committee may make general rules and orders

    • (a) for regulating the practice and procedure in the Trial Division and in the Court of Appeal, including, without restricting the generality of the foregoing,

      • (i) rules providing, in a proceeding to which the Crown is a party, for examination for discovery of a departmental or other officer of the Crown,

      • (ii) rules providing for discovery and production, and supplying of copies, of documents by the Crown in a proceeding to which the Crown is a party,

      • (iii) rules providing for production of documents by the Crown in a proceeding to which the Crown is not a party,

      • (iv) rules providing for the medical examination of a person in respect of whose injury a claim is made,

      • (v) rules governing the taking of evidence before a judge or any other qualified person, within or outside Canada, before or during trial and on commission or otherwise, of any person at a time either before or after the commencement of proceedings in the Court to enforce the claim or possible claim in respect of which the evidence is required,

      • (vi) rules providing for the reference of any question of fact for inquiry and report by a judge or other person as referee,

      • (vii) rules respecting the service of documents within Canada and rules authorizing and governing the service of documents outside Canada,

      • (viii) rules governing the recording of proceedings in the course of a hearing and the transcription of that recording,

      • (ix) rules governing the appointment of assessors and the trying or hearing of a cause or other matter wholly or partly with the assistance of assessors, and

      • (x) rules governing the material to be furnished to the Court by any federal board, commission or other tribunal for the purposes of any application or reference;

    • (b) for the effectual execution and working of this Act and the attainment of its intention and objects;

    • (c) for the effectual execution and working of any Act by or under which any jurisdiction is conferred on the Court or any division of it or on any judge of the Court in respect of proceedings in the Court and the attainment of the intention and objects of that Act including, without restricting the generality of the foregoing, a rule deeming any jurisdiction conferred on the Court or a judge to have been conferred on a specified division of the Court;

    • (d) for fixing the fees to be paid by a party to the Registry for payment into the Consolidated Revenue Fund in respect of proceedings in the Court;

    • (e) for regulating the duties of officers of the Court;

    • (f) for fixing the fees that sheriffs, marshals or other persons to whom process may be issued may receive and take, and for regulating their obligation, if any, to account for those fees to the persons or departments by whom they are employed, or their right to retain them for their own use;

    • (g) for awarding and regulating costs in the Court in favour of or against the Crown, as well as the subject;

    • (h) empowering a prothonotary to exercise any authority or jurisdiction, subject to supervision by the Court, even though the authority or jurisdiction may be of a judicial nature; and

    • (i) dealing with any other matter that any provision of this Act contemplates being the subject of a rule or the Rules.

  • Marginal note:Extent of rules

    (2) Rules and orders made under this section may extend to matters arising out of or in the course of proceedings under any Act involving practice and procedure or otherwise, for which no provision is made by that Act or any other Act but for which it is found necessary to provide in order to ensure the proper working of that Act and the better attainment of its objects.

  • Marginal note:Uniformity

    (3) Rules and orders made under this section may provide for a procedure that is uniform in whole or in part in respect of all or any class or classes of matters and for a uniform nomenclature in any such matters.

  • Marginal note:Advance publication of rules and amendments

    (4) Where the rules committee proposes to amend, vary or revoke any rule or order made under this section or to make any rule or order additional to the general rules and orders first made under this section and published together, the committee

    • (a) shall give notice of the proposal by publishing it in the Canada Gazette and shall, in the notice, invite any interested person to make representations to the committee in writing with respect thereto within sixty days after the day of that publication; and

    • (b) may, after the expiration of the sixty days referred to in paragraph (a) and subject to the approval of the Governor in Council, implement the proposal either as originally published or as revised in such manner as the committee deems advisable having regard to any representations so made to it.

  • Marginal note:Rules to be laid before Parliament

    (5) A copy of each rule or order and of each amendment, variation or revocation of a rule or order made under this section shall be laid before each House of Parliament on any of the first fifteen days after the approval by the Governor in Council of the making thereof on which that House is sitting.

  • R.S., 1985, c. F-7, s. 46
  • 1990, c. 8, s. 14
  • 1992, c. 1, s. 68

 [Repealed, 1990, c. 8, s. 15]

Marginal note:How proceeding against Crown instituted

  •  (1) A proceeding against the Crown shall be instituted by filing in the Registry of the Court the original and two copies of a document that may be in the form set out in the schedule and by payment of the sum of two dollars as a filing fee.

  • Marginal note:Procedure for filing originating document

    (2) The original and two copies of the originating document may be filed as required by subsection (1) by being forwarded, together with a remittance for the filing fee, by registered mail addressed to "The Registry, The Trial Division, The Federal Court of Canada, Ottawa, Canada".

  • Marginal note:Service of originating document

    (3) When the original and two copies of the originating document have been filed and the filing fee has been paid as required by this section, an officer of the Registry of the Court shall, after verifying the accuracy of the copies, forthwith, on behalf of the claimant, serve the originating document on Her Majesty by transmitting the copies to the office of the Deputy Attorney General of Canada.

  • Marginal note:Certificate

    (4) When the copies have been transmitted to the office of the Deputy Attorney General of Canada under subsection (3), a certificate signed by an officer of the Registry respecting the date of filing and the date of transmission of the copies shall be delivered, or forwarded by registered mail, to the claimant or the claimant’s counsel or solicitor at the address appearing on the originating document, or at such other address as may have been communicated to the Registry for the purpose.

  • Marginal note:Certificate to be evidence

    (5) A certificate under subsection (4) is evidence of the date of filing and the date of service of the originating document referred to in the certificate.

  • R.S., c. 10(2nd Supp.), s. 48

Marginal note:No juries

 All causes or matters before the Court shall be heard and determined without a jury.

  • R.S., c. 10(2nd Supp.), s. 49

Marginal note:Stay of proceedings

  •  (1) The Court may, in its discretion, stay proceedings in any cause or matter,

    • (a) on the ground that the claim is being proceeded with in another court or jurisdiction; or

    • (b) where for any other reason it is in the interest of justice that the proceedings be stayed.

  • Marginal note:Idem

    (2) The Court shall, on the application of the Attorney General of Canada, stay proceedings in any cause or matter in respect of a claim against the Crown if it appears that the claimant has an action or proceeding in respect of the same claim pending in any other court against a person who, at the time when the cause of action alleged in the action or proceeding arose, was, in respect thereof, acting so as to engage the liability of the Crown.

  • Marginal note:Lifting of stay

    (3) Any stay ordered under this section may subsequently be lifted in the discretion of the Court.

  • R.S., c. 10(2nd Supp.), s. 50

Marginal note:Stay of proceedings

  •  (1) The Court shall, on application of the Attorney General of Canada, stay proceedings in any cause or matter in respect of a claim against the Crown where the Crown desires to institute a counter-claim or third-party proceedings in respect of which the Court lacks jurisdiction.

  • Marginal note:Recommence in provincial court

    (2) Where the Court stays proceedings under subsection (1), the party who instituted the proceedings may recommence those proceedings in a court constituted or established by or under a law of a province and otherwise having jurisdiction with respect to the subject-matter of the proceedings.

  • Marginal note:Prescription and limitation of actions

    (3) Where proceedings are recommenced pursuant to subsection (2) within one hundred days after the proceedings are stayed in the Court, the claim against the Crown in the recommenced proceedings shall, for the purposes of any laws relating to prescription and the limitation of actions, be deemed to have been instituted on the day the proceedings in the Court were instituted.

  • 1990, c. 8, s. 16

Marginal note:Reasons for judgment to be filed

 Where a judge gives reasons for a judgment pronounced by him or pronounced by a court of which he was a member, he shall file a copy of the reasons in the Registry of the Court.

  • R.S., c. 10(2nd Supp.), s. 51

Judgments of Court of Appeal

Marginal note:Powers of Court of Appeal

 The Federal Court of Appeal may

  • (a) quash proceedings in cases brought before it in which it has no jurisdiction or whenever those proceedings are not taken in good faith;

  • (b) in the case of an appeal from the Trial Division,

    • (i) dismiss the appeal or give the judgment and award the process or other proceedings that the Trial Division should have given or awarded,

    • (ii) in its discretion, order a new trial, if the ends of justice seem to require it, or

    • (iii) make a declaration as to the conclusions that the Trial Division should have reached on the issues decided by it and refer the matter back for a continuance of the trial on the issues that remain to be determined in the light of that declaration; and

  • (c) in the case of an appeal other than an appeal from the Trial Division,

    • (i) dismiss the appeal or give the decision that should have been given, or

    • (ii) in its discretion, refer the matter back for determination in accordance with such directions as it considers to be appropriate.

  • (d) [Repealed, 1990, c. 8, s. 17]

  • R.S., 1985, c. F-7, s. 52
  • 1990, c. 8, s. 17

Evidence

Marginal note:Taking of evidence

  •  (1) The evidence of any witness may by order of the Court be taken, subject to any rule or order that may relate to the matter, on commission, on examination or by affidavit.

  • Marginal note:Admissibility of evidence

    (2) Evidence that would not otherwise be admissible shall be admissible, in the discretion of the Court and subject to any rule that may relate to the matter, if it would be admissible in a similar matter in a superior court of a province in accordance with the law in force in any province, notwithstanding that it is not admissible by virtue of section 40 of the Canada Evidence Act.

  • R.S., c. 10(2nd Supp.), s. 53

Marginal note:Who may administer oath, affidavit or affirmation

  •  (1) All persons authorized to take and receive affidavits to be used in any of the superior courts of a province may administer oaths and take and receive affidavits, declarations and solemn affirmations in that province to be used in the Court.

  • Marginal note:Person empowered by commission

    (2) The Governor in Council may, by commission, empower such person as the Governor in Council thinks necessary, within or outside Canada, to administer oaths and to take and receive affidavits, declarations and solemn affirmations in or concerning any proceeding had or to be had in the Court.

  • Marginal note:Oath, affidavit or affirmation as valid as if taken before the Court

    (3) Every oath, affidavit, declaration or solemn affirmation taken or made pursuant to this section is as valid and of the same effect, to all intents, as if it had been administered, taken, sworn, made or affirmed before the Court.

  • Marginal note:Style of commissioner

    (4) Every commissioner empowered under subsection (2) shall be styled a commissioner for administering oaths in the Federal Court of Canada.

  • R.S., c. 10(2nd Supp.), s. 54

Process

Marginal note:Application of process

  •  (1) The process of the Court runs throughout Canada and any other place to which legislation enacted by Parliament has been made applicable.

  • Marginal note:Enforcement of order for payment of money

    (2) An order for payment of money, whether for costs or otherwise, may be enforced in the same manner as a judgment.

  • Marginal note:No attachment for non-payment only

    (3) No attachment as for contempt shall issue for the non-payment of money alone.

  • Marginal note:Sheriff to execute process

    (4) A sheriff or marshal shall execute the process of the Court that is directed to him, whether or not it requires him to act outside his geographical jurisdiction, and shall perform such other duties as may be expressly or impliedly assigned to him by the Rules.

  • Marginal note:Absence or incapacity of sheriff

    (5) In any case where there is no sheriff or marshal or a sheriff or marshal is unable or unwilling to act, the process of the Court shall be directed to a deputy sheriff or deputy marshal, or to such other person as may be provided by the Rules or by a special order of the Court made for a particular case, and any such person is entitled to take and retain for his own use such fees as may be provided by the Rules or the special order.

  • R.S., 1985, c. F-7, s. 55
  • 1996, c. 31, s. 84

Marginal note:Analogy to provincial process

  •  (1) In addition to any writs of execution or other process that are prescribed by the Rules for enforcement of its judgments or orders, the Court may issue process against the person or the property of any party, of the same tenor and effect as those that may be issued out of any of the superior courts of the province in which any judgment or order is to be executed, and where, by the law of that province, an order of a judge is required for the issue of any process, a judge of the Court may make a similar order with respect to like process to issue out of the Court.

  • Marginal note:Process against person

    (2) No person shall be taken into custody under process of execution for debt issued out of the Court.

  • Marginal note:Process against property

    (3) All writs of execution or other process against property, whether prescribed by the Rules or authorized by subsection (1), shall, unless otherwise provided by the Rules, be executed, with respect to the property liable to execution and the mode of seizure and sale, as nearly as possible in the same manner as similar writs or process, issued out of the superior courts of the province in which the property to be seized is situated, are, by the law of that province, required to be executed, and the writs or other process issued by the Court shall bind property in the same manner as similar writs or process issued by the provincial superior courts, and the rights of purchasers thereunder are the same as those of purchasers under those similar writs or process.

  • Marginal note:Claim against property seized

    (4) Every claim made by any person to property seized under a writ of execution or other process issued out of the Court, or to the proceeds of the sale of that property, shall, unless otherwise provided by the Rules, be heard and disposed of as nearly as may be according to the procedure applicable to like claims to property seized under similar writs or process issued out of the courts of the province.

  • (5) [Repealed, 1990, c. 8, s. 18]

  • R.S., 1985, c. F-7, s. 56
  • 1990, c. 8, s. 18

General

Marginal note:Constitutional questions

  •  (1) Where the constitutional validity, applicability or operability of an Act of Parliament or of the legislature of any province, or of regulations thereunder, is in question before the Court or a federal board, commission or other tribunal, other than a service tribunal within the meaning of the National Defence Act, the Act or regulation shall not be adjudged to be invalid, inapplicable or inoperable unless notice has been served on the Attorney General of Canada and the attorney general of each province in accordance with subsection (2).

  • Marginal note:Time of notice

    (2) Except where otherwise ordered by the Court or the federal board, commission or other tribunal, the notice referred to in subsection (1) shall be served at least ten days before the day on which the constitutional question described in that subsection is to be argued.

  • Marginal note:Notice of appeal or application for judicial review

    (3) The Attorney General of Canada and the attorney general of each province are entitled to notice of any appeal or application for judicial review made in respect of the constitutional question described in subsection (1).

  • Marginal note:Right to be heard

    (4) The Attorney General of Canada and the attorney general of each province are entitled to adduce evidence and make submissions to the Court or federal board, commission or other tribunal in respect of the constitutional question described in subsection (1).

  • Marginal note:Appeal

    (5) Where the Attorney General of Canada or the attorney general of a province makes submissions under subsection (4), that attorney general shall be deemed to be a party to the proceedings for the purposes of any appeal in respect of the constitutional question described in subsection (1).

  • R.S., 1985, c. F-7, s. 57
  • 1990, c. 8, s. 19

Marginal note:Fees to be paid to Receiver General

 All fees payable in respect of proceedings in the Court shall be paid to the Receiver General unless those fees are, in accordance with an arrangement made by the Minister of Justice, to be received and dealt with in the same manner as amounts paid as provincial court fees, in which case they shall be dealt with as so provided.

  • 1990, c. 8, s. 19

Marginal note:Law reports editor

  •  (1) The Minister of Justice shall appoint or designate a fit and proper person to be editor of the official reports of the decisions of the Court and may appoint a committee of not more than five persons to advise the editor.

  • Marginal note:Contents

    (2) Only such of the decisions of the Court or such parts of such decisions as, in the opinion of the editor, are of sufficient significance or importance to warrant publication in the official reports shall be included therein.

  • Marginal note:Printing and distribution

    (3) The official reports shall be printed and shall be distributed with or without charge as the Governor in Council may direct.

  • Marginal note:Official languages

    (4) Each decision reported in the official reports shall be published therein in both official languages.

  • R.S., c. 10(2nd Supp.), s. 58

Marginal note:Police force

 Such services or assistance in connection with the conduct of the Court’s hearings, the security of the Court, its premises and staff or the execution of its orders and judgments as may, having regard to the circumstances, be found necessary shall be provided, at the request of the Chief Justice, by the Royal Canadian Mounted Police or such other police force as the Governor in Council may designate.

  • R.S., c. 10(2nd Supp.), s. 59

SCHEDULE(Section 48)

In the Federal Court of Canada Trial Division

Between

A.B.

Plaintiff

and

Her Majesty the Queen

Defendant

STATEMENT OF CLAIM

or

DECLARATION

(N.B. Either title may be used)

Facts

(State with convenient certainty the facts on which the plaintiff relies as entitling him to relief.)

Relief Sought

The plaintiff therefore claims as follows:

Dated at blank line the blank line day of blank line, 19blank line.

(Signature)
Counsel for Plaintiff
(or the plaintiff himself if he acts for himself)
  • R.S., c. 10(2nd Supp.), Sch. I
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