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Immigration and Refugee Protection Act

Version of section 166 from 2003-01-01 to 2008-02-21:


Marginal note:Proceedings — all Divisions

 Proceedings before a Division are to be conducted as follows:

  • (a) subject to the other provisions of this section, proceedings must be held in public;

  • (b) on application or on its own initiative, the Division may conduct a proceeding in private, or take any other measure that it considers necessary to ensure the confidentiality of the proceedings, if, after having considered all available alternate measures, the Division is satisfied that there is

    • (i) a serious possibility that the life, liberty or security of a person will be endangered if the proceeding is held in public,

    • (ii) a real and substantial risk to the fairness of the proceeding such that the need to prevent disclosure outweighs the societal interest that the proceeding be conducted in public, or

    • (iii) a real and substantial risk that matters involving public security will be disclosed;

  • (c) subject to paragraph (d), proceedings before the Refugee Protection Division and the Immigration Division concerning a claimant of refugee protection, proceedings concerning cessation and vacation applications and proceedings before the Refugee Appeal Division must be held in private;

  • (d) on application or on its own initiative, the Division may conduct a proceeding in public, or take any other measure that it considers necessary to ensure the appropriate access to the proceedings if, after having considered all available alternate measures and the factors set out in paragraph (b), the Division is satisfied that it is appropriate to do so;

  • (e) despite paragraphs (b) and (c), a representative or agent of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees is entitled to observe proceedings concerning a protected person or a person who has made a claim to refugee protection; and

  • (f) despite paragraph (e), the representative or agent may not observe any part of the proceedings that deals with information protected under subsection 86(1), or with information in respect of which an application has been made and not rejected under subsection 86(1).

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