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Patent Act

Version of section 2 from 2017-09-21 to 2019-10-29:

Marginal note:Definitions

 In this Act, except as otherwise provided,


applicant includes an inventor and the legal representatives of an applicant or inventor; (demandeur)

certificate of supplementary protection

certificate of supplementary protection means a certificate issued by the Minister of Health under section 113; (certificat de protection supplémentaire)

claim date

claim date means the date of a claim in an application for a patent in Canada, as determined in accordance with section 28.1;


Commissioner means the Commissioner of Patents; (commissaire)


country includes a WTO Member, as defined in subsection 2(1) of the World Trade Organization Agreement Implementation Act; (pays)

filing date

filing date means, in relation to an application for a patent in Canada, the date on which the application is filed, as determined in accordance with section 28; (date de dépôt)


holder means, with respect to a certificate of supplementary protection, the person for the time being that is entitled to the benefit of the certificate; (titulaire)


invention means any new and useful art, process, machine, manufacture or composition of matter, or any new and useful improvement in any art, process, machine, manufacture or composition of matter; (invention)

legal representatives

legal representatives includes heirs, executors, administrators of the estate, liquidators of the succession, guardians, curators, tutors, transferees and all other persons claiming through applicants for patents and patentees of inventions or through holders of certificates of supplementary protection; (représentants légaux)


Minister means the Minister of Industry or such other member of the Queen’s Privy Council for Canada as is designated by the Governor in Council as the Minister for the purposes of this Act; (ministre)


patent means letters patent for an invention; (brevet)


patentee means the person for the time being entitled to the benefit of a patent; (breveté ou titulaire d’un brevet)

predecessor in title

predecessor in title includes any person through whom an applicant for a patent in Canada claims the right to the patent; (prédécesseur en droit)


prescribed means prescribed by rules or regulations of the Governor in Council and, in the case of a fee, includes a fee determined in the manner prescribed; (réglementaire)

prescribed fee

prescribed fee[Repealed, R.S., 1985, c. 33 (3rd Supp.), s. 1]

priority date

priority date[Repealed, 1993, c. 15, s. 26]


regulation includes a rule or form; (règlement)


regulation and rule[Repealed, 2017, c. 6, s. 32]

request for priority

request for priority means a request under section 28.4; (demande de priorité)


rule includes a regulation or form. (règle)

work on a commercial scale

work on a commercial scale[Repealed, 1993, c. 44, s. 189]

  • R.S., 1985, c. P-4, s. 2
  • R.S., 1985, c. 33 (3rd Supp.), s. 1
  • 1992, c. 1, s. 145(F)
  • 1993, c. 2, s. 2, c. 15, s. 26, c. 44, s. 189
  • 1994, c. 47, s. 141
  • 1995, c. 1, s. 62
  • 2017, c. 6, s. 32

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