Youth Criminal Justice Act (S.C. 2002, c. 1)

Act current to 2019-06-20 and last amended on 2018-10-17. Previous Versions

PART 6Publication, Records and Information (continued)

Access to Records (continued)

Marginal note:Access to R.C.M.P. records

  •  (1) The following persons may, during the period set out in subsection (3), be given access to a record kept under subsection 115(3) in respect of an offence set out in the schedule:

    • (a) the young person to whom the record relates;

    • (b) the young person’s counsel, or any representative of that counsel;

    • (c) an employee or agent of the Government of Canada, for statistical purposes under the Statistics Act;

    • (d) any person or member of a class of persons that a youth justice court judge considers has a valid interest in the record, to the extent directed by the judge, if the judge is satisfied that access is desirable in the public interest for research or statistical purposes;

    • (e) the Attorney General or a peace officer, when the young person is or has been charged with another offence set out in the schedule or the same offence more than once, for the purpose of investigating any offence that the young person is suspected of having committed, or in respect of which the young person has been arrested or charged, whether as a young person or as an adult;

    • (f) the Attorney General or a peace officer to establish the existence of an order in any offence involving a breach of the order; and

    • (g) any person for the purposes of the Firearms Act.

  • Marginal note:Access for identification purposes

    (2) During the period set out in subsection (3), access to the portion of a record kept under subsection 115(3) that contains the name, date of birth and last known address of the young person to whom the fingerprints belong, may be given to a person for identification purposes if a fingerprint identified as that of the young person is found during the investigation of an offence or during an attempt to identify a deceased person or a person suffering from amnesia.

  • Marginal note:Period of access

    (3) For the purposes of subsections (1) and (2), the period of access to a record kept under subsection 115(3) in respect of an offence is the following:

    • (a) if the offence is an indictable offence, other than an offence referred to in paragraph (b), the period starting at the end of the applicable period set out in paragraphs 119(2)(h) to (j) and ending five years later; and

    • (b) if the offence is a serious violent offence for which the Attorney General has given notice under subsection 64(2) (intention to seek adult sentence), the period starting at the end of the applicable period set out in paragraphs 119(2)(h) to (j) and continuing indefinitely.

  • Marginal note:Subsequent offences as young person

    (4) If a young person was found guilty of an offence set out in the schedule is, during the period of access to a record under subsection (3), found guilty of an additional offence set out in the schedule, committed when he or she was a young person, access to the record may be given to the following additional persons:

    • (a) a parent of the young person or any adult assisting the young person under subsection 25(7);

    • (b) a judge, court or review board, for a purpose relating to proceedings against the young person under this Act or any other Act of Parliament in respect of offences committed or alleged to have been committed by the young person, whether as a young person or as an adult; or

    • (c) a member of a department or agency of a government in Canada, or of an organization that is an agent of, or is under contract with, the department or agency, who is

      • (i) preparing a report in respect of the young person under this Act or for the purpose of assisting a court in sentencing the young person after the young person becomes an adult,

      • (ii) engaged in the supervision or care of the young person, whether as a young person or as an adult, or in the administration of a sentence in respect of the young person, whether as a young person or as an adult, or

      • (iii) considering an application for conditional release, or for a record suspension under the Criminal Records Act, made by the young person after the young person becomes an adult.

  • Marginal note:Disclosure for research or statistical purposes

    (5) A person who is given access to a record under paragraph (1)(c) or (d) may subsequently disclose information contained in the record, but shall not disclose the information in any form that would reasonably be expected to identify the young person to whom it relates.

  • Marginal note:Subsequent offences as adult

    (6) If, during the period of access to a record under subsection (3), the young person is convicted of an additional offence set out in the schedule, committed when he or she was an adult,

    • (a) this Part no longer applies to the record and the record shall be dealt with as a record of an adult and may be included on the automated criminal conviction records retrieval system maintained by the Royal Canadian Mounted Police; and

    • (b) for the purposes of the Criminal Records Act, the finding of guilt in respect of the offence for which the record is kept is deemed to be a conviction.

  • 2002, c. 1, s. 120
  • 2012, c. 1, ss. 158, 192

Marginal note:Deemed election

 For the purposes of sections 119 and 120, if no election is made in respect of an offence that may be prosecuted by indictment or proceeded with by way of summary conviction, the Attorney General is deemed to have elected to proceed with the offence as an offence punishable on summary conviction.

Marginal note:Disclosure of information and copies of record

 A person who is required or authorized to be given access to a record under section 119, 120, 123 or 124 may be given any information contained in the record and may be given a copy of any part of the record.

Marginal note:Where records may be made available

  •  (1) A youth justice court judge may, on application by a person after the end of the applicable period set out in subsection 119(2), order that the person be given access to all or part of a record kept under sections 114 to 116 or that a copy of the record or part be given to that person,

    • (a) if the youth justice court judge is satisfied that

      • (i) the person has a valid and substantial interest in the record or part,

      • (ii) it is necessary for access to be given to the record or part in the interest of the proper administration of justice, and

      • (iii) disclosure of the record or part or the information in it is not prohibited under any other Act of Parliament or the legislature of a province; or

    • (b) if the youth court judge is satisfied that access to the record or part is desirable in the public interest for research or statistical purposes.

  • Marginal note:Restriction for paragraph (1)(a)

    (2) Paragraph (1)(a) applies in respect of a record relating to a particular young person or to a record relating to a class of young persons only if the identity of young persons in the class at the time of the making of the application referred to in that paragraph cannot reasonably be ascertained and the disclosure of the record is necessary for the purpose of investigating any offence that a person is suspected on reasonable grounds of having committed against a young person while the young person is, or was, serving a sentence.

  • Marginal note:Notice

    (3) Subject to subsection (4), an application for an order under paragraph (1)(a) in respect of a record shall not be heard unless the person who makes the application has given the young person to whom the record relates and the person or body that has possession of the record at least five days notice in writing of the application, and the young person and the person or body that has possession have had a reasonable opportunity to be heard.

  • Marginal note:Where notice not required

    (4) A youth justice court judge may waive the requirement in subsection (3) to give notice to a young person when the judge is of the opinion that

    • (a) to insist on the giving of the notice would frustrate the application; or

    • (b) reasonable efforts have not been successful in finding the young person.

  • Marginal note:Use of record

    (5) In any order under subsection (1), the youth justice court judge shall set out the purposes for which the record may be used.

  • Marginal note:Disclosure for research or statistical purposes

    (6) When access to a record is given to any person under paragraph (1)(b), that person may subsequently disclose information contained in the record, but shall not disclose the information in any form that would reasonably be expected to identify the young person to whom it relates.

Marginal note:Access to record by young person

 A young person to whom a record relates and his or her counsel may have access to the record at any time.

Disclosure of Information in a Record

Marginal note:Disclosure by peace officer during investigation

  •  (1) A peace officer may disclose to any person any information in a record kept under section 114 (court records) or 115 (police records) that it is necessary to disclose in the conduct of the investigation of an offence.

  • Marginal note:Disclosure by Attorney General

    (2) The Attorney General may, in the course of a proceeding under this Act or any other Act of Parliament, disclose the following information in a record kept under section 114 (court reports) or 115 (police records):

    • (a) to a person who is a co-accused with the young person in respect of the offence for which the record is kept, any information contained in the record; and

    • (b) to an accused in a proceeding, if the record is in respect of a witness in the proceeding, information that identifies the witness as a young person who has been dealt with under this Act.

  • Marginal note:Information that may be disclosed to a foreign state

    (3) The Attorney General or a peace officer may disclose to the Minister of Justice of Canada information in a record that is kept under section 114 (court records) or 115 (police records) to the extent that it is necessary to deal with a request to or by a foreign state under the Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters Act, or for the purposes of any extradition matter under the Extradition Act. The Minister of Justice of Canada may disclose the information to the foreign state in respect of which the request was made, or to which the extradition matter relates, as the case may be.

  • Marginal note:Disclosure to insurance company

    (4) A peace officer may disclose to an insurance company information in a record that is kept under section 114 (court records) or 115 (police records) for the purpose of investigating a claim arising out of an offence committed or alleged to have been committed by the young person to whom the record relates.

  • Marginal note:Preparation of reports

    (5) The provincial director or a youth worker may disclose information contained in a record if the disclosure is necessary for procuring information that relates to the preparation of a report required by this Act.

  • Marginal note:Schools and others

    (6) The provincial director, a youth worker, the Attorney General, a peace officer or any other person engaged in the provision of services to young persons may disclose to any professional or other person engaged in the supervision or care of a young person — including a representative of any school board or school or any other educational or training institution — any information contained in a record kept under sections 114 to 116 if the disclosure is necessary

    • (a) to ensure compliance by the young person with an authorization under section 91 or an order of the youth justice court;

    • (b) to ensure the safety of staff, students or other persons; or

    • (c) to facilitate the rehabilitation of the young person.

  • Marginal note:Information to be kept separate

    (7) A person to whom information is disclosed under subsection (6) shall

    • (a) keep the information separate from any other record of the young person to whom the information relates;

    • (b) ensure that no other person has access to the information except if authorized under this Act, or if necessary for the purposes of subsection (6); and

    • (c) destroy their copy of the record when the information is no longer required for the purpose for which it was disclosed.

  • Marginal note:Time limit

    (8) No information may be disclosed under this section after the end of the applicable period set out in subsection 119(2) (period of access to records).

 
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