Hunting Methods and Equipment
(a) except with a long bow and arrow or with a shotgun not larger than number 10 gauge;
(b) by the use or aid of live birds, including non-migratory birds;
(c) by the use or aid of recorded bird calls, except as permitted in any part of Schedule I;
(d) with a shotgun of any description capable of holding more than three shells unless the capacity of the gun has been reduced to three shells in the magazine and chamber combined, by means of the cutting off or the altering or plugging of the magazine with a one-piece metal, plastic or wood filler that cannot be removed unless the gun is disassembled; or
(e) from any aircraft, sailboat, power boat, or motorized vehicle, or any vehicle to which a draught animal is attached.
(1.1) Notwithstanding subsection 2(3) and paragraph (1)(e), a person referred to in subsection 5(2) may hunt murres from a power boat.
(1.2) Notwithstanding paragraph (1)(e), a mobility-impaired person may hunt from an aircraft, a sailboat, a powerboat or a vehicle referred to in that paragraph if it is stationary and if the person
(1.3) The medical certificate must
(a) be signed by a medical practitioner lawfully entitled to practise medicine in any province;
(b) attest to the person’s impairment of mobility because of a condition that is not temporary in nature and that severely limits the use of their legs, including being paraplegic, being hemiplegic, being dependent on a wheelchair to move about, having prostheses on both legs and having a leg amputated above the knee; and
(c) attest that the practitioner is not aware of any medical reason to believe that the person is not capable of operating, in a competent manner, the weapon that they use to hunt.
(2) No person shall, while hunting migratory birds, have with him for his own use more than one shotgun at any one time unless each shotgun in excess of one is unloaded and disassembled or unloaded and cased.
(3) Subject to subsections (4) and (5), no person shall hunt a migratory bird by the use of a rifle or a shotgun loaded with a single bullet.
(4) A resident of the Northwest Territories who is not required to hold a migratory game bird hunting permit may, within the Northwest Territories, hunt a migratory bird by the use of
(5) A resident of the Province of Quebec who is not required to hold a migratory game bird hunting permit may, within that portion of the Province lying north of the 50th parallel of north latitude, hunt a migratory bird by the use of
(6) Notwithstanding paragraph (1)(a), migratory game birds may be hunted with the aid of raptors in any area of a province that is designated by the province as an area in which persons may hunt with the aid of raptors.
(7) [Repealed, SOR/99-147, s. 4]
- SOR/79-544, s. 7
- SOR/82-703, s. 5
- SOR/85-694, s. 4
- SOR/93-431, s. 3
- SOR/98-527, s. 1
- SOR/99-147, s. 4
- SOR/2000-331, ss. 2, 3
- SOR/2002-80, s. 1
- SOR/2008-217, s. 1
- SOR/2009-255, s. 1
(a) possess, for the purpose of hunting a migratory game bird, except a woodcock, band-tailed pigeon, mourning dove or Eurasian collared-dove, shot other than non-toxic shot; or
(b) hunt a migratory game bird, except a woodcock, band-tailed pigeon, mourning dove or Eurasian collared-dove, by the use of shot other than non-toxic shot.
(2) The exceptions of woodcock, band-tailed pigeon, mourning dove and Eurasian collared-dove set out in subsection (1) do not apply in
- SOR/90-623, s. 1
- SOR/93-432, s. 2
- SOR/97-400, s. 2
- SOR/2013-126, s. 2
- SOR/2018-111, s. 2
(1.1) A person who kills, cripples or injures a migratory bird shall
(2) Notwithstanding paragraph 15(1)(e), a power boat may be used for the purpose of retrieving a migratory bird.
- SOR/79-544, s. 8
- SOR/82-703, s. 6
- SOR/83-594, s. 1
- SOR/2000-331, s. 3
Restrictions on Hunting
17 No person shall hunt a migratory bird
(a) north of the 60th parallel of north latitude during the period commencing one hour after sunset on any day and ending one hour before sunrise on the day next following; or
(b) south of the 60th parallel of north latitude during the period commencing 1/2 hour after sunset on any day and ending 1/2 hour before sunrise on the day next following.
- SOR/2000-331, s. 3
Restrictions with Respect to Sandhill Cranes
18 Where, in any calendar year, the Regional Director or chief game officer of a province has reasonable cause to believe that whooping crane may be in any area in the province during the open season for sandhill crane in the area, the Regional Director or chief game officer may, by a notice in writing, prohibit the hunting of sandhill crane in that area during the remainder of the calendar year.
- SOR/80-577, s. 7
- SOR/94-684, s. 5
(a) kill a migratory bird,
(b) take a migratory bird, its nest or eggs, or
(c) capture and band a migratory bird,
subject to the conditions set out in the permit.
(2) A scientific permit may be issued to a person from or to a person acting on behalf of a museum, university, scientific society or government if the application includes a statement from at least two qualified ornithologists recommending that the permit be issued.
(3) A person who holds a scientific permit shall,
(a) within 30 days from the day the permit expires, make a report in writing to the Minister stating the number of birds of each species and the number of nests and eggs of those birds taken or destroyed by that person;
(b) keep a record during the currency of the permit and shall, forthwith on taking or destroying any birds, nest or eggs under the authority of the permit, enter in the record the number of birds of each species or the number of nests or eggs of those birds taken or destroyed, as the case may be; and
(c) provide such additional information as the Minister may require.
(4) The holder of a scientific permit who is authorized to capture and band a migratory bird may salvage birds found dead, or killed as a result of normal banding operations, and shall dispose of such birds in accordance with the conditions set out in his permit.
- SOR/80-577, s. 8
- SOR/81-641, s. 3
- Date modified: