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Textile Labelling and Advertising Regulations (C.R.C., c. 1551)

Regulations are current to 2022-09-11 and last amended on 2019-06-17. Previous Versions

PART ILabelling (continued)

Form of Label and Manner of Application

  •  (1) Subject to subsection (2), a disclosure label shall be applied to a consumer textile article in such manner that the article will bear the label at the time that it is sold to the consumer.

  • (2) The disclosure label applied to a consumer textile article included in Schedule I and not included in Schedule III shall be of such material and applied in such a manner that it can be reasonably expected to withstand and be legible throughout 10 cleanings of the article.

  • SOR/87-247, s. 7

 A disclosure label shall be applied

  • (a) to the consumer textile article itself; or

  • (b) in a manner permitted by section 17, 18, 19 or 20 or subsection 21(2) where the consumer textile article is one to which such application is permitted to be made; and

  • (c) in a place readily accessible to a prospective purchaser.

 Where a consumer textile article is sold in a pair or set and the textile fibre content of each article in the pair or set

  • (a) is the same, a disclosure label applied to one article in the pair or set, or

  • (b) is not the same, a disclosure label applied to one article in the pair or set showing the textile fibre content of each article separately

shall be, for the purpose of the Act and these Regulations, a disclosure label applied to each article in the pair or set.

 Where the consumer textile article is a remnant that

  • (a) is sold, together with other remnants having the same textile fibre content, in a bundle, bale or package to which there is applied a label showing in the prescribed manner, in respect of all the remnants in the bundle, bale or package, the information that is required by section 11 to be shown, or

  • (b) is displayed for sale together with other remnants having the same fibre content and a sign that surmounts or is in immediate proximity to such remnants shows, in the prescribed manner, in respect of all such remnants, the information that is required by section 11 to be shown,

such label or sign shall be, for the purpose of the Act and these Regulations, a disclosure label applied to such consumer textile article.

  •  (1) Subject to subsections (2) and (3), where the consumer textile article is piece goods, other than piece goods that are offered for sale in a fixed or pre-cut length, and

    • (a) the information required by section 11 is shown, in the prescribed manner, by being woven into or imprinted on the selvage at intervals not exceeding one metre,

    • (b) a label showing in the prescribed manner the information that is required by section 11 to be shown is affixed to the end of the bolt core or to the spool on which the article is displayed for sale, in such manner that the information on the label is clearly visible to the prospective purchaser, or

    • (c) if the article is a narrow fabric, there is a sign surmounting or in the immediate vicinity of such article showing in the prescribed manner the information required by section 11,

    • (d) [Revoked, SOR/87-247, s. 8]

    such selvage, label or sign shall be, for the purposes of the Act and these Regulations, a disclosure label applied to such consumer textile article.

  • (2) Where the consumer textile article is piece goods, other than piece goods that are offered for sale in a fixed or pre-cut length, and the information required by paragraph 11(1)(b) is shown in the prescribed manner on the bill of sale given to the consumer with the article, the bill of sale shall, for the purposes of the Act and these Regulations, meet the requirement of that paragraph.

  • (3) Where the consumer textile article is batts, padding or rope that are to be sold to the public by the metre or other measurement and the information required by section 11 is shown in the prescribed manner

    • (a) in a label that is affixed to the end of the bolt core or to the spool on which the article is displayed for sale in such manner that the information on the label is clearly visible to the prospective purchaser, or

    • (b) on a sign surmounting or in the immediate vicinity of the article,

    the label or sign shall be, for the purposes of the Act and these Regulations, a disclosure label applied to such consumer textile article.

  • SOR/78-791, s. 2
  • SOR/79-655, s. 2
  • SOR/80-353, s. 1
  • SOR/87-247, s. 8

 Where the consumer textile article is embroidery thread, crochet thread or tapestry yarn and the information required by section 11 is shown in the manner prescribed by these Regulations,

  • (a) when the article is offered for sale to the public, in a label that is affixed to the case or stand in or on which the article is displayed or on a sign surmounting or in the immediate vicinity of such article, or

  • (b) when the article is sold by one dealer to another dealer, on the container in which the article is delivered to the purchasing dealer or in a label, bill of sale or other paper that is delivered to him with the article,

the label, sign, bill of sale or other paper shall be, for the purposes of the Act and these Regulations, a disclosure label applied to such consumer textile article.

  • SOR/94-247, s. 9
  •  (1) Where a consumer textile article is sold to the consumer in a wrapper, package or container, the information that is required by section 11 to be shown in a label shall be shown on such wrapper, package or container and in the prescribed manner unless the disclosure label is applied and the article wrapped, packaged or contained in such a manner that the information in the label is clearly visible to the prospective purchaser when the article is in the wrapper, package or container.

  • (2) Where the information required by section 11 is shown on a wrapper, package or container pursuant to subsection (1) and the consumer textile article is

    • (a) included in Schedule III, or

    • (b) enclosed in the wrapper, package or container only as a premium and the main product being sold therein is not a textile fibre product,

    the wrapper, package or container shall be, for the purposes of the Act and these Regulations, a disclosure label applied to such consumer textile article.

PART IIAdvertising

Advertising Requirements

 Any representation as to the textile fibre content of a consumer textile article by a dealer in advertising the article shall be made in accordance with sections 23 and 24 unless

  • (a) the consumer textile article is included in Schedule II or is not prescribed;

  • (b) the advertisement appears in a newspaper, magazine or other periodical that is published for and distributed to dealers; or

  • (c) the advertising is done by means other than written words, depiction, television or radio.

  • SOR/87-247, s. 9
  • SOR/94-247, s. 10

 A representation that is subject to the requirement in section 22 shall show

  • (a) the textile fibre content of the consumer textile article in the manner prescribed in Part III except that the amount in which each textile fibre is present in the article is not required to be shown, but where any representation as to any such amount is made, the amount shall be shown in the manner prescribed in the said Part; and

  • (b) where there is a representation that the article or any fabric or fibre therein is imported, the name of the country of origin.

 The information that is required by section 23 to be shown in an advertisement shall be shown together and in type of equal size and prominence.

PART IIITextile Fibre

Manner in Which Textile Fibre Content is To Be Shown

 In this Part,

backing

backing means the structural base to which the pile, face or outer surface is woven, tufted, hooked, knitted, laminated, coated, impregnated, flocked or otherwise attached in a fabric or floor covering; (support)

commercial down

commercial down means plumage that conforms to the following composition requirements:

  • (a) down and plumules blank line 75% minimum

  • (b) waterfowl feathers not more than 60 mm in length blank line 25% maximum

  • (c) waterfowl feather fibre and down fibre blank line 20% maximum

  • (d) residue (including landfowl feather and landfowl feather fibre) blank line 5% maximum

where the components referred to in paragraphs (b) to (d) do not exceed 25% of the plumage; (duvet commercial)

commercial landfowl feather

commercial landfowl feather means plumage that conforms to the following composition requirements:

  • (a) feathers, feather fibre, down and down fibre blank line 95% minimum

  • (b) residue blank line 5% maximum; (plumes commerciales d’oiseaux terrestres)

commercial waterfowl feather

commercial waterfowl feather means plumage that conforms to the following composition requirements:

  • (a) waterfowl feathers, waterfowl feather fibre, down and down fibre blank line 95% minimum

  • (b) residue (including landfowl feather and landfowl feather fibre) blank line 5% maximum; (plumes commerciales d’oiseaux aquatiques)

constituent part

constituent part means

  • (a) any of the following parts of a consumer textile article:

    • (i) a section or backing described in section 34 or 35, or

    • (ii) a lining, interlining, padding or filling described in section 37 or 38 or any trimming or findings; or

  • (b) a consumer textile article exclusive of any part described in subparagraph (a)(ii) that is contained in the article; (partie constituante)

down fibre

down fibre means detached barbs from down and plumules or from the basal end of a feather quill shaft that are indistinguishable from the barbs of down; (fibre de duvet)

elastic yarn

elastic yarn means any textile yarn that is comprised of an elastomer that may be covered with another yarn; (fil élastique)

feather fibre

feather fibre means feather barbs that have been completely separated from the quill shaft and any aftershaft and that are not joined or attached to each other; (fibre de plume)

findings

findings means any textile fibre products that

  • (a) have been added to a consumer textile article for a functional purpose other than filling, stuffing or providing warmth, whether or not they also serve a decorative purpose;

  • (b) differ in textile fibre content from the article to which they have been added; and

  • (c) do not constitute a part of the outer surface of the article to which they have been added unless they are incorporated at or along an edge thereof,

and without limiting the generality of the foregoing, includes

  • (d) belting, binding, tape, stiffening, facing, interfacing, thread, buttons, slide fasteners, hook and loop pile fasteners, garters, gussets, leg, neck and wrist bands, waist bands, plackets and concealed pockets;

  • (e) any lining (other than a laminated or bonded lining), interlining or padding incorporated primarily for structural purposes and not for warmth;

  • (f) any padding affixed to the underside of floor coverings;

  • (g) elastic material inserted in or added to the consumer textile article, including elastic waist bands, elastic leg bands, elastic wrist bands and elastic smocking, and

  • (h) elastic yarns used in a limited area in socks for the purpose of holding; (accessoires)

landfowl plumage

landfowl plumage means the plumage of chickens, turkeys or other landfowl; (plumage d’oiseaux terrestres)

ornamentation

ornamentation means any textile fibre, yarn or combination thereof, excluding fabric, that

  • (a) is present in a textile fibre product as an integral part thereof for a decorative purpose,

  • (b) is or is made from a textile fibre or fibres other than the textile fibre or fibres from which the remainder of the product is made, and

  • (c) imparts a visibly discernable overall pattern or design to the product or a constituent part thereof; (ornement)

plumage

plumage means the outer covering of birds; (plumage)

plumule

plumule means waterfowl plumage with underdeveloped soft and flaccid quill and with barbs indistinguishable from those of down; (plumule)

reinforcement yarn

reinforcement yarn means any textile yarn that is present as an integral part of a complex yarn that is comprised of two or more distinct yarns, either as a core or as a wrap for the purpose of increasing the strength of the yarn or for binding the yarn; (fil de renforcement)

residue

residue means quill pith, feather fragments, trash and foreign matter; (résidu)

trimming

trimming means

  • (a) any textile fibre product that has been added to a consumer textile article for a decorative purpose and that differs in textile fibre content from the article to which it has been added, including embroidery, appliqué, braid, lace, ribbon, smocking threads, patch pockets, ruffles, piping, belts, rick rack, collars and cuffs, or

  • (b) decorative patterns or designs that are an integral part of the article but do not create an all-over design; (garniture)

waterfowl plumage

waterfowl plumage means the plumage of ducks, geese, swans or other waterfowl. (plumage d’oiseaux aquatiques)

  • SOR/79-79, s. 2
  • SOR/79-656, s. 1
  • SOR/87-247, s. 10
  • SOR/91-477, s. 1
  • SOR/94-247, s. 11

Generic Names for Textile Fibres

  •  (1) The generic name for

    • (a) a textile fibre that is obtained from

      • (i) sheep or lambs is wool,

      • (ii) Angora goats is wool, mohair, mohair wool or Angora goat hair,

      • (iii) Kashmir goats is wool, Cashmere, Kashmir wool or Kashmir goat hair,

      • (iv) alpacas, vicunas, camels or llamas is wool, “(name of the animal)”, “(name of the animal) wool”, or “(name of the animal) hair”;

    • (b) the hair or fur removed from the skin of an animal other than an animal referred to in paragraph (a) is “(name of the animal) hair”, “(name of the animal) fibre” or fur fibre;

    • (c) the undercoating of waterfowl, including goose, duck or swan, consisting of light fluffy filaments (barbs) growing from a quill point but without a quill shaft is down;

    • (d) the individual external horny structure that forms the body covering of birds and consists of a quill point, quill shaft and vanes, with or without an aftershaft, is feather; and

    • (e) a natural textile fibre other than those described in paragraphs (a) to (d) is the name by which it is commonly known in Canada.

  • (2) The generic name for a textile fibre that is made from

    • (a) cellulose acetate in which less than 92 per cent but not less than 74 per cent by mass of the hydroxyl groups are acetylated is acetate;

    • (b) cellulose acetate in which 92 per cent or more by mass of the hydroxyl groups are acetylated is triacetate;

    • (c) regenerated or precipitated cellulose is rayon, but where that fibre has been made

      • (i) by the cuprammonium process, cupro, cupro rayon, cuprammonium or cuprammonium rayon may be used as its generic name,

      • (ii) by the viscose process, viscose or viscose rayon may be used as its generic name,

      • (iii) by a modified viscose process so that it has a high wet modulus, modal or modal rayon may be used as its generic name, and

      • (iv) by a solvent extrusion process, where no chemical intermediates are formed, lyocell or lyocell rayon may be used as its generic name;

    • (d) glass is glass;

    • (e) metal, plastic-coated metal or a plastic or other core covered with metal is metallic;

    • (f) a regenerated protein is azlon, but protein may be used as the generic name for such fibre;

    • (g) a long chain synthetic polymer that is composed of 85 per cent or more by mass of acrylonitrile units is acrylic;

    • (h) a long chain synthetic polymer, other than a co-polymer described in paragraph (q), that is composed of less than 85 per cent but not less than 35 per cent by mass of acrylonitrile units is modacrylic;

    • (i) a long chain synthetic polymer that is composed of 50 per cent or more by mass of one or more esters of monohydric alcohol and acrylic acid is anidex;

    • (j) a long chain synthetic polymer composed of more than 50 per cent by mass of vinyl chloride units, vinylidene chloride units or other chlorine-containing units or chemical combinations of those units, other than modacrylic as defined in paragraph (h), is chlorofibre but where such polymer is composed of

      • (i) at least 80 per cent by mass of vinylidene chloride units, saran, or

      • (ii) at least 85 per cent by mass of vinyl chloride units, polyvinyl chloride or vinyon

    may be used as the generic name for such fibre;

    • (k) [Revoked, SOR/79-389, s. 1]

    • (l) a long chain synthetic polyamide that has recurring amide groups as an integral part of the main polymer chain in which at least 85 per cent by mass of the amide linkages are attached to aliphatic or cycloaliphatic groups, is nylon, but polyamide may be used as the generic name for such fibre;

    • (m) a long chain synthetic aromatic polyamide in which at least 85 per cent by mass of the amide linkages are attached directly to two aromatic rings and in which imide groups may be substituted for up to 50 per cent of the amide groups, is aramid;

    • (n) a long chain synthetic polymer

      • (i) that is composed of 85 per cent or more by mass of vinylidene dinitrile units, and

      • (ii) in which the vinylidene dinitrile units constitute at least every other unit in the polymer chain,

      is nytril;

    • (o) a long chain synthetic polymer that is composed of at least 85 per cent by mass of olefin units is olefin or polyolefin but

      • (i) where the olefin units are ethylene units, polyethylene may be used as the generic name for such fibre,

      • (ii) where the olefin units are propylene units, polypropylene may be used as the generic name for such fibre, and

      • (iii) where the olefin units are cross-linked synthetic polymers with low but significant crystallinity, composed of at least 95 per cent by mass of ethylene and at least one other olefin unit and the fibre is substantially elastic and heat resistant, lastol may be used as the generic name for the fibre;

    • (p) a long chain synthetic polymer that is composed of 85 per cent or more by mass of an ester of a dihydric alcohol or a diol and terephthalic acid is polyester;

    • (q) a natural or synthetic rubber is rubber but, where the fibre is made from a co-polymer composed of a diene and of not more than 50 per cent but not less than 10 per cent by mass of acrylonitrile units, lastrile may be used as the generic name for that fibre;

    • (r) a long chain synthetic polymer composed of chains with the recurring urethane linkage -O-CO-NH- is polyurethane but, where such polymer is composed of at least 85 per cent by mass of a segmented polyurethane, spandex or elastane may be used as the generic name for that fibre;

    • (s) a long chain synthetic polymer that is composed of

      • (i) 50 per cent or more by mass of vinyl alcohol units, and

      • (ii) 85 per cent or more by mass of vinyl alcohol and acetal units,

      is vinal, but vinylal may be used as the generic name for such fibre;

    • (t) linear macromolecules that are made from fluorocarbon aliphatic monomers is fluorofibre;

    • (u) a manufactured fibre in which the fibre-forming substance is a long chain aromatic polymer having recurring imidazole groups as an integral part of the polymer chain is PBI; and

    • (v) a manufactured fibre in which the fibre-forming substance is composed of at least 85 per cent by mass of lactic acid ester units derived from naturally occurring sugars is PLA or polylactic acid.

  • (3) Where a manufactured textile fibre is essentially made of two or more distinct constituents, physically combined or mixed at or prior to extrusion, which if separately extruded would each form a textile fibre referred to in subsection (2), the generic name that is required by subparagraph 6(b)(i) of the Act to be shown on a label shall be identified by the applicable generic name as set out in subsection (2) or shown in the following manner, namely, the term biconstituent in the case of two constituents or multiconstituent in the case of more than two constituents shall be immediately followed by brackets containing each constituent, identified by the applicable generic name as set out in subsection (2), preceded by the percentage by mass that the constituent represents in relation to the total mass of the textile fibre, listed in order of predominance by mass and separated from the other constituents by a hyphen.

  • (4) Where a textile fibre is made by chemically bonding a grafted component to a base component (the main chain), the generic name that is required by subparagraph 6(b)(i) of the Act to be shown on a label shall be the applicable generic name set out in subsection (1) or (2), or a combination of the applicable generic names set out in subsections (1) and (2), or shall be the following: the term grafted followed by brackets containing, first, the generic name of the grafted component set out in subsection (1) or (2) and, second, the generic name of the base component set out in subsection (1) or (2), and each component shall be preceded by the percentage by mass that the component represents in relation to the total mass of the textile fibre and separated from the other component by a hyphen.

  • (5) and (6) [Repealed, SOR/89-212, s. 1]

  • SOR/78-114, s. 1
  • SOR/78-487, s. 1(F)
  • SOR/79-79, s. 3
  • SOR/79-389, s. 1
  • SOR/87-247, s. 11
  • SOR/89-212, s. 1
  • SOR/90-78, s. 1
  • SOR/91-299, s. 5
  • SOR/94-724, s. 1
  • SOR/2010-73, s. 1
 
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