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Bankruptcy and Insolvency General Rules (C.R.C., c. 368)

Regulations are current to 2022-09-22 and last amended on 2011-03-25. Previous Versions

Prescribed Regulatory Body

 A stock exchange that is regulated by an Act of Parliament or of the legislature of a province, the Investment Industry Regulatory Organization of Canada and the Mutual Fund Dealers Association of Canada are prescribed for the purposes of section 69.6 of the Act.

  • SOR/2009-218, s. 16

Contributories

  •  (1) In this section, contributory has the same meaning as in section 77 of the Act.

  • (2) The trustee may at any time, by written notice, demand payment from a contributory, within 30 days after the day of service or sending of the notice, of the amount that the contributory is liable to contribute under subsection 77(1) of the Act. The notice must include the relevant information on the contributory’s right of dispute under subsection (4).

  • (3) The notice under subsection (2) must be served personally on the contributory, or sent by registered mail or courier to the contributory’s latest known address or the address shown in the stock register or other books of the bankrupt corporation.

  • (4) Within the 30 days after the day on which notice was served or sent, the contributory may dispute their liability, in whole or in part, in respect of the amount to be contributed, by giving the trustee a written notice of dispute setting out the disputed items and the grounds for disputing them and, after this notice is given, except with leave of the court, the contributory may not plead any other ground of dispute in any proceedings brought against the contributory by the trustee.

  • (5) If the amount to be contributed is not paid, or a notice of dispute is not sent, within the 30 day period referred to in subsection (4), the trustee may take ex parte proceedings for the recovery of the amount from the contributory in question.

  • (6) When the trustee receives a notice of dispute, the trustee may apply to the court to decide the issue and, within 10 days after making that application, shall send the contributory a notice of hearing of the application.

  • SOR/98-240, s. 1
  • SOR/2005-284, s. 7(F)
  • SOR/2007-61, ss. 24(E), 63(E)

Mediation

  •  (1) For the purposes of subsections 68(8) and 170.1(2) of the Act, the procedures governing a mediation are as set out in this section.

  • (2) For the purposes of this section,

    • (a) the bankrupt and the trustee are always parties to the mediation;

    • (b) the trustee may act either personally or through a representative;

    • (c) an opposition to discharge made by a creditor or the trustee, referred to in subsection 170.1(1) of the Act, is deemed to be a request by the creditor or the trustee, as the case may be, for mediation; and

    • (d) a creditor who requests mediation is a party to the mediation.

  • (3) For the purpose of conducting a particular mediation, the Superintendent shall designate as mediator

    • (a) an employee of a Division Office, including Division Offices other than the one for the bankruptcy division in which the proceedings were commenced; or

    • (b) any other person with training or experience in mediation and whom the Superintendent considers qualified.

  • (4) On receipt of a request for mediation from a trustee under subsection 68(6) or (7) or 170.1(1) of the Act, accompanied by the most recent income and expense statement in prescribed form completed by the bankrupt, the official receiver shall refer the matter to the mediator, who shall set the time and place for the mediation. The time set for the mediation must be within 45 days after the official receiver received the request for mediation.

  • (5) The mediator shall conduct the mediation with all parties physically present, unless the mediator decides to conduct the mediation by telephone conference call or by means of any other communication facilities that permit all persons participating in the mediation to communicate with each other.

  • (6) The mediation must be held at the Division Office, at any other place that is designated by the mediator, or, if the mediation is conducted otherwise than with all parties physically present, at any combination of places necessary for that purpose.

  • (7) The mediator shall send a copy of the notice of the mediation, in prescribed form, to the bankrupt, to the trustee and to any creditor who requested mediation, at least 15 days, or any shorter period that may be agreed to by all the parties concerned, before the date set for the mediation.

  • (8) If, at any time before the mediation has started, the mediator believes on reasonable grounds that the mediation cannot proceed at the time scheduled, the mediator shall reschedule it, setting a new time and place.

  • (9) Except when it would constitute a second adjournment, the mediator shall, subject to subsection (13), adjourn the mediation at any time during the mediation if

    • (a) a party requests an adjournment and the mediator believes on reasonable grounds that the mediation would benefit from further negotiations or the provision of additional information;

    • (b) the mediator believes on reasonable grounds that one of the parties, other than the trustee in the case of a mediation requested by a creditor under subsection 170.1(1) of the Act, cannot continue the mediation for a certain period of time;

    • (c) all the creditors who were informed of the mediation in accordance with subsection (7) or (11) fail to appear at the mediation and the mediator believes on reasonable grounds, with respect to at least one of those creditors, that the non-appearance is neither a delaying tactic nor intended to bring the mediation into disrepute;

    • (d) in the case of a mediation requested by a creditor under subsection 170.1(1) of the Act, a party, other than the trustee, who was informed of the mediation in accordance with subsection (7) or (11) fails to appear at the mediation and the mediator believes on reasonable grounds that the non-appearance is neither a delaying tactic nor intended to bring the mediation into disrepute; or

    • (e) in any case other than the one referred to in paragraph (d), a party, other than a creditor, who was informed of the mediation in accordance with subsection (7) or (11) fails to appear at the mediation and the mediator believes on reasonable grounds that the non-appearance is neither a delaying tactic nor intended to bring the mediation into disrepute.

  • (10) If a mediation is rescheduled or adjourned, the new date set must be within 10 days after the date on which the rescheduling or adjournment occurs.

  • (11) If a mediation is rescheduled or adjourned, the mediator shall inform the parties of the new time and place.

  • (12) At any time during the mediation, the mediator shall, subject to subsection (13), cancel the mediation if

    • (a) there is an outstanding opposition to the discharge of the bankrupt by a creditor or the trustee on a ground referred to in paragraphs 173(1)(a) to (l) or (o) of the Act;

    • (b) the mediator believes on reasonable grounds that a party is abusing the rescheduling procedures;

    • (c) there has already been an adjournment and

      • (i) there is a request for adjournment under paragraph (9)(a), or

      • (ii) one of the circumstances referred to in paragraphs (9)(b) to (e) occurs;

    • (d) the mediator believes on reasonable grounds that one of the parties, other than the trustee in the case of a mediation requested by a creditor under subsection 170.1(1) of the Act, cannot continue the mediation at all;

    • (e) all the creditors who were informed of the mediation in accordance with subsection (7) or (11) fail to appear at the mediation and the mediator believes on reasonable grounds, with respect to all of those creditors, that the non-appearance is a delaying tactic or is intended to bring the mediation into disrepute;

    • (f) in the case of a mediation requested by a creditor under subsection 170.1(1) of the Act, a party, other than the trustee, who was informed of the mediation in accordance with subsection (7) or (11) fails to appear at the mediation and the mediator believes on reasonable grounds that the non-appearance is a delaying tactic or is intended to bring the mediation into disrepute; or

    • (g) in any case other than the one referred to in paragraph (f), a party, other than a creditor, who was informed of the mediation in accordance with subsection (7) or (11) fails to appear at the mediation and the mediator believes on reasonable grounds that the non-appearance is a delaying tactic or is intended to bring the mediation into disrepute.

  • (13) Despite paragraphs (9)(b) and (d) and (12)(d) and (f), the absence of one or more creditors who requested mediation, or the inability of one or more creditors who requested mediation to continue the mediation, is not a ground for adjourning or cancelling the mediation if at least one creditor who requested mediation is present at the mediation, or is able to continue the mediation, as the case may be.

  • (14) In the case of a mediation under section 170.1 of the Act, if all of the creditors who requested the mediation cause the cancellation of the mediation under paragraph (12)(e),

    • (a) the opposition to discharge on the part of each of those creditors on a ground referred to in paragraph 173(1)(m) or (n) of the Act is deemed withdrawn; and

    • (b) the issues submitted to mediation are deemed to have been thereby resolved for the purposes of subsection 170.1(3) of the Act.

  • (15) For greater certainty, if

    • (a) a mediation under section 68 of the Act is cancelled under any of paragraphs (12)(a) to (g), or

    • (b) a mediation under section 170.1 of the Act is cancelled otherwise than under paragraph (12)(e),

    the issues submitted to mediation are deemed to have not been thereby resolved for the purposes of subsection 68(10) or 170.1(3), as the case may be, of the Act.

  • (16) If a mediation is cancelled, the mediator shall send to the Division Office and the parties a notice of the cancellation, in prescribed form, setting out the grounds for the cancellation.

  • (17) No mediator or party to a mediation shall disclose to the public any confidential information concerning an issue submitted to mediation, unless the disclosure is

    • (a) required by law; or

    • (b) authorized by the person to whom the confidential information relates.

  • (18) If agreement is reached by all parties at the mediation, a mediation settlement agreement, in prescribed form and including all terms and conditions of the settlement reached, must be signed by the parties, and the mediator shall send copies of the agreement to the Division Office and the parties. The agreement is binding on the parties, subject to any subsequent court order.

  • (19) All payments made by a bankrupt under a mediation settlement agreement must be made to the trustee and deposited into the estate account.

  • (20) If the parties fail to reach agreement at the mediation, the mediator shall issue a notice in prescribed form to the effect that the issues submitted to mediation under subsection 68(6) or (7) or 170.1(1), as the case may be, of the Act were not resolved, and shall send that notice to the Division Office and the parties.

  • SOR/98-240, s. 1
  • SOR/2007-61, s. 25(E)
  • SOR/2009-218, s. 17

Order for Payment

  •  (1) A trustee who makes an application to the court under subsection 68(10) of the Act shall immediately send to the Division Office a copy of the application, and of any order of the court made under that subsection.

  • (2) A creditor who, pursuant to a court order made under subsection 38(1) of the Act, makes an application to the court under subsection 68(10) of the Act shall immediately send to the Division Office a copy of the application, and of any order of the court made under the latter subsection.

  • SOR/98-240, s. 1
  • SOR/2007-61, s. 65(E)

 [Repealed, SOR/98-240, s. 1]

Preferences and Transfers at Undervalue

[
  • SOR/2009-218, s. 18
]

 The registrar may

  • (a) in the Province of Quebec, if an immovable or any right relating to it is the object of litigation under sections 91 to 99 of the Act, authorize the plaintiff to apply for the registration of a notice of advance registration in the appropriate register after a copy of the demand signed by the plaintiff’s advocate is filed with the court; and

  • (b) in any other province, if real property or any interest relating to it is the object of litigation under sections 91 to 99 of the Act, issue a certificate of lis pendens after a copy of the statement of claim signed by the plaintiff’s barrister or solicitor is filed with the court, and, if the plaintiff is unsuccessful in whole or in part, issue a certificate of disallowance.

  • SOR/98-240, s. 1
  • SOR/2007-61, s. 26
  • SOR/2009-218, s. 19

Meetings of Creditors

  •  (1) For the purposes of paragraph 155(d.1) of the Act, the notice of the first meeting of creditors must be sent to the persons referred to in subsection 102(1) of the Act at least 10 days before the day of the meeting.

  • (2) If a bankrupt cannot speak fluently in the official language in which the meeting of creditors is being conducted, the trustee shall arrange for the services of an interpreter approved by the chairperson of the meeting.

  • SOR/98-240, s. 1
  • SOR/2007-61, s. 63(E)
  • SOR/2009-218, s. 20

 If a partnership is bankrupt, the creditors of the partnership and of each bankrupt partner shall be convened collectively for the first meeting of creditors.

  • SOR/98-240, s. 1
  • SOR/2007-61, s. 63(E)

 [Repealed, SOR/98-240, s. 1]

 A bankrupt who is required by a trustee to attend a meeting of creditors other than the first meeting, and who resides more than 100 km from the place of the meeting, is entitled to be paid, out of the estate, reasonable expenses for travel, accommodation and meals.

  • SOR/98-240, s. 1

Crown’s Security

 For the purposes of subsection 87(1) of the Act, a prescribed system of registration referred to in that subsection is a system of registration of securities that is available to Her Majesty in right of Canada or a province and to any other creditor holding a security, and is open to the public for inspection or for the making of searches.

  • SOR/98-240, s. 1

Notice of Dividend

 The notice of dividend that is received by a creditor is sufficient notice of admission of the claim.

  • SOR/98-240, s. 1

Notice of Disallowance or of Valuation

 The notice of disallowance or notice of valuation provided by a trustee under subsection 135(3) of the Act to a person whose claim, right to a prior rank, or security has been disallowed or on which a valuation has been made, in whole or in part, must be served, or sent by registered mail or courier.

  • SOR/85-325, s. 1
  • SOR/87-380, s. 1
  • SOR/98-240, s. 1
  • SOR/2007-61, s. 27(E)

 [Repealed, SOR/98-240, s. 1]

Bankrupt Partnerships

 A partnership that is bankrupt shall submit to the trustee a statement of its partnership affairs, verified by one of the partners or by the manager in charge of the partnership affairs, and each bankrupt partner shall submit a statement of their own personal affairs.

  • SOR/81-646, s. 5
  • SOR/98-240, s. 1

Examinations

 Examinations, other than those under section 159 or 161 of the Act, shall be held before a registrar, before a person who is qualified to hold examinations for discovery, examinations of judgment debtors or examinations of debtors after judgment or before any other person that the court may, on ex parte application, order, and shall be conducted in accordance with the rules of court in civil cases.

  • SOR/85-167, s. 1
  • SOR/85-1162, s. 1(E)
  • SOR/90-83, s. 1
  • SOR/92-579, s. 29
  • SOR/96-473, s. 1
  • SOR/98-240, s. 1
  • SOR/2005-284, s. 8
  • SOR/2007-61, s. 28
  •  (1) An examination shall be held

    • (a) in the bankruptcy district or division in which the person to be examined

      • (i) resides,

      • (ii) was served with the appointment for examination, or

      • (iii) resided or carried on business on the day of the bankruptcy; or

    • (b) at any place that the court may, on ex parte application, order.

  • (2) The court may, on application, set the time of an examination.

  • SOR/92-579, s. 30
  • SOR/98-240, s. 1
  • SOR/2007-61, s. 29(E)
 
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