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Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service Regulations

Version of section 1 from 2019-06-12 to 2021-06-11:

 The following definitions apply in these Regulations.


Act means the Motor Vehicle Transport Act. (Loi)

adverse driving conditions

adverse driving conditions means snow, sleet, fog or other adverse weather or road conditions that were not known to a driver or a motor carrier dispatching a driver immediately before the driver began driving or could not reasonably have been known to them. (mauvaises conditions de circulation)


co-driver means a person who is present in a commercial vehicle because of having been, or being about to be, its driver. (coconducteur)

commercial vehicle

commercial vehicle means a vehicle that

  • (a) is operated by a motor carrier and propelled otherwise than by muscular power; and

  • (b) is a truck, tractor, trailer or any combination of them that has a registered gross vehicle weight in excess of 4 500 kg or a bus that is designed and constructed to have a designated seating capacity of more than 10 persons, including the driver. (véhicule utilitaire)


cycle means

  • (a) cycle 1, under which on-duty time is accumulated over a period of 7 days; and

  • (b) cycle 2, under which on-duty time is accumulated over a period of 14 days. (cycle)

daily log

daily log means a record in the form set out in Schedule 2 containing the information required by section 82. (fiche journalière)


day, in respect of a driver, means a 24-hour period that begins at the hour designated by the motor carrier for the duration of the driver’s cycle. (jour ou journée)


director means a federal director or a provincial director. (directeur)



  • (a) means a person who drives a commercial vehicle;

  • (b) means, in respect of a motor carrier, a person employed or otherwise engaged by the motor carrier to drive a commercial vehicle, including a self-employed driver; and

  • (c) for the purposes of section 98, includes a co-driver. (conducteur)

duty status

duty status means any of the following periods:

  • (a) off-duty time, other than time spent in a sleeper berth;

  • (b) off-duty time spent in a sleeper berth;

  • (c) driving time; or

  • (d) on-duty time, other than driving time. (activité)

electronic logging device

electronic logging device or ELD means a device or technology that automatically records a driver’s driving time and facilitates the recording of the driver’s record of duty status, and that is certified by an accredited certification body under section 79.1. (dispositif de consignation électronique ou DCE)

electronic recording device

electronic recording device means an electric, electronic or telematic device that is installed in a commercial vehicle and is capable of accurately recording, in accordance with section 83, each period of duty status, in whole or in part. (enregistreur électronique)

emergency vehicle

emergency vehicle means a fire-fighting vehicle, ambulance, police vehicle or other vehicle that is used for emergency purposes. (véhicule de secours)

federal director

federal director means the Chief of the Motor Carriers Division of the Department of Transport. (directeur fédéral)

home terminal

home terminal means the place of business of a motor carrier at which a driver ordinarily reports for work and, for the purposes of sections 80 to 82 and Schedule 2, includes a temporary work site designated by the motor carrier. (gare d’attache)


inspector means

  • (a) a person designated under subsection 3(2); or

  • (b) a peace officer within the meaning of section 2 of the Criminal Code. (inspecteur)

motor carrier

motor carrier means a person who is engaged in the operation of an extra-provincial bus undertaking or an extra-provincial truck undertaking. (transporteur routier)

off-duty time

off-duty time means any period other than on-duty time. (heures de repos)

oil well service vehicle

oil well service vehicle means a commercial vehicle that is

  • (a) specially constructed, altered or equipped to accommodate a specific service requirement associated with the oil or natural gas industry; and

  • (b) used exclusively in the oil or natural gas industry for transporting equipment or materials to and from oil or natural gas well facilities or for servicing and repairing those facilities. (véhicule de service de puits de pétrole)

on-duty time

on-duty time means the period that begins when a driver begins work or is required by the motor carrier to be available to work, except if the driver is waiting to be assigned to work, and that ends when the driver stops work or is relieved of responsibility by the motor carrier, and

  • (a) includes driving time and time spent by the driver

    • (i) inspecting, servicing, repairing, conditioning, fuelling or starting a commercial vehicle,

    • (ii) travelling in a commercial vehicle as a co-driver, when the time is not spent in the sleeper berth,

    • (iii) participating in the loading or unloading of a commercial vehicle,

    • (iv) inspecting or checking the load of a commercial vehicle,

    • (v) waiting before and while a commercial vehicle is serviced, loaded, unloaded or dispatched,

    • (vi) waiting before and while a commercial vehicle or its load is inspected and the driver’s requirements are assessed, and, if relevant, the time spent taking the required remedial actions,

    • (vii) waiting at an en-route point because of an accident or other unplanned occurrence or situation,

    • (viii) resting in or occupying a commercial vehicle for any other purpose, except

      • (A) time counted as off-duty time in accordance with section 10,

      • (B) time spent in a sleeper berth,

      • (C) time spent in a stationary commercial vehicle to satisfy the requirements of subsection 14(3), and

      • (D) time spent in a stationary commercial vehicle that is in addition to the off-duty requirements of subsection 14(3),

    • (ix) performing any work for any motor carrier, and

    • (x) performing yard moves of a commercial vehicle within a terminal, depot or port and that is not on a public road; and

  • (b) does not include driving time for the driver’s personal use, if

    • (i) the vehicle is not used in the course of the business of the motor carrier,

    • (ii) the vehicle has been unloaded,

    • (iii) any trailers have been unhitched,

    • (iv) the distance travelled does not exceed 75 km in a day,

    • (v) the driver had recorded in the daily log the odometer reading at the beginning and at the end of the personal use, and

    • (vi) the driver is not the subject of an out-of-service declaration under section 91. (heures de service)

out-of-service declaration

out-of-service declaration means a declaration issued by a director or inspector under section 91. (déclaration de mise hors service)

principal place of business

principal place of business means the place or places designated by the motor carrier where daily logs, supporting documents and other relevant records required by these Regulations are kept. (établissement principal)

sleeper berth

sleeper berth[Repealed, SOR/2019-165, s. 1]

supporting document

supporting document means a document or information recorded or stored by any means required by a director or inspector to assess compliance with these Regulations. (document justificatif)

Technical Standard

Technical Standard means the Technical Standard for Electronic Logging Devices, April 11, 2019, published by the Canadian Council of Motor Transport Administrators, as amended from time to time, other than provision of that standard. (norme technique)

  • SOR/2019-165, s. 1

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